Gazette The latest from the Gazette. Gazette Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Featured events <h5>May 1</h5> <p>In two performances (also May 2) of "And I Were a Maiden: Women's Music From the Middle Ages to the Renaissance," the Peabody Renaissance Ensemble, directed by Mark Cudek, features works by women from those periods. 7:30 p.m. $15, $10 seniors, $5 students with ID; 410-234-4800.</p> <h5>May 3</h5> <p>Evergreen Museum & Library's Gilded Age interiors are transformed by <em>Visualizing Music: A Pop-up Experience</em>, a progression of micro-exhibitions fusing photography and live music that celebrates the culmination of a multi­disciplinary course at Johns Hopkins. Each exhibition was created by a student pair comprising an artist from the Center for Visual Arts at Homewood and a composer from the Peabody Conservatory. Hors d'oeuvres will be served. Proceeds support historic preservation projects. 3 to 6 p.m. $75, $65 members, $85 day-of-event tickets, <a href=""></a> or 410-516-0341.</p> <h5>May 9</h5> <p>The week before the Preakness Stakes, renowned silversmith and jeweler Michael Izreal Galmer, who each year makes a replica of the spectacular Woodlawn Vase for the winner of the race, visits Evergreen Museum & Library, where his masterful works are on view in the exhibition <em>Repoussé Style, Then and Now</em>. View the exhibition (including Galmer's 2015 replica), hear the artist speak at 1:30 p.m., enjoy a public reception with light refreshments, and visit the museum's first-floor period rooms and Léon Bakst–designed private theater. 1 to 3 p.m.</p> <h5>May 21</h5> <p>Universitywide Commencement marks the close of the 139th academic year with the conferring of about 7,000 degrees, recognition of eight honorary degree recipients, and remarks by Ed Catmull, president of Pixar and Walt Disney Animation Studios and the winner of five Academy Awards. (For details and information on this event and individual schools' diploma ceremonies, go to <a href=""></a>.) 8:40 a.m. Homewood Field.</p> <h5>May 28</h5> <p>During the 19th annual Evening of Traditional Beverages, you'll get a taste of a drink harking back to the days when Charles Carroll Jr. lived at what is now Homewood Museum. The subject of the evening is shrub cocktails—tart, acidic, and refreshing vintage drinking vinegars that are mixed with spirits, water, or carbonated water. Michael Dietsch, author of <em>Shrubs: An Old-Fashioned Drink for Modern Times</em>, will present a historical discussion of these fruit syrups. Handmade shrub cocktails and snacks by the Woodberry Kitchen group complete the evening. (Shrubs will be available for purchase and signing.) 6 to 8 p.m. $45, $35 members (must be 21 or over); Brown Paper Tickets or 410-516-5589. Homewood Museum, Homewood campus.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Unlocking the secrets of ancient Greek pottery <p>Thirteen Johns Hopkins undergraduates divide themselves into four groups and huddle over tables at Baltimore Clayworks, the ceramic arts studio in Mount Washington. Every group is trying to paint lines on clay tiles; each student has a specific task. Some paint. Some write down what kinds of marks are being made. And some take photos of the process.</p> <div class="image inline align-right image-landscape column has-caption"> <img src="//" alt="" /> <div class="caption"> <p> <span class="visuallyhidden">Image caption:</span> Left: The ancient version (JHUAM B4) is a cup by the Phintias Painter, dated to 510 BCE, from ancient Greece Right: The new version (“2015cup”) was potted by ceramic artists from Baltimore Clayworks Matthew Hyleck and Cami Ascher, and painted by JHU undergraduates Hana Chop, Savannah De Montesquiou, and Arthur Zhang </p> </div> </div> <p>This course in the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences isn't a simple pottery class. For one, a documentary crew led by filmmaker Bernadette Wegenstein, a research professor in the Department of German and Romance Languages and Literatures, shadows the students as they work. For another, instead of using a commercial slip—the suspension of water and clay used as paint—the groups are using one handmade by Matthew Hyleck, a Clayworks ceramic artist, and their class instructor, Sanchita Balachandran. And the students are painting with individual animal hairs. </p> <p>"I have horse hairs, hog hairs, and cat whiskers," Balachandran tells the class. "See what kinds of lines you can get with one hair versus a bundle of three."</p> <p>Balachandran, the Johns Hopkins Archaeological Museum's curator/conservator, designed this course as an intensive, interdisciplinary research project in experiential archaeology. She's trained to figure out how things were made, and she's particularly interested in ancient technology. The museum has a collection of Attic red-figure vases that date from ca. 520–470 BCE, and a few are renowned for images created on them by famous painters. How did the ancients get such incredibly precise and shiny red figures and raised black lines on these two-handled drinking cups called kylixes?</p> <p>A number of theories have been proposed. Classical art historian Joseph V. Noble's book <em>The Techniques of Painted Attic Pottery</em>, published in 1965, includes a two-page précis on pottery techniques that has become the prevailing theory for classical scholars; Noble, however, never threw a pot himself. Toby Schreiber, a potter, studied the Getty Museum's ancient pottery collection and proposed her own theory with <em>Athenian Vase Construction: A Potter's Analysis</em> (1999). And in the 1920s, Gisela Richter, a Metropolitan Museum of Art curator of Greek and Roman art, took ceramics classes to write *The Craft of Athenian Pottery *(1923).</p> <p>Each author's pottery-making theory is shaped by his or her professional perspective. So when Elizabeth Rodini, the director of the Krieger School's Program in Museums and Society (which is supporting the class along with a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation), asked Balachandran what her dream course to teach would be, the conservator knew exactly what to try. "I want to know how these objects were made," Balachandran says. "I want it to bring together all these different specialists who have something to say about these technologies to talk to each other and to us."</p> <p>Over the semester's 12 weeks, the students in Re-creating Ancient Greek Ceramics are immersed in three rigorous disciplines. Through readings and class speakers, and in subjects from art history to classics, to conservation, to materials science and engineering, they're navigating the cultural history and techniques of Greek pottery. They're immersed in social science research techniques as they document, in journals and on the class's blog, the various scholarly ideas they're testing out in the Clayworks studio. And they're recording everything obsessively because Balachandran and Hyleck are having them, given the published information available, try to replicate the clay, slip, kiln, and firing techniques of the ancient Greek era.</p> <p>During the university's winter break Hyleck and Balachandran built a kiln from scratch, starting with wet materials, mixing those together to make clay, shaping that clay to form bricks, and using those bricks to construct a beehive-style kiln. This raw materials–to–end product approach puts a number of theories into practice with an unknowable outcome, and there are no guarantees that any of it is going to produce the desired results: black marks on red clay.</p> <p>Hyleck says the project's ambition was initially a bit overwhelming, when Balachandran called him about it last year. At that time, he points out, he knew nothing about Greek Attic ware, and he didn't work with the same materials (earthenware) or techniques (firing at low temperatures). But the vases themselves, those interested him. And when he and Balachandran met up at the museum to discuss the class, she asked if he wanted to handle one of the vases. "Absolutely I want to hold that," Hyleck says, referring to a kylix attributed to Phintias as painter. "It's every potter's dream to be able to hold those things."</p> <p>In doing so, a potter today could admire the work of one 2,500 years ago. "At this point I can look at something and pretty quickly start to hypothesize how it would be done," Hyleck says. "And picking up and holding one of these pieces—when you look through a glass vitrine at a museum, all objects have visual weight that we as humans infer—and these are so remarkably light compared to what I inferred. When you pick these up, they just float."</p> <p>Handling the vase, Hyleck could understand how the potter distributed its weight. "That control starts to tell you a lot about craftsmanship," he says. "Those are things that I wish there was a way to convey to everyone, but tactile is the only way to translate that."</p> <p>That sense of intimacy, of transforming information to a human scale, is one of the experiences Balachandran hopes her students are gaining from the class. "These have become aesthetic objects, like paintings that happen to be on vases," she says. "But anytime I've given people a chance to work with the material, it's a very humbling experience. It forces you to look at [the vases] in a much more thoughtful way. And to me that's the whole point of art—it's storytelling, it's about recognizing the human genius in an object."</p> <p>Each group is decorating a kylix, under the guidance of Hyleck, and each student is making a tile. Hyleck says the experiment, thus far, is proceeding as uncharted art endeavors often do: You learn something new every time you try something the first time. The first firing of the homemade kiln, for example, produced the iron conversion that predicted the formation of black lines. "We didn't get that beautiful, uniformly shiny black everywhere," Hyleck says, "but I think it's on the right path. Now you start to tinker and think about was it application, or was it firing, and then fire it again and see what you get."</p> <p>This slow discovery makes the students participants in the trial-and-error process that produces new scholarship. "There was this moment in the class when a student asked, So you're telling me that we could do all this and none of it could work?" says Balachandran, who admitted that was entirely possible. "But I think knowing that has given them some power and agency. It means something because it's going to inform the next round of experiments. And they're doing the documentation and generating a new set of knowledge."</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Peabody student composes, stages opera about racism in the South <p>Peabody graduate student Frances Pollock grew up in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, the Tobacco South, and she was dumbstruck that she had never heard of George Junius Stinney Jr. before coming across a mention of him in winter 2014. On June 16, 1944, South Carolina had executed 14-year-old Stinney for the rape and murder of 11-year-old Betty June Binnicker and 7-year-old Mary Emma Thames in the segregated town of Alcolu. Police say Stinney confessed, in an interrogation conducted without his parents or legal counsel, though no written record of his confession was made. An all-white, all-male jury was selected, and Stinney was tried, convicted, and sentenced in a single day. Eighty-one days after his arrest, he was executed by electric chair. Because of his small size, a book was used as a booster seat when the electrodes were affixed to his body. In December 2014, Judge Carmen T. Mullen of the South Carolina Circuit Court vacated the judgment, exonerating the teen whose execution had earned but brief mentions in <em>The Washington Post</em> and <em>The New York Times</em> at the time.</p> <div class="image inline align-right image-portrait column has-caption"> <img src="//" alt="" /> <div class="caption"> <p> <span class="visuallyhidden">Image caption:</span> Frances Pollock </p> </div> </div> <p>Pollock wanted to know more about him. And in searching and reading more and more about Alcolu and Stinney, Binnicker, Thames, and their parents, Pollock saw a world she recognized. "I know these people," she says. "This is a forgotten, very humanist, compelling story about people I totally understand. These are people dealing with their fear and prejudices that have come up through how they've grown up in this society. As someone who's grown up in a culture where division is still very palpable and real, I wanted to present this story in a way where people aren't just looked at as victims and villains."</p> <p>Pollock, a second-year master of music in vocal performance student, last summer wrote <em>Stinney</em> as an opera exploring the devastation of systemic racism.</p> <p>In high school she had become interested in the Innocence Project, the nonprofit legal organization that works with the wrongly convicted, after she heard Darryl Hunt speak. In 1989, the then 19-year-old Hunt had been sentenced to life imprisonment for the rape and murder of Deborah Sykes, a journalist in Winston-Salem. The Innocence Project used DNA evidence to free him and have the case dismissed.</p> <p>Hunt became "a role model" in social justice issues, Pollock says. "The way that Winston-Salem works is very much like the town in Stinney—it's incredibly divided," she continues. "You grow up on one side of town or the other, and you don't meet a whole lot of people who don't look like you and don't think like you. That's still how that town functions and operates."</p> <p>In <em>Stinney</em>, Pollock dramatizes how such institutional and cultural racism sculpts individuals and interpersonal relationships in small town America, and she knew she needed some help fine-tuning the project. Last May she sought advice from David Smooke, the chair of Peabody's Department of Music Theory and a contemporary composer with a passionate interest in social justice issues.</p> <p>He politely told her that she was out of her depth. "She talked me through it, and I just looked at her and said, 'You can't do this,'" Smooke says. He wasn't quite sure yet of her compositional ability; he was also hesitant about the issues she wanted to tackle. "The issue of racial appropriation is something that I'm very aware of, and it seemed to be like she was walking on that line. And I just looked at her and said, 'No, you can't do this.' And she looked at me and said, 'No, I'm going to do this; either get on board or get out of the way.'"</p> <p>What ensued were months of back and forth between the two. They went over her score note by note, chord by chord. Smooke asked her the reasons for certain scenes, and in a few cases helped her rethink a scene. "As we started talking, I realized she does know what she's doing," Smooke says. "What it ended up being is very much her original vision. This opera is about these horrific crimes, but really it's about people. It's about character. How does a family try to stay together as their child is being murdered by the state? It's about how does a community react when they've seen children killed? And so the music very much is about character and about these moments of intimacy."</p> <p>Pollock wrote <em>Stinney</em> for a 10-piece chamber orchestra, which includes a string quartet, with instrumentation for jazz, blues, and country. She hears <em>Stinney</em> as an American story that needs American musical idioms, not Coplandesque symphonic interpretations. Snippets of gospel, blues, and country appear, each scene receiving the musical environment it needs.</p> <p>This approach allows Pollock's musical ideas to reinforce her thematic ones. At a recent rehearsal, a group of singers went through the opening scene, in which Binnicker is attacked. Pollock wrote this scene as a single female character encountering a male chorus. The chorus's overlapping vocalizations at first create the ambient sounds of a rural morning—a background of bird song and insects—that, as the scene progresses, coalesce into a predatory hissing before swarming into a unison of violation.</p> <p>More than a few times, the singers finish the scene and shudder, remarking on how creepy it is. As it should be: It's a disturbing reminder that the threat of sexual and racial violence floats in the very air we breathe, that the so-called villains who commit such unimaginable acts are people, neighbors, town folk. <em>Stinney</em> aims to take a sober look at that time when a small segregated town responded to the murder of two children by killing another and tried to call it justice.</p> <p>If that's a difficult idea to think about and enact, that's because 1944 wasn't too long ago, and the conditions that foment such divisions persist today. With the help of a 2014–15 <a href="">Diversity Innovation Grant</a> from the <a href="">Johns Hopkins Diversity Leadership Council</a>, Pollock was able to cast <em>Stinney</em> with Peabody students and alums and members of the Baltimore gospel community. When she first started writing the opera, she imagined it might end up being something for which she gathered together some classmates to do a weekend afternoon read-through.</p> <p>Now it's about to debut as a fully staged production. At that rehearsal in March, Pollock knew how much work lay ahead: costumes, stage blocking, orchestrations, everything. Peers and friends volunteered their time to help with the production. The cast and musicians devoted nights and weekends for rehearsals. Everybody involved understands that the issues the opera wrestles with are too pressing not to approach with respect.</p> <p>"<em>Stinney</em> is not something fun that I'm doing on top of trying to do my master's," Pollock says. "It's something that has to be said and has to be said now. And I think a lot of people in the [Peabody] community have been looking for an opportunity to be part of something like this, which is why I think everybody's been so generous. It's beyond humbling to see what kind of support this project has received—humbling for me as a composer, and humbling that people are so invested in a story like this."</p> <p>Stinney <em>will have two performances, May 15 and 16, at 2640 Space (2640 St. Paul St.). Tickets are free but reservations requested with optional donations, a portion of which goes to the Innocence Project. Details at <a href=""></a></em>.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Meet Paul Bewak, the greatest wrestler in Johns Hopkins history <h4>Pinning him down</h4> <p><strong>Why you should know him</strong> In March, Bewak finished third at the 2015 NCAA Division III Championships (second-best finish in program history) and earned All-American honors for the third time. Bewak finished his JHU career with a 135-24 record, making him the school's all-time winningest wrestler, surpassing the previous mark of 98 wins.</p> <p><strong>[Overcoming adversity]</strong> In Bewak's junior year, doctors diagnosed him with "femoral acetabular impingement with labral and articular damage," which in layman's terms is a small excess bone bump rubbing into his hip labrum to painful and destructive effect. Doctors had to clean away the torn labrum debris, drill tiny fractures into his hip socket, and shave off the bone bump. He could not walk for six weeks. He returned to the mat 15 weeks later.</p> <p><strong>[The Bewak File]</strong> Hometown Greensburg, Pennsylvania. <strong>DEGREES</strong> BS in physics, combined bachelor's/master's in math. <strong>TALE OF THE TAPE</strong> 5 feet 5 inches, 125 pounds. <strong>DIET PHILOSOPHY</strong> Eat cleanly and in small portions. Avoid sugar and fatty foods. But allow cheat days. "Salad every day gets boring." <strong>FAVORITE JUNK FOOD</strong> Skittles. <strong>FAVORITE EXERCISE</strong> Shadow wrestling. <strong>PRE-MATCH RITUAL</strong> Rolls up one elastic band on his singlet. Worked once, so he stuck with it. <strong>GO-TO MOVE</strong> When on his feet, the "high crotch." <strong>THRILL OF VICTORY?</strong> Show no emotion. Try to be modest. But fist bumps allowed for big matches. <strong>KEY TO SUCCESS</strong> Diversity of the JHU wrestling team. "We pull kids from all over the country, and the techniques I learned from everyone kept me on my toes and expanded my knowledge." HOBBY Console/computer games. <strong>PLAYSTATION OR XBOX?</strong> PS4. <strong>TUNES</strong> Anything from Eminem. "Can't Be Touched" by Roy Jones R. <strong>WHY JHU?</strong> First visited Homewood for the JHU Wrestling Black & Blue Brawl. "I liked the atmosphere of the campus, and I thought the team was full of great personalities and really good wrestlers. I felt happy and comfortable here." <strong>WHAT'S NEXT</strong> Find a job. <strong>FUTURE IN WRESTLING?</strong> Coaching. <strong>BEST ADVICE FROM A COACH OR TEACHER</strong> Use criticism and negativity as fuel to drive yourself. And prove them wrong. <strong>TEN YEARS FROM NOW</strong> Making the world a better place. Problem solving.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 JHU center to promote data-driven local government <p>The Center for Government Excellence at Johns Hopkins, established with a grant from Bloomberg Philanthropies, aims to assist more than 100 U.S. cities in creating data infrastructures to transform the way their governments operate. The center is part of the university's 21st Century Cities Initiative, a university signature initiative that brings together city leaders and top researchers to confront the pressing needs of revitalizing cities throughout the country and abroad.</p> <p>"Our focus is on resilient cities both here and around the world. We want to study 21st-century possibilities and challenges, and to adopt 21st-century solutions," says Kathryn Edin, a sociologist in the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, who has been named director of the 21CC initiative. Edin has guided the organizational, financial, and investigatory growth of 21CC, formerly named the Johns Hopkins Institute for the American City, since joining the faculty last year as a Bloomberg Distinguished Professor.</p> <p>"Imagine a city whose infrastructure is crumbling," she says. "The 20th-century solution is to dig up pipes, repair them, and put them back in the ground. In the 21st century, we'd want to think bigger than that." Today's cities face problems ranging from planning for the effects of climate change to alleviating an increasingly diverse experience of poverty, but, Edin says, they have advantages over their 20th-century counterparts: Cities are less violent, and they will soon have a wealth of research and data to rely on. "Cities are often in crisis mode, and it can be hard for city officials to see new possibilities. We want to be the people who offer that vision and information to civic leaders," she says.</p> <p>According to Denis Wirtz, the university's vice provost for research, "Hopkins has an incredibly deep bench of talent to address the complex challenges faced by cities today. We have urban health specialists, urban poverty and wealth-generation experts, and experts in cities' preparedness for natural and man-made disasters. This expertise is distributed among all schools and units of the university, carrying on a long urban research tradition at Hopkins." Wirtz also oversees the Bloomberg Distinguished Professorships program, which is bringing 50 world-class interdisciplinary faculty to Johns Hopkins in support of the university's signature initiatives and other areas of importance to the institution's future.</p> <p>The new Center for Government Excellence was established as part of Bloomberg Philanthropies' new What Works Cities initiative, a $42 million effort to help mayors and local leaders use data and evidence to engage the public, improve services, and evaluate progress.</p> <p>"While cities are working to meet new challenges with limited resources, they have access to more data than ever—and they are increasingly using it to improve people's lives," says three-term New York City Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg, a Johns Hopkins alumnus and former chair of its board of trustees. "We'll help them build on their progress, and help even more cities take steps to put data to work. What works? That's a question that every city leader should ask—and we want to help them find answers."</p> <p>The Hopkins center will bring together a group of the nation's leading applied urban researchers under the leadership of Beth Blauer, a well-known proponent of open government and of data transparency and utilization, who served as a sounding board for What Works Cities as the program was being developed. The team will complement the strengths of more than 140 academic urban researchers already housed across 21CC's seven partner schools at Johns Hopkins.</p> <p>"Cities across the country are looking for ways to upgrade their use of data and evidence to deliver results for citizens," Blauer says. "I'm thrilled to lead our institutions' efforts, which will pair public-sector expertise from leaders across the country with the university's vast research to deliver unique and customized technical assistance to practitioners on the ground. The center will have enormous capacity to help shift the culture of individual cities and the sector toward more-effective government.</p> <p>"We'll be a bridge between work happening on campus and midsize cities across the U.S. Then we want to grow to have global impact," continues Blauer, who is renowned for her leadership of Maryland's innovative performance management program, StateStat, and who helped develop the performance management and collaboration tool Open Performance (formerly GovStat), which is used by the states of Maryland, Hawaii, and Washington; the cities of Baltimore, New York, and Kansas City, Missouri; and San Mateo County, California.</p> <p>As executive director of the Center for Government Excellence at Johns Hopkins, Blauer will continue to work closely with Bloomberg Philanthropies and What Works Cities partners—among them, Results for America, the Sunlight Foundation, and Harvard University's Government Performance Lab—to promote What Works practices, assess the state of these practices in cities, and support the widespread implementation and enhancement of data collection, analysis, and use in public policy.</p> <p>"The center will visit 150 U.S. cities over the next three years to assess data infrastructure and recommend change so that cities can truly govern with data," says Blauer, who sees the center as providing a platform for cities to develop best practices. "There's a big void of data right now. We want to create data standards that nurture an environment for cities to collaborate, share resources, and expedite results. The center will have enormous capacity to support cutting-edge research, tap into comprehensive and live data, and inform research across a lot of verticals."</p> <p>The center is starting with midsize U.S. cities—those with a population between 100,000 and 1 million—to begin building assessments.</p> <p>"We'll be in a city near you," says Edin of the 14 applied researchers who are "gearing up to carry out this mission" from a triple-wide modular building near Homewood's Gilman Hall. These are the first among a cadre of highly skilled applied researchers who will be recruited to JHU for the initiative.</p> <p>In addition, 21CC will continue to build Johns Hopkins' urban research program by purposefully investing in high-profile faculty. Among the new hires is Bloomberg Distinguished Professor Stephen Morgan, an expert in inequality, education, and methodology, specifically in predictors of student achievement. Together, these individuals will form the nation's leading group of urban researchers harnessing their expertise to improve the well-being of all citizens of America's revitalizing cities.</p> <p>After the center's initial assessment of 150 cities, its next step will be to support at least 100 cities in beginning or advancing their open data practice. In this work, the center will support the cities as they release data to decision-makers and residents, enable them to track progress on public services and programs, promote a culture of government transparency and accountability, and engage citizens.</p> <p>"What we'd like to see is every city governing in ways that are data-driven. We can actually know what works and what doesn't by creating better data infrastructure," Edin says. "Typically, public health policies are recommended, implemented, and then watched to see what changes. But cities can't sort out competing explanations for whether the changes they see could have happened for reasons other than the policy; that's where more academic research comes in."</p> <p>While research is a key to 21CC, the initiative's applied arm is just as important to Edin. "A lot of people want to know, What will we do for people in the near term? Saying, 'Well, we'll produce good research,' isn't enough. We have to make sure that research is making a difference," she says.</p> <p>To that end, the center will help cities identify and prepare the best data for release; support cities as they build processes that collect and release machine-readable data in their chosen open data platform; help cities create oversight structures for quality, compliance, updates, and tracking; and guide cities in using data to engage the public.</p> <p>"The center will transform how city governments operate," says Johns Hopkins President Ronald J. Daniels. "It will promote a culture of government transparency, accountability, and engagement with citizens, and will help cities learn to make quick, measurable improvements in citizens' lives."</p> <p>The 21CC initiative has a teaching component, too, including the recent launch of a social policy minor at the Krieger School. Students spend time in a policy setting—studying either federal-level policy in D.C. or city-level policy in Baltimore—using state-of-the-art data methods to understand the impact of policy structures and funding. Working with faculty from 21CC, undergraduates have an opportunity to become engaged with real-world problems.</p> <p>"Baltimore is a microcosm of everything that is promising and everything that was challenging about American cities," Edin says. "It's a resilient city in that it's now a magnet for millennials and empty nesters. It's a city where you can go to the Inner Harbor and see an astonishing mix of people both in terms of race and class. It's a city where neighborhoods, by contrast, are deeply divided by income and race. So it's a great city for policy students and urban researchers to embrace."</p> <p>Wirtz agrees, calling Hopkins "a place where the best ideas are thought out, analyzed, researched, and then shared to collect, analyze, and utilize big data for decisions facing the cities. The impact will be very far-reaching."</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Element of surprise helps babies learn, researchers find <p>Infants have innate knowledge about the world, and when their expectations are defied, they learn best, researchers at Johns Hopkins University have found.</p> <p>In a paper published recently in the journal <em>Science</em>, cognitive psychologists Aimee E. Stahl and Lisa Feigenson demonstrate for the first time that babies learn new things by leveraging the core information with which they are born. When something surprises a baby, such as an object not behaving the way she expects it to, she not only focuses on that object but ultimately learns more about it than she does from a similar yet predictable object.</p> <p>"For young learners, the world is an incredibly complex place filled with dynamic stimuli. How do learners know what to focus on and learn more about, and what to ignore? Our research suggests that infants use what they already know about the world to form predictions. When these predictions are shown to be wrong, infants use this as a special opportunity for learning," says Feigenson, a professor of psychological and brain sciences in the university's Krieger School of Arts and Sciences. "When babies are surprised, they learn much better, as though they are taking the occasion to try to figure something out about their world."</p> <p>The two researchers' study involved four experiments with pre-verbal 11-month-olds designed to determine whether babies learned more effectively about objects that defied their expectations. If they did, researchers wondered if babies also would seek out more information about surprising objects and if this exploration meant babies were trying to find explanations for the objects' strange behavior.</p> <p>First the researchers showed the babies both surprising and predictable situations regarding an object. For instance, one group of infants saw a ball roll down a ramp and appear to be stopped by a wall in its path. Another group saw the ball roll down the ramp and appear to pass—as if by magic—right through the wall.</p> <p>When the researchers gave the babies new information about the surprising ball, the babies learned significantly better. In fact, the infants showed no evidence of learning about the predictable ball. Furthermore, the researchers found that the babies chose to explore the ball that had defied their expectations, even more than toys that were brand new but had not done anything surprising.</p> <p>The researchers found that the babies didn't just learn more about surprising objects; they wanted to understand them. For instance, when the babies saw the surprising event in which the ball appeared to pass through the wall, they tested the ball's solidity by banging it on the table. But when babies saw a different surprising event, in which the ball appeared to hover in midair, they tested the ball's gravity by dropping it onto the floor. These results suggest that babies were testing specific hypotheses about the objects' surprising behavior.</p> <p>"The infants' behaviors are not merely reflexive responses to the novelty of surprising outcomes but instead reflect deeper attempts to learn about aspects of the world that failed to accord with expectations," says Stahl, the paper's lead author and a doctoral student in the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences.</p> <p>"Infants are not only equipped with core knowledge about fundamental aspects of the world, but from early in their lives, they harness this knowledge to empower new learning."</p> <p>The study was supported by a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship.</p> <p>A video accompanying this article is available at <a href=""></a>.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 3200 St. Paul breaks ground, CVS store to anchor project <p>Armada Hoffler Properties, Beatty Development Group, and Johns Hopkins University officially broke ground on March 26 at 3200 St. Paul, a mixed-use development located on the southwest intersection of St. Paul and 33rd streets in Charles Village, marking the official start of construction on the project.</p> <p>At the groundbreaking ceremony, representatives from Armada Hoffler and Beatty Development announced that CVS Pharmacy will serve as the building's anchor tenant when it opens a 10,500-square-foot pharmacy in 2016. The pharmacy will be located on the southeast corner of the building, adjacent to the neighboring Jefferson Apartments.</p> <p>"For the past year, Armada Hoffler has been working in partnership with Beatty Development Group to create a transformational project that adds to the already vibrant Charles Village and Johns Hopkins communities," says Tony Nero, president of development at Armada Hoffler. "We listened to what the residents had to say, and what Johns Hopkins was looking for, and are pleased to bring a national retailer, CVS Pharmacy, to the neighborhood."</p> <p>The 327,484-square-foot 3200 St. Paul project, which will be officially named in the coming months, will feature more than 31,000 square feet of commercial space that will include restaurants, retailers, and services, as well as 157 market-rate student apartments managed by Capstone On-Campus Management, which runs student housing at campuses nationwide. The building will wrap around a 162-space paid parking structure for residential tenants, retail customers, and other visitors to the neighborhood. Construction is expected to be complete in August 2016, with students moving into the building for the start of the academic year.</p> <p>"With Johns Hopkins' Homewoodcampus located one block away, Charles Village has always served as a pillar community for Baltimore. This project represents Charles Village's ongoing renaissance and strengthens the university's connection to the neighborhood," says Michael Beatty, president of Beatty Development Group.</p> <p>The development team was chosen by Johns Hopkins to develop the 1.13-acre site and has been working since 2012 on programming the building, specifying what elements it should contain to meet the university's goals of providing housing alternatives for students and promoting the continued renaissance of Charles Village.</p> <p>"We are excited to see work beginning on a project that will do so much both for our students and for the wider community in which they live," says Kevin G. Shollenberger, vice provost for student affairs at the university. "3200 St. Paul will provide new options for our upperclass students, further enhancing the undergraduate experience at Johns Hopkins."</p> <p>Adds Alan Fish, the university's vice president for facilities and real estate, "Great student-oriented housing combined with new shopping and dining alternatives and added off-street parking: This building truly has something for everyone on our campus and in our neighborhood."</p> <p>Johns Hopkins bought the site in 2009 from an earlier development group whose plans had been stalled by the national financial crisis. The property is on the same intersection where Johns Hopkins opened its Charles Commons mixed-use residence hall project on the northwest corner in 2006. The 68-unit Village Lofts condominium is on the southeast corner.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Johns Hopkins grad programs ranked among best by 'U.S. News' <p>Johns Hopkins University graduate programs in education, medicine, public health, and nursing, and in individual disciplines such as biomedical engineering, remain among the best in the nation, according to the newest <em>U.S. News & World Report</em> "Best Graduate Schools" rankings.</p> <p>The report includes first-place spots for the schools of Public Health and Education, top-two honors for Nursing, and top-three recognition for Medicine.</p> <p>The master's and doctoral programs at the university's Bloomberg School of Public Health have held the No. 1 spot every year since the magazine began ranking schools of public health more than 20 years ago (new public health rankings are released every four years).</p> <p>"We are honored and humbled that our peers have once again made us the No. 1 school of public health in the United States, even during this time of explosive growth in public health education," says Michael J. Klag, dean of the Bloomberg School. "We are in this position because of the great work of our faculty, top-notch students, active alumni, dedicated staff, and the many donors and organizations that we work with. They enable us, through research, education, and practice, to protect health and save lives—millions at a time."</p> <p>The Johns Hopkins School of Education landed first in its category for the second consecutive year, ahead of Harvard and Stanford. The school ranked second in 2013 and sixth in 2012.</p> <p>David W. Andrews, dean of the School of Education, says his program's repeat first-place ranking is welcome news to those who have worked to elevate the school's standing. In the past year, he says, the school has expanded its doctoral programs, led the way in developing evidence-based models of instruction, and attracted an increasing number of top scholars to its faculty.</p> <p>"I am proud and honored that the hard work and commitment of our students, faculty, staff, and alumni to improving educational opportunities for all learners have helped us achieve this national recognition," Andrews says. "We are committed to providing students with the best possible education by ensuring access to high-quality teachers, excellent research-based programs, and the most effective school leaders."</p> <p>The School of Nursing's master's degree programs tied for second with those at the University of California, San Francisco, down from first when nursing programs were last ranked, in 2011. The <em>U.S. News</em> methodology for ranking nursing schools changed this year, adding statistical measures—such as research funding—to the ranking algorithm in addition to data from a reputational survey. The School of Nursing ranked no lower than seventh in five of the nursing specialty categories, including a tie at second in programs for nurse practitioners in adult acute care. The school's online programs ranked third, up from 24th last year.</p> <p>"This top-ranked recognition is a reflection of the strategic and innovative work of our faculty, students, and alumni who work locally and globally to improve health through nursing research and practice," says Nursing Dean Patricia Davidson. "The rankings are a reminder that our work is never done and that we need to continue to be open to new opportunities for interdisciplinary collaboration and partnerships to advance the nursing profession."</p> <p>The university's School of Medicine tied for third in the nation on U.S. News & World Report's list of top research-oriented medical programs. The school held the third spot alone in 2014 and 2013, and tied for second in 2012. Its programs in internal medicine and geriatrics ranked first in those specialties, while the AIDS program ranked second, women's health third, and pediatrics fourth.</p> <p>The Whiting School of Engineering jumped two spots to a tie at 25th place, along with Penn State. Biomedical Engineering, a joint program of Engineering and Medicine, remained first in the nation. The university's programs in environmental engineering and environmental health tied at eighth, the same as last year.</p> <p>The Whiting School's online engineering program rose from 14th to 12th place, while the online program in computer information technology ranked fifth, up from the 13th spot.</p> <p>For complete listings, go to <a href=""></a>.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Ed Catmull of Pixar and Disney to speak at commencement <p>Ed Catmull, a co-founder of Pixar Animation Studios, a computer scientist responsible for groundbreaking blockbusters like <em>Toy Story</em>, and a winner of five Academy Awards, will speak at Johns Hopkins University's Commencement exercises on Thursday, May 21.</p> <p>Catmull, now president of Pixar and Walt Disney Animation Studios, will receive an honorary degree of Doctor of Humane Letters at the ceremony, where an expected 7,061 degrees and certificates will be conferred upon undergraduates, graduate students, and professional students from all divisions and campuses.</p> <p>The event, which begins at 8:40 a.m. on Homewood Field, will feature remarks by President Ronald J. Daniels, a speech by Catmull, the awarding of degrees, and the bestowing of honorary degrees.</p> <p>Following the ceremony, the newly minted alumni and their families will be invited to a reception on the Keyser Quadrangle.</p> <p>In addition to Catmull, this year's honorary degree recipients are Marin Alsop, Elijah Cummings, Anthony Deering, Lynn Deering, Anthony Fauci, Leon Fleisher, and William Kirwan [see sidebar below].</p> <p>"Every person in this inspiring group of men and women has answered the call to lead," says university President Ronald J. Daniels. "In the arts and global health, education, and public service, they have each dedicated their energy, resources, creativity, and expertise to efforts they believe can change the world. I am thrilled that Johns Hopkins' honorary degrees will celebrate their place in our community, where we welcome big thinkers and bold leaders in all disciplines."</p> <p>Excitement has been building about Catmull's upcoming speech since late March, when the announcement of his selection was accompanied by a YouTube video produced by the Office of Communications in the style of a movie trailer, featuring clips from some of Disney's and Pixar's biggest animated blockbusters to highlight Catmull's achievements.</p> <p>"With a unique blend of tech savvy and creative vision, Ed Catmull has transformed the art and science of animation, harnessing technology to explore our common humanity," Daniels says. "His fearless curiosity and passion for discovery speak to our students, who will leave Johns Hopkins able to stretch the bounds of creativity—to infinity and beyond."</p> <p>A lifelong fan of animated films, Catmull has said that as a kid he dreamed of a career as a traditional animator but eventually decided he could not draw well enough. He switched to computer science and earned a PhD in 1974 at the legendary computer graphics labs at the University of Utah. It was there that he focused on building the technology to create the first computer-animated feature film. That plan culminated more than two decades later in Pixar's 1995 release of Toy Story, for which Catmull was executive producer.</p> <p>While at Utah, Catmull in 1972 created a program that digitized his left hand, making a groundbreaking short film showing the animated hand turning, opening and closing, and pointing. A Computer-Animated Hand was later incorporated into the 1976 movie Futureworld and eventually preserved in the Library of Congress' National Film Registry. The film and the breakthroughs Catmull made while at Utah laid the groundwork for his life's work and eventually for the RenderMan technology, which he co-developed. RenderMan has been used not only for Toy Story and every other Pixar blockbuster but also was the technology behind 44 of the last 47 films nominated for an Academy Award for visual effects.</p> <p>Catmull helped drive technology forward as vice president of filmmaker George Lucas' Lucasfilm LLC from 1979 to 1985. When Apple co-founder Steve Jobs bought Lucasfilm's digital operation, Catmull followed and became president and chief technical officer of the new Pixar Animation Studios. When the Walt Disney Co. acquired Pixar in 2006, Catmull became president of Walt Disney Animation Studios, and with longtime collaborator John Lasseter helped revitalize the studio, creating films that included the top-grossing animated movie of all time, the Academy Award–winning <em>Frozen</em>, along with <em>Wreck-It Ralph</em>, <em>Tangled</em>, and <em>Big Hero 6</em>, which won the 2015 Oscar for best animated feature.</p> <p>Catmull is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, the Visual Effects Society, IEEE's Computer Society, and the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which in 2009 presented him its Gordon E. Sawyer Award for his career technical contributions and leadership in computer graphics for film.</p> <p>His first book, <em>Creativity, Inc.: Overcoming the Unseen Forces That Stand in the Way of True Inspiration</em>, became a <em>New York Times</em> best-seller and was widely praised as one of the best business books of 2014.</p> <p>Details about all events associated with Commencement are available online at <a href=""></a>.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 New JHU global affairs center to honor Henry Kissinger <p>Three-term New York City Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg is providing initial funding for a new international policy center at Johns Hopkins named in honor of his longtime friend, former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger.</p> <p>The new Henry A. Kissinger Center for Global Affairs will be located at the university's Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies in Washington, D.C. It will specialize in long-term strategic analysis and in the disciplined application of historical lessons to contemporary international problems.</p> <p>The center, which will include at least 10 distinguished scholars in international affairs, will also serve as a focal point for scholarship and public debate on international affairs and policy. The discussion will be led by the center's resident and visiting scholars, intellectuals, and policy practitioners.</p> <p>"There is a need for an approach in international relations education that transcends the narrow confines of short-run policymaking," Johns Hopkins President Ronald J. Daniels says. "The Kissinger Center is created to address that need. The rigorous theoretical research at the center will instill a deep sense of intellectual inquiry in the minds of all those who engage with the subjects at hand, including the most vexing international issues of our time."</p> <p>Bloomberg, a Johns Hopkins alumnus and former chairman of its board of trustees, is committing funds to establish the center. These funds will be matched by other donors and by Johns Hopkins, which also will dedicate two of its Bloomberg Distinguished Professorships to the Kissinger Center. In total, at least 10 new endowed chairs will be established at the center.</p> <p>"I am deeply moved that so many friends have come together at Mike Bloomberg's initiative to support an center that will advance the country's contribution to wresting order from incipient chaos," Kissinger says. "The challenges of today's world demand fresh thinking and new ideas based on historical perception, knowledge, and sound analysis. The School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins is uniquely positioned to tackle such challenges with a combination of contextual studies in economics, religion, and regional and cultural history with practical diplomacy."</p> <p>Kissinger served as national security adviser and secretary of state in the Nixon and Ford administrations. He negotiated nuclear weapons and anti-ballistic missile treaties with the Soviet Union and laid the groundwork for President Richard Nixon's breakthrough visit to China in 1972. He negotiated for the United States at the Paris peace talks that led to the end of the Vietnam War.</p> <p>Vali Nasr, the dean of SAIS, says he is particularly pleased that a valuable new scholarly center at SAIS will honor the former secretary of state.</p> <p>"The Kissinger Center is a timely investment in furthering the study of international relations during a period in which the global order faces both new opportunities and complex challenges," Nasr says.</p> <p>"The center," he continues, "will be dedicated through the individual and collective thought leadership, scholarship, and pedagogy of its faculty to shaping the way our future leaders will develop and implement foreign policy."</p> <p>A former Harvard University professor of government, Kissinger has remained an influential observer of international affairs. He is the author of 18 books and is founder and chairman of Kissinger Associates, an international consulting firm. Kissinger has been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and the Medal of Liberty.</p> <p>Gifts supporting the creation of the center are part of Rising to the Challenge: The Campaign for Johns Hopkins, an effort to raise $4.5 billion, primarily to support students, research and discovery, and interdisciplinary solutions to some of humanity's most important problems. More than $2.95 billion has been committed so far to the campaign, which is targeted for completion in 2017.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Drug shows promise for Alzheimer's <p>A novel therapeutic approach for an existing drug reverses a condition in elderly patients who are at high risk for dementia due to Alzheimer's disease, researchers at Johns Hopkins University found.</p> <p>The drug, commonly used to treat epilepsy, calms hyperactivity in the brain of patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment, or aMCI, a clinically recognized condition in which memory impairment is greater than expected for a person's age and which greatly increases risk for Alzheimer's dementia, according to the study published recently in <em>NeuroImage: Clinical</em>.</p> <p>The findings validate the Johns Hopkins team's initial conclusions, published three years ago in the journal <em>Neuron</em>. They also closely match the results in animal studies performed by the team and by scientists elsewhere. Lead investigator Michela Gallagher, the Krieger-Eisenhower Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at Johns Hopkins, says she hopes the therapy will next be tested in a large-scale, longer-term clinical trial.</p> <p>Hippocampal overactivity is well-documented in patients with aMCI, and its occurrence predicts further cognitive decline and progression to Alzheimer's dementia, Gallagher says. "What we've shown is that very low doses of the atypical antiepileptic levetiracetam reduces this overactivity," Gallagher says. "At the same time, it improves memory performance on a task that depends on the hippocampus."</p> <p>The team studied 84 subjects; 17 of them were normal healthy participants, and the rest had the symptoms of pre-dementia memory loss defined as aMCI. All were older than 55, with an average age of about 70.</p> <p>In a double-blind randomized trial, the subjects were given varying doses of the drug and also a placebo. Researchers found that low doses both improved memory performance and normalized the overactivity detected by functional magnetic resonance imaging that measures brain activity during a memory task. The ideal dosing found in this clinical study matched earlier preclinical studies in animal models.</p> <p>"What we want to discover now is whether treatment over a longer time will prevent further cognitive decline and delay or stop progression to Alzheimer's dementia," Gallagher says.</p> <p>Gallagher is the founder, and a member of the scientific board, of AgeneBio, a biotechnology company focused on developing treatments for diseases that affect brain function. Gallagher owns AgeneBio stock, which is subject to certain restrictions under Johns Hopkins policy. She is entitled to shares of any royalties received by the university on sales of products related to her inventorship of intellectual property. The terms of these arrangements are managed by the university in accordance with its conflict-of-interest policies.</p> <p>The team's work was supported by a National Institutes of Health grant.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 JHU junior wins prestigious research award <p>Quenton Bubb, a Johns Hopkins University biophysics major, has won a prestigious UNCF/Merck Undergraduate Science Research Scholarship Award, given annually to 15 college juniors.</p> <p>Sponsored by the United Negro College Fund and Merck & Co., the scholarships aim to increase the numbers of minority students pursuing careers in science and engineering. The award helps with tuition and room and board, and recipients are paired with mentors in their field.</p> <p>Bubb, who is from Brooklyn, New York, plans to pursue medical and doctoral degrees in molecular biophysics and hopes to investigate the biophysics of protein misfolding to advance the clinical treatment of diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's.</p> <p>"While proud that my hard work at Johns Hopkins has paid off, I'm also quite humbled by the fact that I am a fellow in a collective of intelligent, high-achieving, and driven African-American scientists," he says. "Given that African-Americans are vastly underrepresented in STEM [science, technology, engineering, and mathematics] fields, I'm incredibly motivated by this opportunity to become a role model for individuals of similar background. I feel as though I hit a huge milestone in my career, and I'm very excited for what the future holds."</p> <p>At Johns Hopkins, Bubb has worked with Karen Fleming, a professor of biophysics, to research the thermodynamic and kinetic details of outer membrane protein biogenesis in gram-negative bacteria. He is also collaborating with graduate student Ashlee Plummer to investigate the role of a periplasmic chaperone, FkpA, in OMP biogenesis. Fleming calls Bubb "an insightful researcher and scholar."</p> <p>"It has been a genuine pleasure to interact with him in the laboratory and in the classroom," she says. "I think his potential is enormous, and I look forward to hearing great things about him in the future."</p> <p>In 2013 Bubb was awarded a National Institutes of Health–sponsored fellowship to take part in the Biophysical Society Summer Course at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 JHU School of Public Health to host yearlong centennial celebration <p>The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health is about to mark its centennial, and a busy, globe-spanning itinerary of celebratory events is in the works. The yearlong celebration, <a href="">A Century of Saving Lives</a>, will begin June 29 with the arrival of the Centennial MPH Class of 2016 and concludes with a birthday celebration on June 13, 2016, to commemorate the school's founding.</p> <p>The school was born from a surprise announcement. Back on June 13, 1916—with Woodrow Wilson in the White House and World War I raging across Europe—the university held its commencement ceremonies. William Henry Welch, dean of the School of Medicine and a pathology professor, took to the stage to announce that the Rockefeller Foundation had chosen Johns Hopkins to receive a grant funding the creation of the world's first school of hygiene and public health.</p> <p>The news came as an exciting shock to those present, luminaries and students alike. For, you see, the selection had been a closely guarded secret, and a host of prominent schools, including Harvard, Columbia, and the University of Pennsylvania, had been vying for the $267,000 grant (just over $5.7 million in current dollars). Welch went on to become the first dean of the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health.</p> <p>Today, the renamed Bloomberg School of Public Health is not only the oldest such institution but also the largest and most prominent, topping the <em>U.S. News & World Report</em> rankings of public health schools every year since the category's inception in 1994. Presently, it enrolls some 2,250 students from more than 80 countries.</p> <p>In its first 100 years, the school has helped eradicate smallpox, make water safe to drink, improve child survival through better nutrition, reduce the spread of HIV, and uncover the dangers of tobacco smoke. The school's mission is distilled thusly: Protecting Health, Saving Lives—Millions at a Time.</p> <p>"As the first independent graduate school of public health, our faculty, staff, and alumni have been at the vanguard of public health efforts," says Michael J. Klag, dean of the school. "We've had an incredible impact. The work that goes on in the Bloomberg School's labs, classrooms, and field sites around the world each day is awe-inspiring. The cumulative impact of a century of such dedication is incredible. This coming year, we're looking forward to recognizing and celebrating what a remarkable institution this is."</p> <p>Given all that the school and its graduates have accomplished, it seems fitting that the milestone should be marked with more than just a cake with 100 candles and a speech or two. Celebrations kick off this summer with the arrival of the Centennial Class of 2016 and with events and activities scheduled all year long, across the school's campus and around the world.</p> <p>Events in the coming year include:</p> <p><strong>Around the World in 100 Dinners</strong>—The school's global alumni network is being encouraged to come together and share a dinner—in whatever local form it may take—in celebration of the centennial. The school's Constituent Relations team is crafting a tool kit to help facilitate the far-flung feasting. Faculty, staff, and students are invited to participate as well.</p> <p><strong>Historic Issues Timeline</strong>—Look for innovative displays and exhibits all around the school and throughout the year, providing a timeline of key moments and milestones in a century of public health.</p> <p><strong>Department-Focused Monthly Programs</strong>—From Biochemistry and Molecular Biology to Population, Family and Reproductive Health, a different entity each month will celebrate with special happenings and activities.</p> <p><strong>A Second School History Book</strong>—Johns Hopkins University Press will publish a book by Bloomberg School historian Karen Kruse Thomas covering the school's history from 1935 to 1985. It's based on four years of archival research and more than 60 oral history interviews with faculty, staff, and alumni. Thomas' work will build on the earlier book Disease & Discovery by Elizabeth Fee, which chronicled the school's first two decades.</p> <p><strong>Future of Public Health</strong>—Celebrating the past 100 years in public health is also a good time to think about the next 100. A series of activities over the year will examine future public health priorities, challenges, and potential solutions. What might people be looking back on in the year 2116?</p> <p><strong>Finale Birthday Bash</strong>—On June 13, 2016, the centennial celebrations will reach their zenith with a grand birthday celebration. A cake befitting 100 years in public health will be served.</p> <p>"We are looking forward to a centennial year filled with activities and events that both celebrate the past century of lifesaving contributions by the Bloomberg School and help us chart the next century's priorities for improving health worldwide," says Klag. "We aim to celebrate the centennial year in true Hopkins fashion: With intellectual rigor, an ongoing commitment to our mission, and some good old-fashioned fun for the entire school, university, and global communities."</p> <p>Learn more at <a href=""></a></p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 JHU home page gets a fresh new look <p>Visitors to Johns Hopkins University's website are seeing something different these days.</p> <p>A <a href="">new and improved</a>, the first redesign for the university website since 2009, debuted at the end of April.</p> <p>The new site is designed to make important information easier to find and to do a better job telling university stories. Its features include a simplified menu and more powerful search function, a new searchable and sortable database of JHU's more than 200 academic programs, and a design created to look great on any device, including tablets and mobile devices.</p> <p>In planning and developing the new, members of the redesign team sought feedback from staff, faculty members, students, parents of students, alumni, and others. They also analyzed data about how visitors use the website and conducted user testing to fine-tune site features and functions.</p> <p>The team will continue to collect feedback after the site's launch date and will make changes aimed at improving the site and the experience of its users.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Johns Hopkins Medicine: Building out from the inside <p>The cranes have come down. Jackhammers are quiet. Sidewalks are paved, and the landscaping has filled in nicely since Johns Hopkins Medicine three years ago opened the biggest project in its history, the Sheikh Zayed Tower and the Charlotte R. Bloomberg Children's Center.</p> <p>But that doesn't mean the medical campus has stopped growing.</p> <p>Although it may not be readily apparent to casual passersby, Hopkins has continued to expand since it opened the $1.1 billion towers on May 1, 2012. But instead of building more structures from the ground up, Hopkins is growing in a different way: by renovating and retrofitting older structures that were partly or entirely vacated when their occupants moved into Zayed, a 12-story tower designed for adults, and Bloomberg, a 12-story tower for children. In all, leaders of the medical campus have been working to recycle more than 300,000 square feet of space freed up by the moves into those buildings. That's as much space as can be found in one of Baltimore's large downtown office towers.</p> <p>The work involves a complicated series of checkerboard moves, with space in numerous older buildings being repurposed or otherwise upgraded as Hopkins works to carry out a physical reorganization plan that began in 2009. Affected buildings include the Armstrong Medical Education Building, Blalock, Carnegie, the Children's Medical and Surgical Center, Halsted/Osler, Marburg, Meyer, Nelson/Harvey, the Outpatient Center, Park, the Welch Medical Library, and the Wilmer Eye Institute.</p> <p>As of this spring, Hopkins has more than $250 million worth of construction projects underway or in the planning stages on the East Baltimore campus. Taken together, they represent one of the largest building efforts in Baltimore during 2015, and one of the most complex multibuilding renovation projects in the country.</p> <p>The buildings undergoing conversion date from the 1920s to the 1980s. In some cases, they are being readied for long-term uses; in others, they are being modified for relatively short-term use. At least three buildings—Halsted/Osler and Carnegie—likely will be torn down eventually to make way for new buildings, but probably not for 10 years or so.</p> <p>When this current phase of the work is done, the medical campus will have approximately 5 million square feet of space for teaching and research and 5 million square feet for patient care. New spaces will range from faculty offices and clinics to a state-of-the-art simulation center for teaching and training purposes.</p> <p>The opening of the Zayed and Bloomberg buildings provided a one-time opportunity for redeploying freed-up space, says Sally MacConnell, director of Real Estate and Planning for the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. (In addition, the lung cancer treatment program moved from East Baltimore to a new $40 million wing at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, opening up even more space.)</p> <p>"We had been doing backfill planning practically the whole time that we were planning Zayed-Bloomberg," MacConnell says. "We occupied Zayed-Bloomberg in 2012, and [senior director of Architecture and Planning] Michael [Iati] and I were seriously working on a backfill plan in 2009. We were meeting with each of the departments, asking, What are your projections and what are your deficits? and trying to put together a plan for how we might reuse the spaces."</p> <p>Not surprisingly, she says, the greatest needs were for research space and faculty offices.</p> <p>MacConnell says the chief goal of the building effort was to make Hopkins a medical center with all "private-bedded" rooms for inpatients, meaning one patient per room. Although Zayed and Bloomberg now account for the majority of beds at the hospital, with a total of 560, Hopkins continues to care for patients elsewhere, including the Nelson, Meyer, Marburg, and Harry and Jeanette Weinberg buildings, she says. The goal of having all private rooms, she says, will be met in 2016, when work is completed on retrofitting vacated space in the Meyer building.</p> <p>At that time, MacConnell says, planners will be able to focus on creating offices and other facilities rather than moving patients around.</p> <p>Here is an overview of work on affected buildings:</p> <ul> <li><p>Armstrong Medical Education Building: Planning is underway for a $45 million Center for Innovation in Graduate Biomedical Education, with state-of-the-art lab and classroom spaces and collaborative studio classrooms intended to enhance and promote group inquiry, problem solving, and discovery.</p></li> <li><p>Carnegie: The building donated by Andrew Carnegie dates from the 1920s and contains the Moore Clinic and Pharmacy, which will move to Park.</p></li> <li><p>Children's Medical and Surgical Center: The building dates from 1963 and was largely vacated in 2012, with the opening of the Bloomberg tower. The hospital cafeteria and kitchen remain on two of the levels; others now house or are being readied for a variety of uses, including an adult dialysis unit, offices for Pediatrics, and labs for Radiology. Two floors will become the home of the JHMI Interprofessional Simulation Center, replacing a 16,000-square-foot facility now in the Outpatient Center. The new 33,000-square-foot teaching and training center has been designed as something of a mini hospital, with areas replicating conditions in a patient's private room, an operating room, and an intensive care unit, among other settings.</p></li> <li><p>Halsted/Osler: Dating from 1926, Halsted and Osler have housed Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and Palliative Care and will serve as a temporary home for the Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Department, which is scheduled to move out of, and then back into, four floors of renovated space in Meyer. (Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences patients are currently in Meyer and are being moved out temporarily, MacConnell says, so they won't have to be subjected to construction work around them.) When the work is finished on Meyer, Halsted and Osler will be turned into offices.</p></li> <li><p>Meyer: Floors seven, eight, and nine, which before 2012 housed space for Neurology and Neurosurgery, will be converted to private-bedded rooms for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and the Department of Medicine, including the Palliative Care unit. Floors three to six will be renovated for continued use by Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. Work on the top three floors will begin this year and be completed by the end of 2016. ></p></li> <li><p>Nelson/Harvey: Spaces in the towers, which opened in the late 1970s, have been converted from 151 semiprivate to 136 private rooms, and Nelson's exterior has been rebuilt to make it more energy-efficient. All the patients were consolidated in Nelson, while Harvey was converted to support space. This work was completed in fall 2014.</p></li> <li><p>Outpatient Center: After the simulation center moves to CMSC, its 16,000-square-foot space will be converted to additional areas for outpatient care and faculty offices. Work is expected to begin in 2017.</p></li> <li><p>Park Building: The former location of the adult and pediatric emergency departments will become home to the Moore Clinic and its Outpatient Pharmacy (now in the Carnegie Building) and other outpatient services such as infusion. Planning is underway.</p></li> <li><p>Welch Medical Library: Welch served for decades as Johns Hopkins' bricks and mortar medical library and home of the Alan Mason Chesney Medical Archives. The archives moved to Johns Hopkins' Mount Washington campus, and much of the information the library contained has been put online and is now available digitally throughout the medical campus, at nurses' stations and other locations. The library has been renovated to serve primarily as reading rooms, meeting space, and reference areas for certain materials that have not been put online.</p></li> </ul> <p>MacConnell says that three buildings on the campus—Marburg, Billings, and Wilmer—are listed on the National Register of Historic Places and would not be torn down. Phipps, once home of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and now primarily faculty offices, also has been preserved for long-term use, even though it's not on the National Register, and its garden has become a popular outdoor space with patients, staffers, and visitors.</p> <p>Capital funds to complete the backfill plan are coming from a variety of sources, including $96.4 million from the Rising to the Challenge fundraising campaign (of a $2.4 billion goal for JHM) to benefit the simulation center and the Center for Innovation.</p> <p>Once the backfill plan is exe­cuted, MacConnell says, Johns Hopkins will be in a position to expand by building again from the ground up, and it has a variety of options for doing so.</p> <p>In terms of a general strategy, MacConnell says, the aim is to build more research space on the west side of Broadway and to locate faculty offices as close as possible to inpatient areas so that physicians don't have to walk long distances to and from their offices.</p> <p>Potential sites for faculty offices include using the air rights above the Orleans Street garage, which was constructed to support a future office tower; a parcel on Bond Street; and the footprint of Halsted/Osler and Carnegie.</p> <p>In addition to land for possible construction of research space on the west side of Broadway, Hopkins has land along Wolfe Street that could be used for expansion of the Bloomberg School of Public Health or the School of Nursing, or both.</p> <p>In addition, the 88-acre East Baltimore Development Initiative renewal area, directly north of the medical campus, is a prime candidate for various kinds of expansion, MacConnell says. Examples include certain health system administrative offices, incubator space, companies related to intellectual property and tech transfer initiatives, and other uses that don't need to be close to patient care areas.</p> <p>The next building planned for the EBDI area is a 167,000-square-foot structure called 1812 Ashland, on Ashland Avenue. Its seven levels will contain offices, laboratory space, and incubator space for startup companies. Already targeted for relocation there is the Health System Legal Department, which is now on the medical campus.</p> <p>"EBDI is enormously important to us," MacConnell says. "Its importance is shown by the fact that we put our graduate student housing there. It's very much a way that you commit yourself to a project. What better way than to have your students populate the area?"</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Johns Hopkins names four new Bloomberg Distinguished Professors <p>Four renowned, cross-disciplinary scholars—Arturo Casadevall, Christopher Chute, Steven Salzberg, and Alexander Szalay—are joining the ranks of Bloomberg Distinguished Professors at Johns Hopkins University.</p> <p>Each will be affiliated with two or more JHU divisions, conduct multidisciplinary research that furthers the university's signature initiatives, and teach students across the university. With the addition of these four, Hopkins is now home to a total of 10 Bloomberg Distinguished Professors, a num­ber that is expected to swell to 50 within the next four years.</p> <p>The endowed professorships are supported by a $350 million gift to the university by Johns Hopkins alumnus and former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, who sought to encourage collaboration across disciplines in pursuit of answers to global challenges.</p> <p>"The real excitement here is how each of the Bloomberg Distinguished Professors ties into the university's signature initiatives," says Denis Wirtz, vice provost for research. "The two mechanisms together are a healthy and energizing way to build upon the university's interdisciplinary research capacity and strengthen our leadership in these vital fields."</p> <h4>Arturo Casadevall</h4> <p><em>Bloomberg School of Public Health, W. Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology; School of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases</em></p> <p>Arturo Casadevall "came of age" as a physician during the height of the 1980s AIDS epidemic. "I couldn't believe all these people, who were younger than I was, were dying from something we didn't understand," he says. He didn't know whether scientists would be able to treat the virus itself, so he turned his attention to the opportunistic infections that take hold once an immune system has been compromised. Since then, he's spent more than two decades studying the fungus <em>Cryptococcus neoformans</em>, which in the 1980s killed about 10 percent of AIDS patients in the United States and is still a major cause of death in Africa.</p> <p>Today, in his new role as chair of the W. Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology at the Bloomberg School of Public Health, he continues his mission to understand how microbes cause disease and how the immune system defends itself.</p> <p>He says he hopes his work will help protect people from harm caused by new pathogens and resistant organisms, and by compromised immune systems resulting from HIV, cancer therapy treatments, and other causes.</p> <p>As a newly appointed Bloomberg Distinguished Professor, Casadevall will bring his experience from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, where he served as director of the Center for Immunological Sciences, to create synergy among immunologists across the university. "Hopkins has a long tradition of excellence. There's a depth of expertise here that's just not possible in smaller places," he says, explaining that his goal is to harness that expertise to "more rapidly develop immunotherapies for infectious diseases and cancer."</p> <p>In his teaching role, Casadevall plans to explore new ways of training future scientists. "My idea is to develop a program of putting the 'Ph' [philosophy] back into 'PhD,'" he says. "Right now, we're good at training scientists in very narrow areas, but they have difficulty communicating across disciplines or with the public." His aim is to provide broader education while still maintaining the ability to train focused scientists.</p> <p>"Hopkins reformed medical education 100 years ago, and now we can experiment with creating better ways of training scientists," he says.</p> <h4>Christopher Chute</h4> <p><em>School of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine; School of Nursing, Division of Health Informatics; Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management</em></p> <p>Christopher Chute, a "lapsed epidemiologist" and newly appointed Bloomberg Distinguished Professor, is always asking: How can we use data to figure out whether we're helping or hurting people?</p> <p>Now the chief health research information officer of Johns Hopkins Medicine, Chute began his career as a curious medical student who realized that "much of what they were teaching us was folklore and anecdote." He had never heard the term "evidence-driven," but he knew that's what the practice of medicine should be.</p> <p>His search led him to the fields of epidemiology and statistics, where he learned how to crunch data to prove medical efficacy but discovered "there was no data" that was comparable and consistent enough to yield reliable results. "Getting an answer is easy once you have the data. The hard part is getting the data right," says Chute, who self-trained to become an informatics expert and made "comparability and consistency" the mantra of his career.</p> <p>With the experience he gained at the Mayo Clinic (and from "just about every health care standards organization ever known"), Chute is looking at what else Hopkins will need—in addition to the new EPIC electronic medical records system—to manage its clinical data as a first-rank, top-priority resource that makes evidence-based clinical practice and translational research possible.</p> <p>"I'm here to catalyze a process that is already underway," explains Chute, who says he was struck by how many Hopkins investigators are working with outside institutions for their outcomes research "because clinical data hasn't been a first-rank resource at Hopkins. But that's changing radically."</p> <p>It's no small task to create the infrastructure and processes to ensure comparable and consistent data at an institution as large as Hopkins. But at the age of 59, after a 27-year career at Mayo Clinic, "I had a choice between coasting to the finish line or taking on a tremendously difficult new challenge with the risk of not achieving everything I want to," he says. Was it worth it? "It's just delightful, invigorating, and exciting. It's definitely fun."</p> <h4>Steven Salzberg</h4> <p><em>School of Medicine, Department of Biomedical Engineering; Whiting School of Engineering, Department of Computer Science; Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Biostatistics</em></p> <p>Like most Bloomberg Distinguished Professors, computational biologist Steven Salzberg defines his work by the problems he finds fascinating—and which don't necessarily fall within his usual field of study.</p> <p>Salzberg began his career as an assistant professor of computer science at Johns Hopkins, before his interdisciplinary curiosity led him to join the Human Genome Project in the early 1990s. He self-trained as a computational biologist, then moved to the Institute for Genomic Research, where he was one of only two computer scientists to work on some of the first genomes ever sequenced.</p> <p>Salzberg eventually returned, in 2012, to Hopkins, where his work can be more quickly translated into clinical applications. As the director of the Center for Computational Biology, he leads a group whose research focuses on developing new computational methods and applied software for analyzing DNA with the latest sequencing technologies. </p> <p>"What we do looks like computer science, but we aim to solve problems in medicine and biological science," he says. For example, Salzberg and his Hopkins colleagues are now able to take a sample from the site of an infection and use sequencing to determine what the infection is. "They don't do it at your doctor's office yet—but they could," says Salzberg, who aims to develop computational methods to prove what is feasible and can quickly make its way into practice.</p> <p>His work will benefit the Johns Hopkins Individualized Health Initiative to help doctors customize patient treatment by making it possible to connect huge databases of clinical information to DNA sequences, methylation analyses, and RNA expression levels.</p> <p>In addition, Salzberg is teaching a new class on computational personal genomics, offered to students in the departments of Biomedical Engineering and Computer Science. His lessons go far beyond the classroom, though, with his popular science blog on reaching nearly 1.5 million people each year.</p> <p>Though Salzberg currently works across JHU departments, the Bloomberg Distinguished Professorship, he says, gives him a new freedom—to worry less about grant writing and "focus more on the science and teaching, which is what I'm here to do."</p> <h4>Alexander Szalay</h4> <p><em>Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, Henry A. Rowland Department of Physics and Astronomy; Whiting School of Engineering, Department of Computer Science</em></p> <p>More than 90 percent of the world's data has been created in the last two years alone, and each day we add 2.5 quintillion bytes more. "We've reached a point where we can't continue storing and analyzing data as we've done before. It's time for a different approach," says Alexander Szalay, founding director of the Institute for Data Intensive Engineering and Science at Johns Hopkins.</p> <p>Szalay, who has been on the Hopkins faculty since 1989, says his interest in big data began in the early 1990s, when his "day job was entirely astrophysics," and he became a key contributor to the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, a collaboration of 11 institutions that has created the most detailed three-dimensional maps of the universe ever made.</p> <p>Since then, he has collaborated with Microsoft computer scientist Jim Gray and colleagues at Johns Hopkins to build scientific databases "that changed the way we do astronomy" and democratized access to supercomputer simulations.</p> <p>It's a model that other disciplines want to emulate. Szalay, who is a professor in the Department of Computer Science as well as an Alumni Centennial Professor of Astronomy, has already helped build a similar database for radiation oncology, and is now collaborating on designing one for high-throughput genomics. His methods, which can be used across the physical and life sciences, are creating "a new paradigm of data-intensive science." The program, Szalay believes, will help the university become "a major player" in the world of high-performance computing.</p> <p>Szalay also will be teaching a new class in data science, a mix of statistics, computer science, and basic sciences that he thinks will become the fundamental language used by the next generation of scientists.</p> <p>"The Bloomberg Distinguished Professorships break down a lot of barriers between different schools," says Szalay. "The 'One University' slogan couldn't be recognized in a nicer way."</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Where in the World: A look at JHU's global endeavors in Mongolia <h4>Mining Boom</h4> <p>Ellen Silbergeld first traveled to Mongolia in 2005, to attend a meeting about avian flu and share her expertise on how chickens are raised. Mongolians, however, were far more interested in her research on mining and the environment, areas that quickly became the focus of collaborations that continue to this day.</p> <p>Silbergeld, a professor in the Bloomberg School of Public Health's Department of Environmental Health Sciences, with joint appointments in Health Policy and Management and in Epidemiology, had arrived at a critical moment, when the world was becoming aware of Mongolia's wealth of natural gas, gold, copper, and rare earth metals. A traditional nomadic society, Mongolia was on the brink of demographic and socioeconomic transition, in part to control the development of its mining industry. Silbergeld realized that Mongolia also faced increases in cancer and cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, some of which were due to rapid urbanization. Public health researchers and practitioners there wanted her help in making sure that the country had the resources to develop sound policies and practices and to monitor changes in health and the environment.</p> <p>Working with a school of public health in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar, Silbergeld obtained support for building capacity in research and practice from the National Institutes of Health's Fogarty International Center. Since 2007, junior faculty and public health researchers from Mongolia have received advanced training at Hopkins and conducted key research in occupational and environmental health issues, along with methods in public health policies, to manage the continued development of mining and resource extraction.</p> <h5>ALUMNI: 13</h5> <h5>STUDENTS AT JHU: 2</h5> <h5>LIFE EXPECTANCY (YEARS): 68.98</h5> <h5>POPULATION: 2,953,190</h5> <h4>Preventing an Epidemic</h4> <p>Six years ago, Mongolia's country manager for the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS requested technical assistance to better understand the risks for Mongolians living with HIV. Stefan Baral, an associate professor of epidemiology and director of the Bloomberg School's Key Populations Program, heeded the call.</p> <p>Baral found that Mongolia's relative economic insularity had offered protection from many exposures, but the prevalence of HIV among gay men and men who have sex with men was as high as 10 percent. As mining had begun to take off, migration patterns had reversed, and workers had begun arriving in Mongolia's mining areas from China and other parts of Mongolia, exposing a new client pool to the country's network of sex workers, a population that already had a syphilis prevalence of 27 percent. HIV now had the potential to spread rapidly.</p> <p>With the most at-risk populations identified, the Mongolian team is focused on characterizing where HIV treatment and prevention activities are most needed. "Here you have a real opportunity to prevent an epidemic," Baral says. For example, the Mongolian team is providing guidance on how mining companies can invest in HIV prevention approaches, including regular workplace HIV screenings, and use technology to bring interventions where the risks are, such as social media channels where people meet partners.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Ask an Expert: What is the real cost of fast food? <p>We Americans crave fast food for both its decadent yumminess and its ultra-cheap convenience. Regardless of whether it is a lack of willpower, a tight budget, or a hectic schedule that propels us toward the drive-thru, each path is a fast lane toward obesity.</p> <div class="image inline align-right image-landscape column"> <img src="//" alt="" /> </div> <p>The extra calories fast food injects into our daily diets are directly contributing to the ever-climbing obesity rate in this country, even as more restaurants are serving healthier fare. The big chains are steadily offering healthier options, and yet we just keep ordering more unhappy meals—supersized, of course—with a side of grease and cheap plastic toys for our kids.</p> <p>A provision in the Affordable Care Act will soon require all restaurants to post calories and nutrition facts on their menus, and many have started to do so ahead of the law, arming all of us to make better choices.</p> <p>Will our children go for little oranges over fries? Will we opt for salads with grilled chicken and lite dressing on the side? Choosing healthier restaurant meals—or forgoing fast food entirely—could make a huge difference in both improving an individual family's health and helping to trim our national waistline, according to Sara Bleich, an associate professor in the Department of Health Policy and Management at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.</p> <p><strong>Your research shows that many national chain restaurants, including fast-food outlets, are voluntarily offering healthier food ahead of new federal requirements. What impact does this have on consumers' health?</strong></p> <p>It does not take a huge amount of additional calories each day to explain the rise in obesity. Among kids, the increase in obesity can be explained by an excess of about 165 daily calories. In our study, we found that newly introduced menu items had an average of 60 fewer calories than items that were on the menu in the prior year.</p> <p>The drop in calories is primarily due to the introduction of new lower-calorie menu items in the categories of pizza and sandwiches. If we could remove 60 calories from the American diet, it could have a significant impact on reducing the number of excess daily calories and potentially on population obesity. On a given day, one-third of American adults and children eat at a fast food restaurant.  </p> <p><strong>Is there an early adopter we can look at to see how cities or restaurants will perform in the big picture once this rule is in place?</strong></p> <p>Prior to the passage of federal menu labeling in the 2010 Affordable Care Act, dozens of cities and states around the country had passed menu-labeling legislation. The first was New York City, in 2008. A few studies have looked at the impact of local menu-labeling regulations on changes to menu items in restaurants. In unpublished results, the N.Y.C. Health Department estimated average calorie reductions of 10 percent in restaurants as a result of menu labeling. An analysis of the menu-labeling regulation in Seattle found that the calories in entrées in chain restaurants declined after menu labeling. Many more studies have looked at the impact of menu labeling on consumer behavior, and those results generally show little or no impact on consumer purchasing behavior. Therefore, I think that the bigger impacts of menu labeling may be seen through its effects on the chain restaurant industry's reformulation of menu items to have fewer calories.  </p> <p><strong>Along with food, our drinks can pack on calories we may not be fully thinking about. What methods can you suggest from your research that would make calorie labeling on menus or soda bottles more effective when it comes to drink choice?</strong></p> <p>In our work, we have found that providing people with meaningful information about the calories in sugary beverages can reduce purchases. For example, if you tell adolescents that it will take five miles of walking to burn off a bottle of soda—which is equivalent to the 250 calories in the bottle—they purchase fewer calories, fewer sugary drinks, and smaller-volume sugary drinks.  </p> <p><strong>Is it harder for city dwellers to be healthy when it comes to their options? Or is junky food just all around us, no matter where we live?</strong></p> <p>High-calorie and high-fat foods are everywhere, and where people have more choices, they tend to eat more. So, it is certainly the case that people in urban areas have more access to junk food. But they often also have more access to healthy foods. Regardless of where a person lives, it is hard to be healthy if they lack access to affordable and convenient healthy choices.  </p> <p><strong>You grew up in Baltimore. Are children here particularly vulnerable when it comes to obesity and food-desert issues?</strong></p> <p>Many children in Baltimore live in neighborhoods where corner stores are a primary source of food, and these stores tend to stock unhealthy items. Those children are more vulnerable when it comes to obesity and unhealthy eating as our environment is a very strong predictor of our health and health-related behaviors.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Johns Hopkins team wants to build a better heart <p>In 1982 William DeVries, a cardiac surgeon at the University of Utah Hospital, successfully implanted an artificial heart in a patient who was suffering from end-stage heart failure. The recipient lived for 112 days with the device, designed by Robert Jarvik.</p> <div class="image inline align-right image-landscape column"> <img src="//" alt="" /> </div> <p>Thirty years later, we've cloned sheep, developed the Internet, mapped the human genome, and progressed from LPs to CDs to MP3s, but we still haven't created an artificial heart that can sustain life for longer than a few months.</p> <p>"If you think about technologies in general and how they've advanced in the past three decades, I don't think you'd say that artificial heart technology has progressed at a pace that's appropriate for the amount of time that has passed," says T.E. "Ed" Schlesinger, dean of Johns Hopkins' Whiting School of Engineering.</p> <p>So what's the holdup? The challenges of creating an artificial heart that can "beat" an average of 35 million times a year for multiple years like a real heart are myriad. There are problems to solve regarding biocompatibility, power supply, blood flow, pumping systems, control mechanisms. Should the heart be fabricated from synthetic materials, muscle tissue grown from stem cells, or a combination of both? Does it have to pump like a real heart, or should it rely on a system of continuous flow, as current heart-assist devices do?</p> <p>Last winter, more than 160 people from the Johns Hopkins community and beyond attended the first Hopkins Heart Symposium. The purpose was to kick off a 10-year, $100 million-plus collaboration between doctors, engineers, and systems experts at Johns Hopkins to build the world's first permanent totally artificial heart. It was a goal first proposed a year earlier by Duke Cameron, a professor of surgery and chief of Cardiac Surgery at the School of Medicine. William DeVries himself was the keynote speaker, while Johns Hopkins physicians presented talks on subjects with titles like "Heart Failure 101" and "Stem Cells and Tissue Engineering." Engineers spoke about the mechanics of pumping blood.</p> <p>Since then, a team of medical researchers and engineers from across the university community has met monthly to brainstorm ideas and begin collaborating on research that will hopefully succeed where other efforts have failed.</p> <p>"There is no better institution in the world than Johns Hopkins to see this initiative through," says Cameron, who serves on the project's executive committee. "Hopkins has broad expertise spanning clinical cardiology and surgery, biomedical engineering, and research in biological and physical sciences, plus a spirit of cooperation among disciplines that is unique among universities."</p> <p><strong>Also see:</strong> <a href="">Getting pumped</a> (<em>JHU Engineering</em> magazine, Winter 2015)</p> <p>Currently, only one totally artificial heart is approved by the federal government for use in patients in the United States, but it has proved to be effective for only up to 18 months. In August, a French company, Carmat, implanted its second artificial heart, made from polyurethane and natural materials derived from bovine heart tissues, in a patient. (Its first recipient died 75 days after surgery.)</p> <p>Tens of thousands of people are diagnosed annually with conditions that would benefit from new hearts, but because of a shortage of viable organs, only 2,000 to 2,500 transplants take place each year. More than 4,100 patients are currently on the national heart transplant waiting list. Like former Vice President Dick Cheney, many of them use a mechanical left ventricle assist device, or LVAD, as a bridge until a transplant organ can be found. Unfortunately, many die waiting.</p> <p>"There is just not a sufficient number of organs to transplant everybody with significant heart disease who is eligible," says Gordon Tomaselli, a professor of medicine and chief of Cardiology at the School of Medicine, who has been involved in the initiative from its start. "This is the medical problem that we face, so we engaged the folks in Engineering and at APL to think about how we can, in a very multidisciplinary fashion, attack the various components of this problem. It's not just a single problem; it's a collection of problems, and many of them are engineering-related."</p> <p>"It's a very difficult challenge," agrees Schlesinger. "It's a materials problem, fluid, mechanical, energy, medical. It's got so many different components. The question is, Which organization can bring together the array of expertise to address such a problem? I think, therein, Hopkins has a unique position."</p> <p>Joe Katz is playing with a fabricated aorta in his second-floor office in Homewood's Latrobe Hall. Unfortunately, it's broken, sheared off at the left subclavian artery. "I have a lot of nervous energy, so I ended up breaking it, to the delight of everyone else in the room," he says sarcastically.</p> <p>This is not a normal aorta, however. There's an exaggerated bulge off its left side—a major aneurism. "If this person doesn't get it treated and operated on, he's not going to live very long," he quips.</p> <p>Katz admits he's a newcomer to the mysteries of the cardiovascular system. He's a mechanical engineer, a specialist in fluid mechanics who has made a name for himself by employing high-tech instruments to take measurements in a variety of fluid systems, from the ocean to the laboratory, with unprecedented accuracy. He's accustomed to testing turbines, propellers, jet engines—not blood flow. "I'm a pump guy," says Katz matter-of-factly. But a permanent artificial heart is the pump problem to end all pump problems. When then Dean of Engineering Nick Jones asked Katz to spearhead the engineering side of the Hopkins Heart Initiative, he signed on immediately.</p> <p>In the last 18 months, Katz has set out on a journey to turn himself into a cardiovascular expert of sorts. He's picked the brains of colleagues in Engineering, met with Hopkins cardiologists, and sat in on open-heart surgeries. He's also spoken with patients hooked up to ventricle assist devices, asking them about their experiences. He found that while LVAD technology has improved in recent years, the devices still have their share of problems: Power packs can be bulky and uncomfortable for patients to carry about, the site where the power line enters the body is prone to infection, and up to 60 percent of the patients who receive them have to be re-operated on to control post-implantation bleeding.</p> <p>But one of the biggest problems with LVADs, as well as with existing artificial hearts, is that they can damage the blood. Through shear stress, delicate platelets—whose function is to stop bleeding in normal situations—can become "activated," causing thrombosis or clots, which can lead to stroke or heart attack. It's the reason why patients require comprehensive anti-coagulation medication, which can have problematic side effects as well. Red blood cells can also be damaged by the high shear stresses caused by pumps and leach hemoglobin, causing more problems. So for engineers, physicians, and others working on the project, the mantra has become "Do not damage the blood."</p> <p>"It's fundamental to the whole point," says Marty Devaney, a senior administrative manager in the Whiting School's Department of Mechanical Engineering, who's coordinating research efforts between Engineering, Medicine, and APL. "If we create an item that damages the blood, we're no better than any system out there right now, and we want to make sure we take into account the actual mechanism that does damage to the blood and limit that in our designs."</p> <p>And while researchers have known that artificial pumps can corrupt the blood, they haven't pinpointed where in the devices the harm occurs. There was no existing data. So Katz and postdoc Jacopo Biasetti designed a "flow loop" to see if they could record the damage being done to platelets. Working with Thomas Kickler, a professor of pathology and director of Hematology and Coagulation Laboratories at the School of Medicine, they were able to "light up" activated platelets with a fluorescent material and record the results on video.</p> <p>"We got some very interesting results," says Biasetti, who is, for now, the lone full-time employee working on the heart initiative. "Our aim in the next couple of months is to have an entire LVAD in our flow loop and visualize platelet activation and protein cleavage in real time on a real pump."</p> <p>The university has signed nondisclosure agreements with two private manufacturers, ReliantHeart and Berlin Heart, to test their LVADs in experiments, with funding coming from NIH grants. The goal is to physically witness and record where the damage occurs—basic research that will help the Hopkins team in its own designs, says Biasetti, who's coordinating efforts between three labs—those of Katz, Kickler, and radiologist Assaf Gilad, where researchers will image in a similar system a blood protein called Von Willebrand factor, vital to platelet function, that can also be damaged.</p> <p>"The idea is to come up with a format that should have less shear stress," says Kickler, an authority on hematology and blood coagulation. "What we'll need to do is help the engineers test whether their hypotheses are correct. Using the photo-activatable dyes in the system, the engineers can take hundreds of thousands of photographs and analyze how much of the activation of platelets is occurring and correlate that with shear stress. If we see less activation, that means there is less shear stress, and that would be an improvement."</p> <p>Kickler and Katz, who together have more than a half-century at the university, have been energized by the new collaboration. "I've been here 27 years, and for 26 years I've had no collaboration with anyone in the medical school," says Katz. "That has changed dramatically over the last year. From our very first meeting, there were amazing dynamics; we started throwing ideas at each other. It's absolutely been an amazing project."</p> <p>"I remember the first time I met with Dr. Katz," says Kickler. "He said, 'Well, we need about 100 units of blood to test this system.' I didn't know him well enough at the time to laugh. Do you know how hard it is to get 100 units of blood? … . But the collaboration has been very rewarding. I see it as not just a scientific endeavor; it meets our whole mission of education and patient care."</p> <p>"To tackle a condition as recalcitrant as heart failure, we need to exploit and apply our world-class expertise across many different disciplines," says Paul B. Rothman, the Frances Watt Baker, M.D., and Lenox D. Baker Jr., M.D., Dean of the Medical Faculty, vice president for medicine, and CEO of Johns Hopkins Medicine. "We've gathered our A-team around the table. The more diverse Hopkins minds we can engage in this ambitious project, the better our prospects of bringing a revolutionary device to patients who currently have few good treatment options and, quite honestly, are overdue for a new one."</p> <p>So how should an artificial heart pump blood? Should it run continuously at a steady rate, or pulsate like a real heart? Should it be made of synthetics, organic materials, or a combination of both?</p> <p>Currently, most LVAD devices rely on centrifugal or axial flow pumps to circulate blood via a rotary impeller, much like a sump pump moves water out of a flooded basement. These pumps rotate at high speeds—5,000 to 10,000 rpms—in order to circulate in a minute the approximately 5 liters of blood in a human body. But, once again, all that pressure can cause problems. "It's like the force that's coming out of a water hose, and these poor little, innocent platelets that I study are very sensitive to turbulence," says Kickler.</p> <p>So Katz and Sharon Gerecht, an associate professor in the Whiting School's Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, came up with the idea of using a completely different kind of pump, one that uses a peristaltic pumping mechanism—a far more gentle way of moving fluid. Peristaltic pumps rely on a symmetrical contraction and relaxation motion to generate a wave down a tube. It's basically how your gastrointestinal system transports food through the intestines. Peristaltic pumps are already used in heart/lung blood machines to circulate blood in and out of a patient during open-heart surgeries, but they have never been used in LVADs or in artificial hearts.</p> <p>One of the problems with using a peristaltic pump in an artificial heart is size. The pump would need to be larger than other types of pumps because it can't move blood as quickly.</p> <p>Professor of Mechanical Engineering Rajat Mittal and his graduate students have designed a series of computer simulations to look at ways they can hypothetically increase the flow rate in a smaller peristaltic pump, without causing turbulence in the system. "We've basically created this device that doesn't exist, and we can test it out with a fairly high degree of confidence," says Mittal, who heads up the Whiting School's Flow Physics and Computation Lab.</p> <p>The simulations are at their earliest stages, and Mittal doesn't know if a peristaltic pump will eventually prove to be the right solution, but he says it's the right sort of thinking. "The key here is that Joe and Sharon's idea is a significant departure from conventional wisdom. I think this is exactly what we need to do. If we just follow what has been done by other teams, we end up with similar solutions. By just doing that, OK, maybe we can come up with a 10 percent better solution than what other teams have done. But I think the Hopkins team is not targeting a 10 percent improvement. We're looking for something more radical."</p> <p>Another challenge for researchers is trying to map the brain-heart connection.</p> <p>When you're lying down and want to get up, your brain tells the heart to beat faster, to pump more blood. Your body simply reacts. But how will a person's nervous system involuntarily control an artificial heart? "The classic example is a baseball player at the plate who isn't really doing anything," Devaney says. "But as soon as the pitcher throws the ball, a dozen different things occur automatically. Blood flow increases, there's a rush of adrenaline. It doesn't look like he's doing anything, but the body reacts to that stimulus in a way that's profoundly different than just sitting there. The mechanical heart wouldn't care that here comes a 90 mph pitch. But we want it to care. We want it to know the difference."</p> <p>This is where the folks at the Applied Physics Laboratory come in. Last summer, using technology developed by APL, a Colorado man who had lost both arms 40 years ago received two modular prosthetic limbs he was able to control simply by thinking. Ultimately, a patient shouldn't have to think about controlling his heart, but the neuromuscular connection has proved doable. Also, doctors note, when they transplant a heart into a patient, the neurological connections naturally "reconnect." If an artificial heart contained enough organic material, could the body's neurological pathways reconnect with it? Or could you simply implant an artificial heart made of real muscle tissue grown from stem cells?</p> <p>Sharon Gerecht has been thinking about these questions. She's an expert on stem cell differentiation and tissue engineering. The recipient of the university's first $250,000 President's Frontier Award, Gerecht has identified ways to control the fate of stem cells, coaxing them to form blood vessels—for the first time growing them in a synthetic material. She also has been able to assemble cells into small muscular networks. As far as "growing" heart muscle, the idea would be to somehow combine the two kinds of tissues—the muscular and the vascular—using pluripotent stem cells from the patient, something that has never before been done. "We can very nicely differentiate stem cells into muscle cells, but putting them together [with vascular cells] will introduce new aspects of signaling between the two cell types or tissues," she says. "It will be a challenge."</p> <p>In order to begin solving some of these problems, researchers are encouraged to apply for $25,000 seed grants, funded by more than $500,000 raised so far via private donations. Devaney says he's looking forward to seeing the ideas that researchers come up with. "Some of the ideas, they can be a little crazy-sounding, but this is where we want people to go, to go out there and tinker and discover," he says. "For instance, as far as generating power, can we augment this device so it will actually capitalize on the power inside you? Maybe we can come up with a glucose-burning fuel cell. Or if we can isolate and grow heart tissue, is there any way for us to bioprint a heart muscle, vascularize it, and use it to assist a failing heart by piggybacking right off the existing heart? They sound like great ideas, but are they feasible? That's why we're trying to get people these seed grants."</p> <p>Hopkins researchers are keeping a close eye on other artificial heart programs. More than a handful of research institutions are working on similar projects. In the private sector, the French company Carmat is the furthest along. Scientists there used tissue from a cow's heart to help overcome the bio-incompatibility issue with blood platelets. The patient who received one of its artificial hearts last summer went home from the hospital in January.</p> <p>Still, Devaney says, the overall goals of the Hopkins Heart in terms of power, neural connectivity, and durability are far more ambitious than anything on the market today. And whatever researchers learn along the way can be used to improve current LVAD devices.</p> <p>"I think the way we're approaching it systematically, it should be doable," says Kickler. "When you look up at the Sistine Chapel, you say it was a pretty big goal to paint. But the Sistine Chapel was just a series of dots. We're working on all the dots now for our masterpiece. When you look at it like that, it's not quite as daunting."</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Seven soon-to-be Johns Hopkins grads look back on their journeys <p>Johns Hopkins students don't usually shrug when they see an opportunity. They seize it, and often turn it into something great.</p> <p>The word opportunities came up often in recent conversations with a diverse group of students who are approaching the end of their academic journeys here. We learned, not surprisingly, that they came here looking to fulfill ambitions and push themselves in new directions. They were not disappointed, and along the way learned more about themselves and what life has in store for them.</p> <p>These seven men and women come from different backgrounds and have different worldviews, but what unifies them is the allure of excellence—and a darn good challenge.</p> <p><div class="section-break"></div> </p> <p>Jerome Chelliah spent his first 11 years as a refugee in Sri Lanka, an island country torn apart by years of civil war. Planes would frequently drop bombs near his home, forcing his family to flee to bunkers for safety. Crime and violence were rampant.</p> <p>Aided by an uncle, Chelliah and his parents emigrated in 2001 to the San Francisco Bay Area. "My parents took a chance and said, We'll go try out America and see if it works," says Chelliah, an MPH candidate at the Bloomberg School of Public Health. "When you live in a war zone, everything seems exciting that involves leaving the war zone. But in many ways, America was more of an idea than a country for me."</p> <p>The transition to life in the United States was far from seamless. Chelliah had to learn English. His parents, who hadn't graduated from high school, couldn't find jobs right away to sustain the family. And, for the first time, Chelliah had to confront an array of prejudices. In Sri Lanka, he says, everyone was poor, but now he lived among affluence. "I had been poor my whole life, but this was the first time I dealt with poverty in a tangible way." He also realized he was now considered a minority and "a person of color," descriptors that brought their own unique realities. And, when he came of age, he says, he realized he was gay.</p> <p>Chelliah says he had a difficult time expressing to his parents his inner turmoil, for fear he would upset them, as they had sacrificed so much to start over. He turned to food for solace. "I basically ate my feelings," he says. "All I did was eat and study." He entered high school weighing 250 pounds.</p> <p>"High school was probably the most difficult time of my life," he says. "I had to live life on multiple boundaries of prejudice. It became hard to parse out where the prejudices came from."</p> <p>In his junior year, Chelliah came to a turning point. He decided to take ownership of his destiny and told himself: Either you can let life happen to you, or happen for you.</p> <p>"That became my mantra. The very fact that I survived a civil war meant that I must utilize my life for something larger than myself."</p> <p>He dedicated himself to self-improvement. He found fitness and portion control, and during that summer shed some 40 pounds. As a senior, he applied himself to studies as never before. He enrolled at the University of California, Davis, to pursue a degree in neurobiology, then took a year off to teach in a private high school in Sacramento before going to medical school at the University of California, San Francisco. After his third year, he applied to the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School to explore health care management and the health of populations. He was named a Sommer Scholar, receiving full tuition and a stipend.</p> <p>At JHU, Chelliah learned many valuable lessons, he says, such as working as a team on issues much larger than your own.</p> <p>"For us to have individual triumph, we need to be thinking about collective triumph. That is one big thing I'm taking away from here," says Chelliah, who now will return to UCSF to finish his final year of medical school. After his residency, he says, he has his sights on health administration, ideally in the LGBT arena.</p> <p><div class="section-break"></div> </p> <p>Erik Hamilton describes himself as a bit of an adrenaline junky. "I'm usually not happy unless my hair is on fire," says Hamilton, who, following a career in the military, will earn an MBA from the Johns Hopkins Carey Business School. Hamilton says he spent the majority of his young life looking for trouble, and often found it.</p> <p>Growing up, he moved around a lot but spent his formative years in the Washington, D.C., area. He approached high school "semi-seriously" and skipped out a lot to wander around Georgetown or the Smithsonian. A self-described wild child, he skirted trouble and applied himself only to topics that interested him, like politics. His respect for his stepfather, a retired Marine, made him consider a career in the military. "I was inspired by his discipline and dedication," he says. "He never pushed me to join the military, but it became something I wanted to be part of."</p> <p>After basic training, Hamilton was deployed to Iraq to serve with a Marine Expeditionary Unit in and around Basra, where he helped reinforce a prisoner detention facility and support coalition forces. In Fallujah, he was part of a scout sniper platoon tasked with convoy security and roadside bomb interdiction. He spent many days face-to-face with the grim realities of war, with danger lurking behind every corner. What kept him grounded and stable, he says, were his fellow Marines and his relationship with his stepfather, whom he could use as a sounding board.</p> <p>Following his tour of duty, Hamilton worked for nearly four years with a State Department diplomatic-security contractor based in Baghdad. He says he carried a gun 24/7, ever vigilant for threats. He also found time to complete his bachelor's degree via correspondence courses. By summer 2012, he had had enough and needed to decompress. "I wanted a normal life. In Baghdad, there were constant threats, and I couldn't really have friends or a relationship. Work was my life, with no room for anything else," he says.</p> <p>He left Baghdad to move to Medellín, Colombia, to open a CrossFit gym with a former co-worker and fellow Marine. The military had given him some leadership and management skills, he says, but he didn't know how to apply them in a civilian, business context. The experience in Colombia made him realize he wanted a future in the business world and thought an MBA would be a good place to start.</p> <p>Hamilton describes Carey's MBA program as "intense" and "eye-opening." He came to soak up knowledge and ended up drinking from a fire hose of information. In the school's Innovation for Humanity program, he traveled with fellow students to Quito, Ecuador, to help with the expansion of a health care clinic. For one of his capstone projects, he worked on a go-to-market strategy for a company diagnosing ocular trauma on a mobile platform.</p> <p>Starting this summer, he will work for Medtronic, a global health care solutions company, where he'll be involved in corporate strategy for its patient solutions team. The products the company works on, Hamilton says, help alleviate pain and restore health, allowing for better quality of life.</p> <p>"I wanted to do something to improve the lives of other people, and I needed to work with people I trust and share the same passion and interests," he says. Some of the products and solutions he works on, he says, could find their way to veterans, including former brothers in arms.</p> <p><div class="section-break"></div> </p> <p>Jennifer Nicole Campbell's passion and career path more or less began with sibling rivalry. Her older brother studied piano and, well, 5-year-old Campbell needed to try her hands at the ivory keys, too. She started weekly lessons at 8, and then, at around 10, took up a second instrument, the violin. Music, she says, intrigued her.</p> <p>"I was always interested in composing. Even since I was little, I've been writing music just for fun," says Campbell, a Pennsylvania native who this May will receive her Master of Music degree in piano from Peabody. She initially wrote "little" classically influenced piano pieces with fun titles like the "Red Robin Waltz." She would later study with pianist and composer David Auldon Brown at the Music School of Delaware and Darlington Arts Center in Philadelphia. Brown would play for her pieces such as Edvard Grieg's "Holberg Suite," and she sat there mesmerized.</p> <p>"Whenever he played, I wanted to be in that world," she says. "I thought, What makes that piece work? And how can I put that into my music?"</p> <p>Campbell says her mother made sure she was exposed to many arts, including dance, painting, and other forms of music, but she always returned to the piano. "With the piano, I knew I had a lot more to offer. I worked harder at it," she says. "I feel my decision to go into music was never really a decision at all. I felt this sense of responsibility, like music and the piano were my calling. I know I'm exactly where I'm meant to be."</p> <p>Toward the end of high school, Campbell started in earnest her performing career, and before age 18 had four turns as a soloist with large regional orchestras. She then went on trial lessons with teachers at several conservatories. When she met Peabody faculty member Brian Ganz, she says, she knew right away where she wanted to continue her education. "I thought whatever offers come my way, I have to go there. Peabody instantly became my first choice," she says.</p> <p>A Business of Music class with saxophonist Gary Louis helped inspire her to join Creative Access, through which Peabody volunteers perform interactive music at community organizations, hospices, and schools. She started as site coordinator and later helped lead the expansion of Creative Access, which this year will perform some 80 concerts.</p> <p>"Performances are a big part of every musician's life, especially now, when you need to create opportunities," she says. "It's a really special thing because we establish relationships with all of these sites. One woman we played for had never heard opera before; she was startled, and then had tears in her eyes. We're used to playing for each other. But at moments like this, you can see how much music affects someone."</p> <p>Campbell says that Peabody and its faculty have helped her become a more consistent performer, and to be a more efficient planner for recital programs. She's currently looking at teaching positions in the Philadelphia area, and will tour to promote her first CD, a collection of master works and originals that comes out in May.</p> <p>She plans to study film composition next fall in New York with Michael Bacon, an accomplished composer for film and television (and the older brother of actor Kevin Bacon).</p> <p>"I've always been interested in scoring, and I want to see where that takes me. I'm really excited about the prospect," she says. "Scoring a two-hour movie would be a challenge, but it's something I look forward to doing one day."</p> <p><div class="section-break"></div> </p> <p>When you're young, peers sometimes pigeonhole you. She's the braniac. He's the moody musician type. Austin, Texas, native Kathryn Botto was the girl captivated by Asian languages and cultures.</p> <p>A babysitting neighbor introduced Botto to Japanese culture—specifically, popular TV—and the two would make flash cards to learn Japanese words and numbers. When Botto watched Japanese soap operas, she eventually was able to follow the dialogue.</p> <p>In seventh grade, Botto began formal Japanese language study and continued it throughout high school. The summer between her sophomore and junior years, she traveled to rural Japan to participate in a study program. In her senior year, she took up Chinese. She says some teased her on the East Asia fixation. "But as I got older, I told myself, that is what makes me unique," she says.</p> <p>She chose Johns Hopkins for the Krieger School's East Asian Studies program, which, she thought, focused on all the countries in the region equally. A triple major in sociology, international studies, and East Asian studies, Botto wrote her senior thesis on ethnic politics in East Asia. She took every opportunity to learn about the region, she says, with the goal of a career in international security and conflict resolution. She took language classes in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, and now considers herself somewhat fluent in Mandarin and Japanese, while still learning Korean. "Korean is very difficult, learning all the vocabulary. And the pronunciation I find a little harder," she says.</p> <p>She studied for a semester in Nanjing, China, and held internships in Tokyo, where she did translations for an Internet-based company, and in Guizhou, China, where she split her time between Web development and teaching English in a rural school. The last two summers, Botto undertook research internships at the Brookings Institution and U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, where she assisted in research for an annual report to Congress.</p> <p>"I feel Johns Hopkins has been responsible for all the opportunities I've had," she says. "I've had so many great professors here who have helped me."</p> <p>She was recently awarded a Fulbright Korean Studies Graduate Degree grant, which fully funds two years of study in Korea, starting in March 2016. This fall, she will be a policy research fellow at the Edwin O. Reischauer Center for East Asian Studies at SAIS.</p> <p><div class="section-break"></div> </p> <p>Attending Johns Hopkins allowed Jorge Menendez not only to pursue his two passions, music and science, but to study alongside one of the most important guitarists of our time. As a teenager, the Bethesda, Maryland, native felt a career in music might be his destiny. He had taken up guitar at age 10 and found himself a quick learner. He gravitated to classical guitar and later jazz works. However, for Menendez, the son of an engineer/economist and a clinical psychologist, math and science also had their allure. He particularly enjoyed puzzles. When it came time to decide on a college, Menendez focused on schools with double degree programs. He ultimately chose Johns Hopkins for its strength in research and the reputation of Peabody's guitar program. He'll earn a bachelor of arts degree in cognitive science from the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences and a bachelor of music degree in classical guitar performance from Peabody. Looking to take advantage of the research opportunities Johns Hopkins presents, Menendez applied for and earned a Luigi Burzio Undergraduate Research Award in Psychological and Brain Sciences to work in the Visual Thinking Lab alongside Jonathan Flombaum. He used the grant to look into how spatial working memory recalls the location of an object when the environment around it has changed. Using computational modeling techniques, the experiments have helped shed some light on how short-term memory works. He presented the findings in May 2014 at the annual Vision Sciences Society conference.</p> <p>Menendez says the experience opened doors and gave him a newfound confidence in his ability as a scientist. In the fall of his junior year, he earned a prestigious Goldwater Scholarship, a merit-based award that supports undergraduates who show exceptional promise for a research career in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. He would later be short-listed for a Rhodes Scholarship.</p> <p>"Before I came to Johns Hopkins, I never really thought about professional research and all it entails," he says. "But I've come to enjoy the experience of pushing science forward and making progress. I'm intrigued by how you organize what you find into a coherent answer or theory."</p> <p>At Peabody, he studied under internationally recognized master guitarist Manuel Barrueco, and was his first dual-degree student. Menendez has now focused on a life of science, but he plans to continue playing guitar and perform when he can. The realization that his future might be in a lab or academic setting was both affirming and bittersweet, he says. "I spent so much time in Mount Vernon surrounded by talented musicians, and I realize I might never have that community again, where all around me are people talking about music," he says. "But I'm happy with my direction."</p> <p>After completing his dual degree, Menendez plans to pursue a doctorate to conduct research in computational cognitive science and teach at the university level. He will begin studies this fall at University College London.</p> <p><div class="section-break"></div> </p> <p>Before Californian Diana Wu Chia came east to start a new career, she had no inkling that a prison placement and a knitting circle were in the cards—let alone would so profoundly impact her life.</p> <p>Chia left her Bay Area home to follow a calling at the Johns Hopkins School of Nursing.</p> <p>After earning a degree in history and business administration at the University of California, Berkeley, she had worked as a financial auditor for KPMG in San Francisco. "I was good at it, but after a few years I re-evaluated my goals and found myself wanting to better serve people and the community," she says. As a child, Chia had dreamed of becoming a veterinarian or pediatrician but had set those thoughts aside. Then they bubbled back up to the surface. "I've always had this undercurrent of interest in health, and I decided I should pursue my predilection," she says.</p> <p>Chia explored her options and found nursing an ideal fit. She earned the required science prerequisites and then applied to the School of Nursing's accelerated bachelor's program. She was excited about the prospect of living on the East Coast and studying at such a prestigious institution. "And Johns Hopkins had a really great alignment with my interests in community and the health of urban and vulnerable populations," says Chia, who will earn her MSN degree from the School of Nursing this May.</p> <p>In 2014, she served health rotations at the Maryland Correctional Institution for Women in Jessup and its associated men's prison down the street. "And I learned so much," she says. "Prison populations have a disproportionate amount of minorities and those with mental health issues. Many of these people grew up feeling like second-class citizens. Prisons reflect how we have failed as a society."</p> <p>She worked with a nurse practitioner and physician's assistant on chronic and urgent care needs multiple times a week. Chia likened the prison environment to a low-resource setting. The available food was nutritionally inadequate and supplies often lacking.</p> <p>Looking for international opportunities, Chia traveled for three weeks in early 2014 to Managua, Nicaragua, to research and write training materials for low-resource child care centers and orphanages. Later that year, she went with fellow students and alumni to Haiti to work in a clinic in the rural mountain area. She estimates that in just five days, her team saw 800 patients. "I was able to practice my assessment skills on symptoms and conditions that would have been caught a lot earlier in the United States, such as severe heart murmurs. On one man, I could feel his chest vibrating. Many had similar chronic care issues, such as hypertension and diabetes. It was interesting and challenging work."</p> <p>Last year, Chia started Knitting Neighbors Together, a project to create hats, scarves, and mittens for the homeless in the Baltimore area. The project pulls in people from the local artistic and creative community to volunteer their time as knitters while creating awareness. Chia learned how to knit from her grandmother, and was inspired by the men she saw sleeping outside on cold nights. She launched a Kickstarter campaign to fund the project, and to date the knitters have distributed 64 hats. Currently, the project is stockpiling for next winter. "The response has been so amazing. People came from as far away as Annapolis to knit with us," she says.</p> <p>Chia plans to stay in Baltimore to continue the work of Knitting Neighbors Together, which recently earned nonprofit status, and to work in a community health clinic to continue serving vulnerable populations.</p> <p><div class="section-break"></div> </p> <p>Freshman year was a bit of a culture shock for Frederica Lamar, an environmental engineering major from Atlanta. She found college a hard transition and even doubted whether she was prepared. She considered transferring, but her mom said, Give it one more semester. She listened.</p> <p>Next came an around-the-world adventure.</p> <p>Lamar early on took advantage of opportunities to study abroad. In the intersession of her freshman year, she traveled to Ghana to learn about the country's slave trade history. In her sophomore year, she traveled to Germany, where she toured a BMW plant to observe the company's use of robotics. Her junior year, she went to Brazil to learn about the slave trade in South America, with time out for sightseeing tours of Rio de Janeiro and the Amazon. In the summer after her sophomore year, she interned at the University of Hawaii at Hilo's Marine Science Laboratory to conduct water quality studies. Not one to let a break go by without hopping on a plane, she interned at a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention office in Spokane, Washington, in summer 2014 to look into the health impact of coal mining.</p> <p>"I've certainly developed a love for traveling," she says. "I knew I wanted to study abroad in college and explore other cultures, but I didn't quite realize how many possibilities there were."</p> <p>Lamar's love of science began at a math/science magnet high school in Atlanta. In her senior year, she entered MIT's Minority Introduction to Engineering and Science program, a rigorous six-week residential academic enrichment program for promising high school seniors interested in careers in science and engineering. The program featured crash courses in calculus, physics, writing, and architecture. For the final project, she designed a cardboard-and-tape structure that had to stand without anything holding it up.</p> <p>Lamar says that when it came time to pick a college, she toured campuses on the East Coast, and the visit to Johns Hopkins stood out. "I felt comfortable here, and I fell in love with the campus," she says.</p> <p>Looking back, Lamar says that Johns Hopkins instilled in her leadership qualities she didn't know she had. She became president of the school's chapter of the National Society of Black Engineers and of the Xi Tau Chapter of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority. A Gates Scholar, she's a member of Students Educating and Empowering for Diversity, and a mentor with the Johns Hopkins Office of Multicultural Affairs' Mentoring Assistance Peer Program, which serves underrepresented freshmen.</p> <p>Lamar has been accepted into an MSPH program in global environmental health sciences at Tulane University and will start her studies there in the fall. As for what else lies ahead, more travel, she says, and hopefully a job with the CDC or a water quality project abroad.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Science nerd, humanities fan <p>Beverly Wendland can talk passionately, eloquently, and cerebrally on a variety of topics, from the research value of a yeast cell, to the wonders of Egyptian antiquity, to the heartache of a botched double play. Perhaps that's what led President Ronald J. Daniels to say that Wendland is the leader the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences "needs and deserves at this moment."</p> <p>Wendland, a distinguished biologist known for dedication to undergraduate and graduate students, commitment to diversity, and advocacy for innovative teaching and liberal arts education, was appointed the James B. Knapp Dean of the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences in February.</p> <p>A member of the Johns Hopkins faculty since 1998, Wendland was chair of the Krieger School's Biology Department from 2009 until she became interim dean last July. She led her department through a strategic planning process and instituted curriculum improvements, including working with the Chemistry Department to create a new organic chemistry/biochemistry course sequence for undergraduates. Daniels has called her an "early champion" of the Gateway Sciences Initiative, a universitywide exploration of more-effective teaching in introductory science courses. As interim dean, she instituted procedural changes in faculty searches to enhance opportunity for candidates from diverse populations, and made new commitments to support and enhance the undergraduate experience.</p> <p>Born in Stanford, California, Wendland says she always enjoyed school and doesn't mind the nerd tag. A first-generation college student, she is a 1986 bioengineering graduate of the University of California, San Diego, and earned her doctorate in neurosciences at Stanford University in 1994. As a scientist, she focuses on the working of cells, using simple yeast as a model to gain insight into the development and treatment of complex human disease.</p> <p><em>The Gazette</em> recently sat down with Wendland in her office to talk about her past, present, and future, with stops along the way for baseball, canine affection, and the evolutionary significance of an ancient fish.</p> <h4>Did learning of your appointment make you reflect much on the road that got you here?</h4> <p>Yes. This whole process has been an interesting one for sure. As a little girl, or even as a young professor, this was not something I was gunning for or aspiring to. But I think my skills lend themselves to making me effective in this position. I find the challenges, and the sort of intellectual engagement that a dean has with all the different elements of the school inside and outside the university, very intriguing, interesting, and fun to do. Once I got into the interim dean position, I found myself interested in pursuing that further. But, to be honest, I didn't feel like my life was going to be over if I was not selected as the next dean. Having been on search committees myself and seen how the process goes, I was sure the best person was going to be chosen. And if the leadership felt that one of these people was going to be a more effective dean than me, I would embrace that. My thing is that I love our school and this university, and I want the best for it. I consider this my home.</p> <h4>This was a national search that at one point included more than 900 potential candidates.</h4> <p>I know it was a long and thorough search process, with lots of individual meetings. I knew everybody, which made it comfortable on one level but awkward, as I knew I was being judged. But it was a good and rewarding experience. I came through feeling endorsed and empowered. I weathered all of it and came out on the other side all the better for it. I learned a lot about myself.</p> <h4>Did you find the interim position confining in any way, or did you feel you had enough authority to make an impact?</h4> <p>A little bit of both. As a faculty member in a school with an interim leader, the last thing you want to hear over and over is, "I'm an interim dean and I can't make any decisions." Why have a leader if everything is just on hold? I felt that President Daniels empowered me to come in and keep things moving ahead. And he said to me, "If there are any things you want to do that you can get done in a year, you should feel free to do that." That made me feel very liberated to make decisions that I thought were good for the school. There were searches in progress, and faculty appointments that had been promised, and we went ahead with those. We're in the middle of a fundraising campaign. We just completed the strategic plan for our school. We couldn't stop and wait.</p> <h4>When and how did the sciences pull you in?</h4> <p>I was always sciencey-oriented as a kid. But I also liked English a lot. I liked writing and was always a bookworm. I love ancient civilizations and was interested in Sumerian language and cuneiform writing, and mythology and Egyptian culture. I went to see [the Treasures of Tutankhamen] exhibit when that was touring the United States in the 1970s. I guess I've always had eclectic, broad interests. But science was something that I felt most passionate about and was always good at. I was intrigued by processes and how things work. I like puzzles.</p> <h4>What was your plan in college?</h4> <p>When I started, I was a geophysics major at San Diego State. I experienced earthquakes as a kid in California, and that got me interested in plate tectonics and volcanoes. I actually did my sixth-grade science report on Krakatau. But then I took a zoology course for one of my requirements. Up until that time I had avoided biology. In my 10th-grade class, you had to do a pond report, which didn't appeal to me at all, so I focused more on the physical sciences like chemistry and physics. But that zoology course really opened my eyes to how cool biology is. My professor was really inspiring and excellent. I switched my major to bioengineering and transferred to UC San Diego.</p> <h4>What aspect of that zoology course intrigued you?</h4> <p>My professor took us through the different phyla to represent the process of evolution. For example, there is this ancient fish called the amphioxus that has this gill arch structure that seems to be a rudimentary form of our inner ear structures that promote our hearing. And as I'm saying this, I'm realizing that this theory might be long undone as this is 25 or however many years since [laughs]. But this idea that you can envision the structures of our inner ear that allow us to hear and translate that into these gill arch bone structures in this fish and map the relationships between these structures is incredible. This whole idea of evolution and how you can see it in action was just very aesthetically appealing and intellectually captivating for me.</p> <h4>And what brought you to neuroscience?</h4> <p>This traces back to a required neurobiology course for my bioengineering major at UCSD. I had a great professor who explained to us the cell biology of neurons. He told us about the hypothesized existence of a molecule that could coordinate the specializations that are formed by the cell types on either side of the synapse. I just admired the concept of looking at the morphology of a biological system and then coming up with an interesting question like, How does that happen? and then coming up with clear-cut experiments that demonstrate that your idea is correct or on the right track. Again, that was all very appealing to me.</p> <h4>We're at a cocktail party; tell me, Why should I care about yeast cell function?</h4> <p>Yeast are really more sophisticated than people give them credit for [laughs]. Again, the idea of evolution threads through all of this as well, I suppose. My interest in neurobiology looked at how synapses work and how things have been set up to facilitate that function between cells in this very rapid and efficient manner that's necessary for neuronal function, which then spills over into our physiology. What's amazing is that some of the very basic things about how a neuron works are recapitulated in yeast cells. What drew me to want to work with yeast cells was the ability to do very well-controlled experiments with minimal caveats.</p> <p>Yeast have part of their life cycle where they are haploid, and only have one copy of each gene. That facilitates the ability to make mutations and observe the consequences. For example, little boys more often have color blindness or hemophilia, X-linked diseases, because they have only one copy of the X chromosome. Yeast cells, too, have all their genes present in only one copy, so it's much more straightforward to see what genes are necessary for a particular process.</p> <h4>How much time for research will you now have as dean?</h4> <p>Not as much as I would like. But I'm not going to completely shut that out of my life because I think that as an academic leader I need to keep a toe in that pond. But, obviously, I won't be able to run my lab at the same level and intensity that I have in the past.</p> <h4>And teaching?</h4> <p>No, at least not formally, although I'll certainly be teaching and mentoring in my role at the lab. One of the things I've really enjoyed about my job is the opportunity to teach undergraduate students.</p> <h4>What does innovative teaching mean to you, and what are the expectations these days from students? Are they saying, Don't just give me a lecture?</h4> <p>Sure. Very early on the Biology Department adopted "clickers" for answering questions in class. Those sorts of mechanisms make the students stop and think, talk to each other, engage with the material in a way that's less passive than a lecture would typically be. That's not innovative now, but we were pretty early adopters of that technology. And we just need to keep pressing forward with those approaches.</p> <p>The trouble is that every day that passes there is more and more stuff to know. It's called the fire hose of information. If you were trying to expose students to all the fundamental facts of a particular discipline, which keep increasing at an exponential level, and then do that across all the disciplines, their heads are going to explode. We can't just keep asking students to become repositories of all this information.</p> <p>I think the challenge is finding that balance between conveying the fundamental principles and basic tenets of a discipline, and doing so in an efficient way during lectures. What we really need to be doing is have our students learn how to learn. Students who leave Johns Hopkins are going to be lifelong learners. We don't know what jobs will be out there 20 years from now. Things are changing really fast, so we can't be so focused on trying to train someone to be an X, a Y, or a Z. We need to teach our students how to approach questions and find ways to answer them.</p> <h4>You were on the Status of Women advisory committee, so this appointment has to be particularly rewarding and meaningful for you.</h4> <p>Yes, very much so. In fact, there was just a Status of Women Committee event called "Where We Stand," and I spoke for a few minutes. It's incredibly important for women to be willing to stand up and accept the responsibilities of leadership when opportunities present themselves.</p> <h4>What are we still fighting for in terms of gender equality?</h4> <p>We are still far behind in the representation of women in faculty and leadership positions. There are still issues of salary equity that we're currently exploring; I hope here at Johns Hopkins we're not the 74 percent rate of men, as is the national average. We're doing a study to understand that now. I also think family issues are important, and our new child care center at Homewood is helping with that. We've shifted from an opt-in to an opt-out policy, so you can press pause on tenure for one year as it relates to the birth or adoption of a child. And it's important to note that those policies apply equally to men and women. A woman with career leadership aspirations should have a strong and supportive partner, and one willing to pitch in, just like a man with a successful career is often aided and supported by a strong and supportive wife or partner. There need to be equal opportunities.</p> <h4>Your job brings with it an added level of stress. What offers you perspective to help you cope with whatever issues come your way?</h4> <p>My husband and I bring our dogs to work. We have a Rottweiler and a yellow Lab. Dogs are great perspective providers. They are always happy, no matter what. They are pretty empathetic, too, and have a sense when you need some extra snuggles. Having dogs nearby with happy faces and wagging tails is good, as is taking them for a walk. My husband, of course, is also a great resource, as are my friends, who are there when I need to vent.</p> <h4>Hobbies?</h4> <p>I love to cook. I love to read. I like the Orioles. We have a mini-season pass. I'm pretty invested in them. Errors really make me mad [laughs]. It's nice to have something outside of yourself that you can engage with like that. My secret fantasy is to be a ball girl [laughs].</p> <h4>But you're a Californian—no love of the West Coast MLB teams?</h4> <p>When I was in high school, I went to A's games. I've always been an American League person. I lived in Boston for a year, the famous year of Bill Buckner and the ball between the legs. Those fans are passionate. I remember after the game learning that there were grievance counselors being made available throughout the city for the poor people who'd been so heartbroken. My husband grew up an Orioles fan and was always a big fan, so I've generally been a baseball fan without tremendous allegiance. But now I'm vested.</p> <h4>You sound like an ideal dean of Arts and Sciences, with so many varied interests and so much training in your background.</h4> <p>I like to think I have diverse perspectives, and I look forward to learning more about the nonscience disciplines here.</p> <h4>Have you had time yet to think about ongoing initiatives, such as what your predecessor has done for the arts, and how you might want to advance them?</h4> <p>I haven't had enough time yet in terms of strategic planning and determination of any kind of redirections I want to make happen. Certainly, we have a lot of investments committed to the Station North project, for example, and I fully understand the interest of our students, both current and prospective, in having some kind of arts outlet. That will certainly continue, and it's an important facet of what our school needs to be engaged with. Beyond that, I don't really have any specific further arts-related investment in mind at the moment; we need to consolidate the investments we have made and let those things take shape.</p> <h4>What sort of challenges lie ahead for the Krieger School?</h4> <p>I definitely feel we're on a positive trajectory, without a doubt. It's an exciting time, and I appreciate the president's interest and investments in the Krieger School, and all the undergraduate programs as a whole. We're in the middle of our fundraising campaign, and we really need to shore up our endowments and scholarships.</p> <h4>What about the future of the humanities and the sustained interest in those disciplines?</h4> <p>Clearly there is more of a demand for careers in the STEM [science, technology, engineering, mathematics] disciplines, but there is also a very clear need for us to fully embrace the value and benefits of a liberal arts education. We need to raise the recognition of the strength of our humanities in a very positive and proactive way, not defending them or making excuses for why they are important. They are important. We just need to do a better job of extolling their value.</p> <p>Some of our most successful alumni are students from our humanities departments. That says something. There is a benefit that humanities training provides for how someone learns to think, and how those critical analysis and communications skills translate into a wide variety of things that can make one become a successful person in life, whether it's personally or professionally.</p> <h4>What are the next steps for you?</h4> <p>Right now I'm trying to find time to talk to all the chairs, my vice deans, and as many faculty as I can. And read lots of documents in our files. I guess you can say I'm carving out time to do some careful and well-thought-out strategic planning.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 For Jessica Madrigal, director of summer and Intersession programs <h4>1. What's at the top of your to-do list?</h4> <p>Right now, my main priority is developing new short-term programs and offering summer courses at Johns Hopkins' Rockville and Washington, D.C., locations. I am also expanding Hopkins' existing partnerships with highly selective universities around the world to bring international students to Homewood for summer programs.</p> <div class="image inline align-right image-portrait column has-caption"> <img src="//" alt="" /> <div class="caption"> <p> <span class="visuallyhidden">Image caption:</span> Jessica Madrigal </p> <p class="credit"> Image <span class="visuallyhidden">credit</span>: Marshall Clarke </p> </div> </div> <h4>2. What keeps you up at night?</h4> <p>Excitement! Johns Hopkins is a place where you can make things happen, innovate, and simply bring ideas to life. It's difficult to rest when there's so much brewing, especially in terms of helping instructors expand their classrooms into the Baltimore community. We want our courses and programs to combine lectures with real-life experiences and hands-on learning. Our smaller class sizes during the summer allow for more student participation. Instructors are great partners. They are passionate about their fields and connect their students to practitioners who are just as passionate, and who love connecting to future professionals in their field.</p> <h4>3. What's in store 10 years from now?</h4> <p>Hopefully, vibrant summer programs throughout Maryland and more effective partnerships with local high schools. My goal is to transport Hopkins' undergraduate courses and programs beyond Baltimore and to make our programs more accessible for students in our extended area. On the international front, we will see a significant increase in the countries represented in our summer programs. There is great demand throughout the world for short-term summer programs. Last year's visiting students came from 27 countries.</p> <h4>4. Tell me something I don't know about Johns Hopkins.</h4> <p>Hopkins students engage in learning beyond fall/spring. Close to 40 percent of undergrads stay for Intersession, and about 30 percent continue their studies into the summer. At graduation, Hopkins students have earned an average of seven credits outside the traditional academic year.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 One era ends, another begins <p>Lois Perschetz, <em>Gazette</em> editor, Office of Communications</p> <p>"Newspaper stories pounded out on typewriters? Catching up on world news by turning on the TV after you got home from work? It all seems so long ago, when we think back today to what life was like for Johns Hopkins employees when the <em>Gazette</em> first showed up in their workplace.</p> <p>"It was 44 years ago—Sept. 7, 1971, to be exact—and the four-page weekly newspaper was launched as an innovative way to inform and bring together faculty and staff in a decentralized university. (Page 1: 'Garland Hall Opened at Homewood.') Over the years, changes ensued as need and print technology developed: The paper grew in both size and page count; spot color and, later, four-color printing were added.</p> <p>"Then came this thing called the Internet, and news from around the globe was soon flying at us 24/7. The Office of Communications launched the Hub—a continually updated website that could centralize news coverage about Johns Hopkins—and the once-a-week <em>Gazette</em> had an opportunity to reinvent itself as a monthly magazine that could dig more deeply into stories for and about our internal readership.</p> <p>"Today, technology and innovation are driving us again, and this is the last issue of the Gazette. So much is happening every day at Johns Hopkins—news that affects each of us who works here—that we need to get information to you faster. And we want to do it in a fresh, exciting way.</p> <p>"So we're taking it online. Starting this summer, Johns Hopkins employees will have a new go-to place for everything they need to know on a daily basis. In the "At Work" section of the Hub, you'll find departments you're familiar with from the <em>Gazette</em> and many new elements, too—ones that we expect you'll find not only useful but, we hope, just fun and interesting. We're excited by the opportunity to create this new, resource-rich communications vehicle, and we hope you will be surprised and delighted by it. Watch for it, and please let us know what you think. You can reach us at"</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Cheers <h4>APL</h4> <p><strong>Stamatios "Tom" Krimigis</strong> has received the 2015 Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum Trophy for Lifetime Achievement, the museum's highest honor. Established in 1985, the award recognizes outstanding achievements in the fields of aerospace science and technology and their history. "Few individuals have contributed more significantly to our knowledge of the solar system in a single career than Dr. Krimigis," says Gen. J.R. "Jack" Dailey, the John and Adrian Mars Director of the museum.</p> <h4>Bayview Medical Center</h4> <p><strong>Bayview</strong> has received a Bridging the Gap Achievement Award from the Greater Baltimore Committee for its demonstrated commitment to diversity, exemplified by inclusive business practices that create development opportunities in its workforce for underrepresented minorities. Its commitment to the faith-based community through a variety of programs was also cited.</p> <h4>Bloomberg School of Public Health</h4> <p><strong>Sara N. Bleich,</strong> an associate professor in Health Policy and Management, was awarded a $10,000 prize at the 2015 Frank Conference, for scholarly research that helps inform and advance practice in public interest communications, for her paper "Reducing Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption by Providing Caloric Information: How Black Adolescents Alter Their Purchases and Whether the Effects Persist." The prize is given in memory of Frank Karel, former vice president for communications at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and a pioneering visionary in the field of public interest communication.</p> <p><strong>Yibing "Oliver" Chen,</strong> a graduate student in Biostatistics, and <strong>Kathryn Risher,</strong> a graduate student in Epidemiology, have received the Louis I. and Thomas D. Dublin Award from their departments. Their proposals—on the principal direction of mediation, and on statistical and epidemiological methodology for addressing questions about the spread of HIV in South Africa, respectively—were selected as best exemplifying the award's goal of fostering research and education at the interface of biostatistics and epidemiology.</p> <p><strong>Mary Fox,</strong> an assistant professor in Health Policy and Management, has been appointed to the Institute of Medicine's Committee on <em>Gulf War and Health, Volume 10: Update of Health Effects of Serving in the Gulf War</em>.</p> <p><strong>Alfred Sommer,</strong> a University Distinguished Service Professor and former dean of the school, was named the inaugural recipient of the Welch-Rose Award for Distinguished Service to Academic Public Health, established by the Association of Schools & Programs of Public Health. Named for William Henry Welch, first dean of the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, and Wickliffe Rose, director of the Rockefeller Foundation's International Health Division, the award was created to recognize the highest standards in academic public health and to honor individuals who have made a lasting impact on the field. Welch and Rose created the blueprint for academic public health, ultimately resulting in the 1916 founding of what is now the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, the first independent graduate school of public health in the world. Sommer is a past president of the Association of Schools of Public Health, the predecessor to the ASPPH.</p> <p><strong>The Johns Hopkins ACG Case-Mix System Team</strong> has received AcademyHealth's 2015 Health Services Research Impact Award for its development of a system that has become one of the world's most widely used health care analytical tools. <strong>Jonathan Weiner,</strong> a professor in Health Policy and Management, and ACG's co-developer and R&D director, accepted the award on behalf of the team at the National Health Policy Conference in Washington.</p> <h4>Centers and Affiliates</h4> <p><strong>Blami Dao,</strong> director of Maternal and Newborn Health at Jhpiego, has been invited by the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists to become a fellow <em>honoris causa</em>. As noted by the Council of the College, the honor "acknowledges the highest level of dedication and achievement in clinical care and your support to the development of women's health services." Dao will be admitted as a fellow at a ceremony in November.</p> <h4>Johns Hopkins Health System</h4> <p><strong>Ronald R. Peterson,</strong> president of the Johns Hopkins Hospital and Health System and executive vice president of Johns Hopkins Medicine, has received a Johns Hopkins University Distinguished Alumnus Award. The award honors alumni who have typified the Johns Hopkins tradition of excellence and brought credit to the university by their personal accomplishments, professional achievements, or humanitarian service. Peterson, a 1970 graduate of the School of Arts and Sciences, began his Hopkins Hospital career as an administrative resident in 1973 and served successively as administrator for the Phipps Psychiatric Clinic, the Hopkins Cost Improvement Program, and the Children's Medical and Surgical Center, and as president of what is now Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center. He became president of the Johns Hopkins Hospital and Health System in 1997. The award was bestowed on April 18 at the President and Deans' Breakfast during Reunion Weekend.</p> <p><strong>Stephanie Reel,</strong> chief information officer for the university and health system, was listed by <em>Becker's Hospital Review</em> as one of 100 hospital and health system CIOs to know.</p> <h4>Krieger School of Arts and Sciences</h4> <p><strong>Chia-Ling Chien,</strong> the Jacob L. Hain Professor of Physics, has been awarded the 2015 Magnetism Award and Néel Medal from the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics Commission on Magnetism. The highest honor bestowed by the IUPAP, this award is given every three years to a scientist who has made extraordinary contributions to the field of magnetism. Chien was recognized "for pioneering discoveries in magnetic materials and nanostructures." He will receive the award at the 2015 International Conference on Magnetism, to be held this summer in Barcelona.</p> <p><strong>Piero Gleijeses</strong> has been awarded the American Historical Association's Friedrich Katz Prize for <em>Visions of Freedom: Havana, Washington, Pretoria, and the Struggle for Southern Africa, 1976–1991</em>. The book was published by the University of North Carolina Press.</p> <p><strong>Niloofar Haeri,</strong> a professor and chair of the Department of Anthropology, and <strong>Lawrence Principe,</strong> a professor in History of Science and Technology, are among the 175 recipients of fellowships from the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. Guggenheim fellows are appointed on the basis of impressive achievement in the past and exceptional promise for future accomplishment.</p> <p><strong>Michael Kwass,</strong> an associate professor of history, has received a Biennial Annibel Jenkins Biography Prize from the American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies for his book <em>Contraband: Louis Mandrin and the Making of a Global Underground</em>. The book also received the Gilbert Chinard Prize, for the best history book on France and the Americas, given by the Society for French Historical Studies.</p> <p><strong>Hans Lindblad,</strong> a professor of mathematics, has received a Simons Fellowship. The Simons Fellows program supports distinguished scientists by extending academic leaves, from one term to a full year, to enable recipients to focus solely on research for the long periods often necessary for significant advances.</p> <p><strong>Eric Puchner,</strong> an assistant professor in the Writing Seminars, has won the 2015 Jeannette Haien Ballard Writer's Prize, a $25,000 annual award given to "a young writer of proven excellence in poetry or prose." The prize, which honors author Jeannette Haien, is intended to encourage young writers in "the production of literary works of high quality and aesthetic worth." Puchner's debut story collection, <em>Music Through the Floor</em>, was published in 2007 and his first novel, <em>Model Home</em>, in 2010, both by Scribner.</p> <h4>Sheridan Libraries and University Museums</h4> <p><strong>Jeanette Brown,</strong> a library assistant, recently published her second work of fiction, <em>Glenda Mae's Story</em>, through American Star Press.</p> <p><strong>Elizabeth Johns,</strong> a librarian for education, recently published "Creating a Colorful Classroom: Incorporating Multimedia and Graphics Into Library Instruction" in <em>Internet Reference Services Quarterly</em>.</p> <h4>Peabody Institute</h4> <p>Faculty artist <strong>Serap Bastepe-Gray</strong> has received a visiting scientist grant from the Turkish Scientific and Technological Research Council. She visited Turkey in April to continue her fMRI study that focuses on kinesthetic imagery in musicians, in collaboration with Niyazi Acer of Turkey's Erciyes University and <strong>Charles Limb</strong> of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. The study explores the neural bases for visualization (mental practice) in instrumental musicians with potential implications on efficient sensorimotor learning and performance reliability.</p> <p>Junior <strong>Jisu Jung,</strong> a percussion student of Bob van Sice's, was the featured young artist-in-residence on American Public Media's <em>Performance Today</em> in March. The program is broadcast on 290 radio stations across the country and has 1.4 million listeners each week.</p> <p><strong>John Walker,</strong> a member of the organ faculty, was invited by Lin Zaiyong, director of the Shanghai Conservatory of Music's administrative board, to be the first American organist to present master classes and lectures at the conservatory. In addition to representing Peabody, Walker, as national president of the American Guild of Organists, hopes during his visit to strengthen relations between the communities of organists in China and America.</p> <p>The baroque ensemble <strong>Different Birds</strong> won a grant from Early Music America to participate in the organization's Young Person's Festival at the Boston Early Music Festival in June. The ensemble will perform a program of French baroque music at the First Church of Boston. Different Birds consists of <strong>Abigail Chapman,</strong> soprano; <strong>Theodore Cheek,</strong> lute; <strong>Alan Choo,</strong> violin; <strong>Patrick Merrill,</strong> harpsichord; <strong>Corbin Phillips,</strong> baritone; <strong>Niccolo Seligmann,</strong> viola da gamba; and <strong>Aik Shin Tan,</strong> baroque flute.</p> <h4>School of Medicine</h4> <p><strong>Samuel M. Alaish,</strong> a pediatric surgeon, has joined the Johns Hopkins Children's Center to co-lead its newly formed Center for Intestinal Rehab and Cure Using Science. CIRCUS is a multidisciplinary program dedicated to the study and care of children with short bowel syndrome. Alaish, who assumed his role as associate professor of surgery and surgical director of CIRCUS on April 1, is a leading authority on pediatric intestinal disorders. He comes to Johns Hopkins from the University of Maryland, where in 2009 he launched a pediatric intestinal rehabilitation program. Pediatric gastroenterologist and intestinal failure specialist Darla Shores, an assistant professor, will co-lead CIRCUS.</p> <p><strong>Rebecca Aslakson,</strong> an associate professor of anesthesiology and critical care medicine, has been named to the American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine's 2015 list of 44 Inspiring Hospice and Palliative Medicine Leaders Under 40.</p> <p><strong>William Baumgartner,</strong> a professor of surgery, vice dean for clinical affairs, and senior vice president of the Office of Johns Hopkins Physicians, has received the Society of Thoracic Surgeons' Distinguished Service Award, recognizing his significant contributions to the society, including his term as president (2002–2003), and to the specialty, when he was executive director of the American Board of Thoracic Surgery.</p> <p><strong>Julie Brahmer,</strong> an associate professor of oncology, has been named director of the Thoracic Oncology Program at the Kimmel Cancer Center. She is overseeing a $35 million investment in the program and the opening of the new Thoracic Center of Excellence at Bayview Medical Center.</p> <p><strong>Jason Brandt,</strong> a professor and director of the Division of Medical Psychology in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, has received the 2015 Distinguished Career Award from the International Neuropsychological Society.</p> <p><strong>Henry Brem,</strong> director of the Department of Neurosurgery, has received a Castle Connolly National Physician of the Year Award for Clinical Excellence. The award is given annually to five physicians whose dedication, talents, and skills have improved the lives of thousands of people throughout the world. Brem is the Harvey Cushing Professor of Neurosurgery and neurosurgeon-in-chief; a professor of oncology, ophthalmology, and biomedical engineering; and director of the Hunterian Neurological Research Laboratory.</p> <p><strong>Richard Chaisson,</strong> a professor of medicine, epidemiology, and international health; co-director of the Center for Tuberculosis Research; and director of the international Consortium to Respond Effectively to the AIDS/TB Epidemic, has received the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease's 2014 Scientific Prize in recognition of his research papers published over the preceding five years.</p> <p><strong>Michael Choi,</strong> an associate professor of medicine and clinical director of Nephrology, has received the 2015 National Kidney Foundation's Garabed Eknoyan Award. The accolade recognizes an individual who has promoted the mission of the NKF through exceptional contributions to its key initiatives or clinical research on kidney diseases. Choi also was named to the organization's board of directors.</p> <p><strong>Todd Dorman,</strong> a professor and vice chair for critical care services in the Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, and senior associate dean for education coordination, has been named president-elect of the Society of Critical Care Medicine.</p> <p><strong>Kelly Dunn,</strong> an assistant professor in the Behavioral Pharmacology Research Unit, will receive the 2015 Young Psychopharmacologist Award at the American Psychiatric Association Convention, to be held in May.</p> <p><strong>Andrew Ewald,</strong> an associate professor of cell biology, has received one of two 2015 Metastatic Breast Cancer Research Leadership Awards from the Metastatic Breast Cancer Network. The $50,000 award recognizes Ewald's accomplishments in understanding the basic mechanisms of metastasis and will support his research. Ewald's laboratory, made up of basic science and medical trainees working in collaboration with engineers and clinicians, pioneered the development and use of 3-D culture techniques to capture and analyze the real-time growth and invasion of breast cancer tumor cells.</p> <p><strong>Sherita Golden,</strong> a professor of medicine and an endocrinologist, has been appointed executive vice chair of the Department of Medicine.</p> <p><strong>Roland Griffiths,</strong> a professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences and of neuroscience, is the 2015 recipient of the Eddy Award from the College on Problems of Drug Dependence. The award "acknowledges outstanding research efforts that have advanced our knowledge of drug dependence." It is the oldest award bestowed by CPDD, dating to 1974, and it is highly prestigious in the drug abuse research community.</p> <p><strong>Jacques Grosset,</strong> a professor of medicine and an acclaimed expert in tuberculosis, has received the Union Medal, the highest honor given by the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. The award recognizes his more than 50 years of contributions to the control of TB, leprosy, and other related infections.</p> <p><strong>Craig Hendrix,</strong> a professor of medicine, pharmacology and molecular sciences, and epidemiology, has been named director of the Division of Clinical Pharmacology in the Department of Medicine.</p> <p><strong>Mahadevappa Mahesh,</strong> an associate professor of radiology and cardiology and chief physicist of the Johns Hopkins Hospital, was elected to the National Council of Radiation Protection and Measurements. Chartered by the federal government, the 100-member NCRP formulates and disseminates information, guidance, and recommendations on radiation protection and measurements.</p> <p><strong>Redonda Miller,</strong> an associate professor of medicine in the Department of Medicine and vice president for medical affairs at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, has been named by <em>The Daily Record</em> to its list of the year's Top 100 Women in Maryland. The list recognizes outstanding women leaders who are not only leading the way professionally but are dedicating their time and energy to community work and mentoring. The awards program will be held in May at the Joseph Meyerhoff Symphony Hall.</p> <p><strong>Timothy Pawlik,</strong> a professor and director of the Division of Surgical Oncology, has been named deputy editor of <em>JAMA Surgery</em> (formerly <em>Archives of Surgery</em>) and associate editor of the <em>Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery</em>. He also has been awarded an honorary fellowship in the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, which administers training, examinations, and fellowship services for surgeons in Australia and New Zealand. The fellowship recognizes Pawlik's substantial, internationally influential contributions to the field.</p> <p><strong>Alfredo Quiñones-Hinojosa,</strong> a professor of neurological surgery, neuroscience, and oncology and director of the brain tumor and pituitary surgery programs and of the neurosurgery brain tumor stem cell laboratory, has been awarded the Cortes de Cádiz Prize for surgery, bestowed by the city council of Cádiz, Spain, and the Spanish Royal Academy of Medicine and Surgery. Quiñones-Hinojosa's award recognizes both his renowned scientific career and his life story of self-improvement and success.</p> <p><strong>Sumeska Thavarajah,</strong> an assistant professor of nephrology, has been named head of the medical advisory board of the National Kidney Foundation of Maryland. She also has received NKF-MD's 2015 Linda Cameron Award for Patient Services for donating her time at community health screenings, assisting the foundation's programs and advocacy office, and participating in foundation fundraising events.</p> <p><strong>Bert Vogelstein,</strong> a professor of oncology and pathology, a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator, and director of the Ludwig Center at Johns Hopkins, has received the Warren Triennial Prize from Massachusetts General Hospital. The prize, which includes a $50,000 award, honors scientists who have made outstanding contributions to medicine.</p> <h4>School of Nursing</h4> <p><strong>Jeanne Alhusen,</strong> an assistant professor in Community-Public Health, has received the Southern Nursing Research Society's Early Science Investigator Award. Her research and work focus on biological and psychological foundations of maternal attachments and their impact on childhood outcomes.</p> <p><strong>Patricia Davidson,</strong> dean, was ranked first in a recent listing of 30 influential deans of nursing across the country. The rankings were compiled by the test-prep firm Mometrix, which used factors such as awards, NIH funding, and nursing license pass rates, among others, to determine the rankings.</p> <p><strong>Mary Donnelly,</strong> an instructor in Acute and Chronic Care, was appointed to a four-year term as a member of the Maryland State Advisory Council on Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention. She will help develop and promote programs to prevent, detect, and treat both illnesses.</p> <p><strong>Fannie Gaston-Johansson,</strong> professor emerita in Acute and Chronic Care, and <strong>Phyllis Sharps,</strong> a professor in Community-Public Health, have been recognized through INSIGHT into Diversity's Diversity Visionary Award for their exceptional belief, commitment, and achievement of diversity and inclusion in higher education.</p> <p><strong>Pamela Jeffries,</strong> vice provost for digital initiatives and a professor in Acute and Chronic Care, received the 2014 Indiana Women's Achievement Award sponsored by the Ball State University College of Sciences and Humanities. The award recognizes Indiana women who enrich the lives of others through outstanding accomplishments in a variety of fields.</p> <h4>Whiting School of Engineering</h4> <p><strong>James Guest,</strong> an associate professor in the Department of Civil Engineering, is the recipient of the 2015 EMI Leonardo da Vinci Award. Created in 2011 by the Engineering Mechanics Institute of the American Society of Civil Engineers, this annual award recognizes a young investigator whose contributions have the promise to define new directions in the theory and application of engineering mechanics. Guest was selected by EMI for his pioneering research in the development and implementation of topology optimization methods. He will accept the award at the EMI 2015 conference, to be held at Stanford University in June.</p> <p><strong>K.T. Ramesh,</strong> the Alonzo G. Decker Jr. Professor of Science and Engineering in the Department of Mechanical Engineering and director of the Hopkins Extreme Materials Institute, has been awarded the Society for Experimental Mechanics' W.M. Murray Medal. He will receive the award in June at the society's annual meeting, where he will give the associated William M. Murray Lecture. Ramesh was selected for this recognition, which is SEM's highest honor, for his "major impact on our understanding of nanomaterials and dynamic failure processes."</p> <p><strong>Ben Schafer,</strong> the Swirnow Family Scholar and chair of the Department of Civil Engineering, was chosen by the American Society of Civil Engineers and the Structural Engineering Institute as the recipient of the 2015 Shortridge Hardesty Award. The award recognizes substantial contributions in applying the results of research to the solution of practical engineering problems in the field of structural stability. Schafer was selected for his contributions to the development of the direct strength method as well as to open source software that considers interactions between local, global, and distortional modes of buckling in thin-walled structures. He accepted the award in April at the Structures Congress Conference in Portland, Oregon.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Heart-lung transplant expert named surgeon-in-chief <p>Renowned cardiothoracic and heart-lung transplant surgeon Robert S.D. Higgins will become the new surgeon-in-chief of Johns Hopkins Medicine on July 1, when he assumes his role as the William Stewart Halsted Professor of Surgery and director of the Department of Surgery at the School of Medicine. Higgins comes to Johns Hopkins from the Ohio State University, where he is a professor and chairman of the Department of Surgery, as well as surgeon-in-chief and director of the Comprehensive Transplant Center at Wexner Medical Center.</p> <div class="image inline align-right image-landscape column"> <img src="//" alt="" /> </div> <p>"Robert Higgins is not only a brilliant cardiothoracic surgeon and talented clinician but also a prolific researcher, educator, innovator, and transformative leader whose accomplishments render him a perfect fit for Johns Hopkins Medicine as we continue our quest to improve the health of people locally and globally, to transform medicine, and to push the boundaries of biomedical science," says Paul B. Rothman, dean of the medical faculty and CEO of Johns Hopkins Medicine.</p> <p>Higgins is a leading authority in the field of heart and lung transplantation, minimally invasive cardiac surgery, and mechanical circulatory support. His scientific interests include the mechanisms of cell injury in failing hearts, health economics and policy, racial disparities in post-transplant outcomes, access to care, and improving outcomes among heart failure and cardiac surgery patients.</p> <p>"The rapidly evolving dynamics of our health care system mandate creative leadership and bold vision, and Robert Higgins has both," says Ronald R. Peterson, president of the Johns Hopkins Hospital and Health System and executive vice president of Johns Hopkins Medicine. "His track record of achievement, innovation, and passion about the most burning issues in today's medicine—access to care, health care quality, disparities, and outcomes—make him the ideal choice to navigate this new territory."</p> <p>"Becoming the Halstead Professor of Surgery at Johns Hopkins is the pinnacle of my career," Higgins says. "Being part of this venerable institution is a real privilege, but I do stand on the shoulders of many great people who have helped my career. My hope is that, at Johns Hopkins, I'll be able to pay it back by creating opportunities for the next generation of surgeons.</p> <p>"Academic medicine," he continues, "is facing turbulent times as established surgeons and trainees alike must deal with the ever-growing pressures of research innovation, clinical care, and training and education. My job is to ensure that faculty and trainees are not only able to meet these demands but also grow, excel, and thrive. It's a challenge I very much look forward to."</p> <p>Higgins' interest in medicine was sparked at a young age by his father, an internist and the first African-American physician to practice in Charleston, South Carolina, and who was killed in a car accident when Higgins was barely 5.</p> <p>"Growing up, I always had this idea that my father had unfinished business and that if I pursued medicine, I'd be able to finish his work," Higgins says. "Fast forward 50 years, and I've been blessed with so many opportunities, and I've had the privilege to work with so many great people."</p> <p>Following his father's death, Higgins and his two brothers were raised by his mother and maternal grandparents. "I was fortunate to have a mother and maternal grandparents who created extraordinary opportunities at considerable sacrifice so that my brothers and I could have the benefit of the finest educational training," he says. "Hopefully, I can offer some return on those investments by giving back to my discipline, my institution, and my community."</p> <p>Higgins says he always knew he wanted to be a surgeon, and as a medical student, and later as a surgeon-in-training, he became enamored with heart and lung transplantation, a fascination that sealed his career choice and put him on track to become a leader in cardiopulmonary transplantation.</p> <p>Higgins received his bachelor's degree from Dartmouth College, his medical degree from the Yale School of Medicine, and a master's degree in health services administration from Virginia Commonwealth University. He completed a residency in general surgery and served as chief resident at the University Hospitals of Pittsburgh, was a Winchester Scholar and fellow in cardiothoracic surgery at the Yale School of Medicine, and served as a senior registrar in transplantation at the renowned Papworth Hospital, the U.K.'s largest cardiothoracic surgical program and its main heart-lung transplant center. Before becoming chairman of Surgery at Ohio State, Higgins served as a professor and chief of the Division of Cardiac Surgery there and as executive director of the Richard M. Ross Heart Hospital. Before joining Ohio State, Higgins directed the thoracic surgery resident program in the Department of Cardiovascular-Thoracic Surgery at Rush Medical College in Chicago. As surgical director of thoracic organ transplantation at Detroit's Henry Ford Hospital, he led the surgical team that performed the first lung transplant in southeast Michigan. He also created a Medicare-approved lung transplant program and a pediatric heart transplant program in collaboration with the Children's Hospital of Michigan.</p> <p>Higgins has held leadership positions at various organizations, including president of the United Network for Organ Sharing and of the Society of Black Academic Surgeons.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 What I've Learned: James West <p><em>James West is the co-inventor of the electret microphone used in telephones, sound recording devices, hearing aids, and other products. A research professor of electrical and computer engineering and of mechanical engineering in Johns Hopkins' Whiting School of Engineering, he is a recipient of the U.S. National Medal of Technology and Innovation and of the Benjamin Franklin Medical Award in Electrical Engineering, and is a member of the National Inventors Hall of Fame</em>.</p> <div class="image inline align-right image-landscape column"> <img src="//" alt="" /> <div class="caption"> <p class="credit"> Image <span class="visuallyhidden">credit</span>: ILLUSTRATION BY JOHN S. DYKES </p> </div> </div> <p><strong>When I grew up</strong> many years ago in the small town of Farmville, Virginia, the only professions that were available to black people were lawyer, preacher, teacher, and doctor. My parents had figured out that I was going to be their son the doctor.</p> <p><strong>But while I found</strong> the biological sciences interesting, the physical sciences were far more to my liking. I have always been intrigued by how things work. As a child I was always taking things apart and putting them back together. I was happiest when there was a box with screws in it in front of me. I still am intrigued by the unknown.</p> <p><strong>I would say that</strong> I learned the most over the years from my mistakes. This is a real revelation in certain respects. Most of us want to avoid failure. We go out of our way to disguise failure. The real value in failure is what you learn from it. This is especially true in science. You learn in the moments when nature or a device is not behaving the way you think it should behave or the way a textbook told you it should behave. It took awhile for me to get to the point where I would accept that and find those moments to be interesting instead of frustrating.</p> <p><strong>This removed the fear of failure</strong> from my work. For many people, fear of failure is a governing factor in life. It is not a governing factor in my life. If I stumble and fall, I know I'm going to get up and walk again.</p> <p><strong>It was one mistake</strong> after another that led us to the invention of the electret microphone at Bell Labs in the early 1960s. Bell Labs was a rather special place then, in the sense that you were more likely there than in other places to be assigned to a problem you knew little about. That happened to me, as a summer intern, when I was assigned to help a group of psychoacousticians who were interested in the interaural time delay. That is, they wanted to know, What is the delay between one pulse and a second pulse that will allow you to hear two sounds as opposed to one? It turns out to be 15 milliseconds.</p> <p><strong>They were using</strong> condenser microphones as headphones. The reason they were using condenser microphones is because they wanted a sharp pulse. The problem is that very few people could hear the microphone because the magnitude of the pulse was too low. I went to the library, and I found a publication that described a solid dielectric headphone that needed about 500 volts of bias on the device in order to make it linear and deliver a pulse of the magnitude they needed. I went to the machine shop and built headphones as shown in the paper. It worked. Everybody was happy.</p> <p><strong>But a few months</strong> later I got a call from the psychoacousticians. They said the devices were losing sensitivity. So I went back to the same publication, and it described this loss of sensitivity as a strange phenomenon that no one really understood. But it said the problem could be solved by reversing the polarity of the 500 volts of bias in the devices. Well, that was not a solution to the particular problem I was working on because a reversed bias meant a change in the direction of the acoustic pulse.</p> <p><strong>So I wanted</strong> to better understand what was going on here. Imagine that I have a capacitor, a 500-volt battery, and an oscillator. I took the battery out. So now it's an oscillator and capacitor headphone connected together. And then I heard the fundamental frequency, and I thought, Oh, this is not supposed to be happening. I thought a little bit about it and decided to short-circuit the capacitor headphone for a little while. I plugged it back in and there it was again, the fundamental frequency.</p> <p><strong>This was the</strong> moment I discovered electrets. I had not heard of electrets before. I never knew they existed. I went to the literature and learned everything I could about dielectric materials that could be polarized and generate an electric field in a way that makes it the electrostatic equivalent of a magnet. At that time, electrets were regarded as wonderful devices for teaching students about electrostatics but of very little practical use. This was mainly because the lifetime of electrets in the materials used in those years—mostly carnauba wax and beeswax—was about six months.</p> <p><strong>Some papers had</strong> floated the idea that modern plastics might present a way around this limitation, and that is what I began to explore with my good friend and colleague Gerhard Sessler. A beautiful thing about Bell Labs is that your door was never closed. If someone from a different discipline wanted to either gather knowledge or begin a collaboration, you were encouraged to accommodate their needs. Hopkins is very much like that, too, and it's a rare university in that such collaborative efforts are so encouraged.</p> <p><strong>We collaborated</strong> with a number of other people at Bell Labs, especially in chemistry and materials science, and we figured out that Teflon would be the best material for electrets. It has deep traps, and what we did was to figure out how to implant electrons in these traps and then close the trap so that the electron could not escape. This process was not easy to accomplish because many natural phenomena such as humidity and temperature affected the lifetime of the trapped charge.</p> <p><strong>That was another</strong> mistake we made. The true definition of an electret involves aligning the dipoles in a polar material, but that is not actually what we were doing. Instead, we were trapping these electrons. We should have thought of another name for it.</p> <p><strong>But it worked,</strong> and soon we were able to show extrapolated lifetimes for these electrets of over 100 years under a variety of climatic conditions. Now all of a sudden electrets were going to be extremely useful. Our director at the time was Manfred Schroeder. He thought Gerhard and I should start a company. He said, "Well, Jim, you should put the assembly line for manufacturing these microphones in your basement, and Gerhard, you can put the charging mechanism in your basement."</p> <p><strong>We were a bit confused;</strong> why would we ever want to leave Bell Labs? It had all the toys we ever wanted, and we got to spend every day there just thinking about new things.</p> <p><strong>Of course, had</strong> we taken his advice we would have made enough money to build and staff and operate our own labs. The microphones took off immediately. Now they are used in all manner of electronic devices. There is one right there in your audio recorder. The last time I looked it up, more than 2 billion electret microphones were being manufactured every year.</p> <p><strong>There are many</strong> other aspects of what I learned. Perhaps this was something I knew but didn't want to accept—but I learned that there are prejudiced people in the world. Early in my career, when I'd meet people, they'd look at me and I'd get this double take. I had a visitor once at Bell Labs, and instead of calling a secretary to escort the guy to my office, I went down [to get him] myself. We came back to the office and I told him to have a seat. He looked at me funny and said, "When is Dr. West coming?" I said, "He's already here."</p> <p><strong>My good friend</strong> Ilene Busch-Vishniac, who was the [Engineering] dean here [at Johns Hopkins] when I was first hired, did a postdoc with me at Bell Labs. We were at a meeting once, and we were arguing about the paper we had just seen presented. Some guy with a blue suit on walked up and asked her if I was bothering her.</p> <p><strong>Little things like</strong> that are learning experiences. They point to the need in this country to begin to understand that differences are OK—differences in religion, differences in race. I find it very interesting that what my father said to me is the same thing that I am saying to my grandsons: "Avoid policemen. They are not your friends." I was told that the minute I was able to get beyond the sight of my parents.</p> <p><strong>I can look at</strong> the world and I can see so many positive changes that have made life so much better, but on the other hand I can see that there are so many social issues that are basically at the same point. I am very saddened by that.</p> <p><strong>There is always</strong> something to learn. These days, I am trying to learn how to deal with venture capitalists. They seem to be quite interested in the work we are doing now on polarized nanofiber. We are trying to develop a device called a vector sensor for the Navy using the nanofiber. The work has been funded by the Office of Naval Research.</p> <p><strong>I think the venture</strong> money will be coming in, too. These polarized fibers have some interesting properties. Sensors would be flat, and they would be extremely small, made using polymer electrets set in nanofibers much thinner than a strand of human hair. We haven't put a vector sensor together yet; what we've done is prove that we can make the sensors that are necessary for the kind of array the Navy asked us to investigate.</p> <p><strong>Some interesting</strong> ideas are coming up around this technology. Think about the wing of an airplane or the key structural points on a bridge. Can we embed these fiber sensors into structures like that when they are being built and then be able to use the sensors to see more clearly when they are at risk for failing?</p> <p><strong>Another thing</strong> that has everyone interested is the way that these polarized nanofibers would generate some voltage from motion, so there are possibilities in energy harvesting and energy generation. Perhaps you could weave these fibers into a flag that is flapping in the wind, and that motion would generate the power needed for the light shining on the flag. Our bodies are in continuous motion. Can I weave these fibers into your jacket and let your movements generate voltage that charges your electronic device? Or can I put these in the water and harvest energy from the waves in the ocean?</p> <p><strong>This is not a</strong> new idea of mine. Other people have also thought of things along these lines. But what we're building is going to be dirt-cheap compared with some of the other ideas out there. The basic molecule is collagen, and this is very easy to produce. But we will see what happens. As in any new science, you don't quite know where it's all going to lead. That's another thing I've learned.</p> <p><strong>What I do every day</strong> very much depends on what I learn that day in terms of nature. That's really going to dictate what happens next. I try to talk about this with young kids. I tell them, "You think a famous athlete's life is exciting? You should try mine!" Athletes know what they are doing every day. I don't know—every day in my life is filled with new possibilities. That's the beauty in science.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 President's 'Ten by Twenty' progress report highlights successes to date <p>In March, university President Ronald J. Daniels shared 30 stories of successful programs and projects that exemplify the progress the university has made toward the 10 goals in his vision plan for 2020.</p> <p>The Ten by Twenty progress report—available online at <a href=""></a>—highlights the way the university marshaled its expertise in response to the international Ebola crisis. It talks about progress that is being made on the East Baltimore Development Initiative. It profiles the launch of the Gateway Sciences Initiative to improve introductory teaching in science, math, and engineering. It puts a spotlight on the university's record-setting fundraising campaign.</p> <p>Those snapshotsand 26 others fall under the four key priorities of the original Ten by Twenty plan: one university, commitment to our communities, individual excellence, and institution building. The progress report also includes a series of short videos in which faculty, students, and staff discuss how they think Johns Hopkins is doing and pose questions to the president about the future.</p> <p>"Making a great research university like ours is a work in progress," Daniels says in one of those videos, "and this report is one milepost on a challenging and exciting journey."</p> <p>From the beginning, Daniels has said that the Ten by Twenty plan is bold and that the road is not an easy one. The original report outlines a number of challenges, including the need for interdisciplinary research and education in a highly decentralized environment, changing expectations for undergraduate education, declines in research and clinical funding, and pressing economic needs in Baltimore and communities across the country.</p> <p>"The goals seek to chart a course for the university that meets the looming challenges and captures the boundless opportunities ahead, while building on our strengths and honoring our history and traditions," Daniels said in that report.</p> <p>In an email message, Daniels invited the university community to visit the progress report website. "Since we officially launched the Ten by Twenty in 2013, the conversation about our university's future has inspired progress toward our goals, illuminated the work yet to do, and ignited exciting new ideas," he said.</p> <p>He also encouraged faculty, staff, and students to "keep the conversation about our university going.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Society of Scholars inducts 15 new members <p>Fifteen women and men who spent formative parts of their illustrious careers at Johns Hopkins were honored on April 13, when they were inducted into the university's Society of Scholars. The event, held at the Peabody Institute, was hosted by President Ronald J. Daniels and Provost Robert Lieberman.</p> <p>The Society of Scholars was created on the recommendation of then university President Milton S. Eisenhower and approved by the board of trustees on May 1, 1967. The society—the first of its kind in the nation—inducts former postdoctoral fellows, postdoctoral degree recipients, house staff, and junior or visiting faculty who have served at least a year at Johns Hopkins and thereafter gained marked distinction elsewhere in their fields of physical, biological, medical, social, or engineering sciences or in the humanities and for whom at least five years have elapsed since their last Johns Hopkins affiliation.</p> <p>A selection committee, whose members are equally distributed among the academic divisions with postdoctoral programs, elects a limited number of scholars from the candidates nominated by the schools. The scholars are presented with a certificate and a medallion on a black and gold ribbon at the annual induction ceremony. Their induction brings to 626 the total number of members in the Johns Hopkins Society of Scholars. The following listing of the new members is accompanied by a short description of their accomplishments at the time of their election.</p> <h4>Robert L. Gallucci</h4> <p><strong>Washington, D.C.</strong></p> <p>Robert Gallucci is a Distinguished Professor in the Practice of Diplomacy at Georgetown University's Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, where he served as dean for 13 years. He left Georgetown in 2009 to become president of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, a position he held until 2014. Earlier, he had spent more than two decades in government positions focused on international security. As ambassador-at-large and special envoy for the U.S. State Department, he dealt with the threats posed by the proliferation of ballistic missiles and weapons of mass destruction, and he was chief U.S. negotiator during the North Korean nuclear crisis of 1994. He also served as assistant secretary of state for political-military affairs, and as the deputy executive chairman of the United Nations Special Commission overseeing the disarmament of Iraq after the first Gulf War. Gallucci completed a postdoctoral fellowship at what is now the Foreign Policy Institute of Johns Hopkins' Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies and was a professorial lecturer at SAIS from 1973 to 1976.</p> <h4>Douglas A. Jabs</h4> <p><strong>New York, New York</strong></p> <p>Douglas Jabs is a professor of ophthal­mology and medicine, and chairman emeritus of the Department of Ophthalmology, at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. With continuous NIH funding for nearly 30 years, he chairs the Multicenter Uveitis Treatment Trial, the Standardization of Uveitis Nomenclature Working Group, and Studies of the Ocular Complications of AIDS Research Group. Jabs is the recipient of numerous honors and a frequent speaker both nationally and internationally, and has produced 290 publications and 46 book chapters. He earned both his MD and MBA degrees at Johns Hopkins. His internship in internal medicine at New York Hospital–Cornell Medical Center was followed at Johns Hopkins by residencies in internal medicine and in ophthalmology, as well as a fellowship in rheumatology. In 1984, he joined the Johns Hopkins faculty and in 1993 was promoted to professor of ophthalmology and medicine in the School of Medicine; he also served as a professor of epidemiology at the Bloomberg School of Public Health and as director of the Division of Ocular Immunology at the Wilmer Eye Institute. He moved to Mount Sinai in 2007.</p> <h4>Keith D. Lillemoe</h4> <p><strong>Boston, Massachusetts</strong></p> <p>Keith Lillemoe has contributed to major advances in the management of pancreatic cancer, bile duct injuries and strictures, and numerous other abdominal conditions. Since 2011, he has been surgeon-in-chief and chief of the Department of Surgery at Massachusetts General Hospital and the W. Gerald Austen Professor of Surgery at Harvard Medical School. Active in numerous surgical societies and a frequent speaker throughout the world, Lillemoe has produced 350 journal articles and 120 book chapters, has been a visiting professor more than 95 times, is editor of one of the leading surgical texts, <em>Surgery: Scientific Principles and Practice</em>, and is editor-in-chief of <em>Annals of Surgery</em>. He earned his MD in 1978 and completed his entire surgical training at Johns Hopkins, joining the faculty in 1985 and rising to the rank of professor of surgery in 1996. He left Johns Hopkins in 2003 to become the Jay L. Grosfeld Professor and chairman of the Department of Surgery at the Indiana University School of Medicine.</p> <h4>Piero Madau</h4> <p><strong>Santa Cruz, California</strong></p> <p>Piero Madau, Distinguished Professor of Astronomy and Astrophysics at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and director of the Next Generation Telescopes Science Institute, researches challenging and fundamental problems at the intersection of cosmology, galaxy formation, and theoretical and computational astrophysics. His work spans a large range of astronomical scales and epochs, from the present-day properties of the universe going back in time to the dawn of galaxies and the epoch of the first stars and quasars. Among the prestigious awards Madau has received for his significant and breakthrough results are the Heineman Prize for Astrophysics, the Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment DOE Award, and the Alexander von Humboldt Prize in Physical Sciences. He regularly serves on NASA mission and science advisory committees, as well as in other leadership roles in his field. Born and educated in Italy, he came to the United States in 1987 for postdoctoral work, which included a Davis Fellowship at Johns Hopkins and a position as assistant astronomer at the Space Telescope Science Institute. He then joined the Institute of Astronomy at the University of Cambridge, and moved in 2000 to UCSC.</p> <h4>Santa J. Ono</h4> <p><strong>Cincinnati, Ohio</strong></p> <p>A highly accomplished researcher in eye disease, Santa Ono is president of the University of Cincinnati, where he also serves as a professor of pediatrics in the College of Medicine and as a professor of biology in the McMicken College of Arts and Sciences. Named the university's president in 2012, Ono has become a frequent opinion leader on higher education issues and a trailblazer in the use of social media. He chairs Ohio Gov. John Kasich's task force focusing on the biopharmaceutical industry, and he heads the health committee of the Urban Serving Universities. Ono has received many honors and awards for his research and scholarship, is a member of several national and international honorific societies, and is a sought-after public speaker. Earlier in his career, from 1992 to 1996, he was an assistant professor of medicine at Johns Hopkins.</p> <h4>Carole A. Parent</h4> <p><strong>Bethesda, Maryland</strong></p> <p>Carole Parent is deputy chief of the Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology at the National Cancer Institute's Center for Cancer Research. She is a world-leading expert in the field of directed cell migration, having identified novel mechanisms used by cells to communicate with each other as they move in a concerted fashion toward a chemical attractant, a process that underlies fundamentally important processes occurring during embryonic development, response to infection, and cancer metastasis. After receiving her PhD at the University of Illinois at Chicago in 1992, she completed postdoctoral training in the Department of Biological Chemistry at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, under the direction of Peter Devreotes, the director of the department. She was promoted to instructor in 1996. In 2000, Parent moved to NCI, where she received tenure in 2006 and was appointed deputy chief in 2010. In 2011, she was appointed adjunct professor at the Institute for Physical Science and Technology at the University of Maryland, College Park, and in 2013 was named co-director of the NCI-UMD Partnership for Cancer Technology.</p> <h4>Ramon E. Parsons</h4> <p><strong>New York, New York</strong></p> <p>At the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai since 2013, Ramon Parsons is the Ward-Coleman Professor in Cancer Research, chair of the Department of Oncological Sciences, and co-leader of the Cancer Mechanisms Program of the Tisch Cancer Institute, where he studies cancer signaling and biology with an emphasis on breast cancer. After earning his MD and PhD degrees at SUNY at Stony Brook, Parsons completed a fellowship at Johns Hopkins under the direction of Bert Vogelstein; there, Parsons and his colleagues discovered that inactivation of DNA mismatch repair genes causes hereditary colorectal cancer. At Columbia University Medical Center, where he was the Avon Professor of Pathology and Medicine and leader of the Breast Cancer Program, Parsons' laboratory identified the PTEN tumor suppressor gene, which is inactivated in a wide variety of cancers and cancer predisposition syndromes. He has been a leader in establishing the importance of PTEN and the PI3K pathway for cancer using a combination of genetic, biochemical, human tissue, and systems biology approaches. He is a Komen Scholar and has received numerous honors and awards.</p> <h4>Godfrey D. Pearlson</h4> <p><strong>New Haven, Connecticut</strong></p> <p>Godfrey Pearlson is a leader in using neuroimaging as a tool to address a broad array of questions regarding the neurobiology of major mental disorders, primarily psychosis and drug and alcohol abuse. He is a professor of psychiatry and neurobiology at Yale University Medical School and founding director of the Olin Neuropsychiatry Research Center at the Institute of Living/Hartford Hospital. The recipient of many awards, Pearlson is on the editorial board of several psychiatry and neuroimaging journals, and has published more than 500 peer-reviewed research articles. He is also co-founder of the annual BrainDance Competition, which aims to encourage high school and college students across New England to learn about psychiatric diseases and to develop a more tolerant and realistic perspective toward people with severe psychiatric problems. After completing medical training in England and receiving a graduate degree in philosophy at Columbia University, he came to Johns Hopkins as a resident and postdoctoral fellow in psychiatry under Paul McHugh. He later joined the faculty, becoming a professor of psychiatry and founding director of the Division of Psychiatric Neuroimaging.</p> <h4>Robert Reid-Pharr</h4> <p><strong>New York, New York</strong></p> <p>A Distinguished and Presidential Professor of English and American Studies at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, where he also directs the Institute for Research on the African Diaspora in the Americas and the Caribbean, Robert Reid-Pharr is a highly regarded specialist in African-American culture and a prominent scholar in the field of race and sexuality studies. Reid-Pharr has published three books: <em>Conjugal Union: The Body, the House, and the Black American</em>; <em>Black, Gay, Man: Essays</em>; and <em>Once You Go Black: Choice, Desire, and the Black American Intellectual</em>. His essays have appeared in a range of publications, and his research and writing have been supported by leading private foundations and the National Endowment for the Humanities. Before joining the Graduate Center, he was an assistant and associate professor of English at Johns Hopkins. He also has been a visiting professor at the College of William and Mary, American University of Beirut, University of Oxford, University of Oregon, and University of Chicago.</p> <h4>Elise F. Stanley</h4> <p><strong>Toronto, Canada</strong></p> <p>Elise Stanley heads the Cellular and Molecular Division of the Toronto Western Research Institute and has established a laboratory in synaptic transmission research. She holds the Tanenbaum Chair in Molecular Brain Science and the Canada Research Chair, and supervises the TWRI Wright Cellular Imaging Facility. Stanley has worked primarily within the field of information transfer in the nervous system, beginning with spinal cord synaptic pathways that serve the small muscles of the human hand. Among her significant research contributions is the finding that a single calcium channel could trigger the fusion of a single synaptic vesicle, which led to her prediction that the calcium channel must be physically linked to the synaptic vesicle. Initially disputed, this is now the generally accepted mechanism. After her education in England, she completed a postdoctoral fellowship and was an assistant professor in the Department of Neurology at Johns Hopkins. She moved to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke in 1984, initially as a visiting fellow and head of the Synaptic Mechanisms Section. She has been at TWRI since 1999.</p> <h4>Kathleen J. Stebe</h4> <p><strong>Philadelphia, Pennsylvania</strong></p> <p>Kathleen Stebe is the Richer and Elizabeth M. Goodwin Professor of Engineering and Applied Science at the University of Pennsylvania, where she also serves as deputy dean for research in the School of Engineering and Applied Science. A respected researcher, Stebe focuses on capillary phenomena, assembly at interfaces and within complex fluids, and interfacial flows, with particular emphasis on how surfactants can be used to direct stresses at interfaces and to alter drop breakup modes. Following completion of her PhD in chemical engineering at the Levich Institute and a postdoctoral year at the Université de Technologie de Compiègne, Stebe joined the Department of Chemical Engineering at Johns Hopkins, where she rose through the ranks to become a professor and department chair. She moved to the University of Pennsylvania in 2008. Stebe has been a fellow at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, was named a fellow of the American Physical Society, and received the Frenkiel Award from the APS' Division of Fluid Dynamics.</p> <h4>Rolf-Detlef Treede</h4> <p><strong>Mannheim, Germany</strong></p> <p>Rolf-Detlef Treede is a professor of neurophysiology at the Ruprecht-Karls-University Heidelberg and also managing director of the Center for Biomedicine and Medical Technology Mannheim. His wide-ranging interests in the field of pain include the mechanisms and treatment of neuropathic pain, the cortical representation of pain, peripheral nociceptive transduction mechanisms, pain memory, pain assessment by quantitative sensory testing, and clinical neurophysiology. Treede is president of the International Association for the Study of Pain, past chair of its Special Interest Group on Neuropathic Pain, and past president of its German chapter. He sits on numerous national and international committees, is on the editorial board of the journal <em>Der Schmerz</em>, and has authored or co-authored about 330 publications in journals and books. After completing his medical degree in 1981, he joined the Department of Physiology at the University Hospital Eppendorf in Hamburg, spending two years (1988 to 1990) as a visiting scientist with the Department of Neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins. From 1992 to 2007 he was a professor of neurophysiology at the Institute of Physiology and Pathophysiology of the Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz.</p> <h4>David Vlahov</h4> <p><strong>San Francisco, California</strong></p> <p>David Vlahov is a professor and dean of the School of Nursing at the University of California, San Francisco. He initiated the International Society for Urban Health and is an expert consultant to the World Health Organization's Urban Health Center in Kobe, Japan. Vlahov's work focuses on epidemiology, infectious diseases, substance abuse, and mental health, and his experience includes interprofessional and interdisciplinary education and research. He studied urban populations in Baltimore for more than 20 years and led epidemiological studies in Harlem and the Bronx, New York, experiences that provided a wealth of information on how to deal with racial and ethnic health disparities. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine and a fellow of the American Academy of Nursing, and he has edited three books on urban health and published more than 640 scholarly papers. After earning BSN and MS degrees at the University of Maryland, Vlahov completed his PhD in epidemiology in 1988 at what is now the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, where he joined the faculty and became a professor and deputy chair of the Department of Epidemiology.</p> <h4>Judith N. Wasserheit</h4> <p><strong>Seattle, Washington</strong></p> <p>Judith Wasserheit's development of the concept of epidemiological synergy between HIV infection and other STDs has had a major influence on HIV prevention policy and programs around the world. At the University of Washington, Wasserheit is the William H. Foege Chair of the Department of Global Health, a professor of global health and of medicine, and an adjunct professor of epidemiology. Her research has included one of the first laparoscopic studies of pelvic inflammatory disease etiology conducted in the United States, the first population-based study of the prevalence and etiologic spectrum of STDs among rural women in the Indian subcontinent, and a study on the interrelationships between STDs and contraceptive practices in other parts of the developing world. The recipient of many prestigious awards and honors, Wasserheit was the founding chief of the National Institutes of Health's STD Research Branch, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's STD Prevention Program, and director of the HIV Vaccine Trials Network, the largest global clinical trials platform evaluating preventive HIV vaccines. She became an assistant professor at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in 1986 and earned her MPH at the university's School of Public Health in 1989.</p> <h4>Maria T. Zuber</h4> <p><strong>Cambridge, Massachusetts</strong></p> <p>Maria Zuber is vice president for research and the E.A. Griswold Professor of Geophysics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She has served on the Presidential Commission on the Implementation of United States Space Exploration Policy and was recently appointed to the National Science Board. Zuber's research bridges planetary geophysics and the technology of space-based laser and radio systems. She has published more than 230 papers, and since 1990 has held leadership roles associated with scientific experiments or instrumentation on nine NASA missions. She remains involved with six of these missions and is principal investigator for NASA's Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory mission, an effort to map the moon's gravitational field. Zuber has received numerous professional honors, and has been singled out in the popular press as one of the 50 most important women in science and as one of America's best leaders. Earlier in her career, Zuber was a faculty member at Johns Hopkins in the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences' Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Task force proposes statement on academic freedom <p>A select group of Johns Hopkins University faculty members and students tasked last year with developing language that articulates the university's philosophy and principles on academic freedom has submitted a recommended statement, which JHU President Ronald J. Daniels and Provost Robert C. Lieberman shared recently in an email to the university community.</p> <p>Over the past year, the 14-member Task Force on Academic Freedom has reviewed background materials on the topic of academic freedom; gathered feedback from faculty, staff, students, and alumni from every corner of the university; and met to deliberate the appropriate bounds of these principles.</p> <p>Daniels and Lieberman invited members of the university community to review the statement on the Office of the Provost website and provide feedback online or via email at <a href=""></a>. After a review period, the statement will be sent to the board of trustees for approval.</p> <p>"In our mandate to the task force, we observed that Johns Hopkins' commitment to academic freedom dates back to our founding, and that freedom of inquiry and expression is essential to the trailblazing education, research, and service that are the signatures of our university," Daniels and Lieberman wrote. "And yet it was striking that, unlike so many of our peers, we did not have a formal university statement on academic freedom, one that would give expression to our core values in this area and serve as a touchstone for our community in considering the often-challenging questions that academic freedom can raise.</p> <p>"A statement of this sort would not seek to resolve in advance every dispute that might arise or offer an exhaustive analysis of the history of academic freedom," they wrote. "Rather, we anticipated that the task force would offer a forward-looking articulation of values to guide the university in the decades to come. We asked the task force to consult widely, consider the issue broadly, and look to the approaches of our peers, and then ultimately to provide to us its recommendation for a statement of principles."</p> <p>The task force was led by Joel Grossman, a professor emeritus in the Department of Political Science, a member of the Academy at Johns Hopkins, and an expert in American politics and constitutional law.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Dates set for 2015 Staff Milestone Recognition events <p>The Office of Work, Life and Engagement has announced the dates for the 2015 Staff Milestone Recognition events for those celebrating five, 10, 15, 20, and greater milestones in increments of five years of service with the university, and whose anniversaries fall between July 11, 2014, and July 10, 2015.</p> <p>The series of events starts with the Staff and Retiree Milestone Recognition Dinner at 6 p.m. on Thursday, June 4, in Homewood's Ralph S. O'Connor Recreation Center for staff celebrating anniversaries of 20 or more years in five-year increments, and for those retiring after more than 10 years on the job.</p> <p>Individual school receptions for staff marking five, 10, and 15 years of service are as follows:</p> <ul> <li><p>School of Nursing, Wednesday, May 27, 11:30 a.m. to 1 p.m., Courtyard.</p></li> <li><p>SAIS, Wednesday, June 10, 3:30 to 5 p.m., Herter Room, Nitze Building</p></li> <li><p>Homewood (Academic and Cultural Centers, Carey Business School, Homewood Student Affairs, Jhpiego, Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, Peabody Institute, Professional Schools Administration, School of Education, Sheridan Libraries/JHU Museums, Johns Hopkins Club, JHU Press, University Administration, and Whiting School of Engineering), Thursday, June 11, 3 to 4:30 p.m., Glass Pavilion, Levering.</p></li> <li><p>Bloomberg School of Public Health, Monday, June 15, 3 to 4:30 p.m., Feinstone Hall.</p></li> <li><p>School of Medicine, Tuesday, June 23, 3 to 4:30 p.m., Turner Concourse.</p></li> </ul> <p>For more information about the program and events, contact Brittanie Stuber at <a href=""></a> or 443-997-7000.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Education dean appointed to second five-year term <p>David Andrews has been appointed to a second five-year term as dean of the School of Education, effective July 1. In a message to the Johns Hopkins community, President Ronald J. Daniels and Provost Robert C. Lieberman said Andrews' vision, leadership, and commitment to improving the wider community are important assets to the school.</p> <p>"Over the last five years, the School of Education has made truly remarkable progress in achieving its critical aspirations, and David has been a key component of that growth," the president and provost said in their message.</p> <p>Andrews brought two major research centers into the School of Education and recruited world-class researchers, including one of the first Bloomberg Distinguished Professors, in partnership with the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences. He oversaw the development and launch of the school's first PhD program, which provides talented scholars with full tuition support as well as stipends, to complement the long-standing, practitioner-focused EdD program. The school also created an online part-time EdD program and expanded its long-standing partnership with Teach For America.</p> <p>The growth in research funding and faculty recognition helped propel the School of Education to No. 1 in <em>U.S. News & World Report</em>'s ranking of graduate programs in education for two consecutive years.</p> <p>During Andrews' tenure, the School of Education helped establish and began operating the Henderson-Hopkins school in East Baltimore. This school offers research-based K-8 program development, a creative learning environment, and teacher training.</p> <p>That effort "epitomizes the School of Education's mission and David's essential belief in this university's commitment to community," Daniels and Lieberman wrote.</p> <p>Andrews also led the school's efforts, in partnership with other Johns Hopkins divisions, to develop, implement, and fund two universitywide signature initiatives of the Rising to the Challenge campaign: the Science of Learning Institute and the 21st Century Cities Initiative.</p> <p>During the reappointment evaluation process, external reviewers said Andrews' leadership has helped advance a research agenda that "has the potential to bring great esteem to the university and address some of the nation's significant problems in education</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Five steps added for reaching sustainability goals <p>With strong results to show for its recent sustainability efforts, Johns Hopkins University is adopting five new task-force recommendations that will enhance its plan to cut greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2025 and broaden its approach holistically.</p> <p>Since the first JHU President's Task Force on Climate Change convened in 2007, a wide range of efforts has helped the university eliminate more than 465,000 tons of greenhouse gases and save roughly $50 million in energy costs. Widespread use of light sensors, more-energy-efficient heating and air conditioning systems, vegetated roofs on Homewood's South Garage and Cordish Lacrosse Center, Blue Jay Shuttles powered by compressed natural gas, new solar panel arrays, and significant recycling efforts by students, faculty, and staff have all advanced the universitywide commitment to sustainability.</p> <p>The university also saw reductions in its environmental impact because its power suppliers are using cleaner energy sources and better technology.</p> <p>Measurements of the university's progress and a recap of actions across campuses appear in the Climate Action Plan Five-Year Progress Review compiled in March 2014. A committee of 10 administrators, faculty members, and students conducted the review and used it as an opportunity to consider the next steps for sustainability efforts. Going forward, they recommended that the university:</p> <ul> <li><p>Develop additional metrics for measuring energy consumption per square foot to better track conservation efforts while accounting for the addition of new buildings and workspaces.</p></li> <li><p>Make utility billing separate from space rates in order to help departments (and other users) see their energy use and be incentivized to reduce it.</p></li> <li><p>Incorporate sustainability at the earliest stage of project planning and maintenance in deliberate ways, such as in capital planning and budgeting, deferred maintenance planning, contract negotiations, and RFPs.</p></li> <li><p>Set an institutionwide waste diversion goal to encourage more people to use less and recycle more.</p></li> <li><p>Investigate the impact of and opportunities associated with university-related transportation.</p></li> </ul> <p>"These recommendations offer new ways to keep the university community focused on efficiency, conservation, and renewable energy while encouraging measurable steps toward our 2020 goals," says Ashley Pennington, senior program coordinator for the Office of Sustainability.</p> <p>"The report also provides an opportunity to see how far we have come in making sustainability an integrated part of our operations and university culture," she says. "From the buildings where we work to the efforts of our enthusiastic Green Teams, our mission to drive for a cleaner, healthier future starts right here on our own campuses."</p> <p>The Office of Sustainability will facilitate the implementation of the new recommendations and in coming years prepare updates on the university's sustainability progress. That office also offers information and tools for members of the Johns Hopkins community to join the conservation efforts.</p> <p>The five-year report and more information about sustainability efforts are available at <a href=""></a>.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 New director to oversee Johns Hopkins travel programs <p>Amy Page knows that business travel feels very personal when you are the one on the road.</p> <p>In her new role as Johns Hopkins' director of Travel and Expense Programs, Page is working to ensure that the travel program being rolled out over the course of this year offers the convenience, flexibility, and support that travelers need. At the same time, she will help the university and health system leverage millions of dollars in annual travel spending to get better deals and more benefits for their faculty, staff, students, and visitors.</p> <p>"We want better savings, and we also want to take the complexity out of the process," Page says. "I am looking across the board at regular business trips and conferences, group and meeting management, bringing groups to visit, and student travel. It is very broad."</p> <p>In January, the university announced it had chosen World Travel as its preferred travel management company, following the recommendation of a working group of faculty and staff. APL and University Administration are the first groups to use WTI's services. Other university entities and Johns Hopkins Medicine International will join the travel program throughout the summer and fall. The goal is to direct all Johns Hopkins–funded travel through the managed travel program and offer WTI's services as an option to those traveling on other funds.</p> <p>Page says that one of her top priorities is to make travelers comfortable with the program by promoting its enhanced customer service (including emergency assistance around the clock), expedited booking through the Concur online tool, and improved central billing that eliminates the need to pay and then wait for reimbursement. She is also working with the travel team in the university's Procurement Office to build a user-friendly online travel portal with all the booking tools, policies, and information people need.</p> <p>Page says one more advantage to having travelers book through WTI is that Johns Hopkins can more easily locate and support its travelers around the world if an unexpected or dangerous situation arises. When the travel program is fully implemented, Page says, it will provide a valuable asset: accurate information about how much the institution spends and where.</p> <p>"The key to the program really is the data," she says. "We will see where we can negotiate better supply agreements for the community as a whole."</p> <p>Already, WTI offers a low-fare guarantee for flights and hotels, and the travel team has negotiated discounts with Enterprise Rent-A-Car and National Car Rental for travel program users.</p> <p>Page has more than 30 years of experience with travel management companies and corporate travel programs. Before coming to Johns Hopkins, she spent four years at McCormick & Co., where she globalized its travel program and spent plenty of time as a traveler herself.</p> <p>In fact, her travel experience began in her childhood, when her father's work in the Peace Corps and later career in international marketing took her family from their home in Columbia, Maryland, to live in a number of other countries. The parents of two grown daughters, Page and her husband still call Howard County home.</p> <p>While the Johns Hopkins Travel Program is being implemented, Page says she wants to hear about people's positive and negative experiences. "I am always interested in feedback," she says. "I want to know how we can make the program work for everyone."</p> <p>Email questions about the travel program to</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Classifieds <h4>APARTMENTS/HOUSES FOR RENT</h4> <p>Bayview (Elrino St), apt available. $600-$680/mo + utils. 443-386-9146 or</p> <p>Broadview Apts, 1BR unit, sublet for June-July or take over lease, walking distance to Homewood campus. $1,100/mo. 860-550-2054 or</p> <p>Canton, full bsmt in nice house for one person, furn'd, cable. $600/mo incl utils. 410-350-5472.</p> <p>Charles Village, spacious 2BR, 2BA apt, W/D, own prkng space, avail July, nr Homewood campus. $1,850/mo.</p> <p>Charles Village, spacious 3BR apt, full BA, living rm, eat-in kitchen, secure bldg w/Medeco key access. $1,500/mo + utils. 443-253-2113 (call/text for questions, schedule viewing) or</p> <p>Charles Village, lovely furn'd 3BR house, lease Aug 2015-July 2016, eat-in kitchen, fin'd bsmt, back porch, walk to Homewood campus. 443-682-5786.</p> <p>Cockeysville/Hunt Valley, private 3BR, 2BA house on 8 acres of farmland, 5 mi to I-83, W/D, CAC, dw, FIOS cable-ready, hdwd flrs, screened porch. $2,000/mo + utils. 410-527-0174.</p> <p>Cross Keys, 2BR, 2BA apt, 1,100 sq ft, W/D in unit, free prkng, pets OK w/deposit, 1 yr lease or longer. $1,300/mo + sec dep ($1,300).</p> <p>DeSoto Apts (3409 Greenway), furn'd 2BR, 1BA apt avail for summer sublet, lg apt w/airy living rm/dining rm, dedicated sunrm, full kitchen, across from Homewood, nr JHMI stops, full apt or rm for rent, perf for Hopkins affiliate at any age. 818-378-3683.</p> <p>Fells Point/Canton, luxury 1.5BR, 2BA loft apt, priv balcony w/great water views, AC, fitted crpts, secure bldg, no smoking/no pets. $1,650/mo. 917-520-6817.</p> <p>Guilford, 1BR condo in high-rise bldg, amenities incl gym, sauna, pool, 24-hr security front desk, breathtaking view from porch, 5-min walk to Homewood campus/shuttle. $1,620/mo incl all utils. 443-831-3374.</p> <p>Hampden (41st St), 2 apts: 3BR w/on-site laundry, $1,550/mo incl utils; efficiency, $750/mo incl utils. Steve, 443-474-1492 or (pics).</p> <p>Howard Co (River Hill school zone), spacious, fully renov'd 3BR, 3.5BA TH, granite countertops in kitchen/breakfast area, new crpt, fin'd bsmt. $2,750/mo. 443-766-0040 (text) or</p> <p>Mt Vernon, 1BR apt in historic brownstone, HVAC, laundry, extra storage space, cable-ready. $1,000/mo. 443-510-7901 or</p> <p>Mt Washington, furn'd 3BR house w/2 full BAs, avail August-December, walking distance to Whole Foods, K-8 school, lt rail, free shuttle to Hopkins, one cat. $1,450/mo incl utils. 443-257-8858 or</p> <p>Patterson Park, furn'd 1BR, 1BA apt, priv entrance, on shuttle route to E Balto campus, short-term. $1,150/mo incl utils + Internet and premium cable. 410-218-4708 or (pics).</p> <p>Roland Park, 3BR, 2.5BA TH, great for families, community swimming pool, playground, and common areas, walk to Homewood campus, shops, restaurants, parks, 15-min drive to JHH/GBMC/Bayview. $2,150/mo.</p> <p>Nice, spacious bsmt efficiency apt in safe, residential neighborhood, 20-25 mins to JHH/JHU, close to 95/695. $825/mo incl utils. Al, 410-340-0148.</p> <p>Lg 1BR apt avail from June, opposite Chipotle/grocery store, nr JHMI shuttle stop, W/D in bsmt. 443-449-1053.</p> <p>1-3 BRs, rent incls utils and Internet; contact for details. 410-598-6589 or</p> <p>Furn'd 4BR, 3BA house on 1.7 acre lot, avail Aug 2015 to Aug 2016, patio, jacuzzi, 20 mins to Homewood. $2,000/mo + utils + sec dep, pics by request.</p> <h4>HOUSES FOR SALE</h4> <p>Bolton Hill (W Lafayette Ave and Linden Green), 3BR, 3.5BA EOG TH, beautiful updated, move-in ready, granite countertops, hdwd flrs, fin'd bsmt, lg front and back yd, wonderful nursery school in the neighborhood. $389,000. 443-939-5322.</p> <p>Ellicott City, fully renov'd, spacious 3BR TH, 2 full BAs, 2 half-BAs, kitchen/dining area, walkout bsmt, deck/patio, in Centennial high school zone. $343,000. 301-384-3764 or</p> <p>Patterson Park (200 blk of S Clinton St), take advantage of the LNYW program, original, gorgeous hdwd flrs, updated kitchen, new upstairs flooring, fresh paint, very reasonable, a must-see. 410-980-0686 (for appt).</p> <p>West Towson, 1,815 sq ft house, 3BRs, 2BAs, woodstove, walk to Y, great public schools. $385,000.</p> <p>344 Enfield Rd (Joppa), 3BR, 4BA single-family house, 3,000 sq ft, open flr plan, upstairs loft, hdwd flrs throughout, lg bonus rec rm, fin'd bsmt. $344,900. 410-258-9975 or</p> <h4>ROOMMATES WANTED</h4> <p>Bayview (Cornwall St), 1 rm avail in TH shared by students/postdocs, furn'd, free Internet, CAC/heat. $480/mo + utils. 443-386-8471 or</p> <p>F wanted for furn'd rm w/priv BA nr JHH/SPH/SON (max 10-min walk), high-spd Internet, nr JH Church Home shuttle station. $700/mo incl utils. 410-558-1797, 571-345-5059 or</p> <p>Rm avail in 3BR, 1.5BA Butchers Hill RH, pref quiet, serious Hopkins affiliate, 10-min walk to SOM/SPH/SON, CAC, W/D, sec sys, balcony, nonsmokers only. $525/mo + utils.</p> <p>M wanted to share 3BR, 1.5BA TH nr Homewood campus (Wyman Park Dr), and shuttle stop. $285/mo + utils.</p> <p>1BR in 2BR, 1BA Charles Village apt, share w/M Hopkins grad student, 3rd flr of 3-story bldg, lots of natural light, nr public transportation, 1 blk to dining/groceries. $625/mo.</p> <p>Two rms avail in Charles Village, shared use of full BA, living/dining rm, laundry, kitchen, library, on JHU shuttle line. $700/mo (lg), avail 5/1, $500/mo (sm), avail 6/1. 347-661-1277 or</p> <p>M or F wanted to share 2BR, 2.5BA RH nr medical campus and shuttle stop. $625/mo.</p> <p>F wanted to share furn'd 3BR, 2BA + bsmt TH in Greektown, cable, CAC, W/D, prkng, no pets. $700/mo + utils.</p> <p>Charles Village houseshare, full BA, living rm, dining rm, laundry, kitchen, on JHMI shuttle line. $700/mo and $500/mo. 347-661-1277.</p> <h4>CARS FOR SALE</h4> <p>Toyota Tacoma pickup w/extended cab, cap incl'd, 4x4 (shift on the fly from 2x4 to 4x4), quite reliable, approx 107K mi. $13,400/best offer. 443-676-1751 or</p> <p>2004 Honda Accord EX, 5-spd, perfect mechanical and interior cond, a few dings, 1 owner, 131K mi.</p> <h4>ITEMS FOR SALE</h4> <p>JHU Carey Business School academic regalia, new. $120. 443-845-8206.</p> <p>Yamaha 12-string guitar, $200; Selmer Bundy flute, $80; both w/cases.</p> <p>E55 SOLE elliptical, compact design, quiet drive system, like-new cond, manual incl'd, excel reviews, nr Homewood. $500. 410-243-4344.</p> <p>Serta queen mattress + boxspring, soft, memory foam pillow-top, like new, $180; queen-size bedframe, dk brown wood, very classy, $80. 443-824-4616.</p> <p>Yamaha GH1 baby grand piano, 5'2", just tuned, incls bench, in excel cond. $7,800. Sally, 443-900-1207.</p> <p>2010 Harley Davidson Ultra Classic, black, in excel cond, 10K mi, garage-kept, serious inquiries only. 443-846-6948 or</p> <p>York barbell and dumbbells, small-hole plates and collars, 200 lbs. $10. 443-804-1927 or</p> <p>High-end home theater: Marantz SR19, Marantz DV18, b&w DM605 (2), b&w DM601 (2), b&w LCR6, MIT terminator cables. $2,500. 410-638-9417 or</p> <p>Brooks Robinson 1966 jersey by Mitchell & Ness Authentic Cooperstown Replica Collection, size 54 (XXL), brand-new, still in pkg, $100/best offer; twin bed 4-poster frame and matching dresser, $100/best offer; high chair, in excel cond, $10; table saw, in good cond, $25. 410-207-2217.</p> <p>Full-size bed + mattress, $175; Ikea futon, $150; air conditioner, $100; dresser, $50; bookcase, more, in Charles Village opposite Chipotle.</p> <p>Beautiful California king bed w/wrought iron rope twist canopy and dresser (walnut/lt cherry, same pattern as bed), lg posts can be removed, bedframe, mattress, boxspring incl'd; dresser has two handles missing. $950.</p> <h4>SERVICES/ITEMS OFFERED OR WANTED</h4> <p>Seeking child care in Towson for several weeks this summer, 12-yr-old boy needs someone to drive him around and loosely supervise him, starting July 6. $15/hr. 410-825-0125.</p> <p>I have 25+ yrs providing copy editing, proofreading, research for books, publications, PR for Marketing, Communications, JHU GCPA, and Kimmel, avail for new, ongoing or yearly projects in other depts.</p> <p>PT child care wanted for 2 children in priv 2BR, 1BA, 2 blks from JHU, starting 8/15.</p> <p>Getting married? Why not hire a dog wedding attendant so your dog celebrates the big day with you. Lynn, 410-262-3434.</p> <p>Experienced FT Chinese teacher provides fun lessons/tutoring to all levels. $60/hr.</p> <p>Affordable and professional landscaper/certified horticulturist avail to maintain existing gardens, also designing, planting, masonry; free consultations. David, 410-683-7373 or</p> <p>Looking for part-time PRN for help at White Marsh outpatient clinic in the evenings or some Saturdays. Greg,</p> <p>Seeking housesitting position in Baltimore, single M, 27 yrs old, great refs, animal- and pet-friendly. Paul Akre, 262-490-0011 or</p> <p>Seeking progressive, engaging tutor of basic Arabic/Islamic traditions to two kindergarteners, 30-60 mins a wk nr Homewood campus. 617-372-4111.</p> Wed, 13 May 2015 09:00:00 -0400 Milestones <p><em>Note:</em> * These employees celebrated anniversaries in March or April and should have been included in that issue's list.</p> <h3>Academic and Cultural Centers</h3> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li>Galina Stolarsky, Jhpiego </li> </ul> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Wendy Queen, JHU Press</p></li> <li><p>Tiphanie Redmon, The Johns Hopkins Club</p></li> <li><p>Malcolm Wallace, JHU Press</p></li> </ul> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Michelle Burnette, Center for Talented Youth</p></li> <li><p>Edward Hinke, Center for Talented Youth</p></li> <li><p>Alisha Horowitz, Jhpiego</p></li> <li><p>Melissa House, Center for Talented Youth</p></li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Patrick Dobbs, The Johns Hopkins Club</p></li> <li><p>Rachel Favero, Jhpiego</p></li> <li><p>Janet Gilbert, JHU Press</p></li> <li><p>Corrin McBride Hunt, Center for Talented Youth</p></li> <li><p>Hannah Tappis, Jhpiego</p></li> <li><p>Janyelle Thomas, Center for Talented Youth</p></li> <li><p>Amber Wagner, Center for Talented Youth</p></li> <li><p>Patty Weber, JHU Press</p></li> </ul> <h3>Bloomberg School of Public Health</h3> <h4>40 years of service</h4> <ul> <li>David Fields, Facilities</li> </ul> <h4>30 years of service</h4> <ul> <li>Rhonda Skinner, International Health</li> </ul> <h4>25 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Jacqueline Bidinger, Epidemiology</p></li> <li><p>Clevetta Chandler, Epidemiology</p></li> <li><p>Patricia Crowley, Epidemiology</p></li> <li><p>Robin Lincoln, Molecular Microbiology and Immunology</p></li> </ul> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>George Alban Jr., Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Cynthia Barbre, Epidemiology</p></li> <li><p>Latrenya Hines, Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Ross McKenzie, Information Systems</p></li> <li><p>M Moessbauer, Graduate Education and Research</p></li> <li><p>Fitri Putjuk, Health, Behavior and Society</p></li> <li><p>Charles Stiller, Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Sharonann Wakefield, Health Policy and Management</p></li> </ul> <p>15 years of service</p> <ul> <li>Girlie Reyes, Epidemiology </li> </ul> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>David Broyles, Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Keith Johnson, Information Systems</p></li> <li><p>Lisa Lassiter, Master of Public Health</p></li> <li><p>Meredith Piplani, Molecular Microbiology and Immunology</p></li> <li><p>Chichona Powell, Environmental Health Sciences</p></li> <li><p>Akisha Price, Health Policy and Management</p></li> <li><p>Mary Thomas, Environmental Health Sciences</p></li> <li><p>Brian Whipkey, Information Systems</p></li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Stephen Fisher, Finance and Administration</p></li> <li><p>Kenneth Grebe, Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Naomi Johnson, Population, Family and Reproductive Health</p></li> <li><p>Judith Julien-Alexander, Office of the Dean</p></li> <li><p>Michelle Kaufman, Health, Behavior and Society</p></li> <li><p>Rachael McCleary, Health Policy and Management</p></li> <li><p>Kelly McDermott, Epidemiology</p></li> <li><p>Felicia Moore, Environmental Health Sciences</p></li> <li><p>Lisa Mwaikambo, Health, Behavior and Society</p></li> <li><p>Jason Smith, Finance and Administration</p></li> <li><p>Matthew Toepfner, Epidemiology</p></li> <li><p>Alicia Wentz, Epidemiology</p></li> <li><p>Hannah Williamson, Population, Family and Reproductive Health</p></li> <li><p>Shengbin Yang, Environmental Health Sciences</p></li> </ul> <h3>Carey Business School</h3> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li>Mervyn Warner, Office of Education</li> </ul> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li>Amanda Pflaumer, Software and Reporting Services </li> </ul> <h3>Homewood Student Affairs</h3> <h4>35 years of service</h4> <ul> <li>Robert Babb, Athletics and Recreation </li> </ul> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Jonathan Walter, Office of Dean of Students</p></li> <li><p>Paula Jones, IT Services</p></li> </ul> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li>David Pietramala, Athletics and Recreation </li> </ul> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Caroline Bright, Student Financial Services</p></li> <li><p>Scott Spencer, Office of Undergraduate Admissions</p></li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Whitney Taylor, Housing and Conference Services</p></li> <li><p>Krystle Wagemann, Career Center</p></li> </ul> <h3>Krieger School of Arts and Sciences</h3> <h4>30 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Mary Brewster, Chemistry</p></li> <li><p>Eugenia Goodwin, Chemistry</p></li> </ul> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Teresa Dannettel, Biology</p></li> <li><p>Carolyn Krause, Office of Pre-Professional Advising</p></li> </ul> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li>Rita Banz, Summer and Intersession Programs</li> </ul> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>David McCarter, Office of the Dean</p></li> <li><p>Donna Schriver, Biology</p></li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Ciarra Bell, Biology</p></li> <li><p>Richard Ercolani, Physics and Astronomy</p></li> <li><p>Diane Gilliam, Development</p></li> <li><p>Tara Hentgen, Physics and Astronomy</p></li> <li><p>Jeremy Johnson, Krieger Mind/Brain Institute</p></li> <li><p>Mieka Smart, Public Health</p></li> <li><p>James Wrabl, Biology</p></li> </ul> <h3>SAIS</h3> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Michael Berbano, Finance and Administration</p></li> <li><p>Katherine Brooks, Hopkins Nanjing Center Programs</p></li> <li><p>Mary Evans, Development and Alumni Affairs</p></li> </ul> <h3>School of Education</h3> <h4>25 years of service</h4> <ul> <li>Mary Bond, Center for Social Organization of Schools</li> </ul> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li>Guy Lucas, Talent Development Secondary</li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li>Rebecca Lange-Thernes, Center for Social Organization of Schools </li> </ul> <h3>School of Medicine</h3> <h4>45 years of service</h4> <ul> <li>Nancy Rossiter, Immunogenetics</li> </ul> <h4>40 years of service</h4> <ul> <li>Donna Lea, Radiology </li> </ul> <h4>35 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Susan Krout, Neurology</p></li> <li><p>Linda Welch, Gastroenterology</p></li> </ul> <h4>30 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Paula David, Neurology</p></li> <li><p>Anne Dulik, Cardiology</p></li> <li><p>Andy Mitchell, Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Thomas Mitchell, Endocrinology</p></li> <li><p>Laura Towns, Clinical Practice Association</p></li> </ul> <h4>25 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Patricia Carter, Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Carla Cooper, Neurology</p></li> <li><p>Stacey Cosentino, Finance Business Office</p></li> <li><p>Cynthia Green, Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p>Dianna Lake, Clinical Practice Association</p></li> </ul> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Chun Aye, Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Shang-En Chung, Pulmonary</p></li> <li><p>Evalyn Deinlein, Infectious Diseases</p></li> <li><p>Elizabeth Fisher, Immunogenetics</p></li> <li><p>Gladys Novak, Oncology</p></li> <li><p>Sherry Riley, Johns Hopkins Healthcare</p></li> </ul> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Paul Adams, Biomedical Engineering</p></li> <li><p>Mary Alford, Pediatrics</p></li> <li><p>Jennifer Axilbund, Oncology</p></li> <li><p>Anja Bieneman, Clinical Immunology</p></li> <li><p>Jill Calligan, Institute of Genetic Medicine</p></li> <li><p>Tenera Coates, Oncology</p></li> <li><p>Sheila Colvin, Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p>Patricia Daughtry, Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p>Juanita Foster, Pediatric Surgery</p></li> <li><p>Charlene Gunter, Research Animal Resources</p></li> <li><p>Teresa Mack, Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p>Carol Pfeffer, Art as Applied to Medicine</p></li> <li><p>Linda Post, Institute for Clinical Translational Research</p></li> <li><p>Lori Powers, Ophthalmology</p></li> <li><p>Gail Richter-Nelson, Orthopaedics</p></li> <li><p>Nimrod Tunstall, Ophthalmology</p></li> <li><p>Cheryl Turpin, Clinical Practice Association</p></li> </ul> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Elwood Armour, Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences</p></li> <li><p>Linda Bartock, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation</p></li> <li><p>Michael Bowers, Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences</p></li> <li><p>Khaleta Clark, Ophthalmology</p></li> <li><p>Dawn Coleman, Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p>Carolyn Demetrick, Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p>Victoriano Dinglas, Pulmonary</p></li> <li><p>David Dolan, Neurology</p></li> <li><p>Anna Ferguson, Oncology</p></li> <li><p>Karen Fisher, Pathology</p></li> <li><p>Benjamin Gibbs, Johns Hopkins Technology Transfer</p></li> <li><p>Dawn Hatcher, Hematology</p></li> <li><p>Cathy Hodges, Nephrology</p></li> <li><p>Andrea Holman, Ophthalmology</p></li> <li><p>Lisa Jones, Cardiology</p></li> <li><p>Nadine Kirkland, Human Resources</p></li> <li><p>Isabelle Massey, Fund for Johns Hopkins Medicine</p></li> <li><p>Allison Miller, Urology</p></li> <li><p>Richard Moxley, Neurology</p></li> <li><p>Paul Murray, Research Animal Resources</p></li> <li><p>Bisoondial Narine, Research Animal Resources</p></li> <li><p>Stephanie Nasatka, Institute for Clinical Translational Research</p></li> <li><p>Carolyn Paine, Oncology</p></li> <li><p>Doris Pendergrass, Pathology</p></li> <li><p>Jerome Pleasant, Research Animal Resources</p></li> <li><p>Josephine Shim, Pathology</p></li> <li><p>Erin Slater, Fund for Johns Hopkins Medicine</p></li> <li><p>Angela Temple, Emergency Medicine</p></li> <li><p>Marie Valerie Toure, Oncology</p></li> <li><p>Meredith Wallace, Research Animal Resources</p></li> <li><p>Kevin Williams, Radiology</p></li> <li><p>Antonio Wood, Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine</p></li> <li><p>Haiying Xu, Dermatology</p></li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Jessica Ameling, General Internal Medicine</p></li> <li><p>Charles Arthur, Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p>Fallon Bachman, Neurology</p></li> <li><p>Stacey Baldwin, Surgery</p></li> <li><p>Felicia Bartee-Rogers, Institute of Genetic Medicine</p></li> <li><p>Tammy Beckman, Oncology</p></li> <li><p>Nina Bingham, Emergency Medicine</p></li> <li><p>Amber Burke, Otolaryngology</p></li> <li><p>Johnnie Chatman, Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Deattre Clark, Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Stephanie Cohen, Fund for Johns Hopkins Medicine</p></li> <li><p>Aleisha Collinson-Streng, Pediatrics</p></li> <li><p>Shannon Conway, Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p>Stephen Culp, Cardiology</p></li> <li><p>Jenna Damron, Oncology</p></li> <li><p>Robin Dapp, Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p>Stephanie Diemer, Oncology</p></li> <li><p>Sandra Faulkner, Cardiology</p></li> <li><p>Shardai Gaines, Institute for Clinical Translational Research</p></li> <li><p>Justin Getka, Infectious Diseases</p></li> <li><p>Pamela Greenberg, Ophthalmology</p></li> <li><p>Kristin Gressitt, Pediatrics</p></li> <li><p>Loretta Hollifield, Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences</p></li> <li><p>Andrea Howard, Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Stanley Jackson, Research Animal Resources</p></li> <li><p>Catherine Kates, Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry</p></li> <li><p>Marianne Kistner, Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p>Janice Krasnow, Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p>Kendall Likes, Surgery</p></li> <li><p>April Maith, Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine</p></li> <li><p>Ryan Majkowski, Neurology</p></li> <li><p>Billie Masek, Emergency Medicine</p></li> <li><p>Tiffany McKinney, Radiology</p></li> <li><p>Anna Moes, Institute of Genetic Medicine</p></li> <li><p>Brittney Murray, Cardiology</p></li> <li><p>Saman Nekoovaght-Tak, Neurology</p></li> <li><p>Charles Novak, Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p>Erica Oglesby, Ophthalmology</p></li> <li><p>Aleksandra Ogurtsova, Dermatology</p></li> <li><p>Rebecca Ozl, Institute for Clinical Translational Research</p></li> <li><p>Jeffrey Quinn, Infectious Diseases</p></li> <li><p>Jacqueline Reed, Plastic Surgery</p></li> <li><p>Natalie Robertson, Hematology</p></li> <li><p>Jessica Roy, Pediatrics</p></li> <li><p>Daniel Ruthven, Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p>Mary Joy Schaefer, Oncology</p></li> <li><p>Barbara Simmons, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation</p></li> <li><p>Jessica Spielman, Research Administration</p></li> <li><p>Matthew Steinhart, Ophthalmology</p></li> <li><p>Susan Stokes, Pathology</p></li> <li><p>Christina Von Waldner, Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p>Gerald Walters, Radiology</p></li> <li><p>Michael Westman, Center for Functional Anatomy</p></li> <li><p>Christina Willig, Chairman's Office</p></li> <li><p>Megan Wonders, Ophthalmology</p></li> </ul> <h3>School of Nursing</h3> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li>Zipporah Gilchrist, Academic Affairs</li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Jennifer Snowden, Office of Development</p></li> <li><p>Sherrod Wilkerson, Financial Aid</p></li> </ul> <h3>Sheridan Libraries/JHU Museums</h3> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Michael Cole, Sheridan Libraries</p></li> <li><p>Oleg Tsygan, Sheridan Libraries</p></li> </ul> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li>Anita Norton, Sheridan Libraries</li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>David Kennedy, Sheridan Libraries</p></li> <li><p>Chellammal Vaidyanathan, Sheridan Libraries</p></li> </ul> <h3>University Administration</h3> <h4>45 years of service</h4> <ul> <li>Bernard Polley, Office of Chief Enterprise Technology Services</li> </ul> <h4>40 years of service</h4> <ul> <li>Deborah Hawkes, Controller</li> </ul> <h4>30 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Bobby Bateman Jr., Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Alison Wampler, Office of Vice Provost for Research</p></li> </ul> <h4>25 years of service</h4> <ul> <li>Dennis Gutowski, Facilities </li> </ul> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Cherina Cunningham, Benefits Administration and Shared Services</p></li> <li><p>Stanley Harris Jr., Office of Chief Enterprise Technology Services*</p></li> <li><p>Eric Holland, Facilities</p></li> <li><p>John Horne Sr., Homewood Campus Safety and Security Services</p></li> <li><p>Antonio Rodriguez, Supply Chain Shared Services</p></li> <li><p>Jeanne Santora, Controller*</p></li> <li><p>Daniel Sutherland, Office of Chief Networking Officer*</p></li> <li><p>Gregory Taylor, Supply Chain Shared Services</p></li> </ul> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>David Alexander, Vice President of Human Resources*</p></li> <li><p>Timothy Biggs, Enterprise Applications*</p></li> <li><p>Kenneth Blake, Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Jeffrey Brailsford, Office of Chief Networking Officer</p></li> <li><p>Louis Cavallaro, Controller*</p></li> <li><p>Sherri Flaks, Enterprise Applications</p></li> <li><p>Peter Godfrey, Office of Chief Networking Officer</p></li> <li><p>Thomas Kujawa Jr., Office of Chief Networking Officer*</p></li> <li><p>Stephen Lannon, Office of Chief Enterprise Technology Services</p></li> <li><p>Michael McCormick, Benefits Administration and Shared Services*</p></li> <li><p>Vicky Robinson, Facilities</p></li> </ul> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Alphonse Bankard III, Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Frank Barker, Office of Vice Provost Research</p></li> <li><p>Christopher Dax, Development and Alumni Relations*</p></li> <li><p>Samuel Dease, Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Matt Dragon, Enterprise Applications</p></li> <li><p>Sandra Edwards, Facilities*</p></li> <li><p>Renee Fischer, Development and Alumni Relations</p></li> <li><p>Kenneth Goodman Jr., Facilities*</p></li> <li><p>Stefanie Gregory, Office of the Vice President and General Counsel</p></li> <li><p>Scott Jonas, Controller</p></li> <li><p>Curtis Kennedy, Controller*</p></li> <li><p>Chad Kersey, Human Resources</p></li> <li><p>Rose Kinder, Office of Chief Networking Officer*</p></li> <li><p>Joan Kline, Johns Hopkins Real Estate</p></li> <li><p>Keith Litaker, Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Carolyn Mack, Vice President and General Counsel Administration</p></li> <li><p>Elizabeth Montgomery, Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Oise Mzee, Facilities*</p></li> <li><p>Mohammed Nadeem, Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Gary Smith, Homewood Campus Safety and Security Services</p></li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p>Koye Berry, Development and Alumni Relations</p></li> <li><p>Delvin Brown, Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Lyndon Burrell, Facilities*</p></li> <li><p>Kelly Bystry, Office of Chief Networking Officer</p></li> <li><p>Linda Daley-Atila, Vice Provost for Institutional Equity*</p></li> <li><p>Glenn Daniel, Facilities*</p></li> <li><p>Louis Danna Jr., Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Errol Dutton, Homewood Campus Safety and Security Services</p></li> <li><p>Neena Fuchs, Office of the Vice President and General Counsel</p></li> <li><p>Janice Fundis, Controller</p></li> <li><p>Glynis Goode, Facilities*</p></li> <li><p>Douglas Gorham, Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Helene Grady, Budget Office*</p></li> <li><p>Wilbert Hayes, Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Edward Kirk, Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Vanessa Logan, Development and Alumni Relations</p></li> <li><p>Jacalyn Macharsky, Controller</p></li> <li><p>Margaret Nock, Treasurer</p></li> <li><p>Christos Nikitaras, Office of Chief Enterprise Technology Services*</p></li> <li><p>Joshua Oleszcuk, Epic Information Technology</p></li> <li><p>Elvie Perry, Supply Chain Shared Services</p></li> <li><p>Philip Plencner, Development and Alumni Relations*</p></li> <li><p>Jameliah Randall, Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Rebecca Riddell, University Projects Administration*</p></li> <li><p>Anne Roderer, Facilities*</p></li> <li><p>Dean Threatte, Facilities*</p></li> <li><p>Walter Thomas Jr., Facilities</p></li> <li><p>Timothy Turner, Controller</p></li> <li><p>Joel Waddell Sr., Facilities*</p></li> </ul> <h3>Whiting School of Engineering</h3> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li>Dorothy Reagle, Materials Science and Engineering </li> </ul> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li>Gerald Bulkley, Engineering for Professionals </li> </ul> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li>Ruth Scally, Center for Language and Speech Processing</li> </ul>