Gazette The latest from the Gazette. Gazette Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Featured events <h5>March 7</h5> <p>The Hopkins Symphony Orchestra presents the Hubble-inspired <em>Cosmic Dust</em>, a piece it co-commissioned (see story, in the March/April issue of <em>The Gazette</em>), Ravel's <em>Mother Goose</em> Suite, and Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No. 3 in D minor. Clipper Erickson is the guest pianist; Jed Gaylin conducts. $12, $10 seniors, non-JHU students, and JHU faculty/staff/alums, free for JHU students; <a href=""></a>. 8 p.m. Shriver Hall, Homewood.</p> <h5>March 3</h5> <p>Author and architect Charles Belfoure will read from and discuss his debut novel, <em>The Paris Architect</em>, which takes place during the German occupation of France and centers on a successful architect who accepts a commission to build a hiding place for a wealthy Jew. 7 p.m., Barnes & Noble Johns Hopkins.</p> <h5>March 10</h5> <p>April Ryan, chief White House correspondent for American Urban Radio Networks, reads from her book <em>The Presidency in Black and White</em>, a look at race relations in America from her vantage point in the White House, her beat since 1997. 7 p.m. Barnes & Noble Johns Hopkins.</p> <h5>March 28</h5> <p>The start of spring brings the first session of a five-part gardening class presented by Gertrude's chef John Shields and farm manager Jon Carroll. Hands-on gardening workshops, cooking demonstrations, a chef's tour of the Waverly farmers' market, and a fall harvest luncheon at Gertrude's are planned. $110, $90 museum members; details and registration at 410-516-0341. 9:30 a.m. Evergreen Museum & Library.</p> <h5>March 31</h5> <p>Novelist, short story writer, and essayist Aleksander Hemon, author of <em>The Book of My Lives, The Question of Bruno, Nowhere Man, The Lazarus Project,</em> and <em>Love and Obstacles</em>, speaks as part of the President's Reading Series: <em>Literature of Social Import</em>. Hemon grew up in Sarajevo but has lived in the United States since his country came under siege in 1992 while he was visiting the U.S. as a tourist. 6:30 p.m. 26 Mudd, Homewood.</p> <h5>April 12</h5> <p>A concert titled "Around the World With the Pipe Organ" with John Walker pairs works by composers from different countries: Bach (Germany) and Fela Sowande (Nigeria), Franck (France) and Georgi Muschel (Russia), Paul Halley (England) and Jan Pieterszoon Sweeliinck (Holland). $15, $10, $5; tickets at 410-234-4800. 4 p.m. Leith Symington Griswold Hall, Peabody.</p> <h5>April 13</h5> <p>David Plouffe, a political strategist best known for his work with Barack Obama's presidential campaigns (and now senior vp for policy and strategy at Uber), speaks in the Foreign Affairs Symposium. He is the author of <em>The Audacity to Win: The Inside Story and Lessons of Barack Obama's Historic Victory</em>. 8 p.m. Shriver Hall, Homewood.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Peabody Dance leaps into its second century <p>When Peabody Dance celebrates its centennial March 26 to 29, it's not only marking 100 years of offering dance instruction at Peabody Preparatory, the community school for the performing arts housed at the Peabody Institute of the Johns Hopkins University. It's advancing its unique ability to provide young dancers with the tools to become creative artists.</p> <p>Collaborations have been part of Peabody Dance's process since its inception, and last summer students and faculty worked out ideas that will debut during the centennial weekend, which includes a conference, historical exhibition, films, and a pair of performances.</p> <p>The collaborative piece <em>Dear Mother</em> premieres that weekend, and some of its choreography grew out of Constance Dinapoli's intensive classes. Dinapoli, the artistic coordinator of contemporary dance at the Preparatory, asked her students to recall their earliest memory; maybe it was of walking, or falling, or laughing. She invited those students to consider how that memory made them feel, and how they might express that emotion with their bodies. "They made a short [physical] phrase that reflects that [emotion] in movement," Dinapoli says. "I looked at their movement, and I helped them arrange it into more of a dance phrase."</p> <p>Peabody Dance is one of the oldest dance training centers in the country, offering technical training in classical ballet and modern dance. Today, it also strives to give its students opportunities to work with other artists, not just learn from them. Melissa Stafford, its director, says that the first dance class that the Peabody Institute offered, in December 1914, was eurythmics, a way to teach musicians and music teachers about music through movement.</p> <p>That first class "put us on an innovative path and led to a collaborative production of <em>Orpheus and Eurydice</em> in 1922 that had 200 dancers, musicians, and singers," Stafford says.</p> <p>Ever since, Peabody Dance has embraced collaborative projects that bring student dancers into creative contact with not only dance professionals but musicians and visual artists—and the occasional scientist. Stafford mentions <em>The Chemical Ballet</em>, a 1939 collaboration between Carol Lynn and a Johns Hopkins University chemistry professor, Donald H. Andrews, in which dancers portrayed different chemicals and their reactions. (That was nearly 50 years before Peabody became a division of Johns Hopkins.) The dance was performed at the annual meeting of the American Chemical Society in Baltimore and was covered in the April 17, 1939, issue of <em>Life</em> magazine.</p> <p>Lynn brought this interest in collaboration with her when, in 1947, she was appointed Peabody Dance department chair, a position she held until 1970. She was an early proponent of filming performances, a practice she began during her summers as associate director of Jacob's Pillow Dance, the western Massachusetts center founded by dance pioneer Ted Shawn. Jacob's Pillow became a crucible for modern American dance—Alvin Ailey, Jack Cole, Martha Graham, and José Limón all trained or performed there—and Lynn rubbed shoulders with the dancers who passed through, such as revered ballet dancer and choreographer Antony Tudor, and invited them to Peabody.</p> <p>Lynn fostered Peabody's long-standing relationships with noted training centers and figures in American dance. Some dancers who trained with her as kids would return as teachers, among them Jane Ward Murray, who studied under George Balanchine, danced with a precursor company of New York City Ballet, and in 1947 joined the Peabody Dance faculty. Others—including modern dancer Dale Sehnert, Spanish dancer Maria Morales, and tap dancer Mary Jane Brown—helped launch new programs at Peabody.</p> <p>One of Lynn's and Sehnert's students was a young Baltimore girl named Martha Clarke, who matured into a seminal multidisciplinary artist who combined dance with elements of theater and music. And when Carol Bartlett, Peabody Dance director from 1988 until her death in 2012, was looking for a choreographer collaborator to create a program to celebrate the Peabody Institute's 2007 sesquicentennial, she invited Clarke to become Peabody Dance's first artist-in-residence.</p> <p>The collaborative showcase they created, <em>New Work</em>, included a piece set to music composed by Angel Lam, then a Peabody Conservatory doctoral student. Bartlett tapped Lam again for <em>Meander</em>, a 2008 collaboration between the choreographer, the composer, and MICA faculty artist Pat Alexander. Bartlett had this creative team in mind when she began planning in 2010 for Peabody Dance's centennial, but her death prevented that piece from progressing beyond the idea stage.</p> <p>When Dinapoli joined the faculty in 2013, she met with Alexander and Lam to carry on what they had started with Bartlett. And Dinapoli, a former Paul Taylor Dance Company member, comes from a similar creative mindset as Bartlett, who often created performances in collaboration with her students. "I care about making my studio a student-centered room, even my technique classes," Dinapoli says. "I want [students] to grow as artists as well as dancers. They have a voice, and I want to help develop their voice. It's a collaborative process, teacher-student. That is what life is like as a professional."</p> <p>These collaborative opportunities make Peabody Dance unique among training centers, Stafford says. "My brother and sister have professional dance careers, and we had world-class ballet training, but we never had the opportunity to become part of the collaborative process while still students," Stafford says. "Our students work with choreographers, répétiteurs, visual artists, composers, and musicians, and learn how artists negotiate the creative process. And that's something that's happened at Peabody from the very beginning."</p> <p><em>For a full schedule of Peabody Dance centennial events, go to <a href=""></a>.</em></p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Star-struck: Hubble telescope inspires symphony <p>When the space shuttle <em>Discovery</em> lifted off from Kennedy Space Center on April 24, 1990, many things weren't around that are today: a commercial Internet, smartphones, Justin Bieber. We also didn't know a single planet outside our Milky Way solar system (today, astronomers have identified thousands). We didn't know how old the universe was (about 13 billion to 14 billion years, turns out). And we didn't know that flattened disks of gas and space dust form the building blocks of everything—planets, matter, us.</p> <p>Those scientific clarifications and findings are in part or whole thanks to the Hubble Space Telescope, which <em>Discovery</em> placed in orbit.</p> <p>Two upcoming concerts celebrate Hubble's 25th anniversary this year with music pieces inspired by the telescope's discoveries and by human drive that seeks to know more. On March 7, Jed Gaylin leads the Hopkins Symphony Orchestra through Los Angeles–based composer Russell Steinberg's <em>Cosmic Dust</em> at Homewood's Shriver Hall in a program that includes Ravel's <em>Mother Goose</em> Suite and Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No. 3 in D Minor with soloist Clipper Erickson. And on March 29, <em>To See the Stars</em>, a multimedia song cycle composed by Fay Chiao, a DMA composition student at the Peabody Institute, will be debuted at the Maryland Science Center's Davis Planetarium.</p> <p>Humans have always been inspired by the heavens, but "what has become more powerful with modern science is that we now actually know for a fact that we literally are stardust, that all of the elements that are in our bodies were forged in the nuclear furnace of stars," says Mario Livio, a senior astrophysicist at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which operates Hubble, during an interview in his office on Johns Hopkins' Homewood campus. Livio, who was joined for the interview by HSO music director Jed Gaylin, will give a talk about the science of stars before the March 7 HSO concert, and he points out that artists have been inspired by space for centuries, and that elements of mythology have been mapped onto the sky.</p> <p>"When the universe started, there were only hydrogen, helium, and a trace of light elements," Livio continues. "All the other elements, including everything that is in us—carbon, iron, oxygen—were formed inside of some stars. And when those stars die, they either explode or eject their layers, and those materials are returned into interstellar medium, and new stars and planets and humans form from those."</p> <p>Understanding this origin of everything initially inspired Steinberg to compose <em>Cosmic Dust</em>. He had heard a rabbi speak about death, pointing out that because we say "ashes to ashes, dust to dust" at burials, we might assume it means returning to the earth. "But he said the idea of dust is about our origins; it's about coming into contact with what we've always been—stars," Steinberg says by phone. "And when he said that, it just clicked for me about how profound those Hubble images have been."</p> <p><em>Cosmic Dust</em> debuted last year in Los Angeles in a performance by the New West Symphony, which had commissioned it along with the HSO and the Bay-Atlantic Symphony. Steinberg considers it a 14-minute symphony that evokes our fascination with the cosmos, and its performance is paired with images of space, many of which come from Hubble. "I think what's so profound about this realization that we're part of [the cosmos] is one of the reasons I believe we're so infatuated with the work the Hubble has done," Steinberg says, adding that when he looked over the list of projects associated with Hubble, he was struck by how many of them pursue some human connection.</p> <p>"Like the search for exoplanets," he says. "What are we looking for? We're not looking for any types of rocks. We're looking for rocks that could support life, that could hold human beings in the future. We're looking for a human connection to something that's so outside our regular understanding of time that it almost makes us cower it's so powerful. We're trying to find a way that we can really connect this with our humanity."</p> <p>Exploring that emotional connection with the unfathomable is one way that art complements scientific discovery. "To me, scientists and artists try to do the same thing but from a very different perspective," Livio says. "For scientists, it is to understand why and how things work. Artists try to give their emotional response to the same things that scientists do."</p> <p>Gaylin agrees. "Creativity, whether in art or in science, involves a fierce dedication, a pushing and pushing and pushing," he says. "That kind of perseverance, that kind of willingness to fail in the arts and sciences is part of what it is. It reminds me of that line attributed to [pianist and Peabody faculty member] Leon Fleisher about Leonard Bernstein—he brought you to the edge of the abyss and sometimes you fell in there with him, but didn't you want to know what it looked like?"</p> <p>The human curiosity to see what's in the abyss or the outer reaches of the universe is what inspired Chiao. Her <em>To See the Stars</em> is a celebration of the coordinated human labor behind Hubble, the drive to seek answers to new questions. Last year she had the chance to interview a number of people who work on Hubble, including Holland Ford, a professor in the Johns Hopkins Department of Physics and Astronomy and an astronomer at the Space Telescope Science Institute; and Ken Sembach, the mission head of Hubble, and she was struck by their common sense of purpose.</p> <p>"Each one of them really talked about how they go into work every day with a strong sense of mission," Chiao says. "That really inspired me, this sense of being part of this huge endeavor dedicated to study beyond what we already know. I latched onto this aspiration: What compels people to look at a body of knowledge, to understand that there are questions that can't be answered in their lifetime, and to say, I'm going to go for it anyway"?</p> <p>Chiao tapped a number of her Johns Hopkins peers for <em>To See the Stars</em>. The libretto was penned by Dara Weinberg, who received an MFA from the Krieger School's Writing Seminars, and will be performed by the Lunar Ensemble, the Baltimore-based new music group co-founded by, and filled out with, Peabody alumni, graduate students, and faculty members. The roughly 45-minute piece is divided into two parts with an instrumental interlude, a structure Chia says is somewhat informed by how technological advances, such as Hubble, catalyze huge jumps in knowledge.</p> <p>Those huge jumps come about through human labor, and gaining an understanding of the mammoth collaboration that went into starting and sustaining Hubble left an impression on Chiao. She says that during her interviews, she asked Sembach if working on Hubble prevented him from pursuing more of his own research. "And he said, 'Yeah, but I don't mind that I publish less papers if this can succeed,'" she says. "That really inspired me, so I wanted to try to contribute to their mission in my own way."</p> <p>And for Livio, the public accessibility of Hubble makes it unique among science experiments. For 25 years now, the telescope has captured images that reach and captivate the lay person, providing the opportunity to appreciate the epic human achievement behind our tiny place in time. "We have learned in some sense that our physical existence is very small," Livio says. "We live on a rather small planet around a rather ordinary star in an ordinary galaxy. And with Hubble we now know, even in just the observable universe, there are hundreds of billions of galaxies like ours.</p> <p>"So in physical terms we appear to be insignificant, but in terms of what we have learned, our knowledge has basically expanded just as fast as we say our universe expanded," Livio continues. "Before we discovered that we are on this small planet, we didn't know any of that—everything I just told you is a discovery of humans. That puts us in a different perspective. Physically, we're not that important, but from an intellectual perspective, we are very important because we know all this—we have learned all of this."</p> <p><em>The HSO performs</em> Cosmic Dust <em>twice at Homewood's Shriver Hall: at 8 p.m. on March 7 and at 3 p.m. on March 8 in the free 22nd Annual Concert for Children and Families. The Lunar Ensemble performs</em> To See the Stars <em>twice on March 29 at the Maryland Science Center—at 4 p.m. (general admission) and 7 p.m. (RSVP only); more information at <a href=""></a>.</em></p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Home, sweet home: Johns Hopkins baseball team returns to campus <p>There was no home field advantage for the Johns Hopkins baseball team last year. The Blue Jays had no home field. A modern stadium was under construction on the site of the field the team had used for decades.</p> <p>"We practiced in the gym, and all of our games were road games," says Coach Bob Babb, now in his 36th year of managing Blue Jays baseball.</p> <p>Returning sophomore shortstop Conor Reynolds—a Loyola High School graduate who worked off-season to improve his batting eye, hoping not to let so many fastballs go by—adds, "Not many of our fans came to see us last year because games were always played away."</p> <p>The year ended in a respectable but disappointing 22 wins and 18 losses in the Centennial Conference, one of the Blue Jays' poorer performances under Babb since he began running the team in 1980. But all has changed for the 2015 season. When the team takes its positions on Feb. 24 for the home opener against Alvernia of Reading, Pennsylvania, it will stand proud on Babb Field, part of a spanking new $5 million baseball complex known as Stromberg Stadium.</p> <p>(Part of the facility is a 20-foot net extending above the right field fence to stop well-hit balls—likely to be launched by seniors Colin McCarthy, Craig Hoelzer, and Chris Casey—before they land on University Parkway.)</p> <p>"It's now one of the top college venues in the country—designed strictly for baseball. The whole team is excited," says Babb, noting that most of the starting pitching staff is returning, along with the entire infield from last year.</p> <p>"All we have to do to win this year is play to our ability," he says. "No team in the league has the depth we have."</p> <p>Bill Stromberg, Class of 1981—the first JHU player to be inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame—led the drive to build the stadium and was keen to keep the field on the Homewood campus. Babb coached Stromberg in both baseball and football.</p> <p>"I thought my advocacy and some money would drive the project forward," says Stromberg, the head of equity at T. Rowe Price. "I told them I had money to help whether the new field was on campus or off campus, but I had more money if it stayed on."</p> <p>Babb says he believes that the 2015 pitching staff is the best he's coached in nearly four decades.</p> <p>"We have four starting right-handers, each of them between 6'3" and 6'6", and all of them throw hard," says Babb, referencing senior Jake Enterlin and juniors Carter Burns, Trevor Williams, and Colin Friedman. "Three of the four bullpen pitchers from last year are also coming back."</p> <p>"Our starting rotation will be our strength," agrees Reynolds, who admits to having been "nervous" his first year, though recognized by Babb as the team's best freshman in 2014.</p> <p>Especially unfortunate last year, says the shortstop, "was a lot of one-run games we lost."</p> <p>The Blue Jays' biggest competition in 2015, says Babb, will be Haverford, which last year won the Centennial Conference. Hopkins, which has captured the conference title a dozen times under Babb, meets the Haverford Fords away on March 28 for a doubleheader.</p> <p>A highlight from the challenge of last year was Coach Babb's 1,000 career baseball win for JHU, a victory over St. Joseph of Long Island on March 20.</p> <p>Typically, Babb spread the praise and credit around—thanking assistant coaches, players, and parents willing to be part of "the Hopkins way"—but Bill Stromberg sees it through the eyes of a guy who played his heart out for the coach.</p> <p>"Bob has done an enormous amount for me and others like me over a long period of time," says Stromberg.</p> <p>"The biggest thing I've taken away from my years with Bob is do whatever you do with enthusiasm and a desire to compete at the highest level," he says. "He is quietly very competitive and encourages everybody to run their life that way."</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Cheers <h4>Bloomberg School of Public Health</h4> <p><strong>Susan Baker,</strong> a professor in Health Policy and Management, has received the first Pioneer Award from the Injury Free Coalition for Kids. The award was created to honor an individual in the field of injury prevention who "blazes trails where there have been none, one who does not remain silent when needs are not met." Baker was the first director of Johns Hopkins' Center for Injury Research and Policy, and has joint appointments in Environmental Health Sciences in the Bloomberg School and Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine in the School of Medicine.</p> <p><strong>Robert W. Blum,</strong> the William H. Gates Sr. Professor and chair of the Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, received the Martha May Eliot Award at the American Public Health Association's 142nd Annual Meeting and Exposition. The award honors "extraordinary health service to mothers and children."</p> <p><strong>Renan Castillo</strong> has been promoted to associate professor in the Department of Health Policy and Management.</p> <p><strong>Daniela Drummond–Barbosa,</strong> an associate professor in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, was elected a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.</p> <p><strong>D.A. Henderson,</strong> dean emeritus, received the Prince Mahidol Award from the Prince Mahidol Award Foundation. The award is given in two categories—Medicine and Public Health—and the winner in each receives a medal, a certificate, and $100,000. The international award was established by royal permission in honor of His Royal Highness Prince Mahidol of Songkla, Thailand.</p> <p><strong>Joanne Katz,</strong> a professor and associate chair of International Health, was awarded one of two Data for Life Prizes from CappSci. Katz will use her $50,000 prize money to study the use of portable ultrasound for expectant mothers in rural Nepal.</p> <p><strong>Yenny Webb-Vargas,</strong> a graduate student in Biostatistics, received a 2015 Student Paper Competition award from the American Statistical Association's Survey Research Methods, Government Statistics, and Social Statistics sections. Webb-Vargas will present her paper at the ASA's Joint Statistical Meetings, to be held in Seattle in August.</p> <h4>Johns Hopkins Medicine International</h4> <p><strong>Pamela Paulk</strong> has been named president of Johns Hopkins Medicine International, effective March 1. She most recently served as senior vice president of human resources for Johns Hopkins Medicine and the Johns Hopkins Health System. During the early period of JHI's formation, Paulk, then vice president of HR for the Johns Hopkins Hospital and Health System, served as vice president of global services for JHI, leading the team to identify new collaborations. Over the past 17 years, the organization has entered into more than 50 collaborations in nearly every region of the world. These collaborations are designed to leverage Johns Hopkins' expertise in medicine, nursing, public health, medical education, research, and health care administration while tailoring the knowledge to local needs and culture in a way that advances health care in the region. Before joining Johns Hopkins in 1998, Paulk held various leadership and consulting positions in the areas of health care administration and business development. She holds an MBA from Johns Hopkins and a master's degree in social work and a bachelor's degree in science from Florida State University.</p> <h4>Krieger School of Arts and Sciences</h4> <p><strong>David E. Kaplan,</strong> a professor of physics and astronomy, a theoretical particle physicist, and a documentary producer, received a 2015 Alfred I. duPont–Columbia University Award in Journalism for his contributions to the production of <em>Particle Fever</em>, a feature-length documentary about the identification of the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider near Geneva in 2012.</p> <p><strong>Stephen G. Nichols,</strong> the James M. Beall Professor Emeritus of French and Humanities, has been awarded a Humboldt Research Award by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation. Recipients are invited to spend up to one year cooperating on a long-term research project with specialist colleagues at a research institution in Germany. Nichols is studying medieval manuscript holdings at the Free University of Berlin and throughout Germany.</p> <p><em>Ayya's Accounts: A Ledger of Hope in Modern India</em> by <strong>Anand Pandian,</strong> an associate professor of anthropology, received second place in the annual juried competition for the Victor Turner Prize in Ethnographic Writing. The award was presented in December at the annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association in Washington, D.C. Co-authored with his grandfather M.P. Mariappan, whom he calls Ayya, the book depicts a century of change in modern India.</p> <h4>Multidisciplinary</h4> <p><strong>Johns Hopkins</strong> has been recognized by the Corporation for National and Community Service for its role in addressing community challenges through service. The President's Higher Education Community Service Honor Roll, launched in 2006, annually recognizes hundreds of institutions of higher education that reflect the values of exemplary community service and achieve meaningful, measurable outcomes. Johns Hopkins was recognized for the first time this year in the General Community Service category. In its application for recognition, the university highlighted its Community Impact Internships Program, which pairs undergraduates with community-focused nonprofits and social service agencies; the Tutorial Project, in which student volunteers provide tutoring in reading and math to Baltimore City elementary school students; and the Student Outreach Resource Center's Service Scholars Program, which gives students an opportunity to make a long-term commitment to a Baltimore community organization. The Community Impact Internships Program and Tutorial Project operate under the auspices of Homewood's Center for Social Concern. SOURCE runs volunteer programs on the East Baltimore campus.</p> <h4>Peabody Institute</h4> <p>Washington's <em>City Paper</em> named Washington Renaissance Orchestra, led by jazz faculty artist <strong>Nasar Abadey,</strong> as the Best Large Ensemble.</p> <p>Faculty artist <strong>Leon Fleisher</strong>'s CD <em>All The Things You Are</em> was named one of NPR's 50 Favorite Albums of 2014.</p> <p>Two CDs featuring faculty artist <strong>Michael Formanek,</strong> <em>Thumbscrew</em> and <em>Palo Colorado Dream</em>, were listed on's Best of 2014 list of Favorite Jazz Albums. The Thumbscrew trio's self-titled CD was also No. 21 on the 2014 NPR Music Jazz Critics Poll and <em>The Wire</em>'s Top 50 Albums of 2014, noteworthy because few jazz recordings are on this list of all genres.</p> <p>Faculty artist <strong>Joel Puckett</strong> was commissioned to write an opera for the Minnesota Opera as part of its New Works Initiative. <em>The Black Sox Scandal</em> will premiere as part of the opera company's 2018–19 season.</p> <p>The Minnesota Opera in March will stage the premiere of <em>The Manchurian Candidate</em> by faculty artist <strong>Kevin Puts,</strong> supported by a $75,000 National Endowment for the Arts grant.</p> <h4>SAIS</h4> <p><strong>Daniel S. Markey</strong> has been appointed academic director of the new Master of Arts in Global Policy Program, which blends theory and practice in a 16-month program that allows rising professionals to immediately apply knowledge from the classroom to their workplace. Markey was formerly the senior fellow for India, Pakistan, and South Asia at the Council on Foreign Relations.</p> <h4>School of Medicine</h4> <p><strong>Julie Brahmer,</strong> an associate professor of oncology and an expert in the use of immunotherapies to treat lung cancer, has been named director of the Thoracic Oncology Program at the Kimmel Cancer Center, where she will lead a multidisciplinary team developing new treatments for lung and esophageal cancer and mesothelioma. She also will oversee a $35 million investment in the program and the opening of the new Thoracic Center of Excellence at Bayview Medical Center, as well as laboratory research and clinical trials. Brahmer has been a faculty member at Johns Hopkins since 2001 and is the author of more than 90 scholarly articles and book chapters. She is an active leader in national efforts to drive and support better research and treatment for lung cancer.</p> <p><strong>Steven Cohen,</strong> an associate professor of anesthesiology and critical care medicine and director of medical education for the Pain Management Division, has received the 2014 Donlin M. Long Award for advancing the standards of pain care. The award, administered by the school's Blaustein Pain Research Fund, is named for the director of the Department of Neurosurgery, from 1973 to 2000, who is internationally acclaimed for his research in, and innovative treatments for, chronic pain.</p> <p><strong>Catherine D. DeAngelis,</strong> a Distinguished Service Professor Emerita and former <em>JAMA</em> editor, will receive the American Pediatric Society's 2015 Howland Medal, one of the highest awards in pediatric medicine, given annually for distinguished service in the field as a whole. Also a professor emerita of pediatrics, as well as of health policy and management in the Bloomberg School of Public Health, DeAngelis has received seven honorary degrees and numerous awards for humanitarianism and medical excellence, including a lifetime achievement award from the American Association of Medical Colleges.</p> <p><strong>Ziya Gokaslan,</strong> a professor of neurosurgery, orthopedic surgery, and oncology; vice director of the Department of Neurosurgery; and head of the Neurosurgical Spine Center, has received the North American Spine Society's 2014 Leon Wiltse Award, which recognizes excellence in leadership and/or clinical research in spine care. Gokaslan is recognized worldwide as an innovative expert in the surgical treatment of spinal column, spinal cord, and sacral tumors, and as a prolific researcher whose hundreds of published papers and lectures have helped define spinal oncology as a distinct subspecialty.</p> <p><strong>Felicia Hill-Briggs,</strong> an associate professor in the Department of Medicine, will serve as an at-large board member for the American Diabetes Association for 2015. Hill-Briggs is a core faculty member of the Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research.</p> <p><strong>Elizabeth Jaffee,</strong> a pioneer in the field of vaccine therapy for pancreatic cancer and an internationally recognized leader in immunology research, has been appointed deputy director of the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center. Jaffee, the Dana and Albert "Cubby" Broccoli Professor of Oncology, has been a faculty member since 1992. She succeeds Stephen Baylin, the Virginia and D.K. Ludwig Professor for Cancer Research, who is stepping down as deputy director after a decade in the post, and who will return to his full-time research role and his position as director of the Division of Cancer Biology. Jaffee also co-directs the Skip Viragh Center for Pancreatic Cancer and is associate director for translational research and co-director of the Immunology Program in the Kimmel Cancer Center, and deputy director of the Clinical and Translational Research Institute for the School of Medicine. She is a member of the National Cancer Institute's national cancer advisory board and of the American Association for Cancer Research's board of directors.</p> <p><strong>Nagi Khouri,</strong> an internationally recognized leader in breast imaging who introduced image-guided breast biopsies in Maryland, has been named the inaugural Carol Ann Flanagan Professor in Breast Imaging in the Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences.</p> <p><strong>Thomas Koenig,</strong> an assistant professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences and associate dean for student affairs, has been elected vice chair of the Association of American Medical Colleges' Group on Student Affairs. Election by his peers to this post begins a five-year succession of leadership roles that will include the chairmanship of the group, which is the largest professional development body for medical student affairs officers in the country.</p> <p><strong>Marikki Laiho,</strong> a professor of radiation oncology, molecular radiation sciences, and oncology, and chief of the Division of Molecular Radiation Sciences, is one of 11 physician/scientists in the nation to receive a 2014 Harrington Scholar–Innovator Grant worth at least $100,000 annually over a two-year period. The grant from the Harrington Discovery Institute at the University Hospitals Case Medical Center in Cleveland will enable Laiho to pursue her groundbreaking research on the relevance and implications of cellular DNA damage due to cancer and help her apply her findings to clinical care.</p> <p><strong>Elizabeth Nance,</strong> a postdoctoral student in Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, was named by <em>Forbes</em> to its 30 Under 30 list of the top scientists and health care entrepreneurs who are "bringing physics to medicine, discovering new planets, and deciphering the genomes of humans and other organisms." Nance is developing nanoparticles that can penetrate the blood-brain barrier, with the goal of treating brain diseases in humans as young as newborn babies.</p> <p><strong>David Roth,</strong> a professor of geriatric medicine and gerontology and director of the Johns Hopkins Center on Aging and Health, has been named the principal investigator at the new Johns Hopkins Roybal Center. Part of the congressionally authorized Edward R. Roybal Centers for Research on Applied Gerontology, the Johns Hopkins center was created with a five-year $1.8 million grant from the National Institute on Aging.</p> <p><strong>James Segars</strong> has joined Johns Hopkins as the inaugural professor and director of Reproductive Science and Women's Health Research, a newly established division of the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Previously, he was head of the Unit on Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Segars is an internationally recognized leader in reproductive endocrinology and infertility whose research focuses on identifying proteins that modify, mediate, and augment estrogen action in reproductive tissues and on clarifying clinical disorders contributing to infertility in women.</p> <p><strong>Lillian Shockney,</strong> Distinguished Service Assistant Professor of Breast Cancer and administrative director of both the Johns Hopkins Breast Cancer Center and Johns Hopkins Cancer Survivorship programs, has received the National Coalition for Cancer Survivorship's 2014 Catherine Logan Award for Service to Survivorship. Named for the NCCS' founder, the award recognizes individuals who work for cancer survivors at the grassroots level.</p> <h4>School of Nursing</h4> <p><strong>Laura Gitlin,</strong> a professor in Community-Public Health, is the recipient of the M. Powell Lawton Award from the Gerontological Society of America, the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging. An applied research sociologist, Gitlin is internationally recognized for nonpharmacological approaches in dementia care, family caregiving, functional disability, and aging in place. She is founding director of the school's Center for Innovative Care in Aging and has joint appointments in the School of Medicine's Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and Division of Geriatrics and Gerontology.</p> <h4>Sheridan Libraries</h4> <p><strong>Jennifer Hill,</strong> a distance education librarian and electronic resources manager, presented "A Tree in the Forest: Using Tried-and-True Assessment Methods From Other Industries" at the Association of College & Research Libraries 2015 meeting in Portland, Oregon.</p> <p><strong>Lei Pei,</strong> Andrew W. Mellon Postdoctoral Research Fellow in the Heritage Science for Conservation Program, presented on his work using chemical vapor deposition to strengthen brittle cultural heritage papers at the annual meeting of the American Chemical Society in Denver.</p> <p><strong>Tamsyn Rose-Steel,</strong> CLIR/Mellon Fellow in medieval data curation and a member of the Digital Research and Curation Center, has been awarded a Mellon Foundation microgrant to develop a pedagogical hub for medieval studies. Called Apricot (A Peer-Reviewed Interdisciplinary Collection of Objects for Teaching), it will be a forum where instructors can exchange teaching materials and provide feedback to one another. The site is being designed to give instructors access to metrics on the use of their material that may be relevant for job applications and tenure committees. A proof-of-concept site is scheduled to be launched in June.</p> <h4>Whiting School of Engineering</h4> <p><strong>Amitabh Basu,</strong> an assistant professor in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, and <strong>Jaafar El-Awady,</strong> an assistant professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, have been awarded prestigious National Science Foundation Career awards, which recognize the highest level of excellence in early-stage researchers. The five-year award will support Basu's efforts to break new ground in the fundamentals of discrete optimization, which provides solution methods for solving large-scale decision-making problems where a combination of discrete and non-discrete choices have to be made to optimize an objective, like minimizing costs or maximizing profits. El-Awady's five-year grant will support his research into the underlying deformation mechanism in materials. As founder of the school's Computational and Experimental Materials Engineering Laboratory, he strives to enhance the field of "materials of design" by moving from empirical, trial-and-error development techniques to a combination of state-of-the-art multiscale computational methods and experimental techniques that streamline the process of developing reliable materials with superior performance.</p> <p>Sharon Gerecht, an associate professor in Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, has received an American Heart Association Established Investigator Award.
The five-year grant supports midcareer investigators with "unusual promise" and "an established track record of accomplishments" who have demonstrated commitment to cardiovascular or cerebrovascular science. Gerecht has also been named Johns Hopkins' first Kent Gordon Croft Investment Management Faculty Scholar. The award provides select faculty with flexible financial support over three years to promote their innovative research, teaching activities, and entrepreneurial thinking. A pioneer in her field, Gerecht is the first investigator to regulate tissue morphogenesis in a completely synthetic biomaterial, and her development of a new class of oxygen-controlling hydrogels has potential applications ranging from energy to biomedical uses.</p> <p>Evan Ma, a professor of materials science and engineering, has been selected by the Materials Research Society as an MRS Fellow, a title given to select society members to recognize their distinguished research accomplishments and outstanding contributions to the field of materials science. Ma was selected for his contributions to the advancement of metastable alloys, in particular, the foundational understanding of atomic-level structure and structure-property relations in metallic glasses, and the deformation behavior of nanostructured metals and alloys.</p> <p>Vicky Nguyen, an associate professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, has been selected by the ASME's Applied Mechanics Division as the recipient of the 2015 Thomas J.R. Hughes Young Investigator Award. The award, which includes a medal, a plaque, and an honorarium, recognizes researchers under the age of 40 who have made special achievements in applied mechanics. </p> <p>Sri Sarma, an assistant professor of biomedical engineering in the Institute of Computational Medicine, has been awarded the 2014 Krishna Kumar Young Investigator Award by the North American Neuromodulation Society. Sarma accepted the award in December at the society's 18th annual meeting in Las Vegas, where she delivered the Krishna Kumar Memorial Lecture titled "On the Therapeutic Mechanisms of Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson's Disease: Why High Frequency?"</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Johns Hopkins has role in new Ken Burns cancer documentary <p>Cancer comes in many forms, and it doesn't discriminate. White, black, young or old. Abnormal cells grow inside you, out of control and at the wrong time and place. The disease can spread slowly or swiftly, and wantonly kill. It's the second-leading cause of death in the United States and touches nearly every family.</p> <p>Throughout recorded history, mankind has confronted the disease that derives its name from the Greek word for crab. Today, the struggle continues, but decades worth of breakthroughs have brought hope and promise to millions. Some believe we're on the cusp of a cure as we begin to unravel the causes of cancer at the cellular and genetic levels.</p> <p>The multihued story of cancer—from its ancient roots to the latest in gene therapy and immunotherapy, and all the discoveries and setbacks in between—will be told in an upcoming three-part, six-hour PBS documentary series executive produced by Ken Burns and directed by Emmy Award–winning filmmaker and writer Barak Goodman. The series, <em>Cancer: The Emperor of All Maladies</em>, is based on the Pulitzer Prize–winning book of the same name by Siddhartha Mukherjee, a cancer specialist at Columbia University. It premieres on Monday, March 30, on PBS affiliates, and will be shown over three consecutive nights.</p> <p>The series will weave in the historical narrative of cancer, from the time of the pharaohs, to the "war on cancer" unofficially launched with the National Cancer Act of 1971, to the present day.</p> <p>For the segments that focus on patients' stories, the production team filmed primarily at the Johns Hopkins Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center and the Charleston (West Virginia) Area Medical Center. Film crews, which arrived in Maryland just after Hurricane Sandy hit the area, embedded themselves at the Kimmel Center for 18 months to document the hopeful and sometimes heartbreaking narratives of its patients, clinicians, scientists, and staff.</p> <p>The documentary team filmed in various locations at Johns Hopkins, including the Kimmel Center's Pancreas Multidisciplinary Cancer Clinic, the Lung Cancer Program at Bayview Medical Center, and the pediatric oncology wing of the Charlotte R. Bloomberg Children's Center. They interviewed patients newly diagnosed and those going through clinical trials, palliative care programs, marrow transplants, and myriad therapies.</p> <p>Goodman says his chief aim for the series was to give people hope, and lay bare a disease where progress is being made, despite the many challenges. "We're at a tremendous moment in this story of cancer, as we're on the threshold of huge breakthroughs," he says. "Everyone we spoke with was an optimist."</p> <p>Goodman says the production team chose Johns Hopkins because it wanted a leading, cutting-edge hospital on the forefront of cancer treatment and research. Johns Hopkins also has valued experience with film crews, he says, as it was the location for two ABC documentaries, <em>Hopkins 24/7</em> (2000) and its sequel, <em>Hopkins</em> (2008).</p> <p>By embedding crews for such an extended time, Goodman says, the film team was able to follow and complete many story arcs, and provide a more insightful and honest portrayal of care.</p> <p>Patrick Brown, an associate professor of pediatric oncology at the School of Medicine and director of the Kimmel Center's Pediatric Leukemia Program, says that camera crews spent months around his unit, and that he was frequently filmed on rounds when he would talk with patients and their family members. In the trailer for the series, Brown visits a child to deliver news that her kidney tumor has been significantly reduced thanks to recent chemotherapy treatments. The dramatic before-and-after X-ray images he shows her of the tumor lead to claps of joy from her mother, sitting at her bedside.</p> <p>Brown says he initially had reservations about the intrusion of cameras into such personal moments.</p> <p>"I was a bit nervous. I thought the crews could be obstacles or somehow get in the way of us doing our job well," he says. "But [the production team] was amazing and as unobtrusive as possible. Eventually, you get used to their presence and feel less self-conscious as you get to know the people telling the story."</p> <p>Brown says the cameras captured him in light moments with his patients, and during tough conversations with those in dire situations. He says he hopes viewers will see both how far medicine has come in dealing with cancer and how far we need to go.</p> <p>"We're on the cusp of making major strides," says Brown, who joined Johns Hopkins as a resident 16 years ago. "There's been this explosion of scientific knowledge that has translated to better treatment. But the job is certainly not over. I think there's value in getting this information out to the public."</p> <p>The crews were given nearly full access, though they had to respect the patients' and caregivers' wishes if they didn't want to be filmed at a particular time.</p> <p>William Nelson, the Marion I. Knott Director and Professor of Oncology at the School of Medicine and director of the Kimmel Center, says that Johns Hopkins agreed to be part of the project because it believed in the message and trusted the filmmakers.</p> <p>"WETA and Ken Burns are a long-standing quality outfit that produces very high-quality and thoughtful documentaries. We were very impressed with the aspirations of the filmmakers to make this be an educational tool," Nelson says. "Hopefully, the series will go some way to alleviate some of the fears of diagnosis and demystify the disease more."</p> <p>Nelson says cancer treatment has changed dramatically over the past decade. Only a few years ago, he says, the research focused on drugs that killed cancer cells and hopefully didn't hurt the patient too much.</p> <p>"But now we're in an era of medications that we know more about, such as who they should work for, and who they won't," he says. "You just have to look at the pioneering work of Bert Vogelstein and Ken Kinzler, who are looking into the genetic roots of cancer, to see how far we've come."</p> <p>Nelson, who was not filmed in the series, says that he's certain the show will provoke much thought and emotion, and show off the critical role of the caregiver.</p> <p>"When you hear 'you have cancer,' people are jolted," he says. "It starts an emotional journey for them, and they are scared to death. But as physicians, this puts us in a position to be a caregiver in the purest sense," Nelson says. "What makes you a good cancer doctor is that you enter into a relationship, although at times the situation can seem overwhelming. For us, success is not only judged by if we can cure them or not; it's did we give them back control over their environment and their lives? Were we able to allow them quality time with their family and friends? If we delivered them into a place like that, it's also satisfying."</p> <p>The American Association for Cancer Research, in conjunction with the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center, will present a screening and panel discussion called "A Conversation on Cancer: A Town Hall Discussion" with the creators, patients, and scientists associated with <em>Cancer: The Emperor of All Maladies</em>. A 20-minute clip of the series will be shown at the event, which will take place from 1 to 2:30 p.m. on Monday, March 23, in the Chevy Chase Auditorium at the Sheikh Zayed Tower of the Johns Hopkins Hospital, East Baltimore campus.</p> <p>In addition to Johns Hopkins cancer specialists and leadership, expected to attend are Margaret Foti, CEO of the American Association for Cancer Research; Sharon Percy Rockefeller, CEO and president of WETA and a Johns Hopkins Medicine trustee; author Siddhartha Mukherjee; and director Barak Goodman.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 JHU plans $15M project to improve San Martin Drive <p>Johns Hopkins University is launching a yearlong $15 million project to improve San Martin Drive, the scenic tree-lined road that winds around the back of the university's Homewood campus.</p> <p>Among the enhancements planned for the 0.9-mile thoroughfare is a major sidewalk upgrade to safeguard pedestrians, including many runners who use San Martin for workouts. A road where some sidewalks now suddenly end and others are too narrow will instead be flanked by a continuous, up-to-standards path for those on foot—including a pedestrian-only bridge almost 350 feet long.</p> <p>"The university is about to make one of the most attractive, most pleasant roadways in the Homewood campus area even better," says Daniel G. Ennis, senior vice president for finance and administration. "We want it to be safer for pedestrians, bicyclists, and drivers, and even more beautiful for the campus community, our neighbors, and campus visitors."</p> <p>The drive is owned by Baltimore City, which is allowing the university to undertake the safety and aesthetic upgrades. The project—slated to begin in late February and last about 12 months—is being paid for by the university, primarily through gifts.</p> <p>The new continuous pedestrian path will stretch from University Parkway, where San Martin begins, south to Wyman Park Drive and then continue another tenth of a mile along Wyman Park to Remington Avenue.</p> <p>To make that possible along a portion of San Martin Drive where there is now no sidewalk at all and the road cannot be widened, the university will build a 36-foot-tall, 8-foot-wide pedestrian bridge, separate from but roughly parallel to San Martin. It will begin at the university's Earth sciences building, Olin Hall, and extend along the west side of the roadway north toward the San Martin Center.</p> <p>Additional boosts for pedestrian safety will come from improved lighting and from shorter, more easily negotiable crosswalks at three intersections. One is at the West Gate to campus, about midway along San Martin. The others are the busy intersections at either end: San Martin Drive at Wyman Park Drive and San Martin at University Parkway.</p> <p>One of the trickiest spots on San Martin, along the S curve at the West Gate, will also become a three-way-stop intersection. That will help drivers see each other and properly yield the right of way to each other and to pedestrians.</p> <p>Another goal of the project is to make the trip along San Martin—in a car, on a bike, or on foot—an even more aesthetically satisfying experience. New brick gateways will rise at the San Martin/University and Wyman Park/Remington intersections, comparable to the current North, East, South, and West gates to the Homewood campus.</p> <p>"These new gates will improve the look of these important approach routes to Homewood and more clearly indicate to visitors that they have arrived at Johns Hopkins," says Alan R. Fish, vice president for facilities and real estate. "Just as the recent Charles Street reconstruction enhanced the beauty and safety of the front door to the Homewood campus, the San Martin project will greatly improve an important alternative route to our university."</p> <p>San Martin Drive's history as a scenic roadway dates back to Olmsted Brothers Landscape Architects' landmark 1904 report on Baltimore City parks and OBLA's subsequent designs for Wyman Park. The city park includes a length of the Stony Run streambed downhill from San Martin as well as the dell along Charles Street; it was established by the city in the division of the old Wyman family estate. The bulk of the estate was given by the family to create the Homewood campus.</p> <p>The work will be divided into three phases, avoiding the need to close the entire roadway at any one time. Drivers will always be able to access the San Martin Center and garage, the Olin Hall parking lot, the Carnegie Institution of Washington building, the university's West Gate, and the Steven Muller Building and garage (headquarters of the Space Telescope Science Institute). At various times, however—depending on which phase of the project is active—drivers may have to detour around their usual routes to those destinations.</p> <p>The San Martin Drive project website, <a href=""></a>, includes more information, including artist renderings of planned improvements and details of the phases and the detours in effect during each phase.</p> <p>The project was designed for Johns Hopkins by the Baltimore-based engineering firm RK&K with landscape architecture by the Baltimore architecture and planning firm Ayers Saint Gross. Another Baltimore-based concern, Whiting-Turner Construction Co., will handle construction.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Where in the World: A look at JHU's global endeavors in Cuba <h4>IN CUBA:</h4> <p><strong>1</strong> Alum (SAIS '02)</p> <p><strong>23</strong> Undergrads Studying Abroad</p> <p><strong>38</strong> NIH Grants Submitted in 2013</p> <h4>FROM CUBA:</h4> <p><strong>1</strong> Master's Degree Student</p> <p><strong>1</strong> Non degree Student</p> <h4>THE END OF AN ERA</h4> <p>The loosening of the U.S. embargo of Cuba is a step in the direction of ending what SAIS professor Piero Gleijeses calls a "failed and immoral policy." Gleijeses, the only foreigner granted access to the Cuban archives related to the Fidel Castro years, has visited Cuba two or three times annually for about 20 years to study foreign policy under Castro, authoring several essays and two prize-winning books on the subject. It is a lie, Gleijeses asserts, to claim that the U.S. imposed the embargo on Cuba to force it to improve human rights, as Washington has long maintained relations with the world's worst dictators. The desire for revenge, he says, explained U.S. policy: Washington was punishing Cuba for defying it not only in Latin America but also in Africa, where Cuba relentlessly pursued what Castro calls "the most beautiful cause," the fight against apartheid. At last Obama has begun to dismantle the politics of revenge, Gleijeses says.</p> <h4>STUDY ABROAD</h4> <p>The Hopkins Fernando Ortiz Foundation Seminar has taken place 12 times in Havana and other sites in Cuba. The three-week Intersession program has been held since 1997 with a hiatus between 2005 and 2011 during the U.S. travel ban on short-term academic activities in Cuba. The program offers study of specific issues in Cuba's history and society, informed by expert participants from the island. Up to 15 students per session gain knowledge grounded in novels, histories, and other readings; artworks; and firsthand contact with Cuban citizens, giving them an accurate picture of Cuban society as well as grounds for further scholarly research.</p> <h4>BORROWING TRADITION</h4> <p>In Cuba, breastfeeding is the norm. Support is everywhere—on billboards and in commercials, during appointments with primary care physicians, and in the overall sense that breastfeeding is what mothers do. Katrina Bell McDonald, an associate professor of sociology in the Krieger School, visited the country in November with the Birthing Project, a nonprofit organization supporting African-American women during and after pregnancy, to seek out cultural practices around breastfeeding that could dispel African-American women's fears and encourage them to breastfeed more often. For example, Bell McDonald says, while African-American women sometimes associate breastfeeding with shame, Cuban women see it as part of a human process that allows them to contribute to a cause larger than themselves: a nation raising healthy babies.</p> <h4>LARGE-SCALE WEIGHT LOSS</h4> <p>The collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s ushered in the Cuban economic crisis known as the Special Period. While overall health and medical care remained strong during this time, the food shortage provided researchers with an unusual large-scale opportunity to study the relationship between weight loss and diseases like hypertension, diabetes, and cancer. Fifteen years later, when the economy improved, the link was reinforced as both weight and disease began climbing again. Benjamin Caballero, a professor at the Bloomberg School of Public Health, says that good health care records made it easy to show that weight loss under otherwise healthy conditions dramatically reduces the incidence of disease. The findings have implications worldwide, Caballero says, indicating potentially powerful health and economic benefits for nations that initiate voluntary weight loss campaigns.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Applied Physics Laboratory receives $4M to develop a retinal prosthesis <p>The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory has received $4 million in funding from the Mann Fund to develop a next-generation retinal prosthesis system. The Mann Fund was created by philanthropist Alfred E. Mann 15 years ago to support the development of biomedical technologies.</p> <p>This work will be conducted in close collaboration with Second Sight Medical Products, a Sylmar, California–based company that develops, manufactures, and markets implantable visual prosthetics for blind individuals.</p> <p>APL will be developing the next-generation glasses with embedded vision- and eye-tracking sensors. Using these sensors and onboard hardware, the system will identify potential obstacles, doorways, hallways, and household objects and their relative positions. This information will be distilled into a format that can be projected into the retinal prosthesis, bypassing the damaged rods and cones in the retina.</p> <p>The components of this retinal prosthesis will enable APL's broader vision of a semiautonomous controller for assistive robotic manipulators and remote devices, the Hybrid Augmented Reality Multimodal Operation Neural Integration Environment, or Harmonie.</p> <p>Harmonie is the latest spinoff effort from the Laboratory's Revolutionizing Prosthetics Program. As part of that effort, researchers investigated a number of different control modalities for moving a modular prosthetic limb and were able to achieve impressive control. But they discovered that users had to remain very focused on what they were doing, creating a lot of cognitive burden.</p> <p>Harmonie came about as a way to remove that burden. The basic idea behind the system is to combine elements of computer vision (i.e., identification of objects and where they are), autonomous manipulation (how do I move the arm to the desired object's position, what's the best grasp to use?), and a user interface (how do I tell what actions to perform on the object?).</p> <p>The current implementation uses off-the-shelf components such as the Microsoft Kinect for the vision system, but Harmonie project manager Kapil Katyal says that the ultimate goal is to integrate these technologies into a small form factor glasses-type device.</p> <p>The Harmonie system has been deployed in clinical settings at Caltech and Johns Hopkins and is undergoing additional testing as part of an internally funded project, the Clinical Evaluation of Emerging Rehabilitative Technologies. It also was demonstrated in December 2013 at the DARPA Robotics Challenge Exposition, where the Lab's RoboSally used the technology to semiautonomously reach and grasp a fire extinguisher.</p> <p>Katyal says that the developers hope to have a prototype ready for market in three and a half years.</p> <p>"This system would enable a broad base of users to efficiently and effectively control dexterous manipulators like the [modular prosthetic limb] and would also allow APL to develop innovative solutions in contemporary general purpose human-computer interaction technologies such as head-mounted displays, augmented reality, eye-tracking, and brain-computer interfaces," he says. "Moreover, the synergies between the Harmonie system and Second Sight's next-generation retinal prosthesis provide an opportunity for the Laboratory to expand its footprint in neuroprosthetic research and development and enhance our reputation in this field."</p> <p>Michael McLoughlin, Harmonie program manager and principal investigator for the Revolutionizing Prosthetics Program, says that the Harmonie project is synergistic with ongoing, independent research and development efforts at APL. "It's an extension of what we've been trying to do with the prosthetics program from the beginning, and promises to address the needs of a whole new class of patients," he says.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 JHU first in research spending for 35th straight year <p>The Johns Hopkins University led the U.S. in higher education research spending for the 35th straight year in fiscal 2013, with $2.2 billion for medical, science, and engineering research, according to the National Science Foundation.</p> <p>The university also once again ranked first on the NSF's separate list of federally funded research and development, spending $1.89 billion in fiscal year 2013 on research supported by NSF, NASA, the National Institutes of Health, and the Department of Defense.</p> <p>At Johns Hopkins, research and development money supports investigations into everything from the origins of the universe to potentially lifesaving medical treatments. Recently researchers have studied the implications of climate change, better protection for those treating Ebola, brain injuries in NFL players, how race and ethnicity might link to asthma, and how black holes can block stars.</p> <p>"This ranking indicates that in an ever more challenging environment, Johns Hopkins faculty continue to secure funding for research that saves lives, leads to technological breakthroughs, and inspires new views in the arts and humanities," says Denis Wirtz, the university's vice provost for research and co-director of Johns Hopkins' Institute for NanoBioTechnology.</p> <p>The total funding ranking includes research support from not only federal agencies but also foundations, corporations, and other sources.</p> <p>Johns Hopkins has led the NSF's total research expenditure ranking each year since 1979, when the agency's methodology changed to include spending by the Applied Physics Laboratory, a research-focused division, in the university's totals.</p> <p>In fiscal year 2002, Johns Hopkins became the first university to reach the $1 billion mark on both lists, recording $1.4 billion in total research and $1 billion in federally sponsored research that year.</p> <p>Johns Hopkins research is also supported by funding from private sources and from return on investment from past discoveries. In fiscal 2013, Johns Hopkins earned $22.7 million from more than 800 licenses and their associated patents. During that time the institution spun off 12 new companies.</p> <p>In the new survey, the University of Michigan ranked second in research and development with $1.27 billion. Rounding out the list's top five are the University of Washington, at $1.2 billion, followed by the University of Wisconsin-Madison, at $1.1 billion, and the University of California, San Diego, at $1 billion.</p> <p>Looking at all colleges and universities—645 were included in the survey—total research spending in 2013 rose slightly from the previous year to $67 billion, compared with $65.7 in fiscal 2012.</p> <p>However, the portion of that total that came from federal agencies fell 1.7 percent, from $40.1 billion in 2012 to $39.4 billion. The decrease in research funding has been particularly hard on young scientists, Johns Hopkins President Ronald J. Daniels found in a recent article in the journal <em>Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences</em>.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Hopkins senior wins prestigious Churchill Scholarship <p>Sandya Subramanian, a Johns Hopkins University senior from Grand Rapids, Mich., has won a scholarship from the Winston Churchill Foundation of the United States for graduate study at England's University of Cambridge.</p> <p>The Churchill Scholarship is awarded annually to at least 14 students who have demonstrated a capacity to contribute to the advancement of knowledge in the sciences, engineering, or mathematics by completing original, creative work at an advanced level.</p> <p>This is the fifth Johns Hopkins winner in four years.</p> <p>Subramanian, who is majoring in biomedical engineering and applied math and statistics, hopes to become a computational neuroscience researcher, devising tools to help clinicians treating the brain.</p> <p>For three years, Subramanian has worked in the lab of Sridevi V. Sarma, an assistant professor in the Department of Biomedical Engineering's Institute for Computational Medicine. There she developed a tool to help doctors pinpoint the region of the brain responsible for seizures in people with epilepsy.</p> <p>"Of all the undergraduate students I have supervised in research, Sandya is by far the most precocious, talented, hardworking, and diligent student—and this is significant given the talented student pool [of the university's BME program]," Sarma says. "There is no doubt in my mind that Sandya has a remarkable ability to be innovative and conduct original research that will have a high impact on the field of neuroscience, computational medicine, and patients suffering from epilepsy."</p> <p>At Cambridge, Subramanian plans to continue exploring the brain through new research projects in the Department of Clinical Neurosciences. "It will be a first step for me as an independent researcher," she says. "This is an amazing opportunity that so few people get."</p> <p>Subramanian has already spent summers in research programs at both MIT and the National Institutes of Health.</p> <p>Donniell Fishkind, an associate research professor in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics at Johns Hopkins, recruited Subramanian to be one of his teaching assistants. He recalls one day when he unexpectedly missed a class session, Subramanian, undaunted, gave part of the lecture—to 130 students.</p> <p>"Her quantitative background is unusually strong, she is very quick to grasp complex ideas, and she is also very clever," Fishkind says. "She is well-prepared for conducting serious research, and she has successfully started down that road." </p> <p>While at Johns Hopkins, Subramanian performed for four years with the South Asian fusion a cappella group Kranti. A certified emergency medical responder in Maryland, she also volunteered with the 24/7 campus emergency response unit. Inventions that she helped create with fellow engineering students took first prize in 2013 at the Collegiate Inventors Competition and last year at the North American Professionals and Entrepreneurs Council Innovation Challenge.</p> <p>The one-year scholarship pays all university and college fees (ranging from $33,500 to $37,600), a living allowance (ranging from $17,700 to $21,000), transportation to and from the United Kingdom (up to $1,100), student visa expenses ($500), a travel award of $500, and a possible special research grant of up to $2,000. Depending on the field of study, the scholarship is worth $57,000 to $63,600.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 NASA's New Horizons begins first stage of Pluto encounter <p>NASA's New Horizons spacecraft has begun its long-awaited, historic encounter with Pluto, entering the first of several approach phases that will culminate with the first close-up flyby of the Pluto system in July.</p> <p>"NASA's first mission to distant Pluto will also be humankind's first close-up view of this cold, unexplored world in our solar system," says Jim Green, director of NASA's Planetary Science Division at NASA Headquarters in Washington, D.C. "The New Horizons team worked very hard to prepare for this first phase, and they did it flawlessly."</p> <p>New Horizons launched in January 2006 and, after a voyage of more than 3 billion miles, will soar close to Pluto, inside the orbits of its five known moons, on July 14. The fastest spacecraft ever launched, New Horizons awoke from its final hibernation period in early December. Since then, the mission's science, engineering, and spacecraft operations teams have configured the piano-size probe for distant observations of the Pluto system, starting with a long-range photo shoot that began Jan. 25. Snapped by New Horizons' telescopic Long-Range Reconnaissance Imager, known as Lorri, those pictures will give mission scientists a continually improving look at the dynamics of those moons. And they'll play a critical role in navigating the spacecraft as it covers the remaining 135 million miles to Pluto.</p> <p>"We've completed the longest journey any craft has flown from Earth to reach its primary target, and we are ready to begin exploring," says Alan Stern, New Horizons principal investigator from Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colorado.</p> <p>Over the next few months, Lorri will take hundreds of pictures of Pluto against star fields to refine the team's estimates of New Horizons' distance to Pluto. Although the Pluto system will resemble little more than bright dots in the camera's view until May, mission navigators will use those data to design course-correction maneuvers that aim the spacecraft toward its flyby target point this summer. The first such maneuver could occur as early as March.</p> <p>"We need to refine our knowledge of where Pluto will be when New Horizons flies past it," says Mark Holdridge, the New Horizons encounter mission manager from the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. "The flyby timing also has to be exact because the computer commands that will orient the spacecraft and point the science instruments are based on precisely knowing the time we pass Pluto—which these images will help us determine."</p> <p>The "optical navigation" campaign that began in January marks the first time pictures from New Horizons will be used to help pinpoint Pluto's location.</p> <p>This first approach phase, which lasts until spring, also includes a significant degree of other science. New Horizons will take essentially continuous data on the interplanetary environment where the Pluto system orbits, with its two charged-particle sensors measuring the high-energy particles streaming from the sun and its dust counter tallying dust-particle concentrations in the inner reaches of the Kuiper Belt, the unexplored outer region of the solar system that includes Pluto and potentially thousands of similar icy, rocky small planets.</p> <p>More intensive Pluto studies begin in the spring, when the cameras and spectrometers aboard New Horizons can provide resolutions better than the most powerful telescopes on Earth. Eventually, New Horizons will obtain images good enough to map Pluto and its moons better than has ever been achieved by any previous first planetary reconnaissance mission.</p> <p>APL manages the New Horizons mission for NASA's Science Mission Directorate in Washington. Alan Stern, of the Southwest Research Institute, is the principal investigator and leads the mission. SwRI leads the science team, payload operations, and encounter science planning. New Horizons is part of the New Frontiers Program managed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. APL designed, built, and operates the spacecraft.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Johns Hopkins offers new major in medicine, science, humanities <p>The Krieger School of Arts and Sciences has launched the medicine, science, and humanities major for students who want to examine medical and scientific issues through the lens of humanities studies. The new interdisciplinary major gives Johns Hopkins undergraduates the chance to pursue the natural sciences and the humanities, rather than having to choose one or the other.</p> <p>Beverly Wendland, interim dean of the Krieger School, says the major was created in part to help close the polarizing gap between the sciences and the humanities.</p> <p>"Given our academic strengths, Johns Hopkins is ideally suited to create a course of undergraduate concentration that focuses on the intersection of medicine, science, and the humanities," Wendland says. "In the rapidly changing landscape of higher education in the 21st century, interdisciplinary approaches are needed to promote intellectual innovations and will forge productive connections between scientific and humanistic cultures."</p> <p>The new major is expected to attract students who plan to pursue careers in the health professions as well as those interested in issues of importance to science and medicine, and students who plan to pursue graduate work in a range of humanities and social science disciplines. The major does not fulfill all premedical requirements, but advisers will work with students regarding additional needed course work. The new major also will serve students interested in a humanistic approach to science as the foundation of their liberal arts education.</p> <p>Charles Wiener, a professor of medicine at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, is interim director of the new major. "It is only recently that medicine, science, and the humanities have become separated and siloed," he says.</p> <p>"Professions such as medicine recognize that future physicians must be more humanistic with additional skills in critical analysis, communication, and teamwork. The new MCAT being introduced this year addresses these cultural changes. The expectations of incoming medical students are becoming much broader to include cross-cultural studies, ethics, philosophy, and a range of humanities studies—all with the goal to produce more-well-rounded physicians."</p> <p>Recently approved by the Maryland Higher Education Commission, the major requires students to take a core introductory course that is taught by a team of humanities professors. The course provides a foundation in a selection of the many disciplines that make up the field of humanities relevant to medicine and science.</p> <p>William Egginton, vice dean for graduate studies at the Krieger School and the Andrew W. Mellon Professor in the Humanities, spearheaded the effort to create the major. He says students who graduate with it will "demonstrate awareness of how the sciences and medicine are called upon to answer fundamental human problems."</p> <p>Graduates in the major also will have attained an intermediate level of proficiency in a language other than English, the ability to deploy research methodologies in one of the humanistic disciplines, and the capability to critically evaluate how medical institutions and practices interact with a culture's beliefs and values.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Md. Gov. O'Malley joins Johns Hopkins as visiting professor <p>Former Maryland Gov. Martin O'Malley has joined Johns Hopkins University's Carey Business School as a visiting professor focusing on government, business, and urban issues.</p> <p>O'Malley, who on Jan. 21 concluded two terms as the state's chief executive, will participate in classes on such topics as leadership, infrastructure, entrepreneurship, and ethics. He also will work with other faculty members and students on their studies of management in the government sector.</p> <p>The former Baltimore mayor and City Council member also will be a part of Johns Hopkins' 21st Century Cities Initiative, involving faculty members from disciplines across the university brought together to study and propose approaches to issues affecting cities, including economic growth, urban education, violence, urban health, and support for arts and culture.</p> <p>"The Johns Hopkins Carey Business School is training students to be both business leaders and exemplary citizens who will improve society and increase value for all stakeholders," Dean Bernie Ferrari says. "Gov. O'Malley's wealth of experience and leadership will be a welcome addition to our faculty and in the classroom. We are delighted to have him."</p> <p>Adds university President Ronald J. Daniels, "Gov. O'Malley has devoted his career to bringing data-driven decision making to tackling our city's and state's most complex challenges. His insights and experience will be of enormous benefit to our students and faculty."</p> <p>O'Malley, who began at Johns Hopkins on Feb. 2, is known as an innovator in management for the public sector. He developed a data-driven management system as Baltimore's mayor, starting in 1999. The program, called CitiStat, provides leaders with frequent statistical performance updates department by department throughout city government, allowing the mayor and his appointees to identify problem areas and fix them.</p> <p>When he became governor in 2007, O'Malley transferred the concept to the state level, creating StateStat and putting data online so that taxpayers, lawmakers, and researchers could track performance along with the governor, his cabinet, and staff.</p> <p>O'Malley also incorporated his data-based management philosophy in his BayStat program, monitoring progress in restoring the Chesapeake Bay; and in the Genuine Progress Indicator, an index of economic, social, and environmental indicators measuring quality of life in Maryland. The index advanced 3.27 percent in 2013, the latest year for which full data is available.</p> <p>"I am honored to join Johns Hopkins University, a world-class institution that has done so much for Baltimore and Maryland," O'Malley said when the announcement of his appointment was made in January. "As both a mayor and governor, I've worked to make government work better for all of our citizens through a relentless focus on data and transparency. Our efforts got results—driving violent crime down to record lows, recovering 100 percent of the jobs lost during the recession, and restoring the health of the Chesapeake Bay for generations to come. I look forward to sharing management insights from these past two decades with the next generation of leaders at Johns Hopkins."</p> <p>O'Malley managed Maryland during the recession of 2008 and the subsequent recovery, cutting projected state spending while making strategic investments in education and infrastructure and maintaining the state's AAA bond ratings. He worked to raise the state's minimum wage to $10.10 by 2018; has promoted renewable energy, the restoration of the bay, and reductions in greenhouse gas emissions; and signed into law same-sex marriage equality in Maryland and a state-level version of the Dream Act providing access to public higher education for immigrants.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 'Bad luck' of random mutations plays major role in cancer <p>Scientists from the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center have created a statistical model that measures the proportion of cancer incidence, across many tissue types, caused mainly by random mutations that occur when stem cells divide. By their measure, two-thirds of adult cancer incidence across tissues can be explained primarily by the "bad luck" of random mutations occurring in genes that can drive cancer growth, while the remaining third are due to environmental factors and inherited genes.</p> <p>"All cancers are caused by a combination of bad luck, the environment, and heredity, and we've created a model that may help quantify how much each of these three factors contributes to cancer development," says Bert Vogelstein, the Clayton Professor of Oncology at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, co-director of the Ludwig Center at Johns Hopkins, and an investigator at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.</p> <p>"Cancer-free longevity in people exposed to cancer-causing agents such as tobacco is often attributed to their 'good genes,' but the truth is that most of them simply had good luck," adds Vogelstein, who cautions that a poor lifestyle can add to the bad luck factor in the development of cancer.</p> <p>The implications of the researchers' model range from altering public perception about cancer risk factors to the funding of cancer research, they say.</p> <p>Biomathematician Cristian Tomasetti, an assistant professor of oncology at the Johns Hopkins schools of Medicine and Public Health, says, "If two-thirds of cancer incidence across tissues is explained by random DNA mutations that occur when stem cells divide, then changing our lifestyle and habits will be a huge help in preventing certain cancers, but this may not be as effective for a variety of others. We should focus more resources on finding ways to detect such cancers at early, curable stages."</p> <p>In a report on the statistical findings, published recently in <em>Science</em>, Tomasetti and Vogelstein say they came to their conclusions by searching the scientific literature for information on the cumulative total number of divisions of stem cells among 31 tissue types during an average individual's lifetime. Stem cells "self-renew," thus repopulating cells that die off in a specific organ.</p> <p>It was well-known, Vogelstein notes, that cancer arises when tissue-specific stem cells make random mistakes when one chemical letter in DNA is incorrectly swapped for another during the replication process in cell division. The more these mutations accumulate, the higher the risk that cells will grow unchecked, a hallmark of cancer. The actual contribution of these random mistakes to cancer incidence, in comparison to the contribution of hereditary or environmental factors, was not previously known, says Vogelstein.</p> <p>The scientists note that some cancers, such as breast and prostate cancers, were not included in the report because they were unable to find reliable stem cell division rates in the scientific literature. They hope that other scientists will help refine their statistical model by finding more-precise stem cell division rates for other types of cancers.</p> <p>The research was funded by the Virginia and D.K. Ludwig Fund for Cancer Research, Lustgarten Foundation for Pancreatic Cancer Research, Sol Goldman Pancreatic Cancer Research Center, and National Cancer Institute.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 New JHU program helps local businesses grow <p>When Johns Hopkins announced the launch of a pilot program to assist well-established local minority- and women-owned businesses to expand their products or services into areas that position them to do more business with the university and other large employers in the region, officials hoped they'd garner interest from 20 or so applicants. Instead, nearly 50 vendors threw their names into the hat.</p> <p>In early January, thanks to an $85,000 grant from the Surdna Foundation and pro bono services being provided by Next Street, a modern merchant bank that delivers advisory services to small- and medium-size businesses, four finalists were competitively selected based on their business expansion prospects, as well as on their potential economic development impact on Baltimore City.</p> <p>These companies will receive intensive, highly skilled advice and guidance to help them grow their businesses by filling in gaps and creating new opportunities in the marketplace. The initiative also functions as another step the university is taking to further enhance and enrich its ties to Baltimore and to become an exemplar of a locally and globally engaged university.</p> <p>Andy Frank, special adviser to university President Ronald J. Daniels on economic development matters, emphasizes that the vendor accelerator program focuses on established businesses rather than startups, which are addressed by other programs. "The idea is to help grow the local economy and enhance minority and women participation by helping successful businesses grow into new lines of business," he says. "In addition, large enterprises that want to contract with these businesses often have needs that require their vendors to have substantial capacity. Established businesses have a head start in that direction."</p> <p>To cast a wide net for qualified applicants, the university reached out to organizations with strong connections to the targeted businesses. Among them were the Associated Black Charities, Greater Baltimore Development Corp., Md. Washington Minority Companies Association, and Baltimore Mayor's Office of Minority and Women–Owned Business Development.</p> <p>The four finalists provide the following products and/or services: waste management and recycling; architectural millwork and related product installation, and general construction contracting; audio and visual design, build, and service; and printing, graphic design, museum displays, and photography services. These establishments, three of them minority-owned and one woman-owned, offer "exciting growth potential with strong ties to Baltimore City," Frank says.</p> <p>The idea is for the participants to quickly develop and begin to implement a plan for pursuing new strategic growth opportunities with large purchasers. They will have dedicated support from Next Street to overcome growth challenges and also will be able to develop relationships that could lead to new business opportunities. Their business expansion plans are expected to be completed by June.</p> <p>"We are excited to partner with Johns Hopkins University as it supports the continued growth of local women- and minority-owned businesses," says the Surdna Foundation's Shawn Escoffery, its Strong Local Economies program director. "The university is not only sourcing goods and services from these businesses; it is taking an innovative step as a major, local institution to work directly with women and minority entrepreneurs to actively expand their markets. We are confident that this effort will not only strengthen local businesses but will create much-needed jobs for Baltimore in the process."</p> <p>"Next Street is proud to partner with JHU to deliver this innovative pilot program," says Brian Cope, managing associate at the bank, "and we're particularly excited to have this opportunity to support the growth of these four businesses, each of which makes important contributions to the Baltimore City community."</p> <p>The innovative vendor accelerator program, Frank says, is part of Johns Hopkins' commitment to local economic development, local purchasing, and support for minority- and women-owned businesses.</p> <p>When the pilot concludes in June, the university will evaluate the outcomes to determine whether the program should be continued and, if so, will begin to seek the funding and support services necessary to sustain it.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Time to rethink inner-city asthma epidemic? <p>Challenging the long-standing belief that city dwellers suffer disproportionately from asthma, the results of a new Johns Hopkins Children's Center study of more than 23,000 U.S. children reveal that income, race, and ethnic origin may play far more potent roles than physical surroundings in kids' asthma risk.</p> <p>The study, based on a comparison of childhood asthma rates in cities and outside them, found no differences in asthma risk between children living in urban areas and their suburban and rural counterparts.</p> <p>The findings, published online in the <em>Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology</em>, showed a surprisingly uneven distribution of asthma—one that fails to follow traditional patterns of urban and nonurban residence, the team says. Significantly, the investigators say, they found a powerful link between poverty and African-American race and Puerto Rican ethnicity and a higher-than-average asthma risk.</p> <p>"Our results highlight the changing face of pediatric asthma and suggest that living in an urban area is, by itself, not a risk factor," says lead investigator Corinne Keet, an assistant professor and a pediatric allergy and asthma specialist at Johns Hopkins. "Instead, we see that poverty and being African-American or Puerto Rican are the most potent predictors of asthma risk."</p> <p>The idea that certain aspects of urban living—pollution, cockroach and other pest allergens, higher rates of premature births, exposure to indoor smoke—make inner-city children more prone to developing asthma emerged more than 50 years ago, when public health experts first described an epidemic of inner-city asthma cases. While all those factors continue to fuel asthma risk, the investigators say, they may no longer be exclusive to or even predominant in inner-city areas, and the new study findings bear out this phenomenon.</p> <p>The results, the researchers say, reflect powerful demographic shifts at work, such as increasing poverty in suburban and rural areas, and the movement of racial and ethnic minori­ties out of inner cities. Therefore, they add, public health interventions should also reflect this changing reality.</p> <p>"Our findings suggest that focusing on inner cities as the epicenters of asthma may lead physicians and public health experts to overlook newly emerging 'hot zones' with high asthma rates," says senior author Elizabeth Matsui, a pediatric asthma specialist and an associate professor of pediatrics and epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine.</p> <p>The investigators caution that their research focused solely on baseline asthma risk—in other words, whether a child living in the city is more likely to have asthma than a child living in the suburbs or in the country. The study, they add, was not designed to capture whether inner-city children who have asthma suffer worse symptoms or require more medical attention than children with asthma who live elsewhere. The latter question, the researchers say, is the subject of a separate investigation already underway.</p> <p>The Johns Hopkins study, based on a survey of parents and caregivers of 23,065 children ages 6 to 17, showed that 13 percent of inner-city kids had asthma, compared with 11 percent of children living outside inner cities. However, this small difference vanished once the investigators included variables such as race, ethnicity, and geographic region in their analysis.</p> <p>In addition, children of families with incomes below the national poverty threshold were more likely to be diagnosed with asthma and have an asthma attack that required emergency treatment than the children of families with higher incomes. And as annual income went down, the risk of having an emergency asthma episode or a diagnosis of asthma crept up, the study found. Of note, the researchers say, was the finding that family poverty had a stronger influence on asthma risk than overall neighborhood poverty. In other words, personal poverty drove asthma risk more than living in a poor neighborhood itself.</p> <p>African-American children and those of Puerto Rican descent had disproportionately higher asthma rates, at 17 and 20 percent respectively, compared with their white (10 percent), other Hispanic (9 percent), and Asian (8 percent) counterparts. Being African-American or Puerto Rican remained potent risk factors even after the scientists eliminated the influence of other variables such as neighborhood poverty, household income, and geographic area of residence. While the study was not designed to tease out the driving factors behind the disproportionately higher asthma risk among African-American and Puerto Rican children, the investigators note that both African-Americans and Puerto Ricans have a well-known risk for developing asthma, partly due to biologic and genetic differences.</p> <p>Inner-city asthma rates, the study showed, varied widely by geographic region, with urban areas in the Northeast having the highest prevalence—17 percent of children living there had an asthma diagnosis—while urban areas in the western United States had the lowest, at 8 percent. Some poor suburban and rural areas had asthma rates higher than those of inner-city zones. For example, the prevalence in low-income suburban areas of the Northeast was 21 percent, compared with 17 percent in the corresponding urban area of that same geographic region. Low-income areas in medium metro areas in the Midwest had 26 percent asthma prevalence, compared with 15 percent in urban areas of the Midwest.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Mice whiskers yield clues to memory formation, Johns Hopkins researchers say <p>Researchers at Johns Hopkins have succeeded in peering into the brains of live mice with such precision that they were able to see how the position of specific proteins changed as memories were forged. The technique has broad applications for future studies on learning and on what goes wrong in disorders like autism, Alzheimer's disease, and schizophrenia. A report on the research was <a href="">published in <em>Nature Neuroscience</em></a>.</p> <p>"As far as we know, no one has ever been able to look at receptor proteins in live animals before," says Richard Huganir, a professor and director of the Department of Neuroscience at the School of Medicine. "This allows us to get a more accurate picture of what's really happening as the brain processes experiences into memories."</p> <p>At the heart of the story are AMPA receptors, which are proteins that live on the outside of nerve cells and receive signals in the form of AMPA molecules. AMPA receptors play an important role in strengthening and weakening synapses, or the connections between nerve cells that form memories. Up until now, scientists were limited to studying AMPA receptors in nerve cells grown in the laboratory or in tissue samples, but neither of those methods could preserve the complex circuitry, hormones, and neurochemicals of a living brain.</p> <p>To solve that problem, Huganir's team, led by postdoctoral fellow Yong Zhang, created mice whose AMPA receptors would glow under the light of a special microscope. Because the microscope can focus at a depth of 0.5 millimeters, it can peer into the outer layer of the brain, called the cortex. There, thousands of nerve cells carry information from every part of the body, and each whisker has a whole group of dedicated nerve cells called barrel fields.</p> <p>The team imaged the mice immediately before and after they tickled a single whisker on each mouse for an hour. What they saw surprised them: Tickling alone was sufficient to increase the number of AMPA receptors in, and strengthen the synapses of the barrel fields of, the tickled whiskers. Checking back over the next few days, the researchers found that the AMPA receptor levels remained high, suggesting that the whisker-tickling experience had a long-term effect on the mice's memories.</p> <p>"The mysteries are the purpose that is served by strengthening these synapses, and whether more AMPA receptors are being made or if they are moving in from somewhere else," Zhang says. "Future studies will address those questions."</p> <p>"This technique," Huganir says, "opens up many more possibilities, like visualizing learning at the molecular level as it is happening in the intact brain in healthy mice and in mouse models of brain disorders."</p> <p>One day, with better optics, the researchers hope to be able to go into areas like the hippocampus, which has a crucial role in memory formation and has been implicated in neurological disorders like autism, Alzheimer's disease, and schizophrenia. This work was supported by grants from the National Institute of Mental Health and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Ask an Expert: Johns Hopkins professor explains why some people choke under pressure <p>We've all been there, with our toes on the proverbial free-throw line, mere dribbles away from either the glory of sinking the game-winning basket or tossing a big old brick instead.</p> <p>Athletes aren't the only people who wrestle with performance anxiety. Choking anecdotes abound, from playing a sour note during an audition, to bombing a job interview, to failing a final exam.</p> <p>Despite this nearly universal experience, it turns out that failing in high-pressure situations is an individual phenomenon, based on what scares each of us the most, according to new research findings by Vikram Chib, an assistant professor of biomedical engineering at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.</p> <p>Chib and his team studied 26 people, ages 20 to 30, as they played video games over two consecutive days; the first included learning how to play the games, and the second involved playing while in an MRI machine so the researchers could study brain function. Winners were paid up to $100, and Chib found that whether the jackpot was high and whether the stakes were described as a potential gain or loss had a profound effect on participants' gameplay. But players choked depending on their own personal aversion to loss.</p> <p>So how do you nail that next foul shot, note, or test? Knowing what causes you to panic under pressure and then reframing the story as it unfolds could lower your chances of dropping the ball, Chib says.</p> <p><strong>What factors into the likelihood that someone will choke under pressure?</strong></p> <p>There are many factors. As an example, if large amounts of money are on the line, it could be that your concerns about the possible financial incentives could cause choking. If you're performing in front of a big audience, it could be your worry about how you're perceived by others. However, there doesn't seem to be a single factor that causes choking; rather it could be caused by a combination of factors or interactions between factors.</p> <p><strong>During your study, some people performed better when they stood to lose a lot of money. But others performed better when offered the chance to win a lot. Can this be used to our advantage?</strong></p> <p>The critical point about this was that we were able to determine who would do better or worse in these contexts based on an independent measure of how "loss averse" they were. Loss aversion refers to how people value losses relative to gains. Most people value avoiding losses twice as much as acquiring equal-magnitude gains.</p> <p>It is possible that if individuals know the extent to which they are loss-averse, they could use some cognitive strategies to frame tasks in such a way that they are less focused on losing or winning—depending on the extent of their loss aversion—and this might help reduce their chances of choking.</p> <p><strong>Beyond video games, can we extrapolate your findings into other areas like professional athletics, students taking final exams, a scholar defending her doctoral thesis, actors auditioning for a starring role, or someone who has a big job interview?</strong></p> <p>I think the take-home message from our findings is that framing of tasks, whether it is in terms of gains or losses, can have a profound impact on performance. While we only looked at the case in which people were playing for money, we think that such cognitive strategies could have a big impact on how you perform during the examples you mentioned. We still have a lot of work to do to determine the common neural and behavioral markers influencing performance in these other contexts, but it seems that framing could have a big impact.</p> <p><strong>In terms of March Madness, can your research help both the athletes and the fans who fill out their brackets for the office pool? Are some players or gamblers at an advantage based on how they are wired for loss aversion?</strong></p> <p>If only I could use this information to fill out my bracket! We still need to figure out if the relationship between loss aversion and choking generalizes to other types of tasks and when different incentives are on the line.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Four questions for Tom Lewis, vice president for government and community affairs <h4>1. What's at the top of your to-do list?</h4> <p>I'm working with city government and other large education and health care nonprofits in Baltimore to improve the coordination of the innumerable community benefit programs that the large nonprofits provide. We help strengthen public schools and rec programs, stimulate redevelopment of nearby neighborhoods, and provide free health care, tutoring, and mentoring, just to name a few initiatives. We're working on plans to leverage those activities to get a more positive and lasting impact.</p> <h4>2. What keeps you up at night?</h4> <p>We rely on, and make tremendous use of, federal research dollars and student aid; state operating and capital support; and patient care dollars, much of which come from treating the poor and the elderly. As federal budget deficits have constrained spending through sequestration and slow growth, state deficits in Maryland and elsewhere in the region lead to cuts in education and health care spending, and city revenues get tight, how do we continue to get and keep the attention of policymakers for Johns Hopkins contributions and priorities?</p> <h4>3. What's in store 10 years from now?</h4> <p>Johns Hopkins will continue to be relied upon by policymakers and community leaders to provide the ideas and energy of its faculty, students, and staff to help solve problems in the communities around our campuses, throughout the city, state, and world.</p> <h4>4. Tell me something I don't know about Johns Hopkins.</h4> <p>Once every four years, we prepare an Economic Impact Report to provide a framework for talking about the impact the people of Johns Hopkins have on the community, state, and country. It also helps us have a common reference point for questions such as, How many employees does JHU really have? That number can go up or down slightly on any given day. It can also answer a question like, How much do we spend on local- and minority- and women-owned businesses in the various work we do in research, new construction, and facility operations? The report will tell you how many companies were spun out from Johns Hopkins research last year and how many patents were issued. And so on. The most recent EIR will be available later this spring.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Stem cell researcher Sharon Gerecht is first winner of President's Frontier Award at Johns Hopkins <p>Sharon Gerecht says that scientists always have different paths they would like to take with their research, but they usually have to stick to the road map for which they have funding. On Jan. 28, she was encouraged to break new ground in stem cell biology when Johns Hopkins University President Ronald J. Daniels and Provost Robert C. Lieberman presented her with the inaugural President's Frontier Award in the amount of $250,000.</p> <p>"Now we have the opportunity to go in new directions, which is great," she says. "I am very happy, and I am humbled."</p> <p>Gerecht was surprised when the president, provost, division leaders, and other colleagues arrived during her meeting with students at Homewood's Croft Hall to tell her she was chosen to receive the award.</p> <p>"Sharon embodies the best traditions of Johns Hopkins research: vision, collaboration, and tireless pursuit of discovery," Daniels says. "This award reflects our commitment to her work and the advances she is poised to make in the field of stem cell research."</p> <p>Gerecht, an associate professor in the Whiting School of Engineering's Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, has identified ways to control the fate of stem cells, which are the most fundamental building blocks of tissues and organs. She has coaxed them to form complex blood vessels—for the first time growing vessels in a synthetic material—that can feed the generation of new organs like the heart. She also has studied how to stifle their growth to starve cancer cells and inhibit metastasis.</p> <p>Gerecht was awarded her PhD within the Technion–Israel Institute of Technology's Biotechnology Interdisciplinary Unit in 2004. She then worked as a postdoctoral fellow at MIT before joining the Whiting School faculty in 2007. She is an affiliated faculty member of the Johns Hopkins Institute for NanoBioTechnology and a project leader for the Johns Hopkins Physical Sciences–Oncology Center. Her work has appeared in more than 90 publications, and she holds 19 patents. She is also recognized for employing innovative thinking across disciplines as diverse as materials chemistry, engineering, and cell biology.</p> <p>"One of the things that attracted me to Hopkins is the fact that people are very collaborative here," she says. "There is no problem to find someone that wants to work with you."</p> <p>Recently, Gerecht was named the first Kent Gordon Croft Investment Management Faculty Scholar, a three-year award that provides funds for research, teaching, and entrepreneurial activities.</p> <p>"There is no question that Sharon is a leader in her field with exciting new ideas," Lieberman says. "She is also a highly valued member of our faculty community who teaches, advises, and mentors students at all levels and is dedicated to empowering women and minorities in science and engineering. We are proud that she has made Johns Hopkins her academic home."</p> <p>The Frontier Award was made possible by a generous donation from two alumni: trustee Louis J. Forster, who received degrees from Arts and Sciences in 1982 and SAIS in 1983, and Kathleen M. Pike, who received a diploma from SAIS Bologna in 1981 and holds undergraduate and master's degrees from Arts and Sciences, received in 1982 and 1983. It will recognize one person each year for five years with financial support for their research expenses. The inaugural year brought forward a highly competitive pool of 77 nominees demonstrating excellence in a wide array of academic pursuits across divisions.</p> <p>In addition to the winner, Daniels is recognizing three outstanding finalists with a gift of $50,000 to support their research and advance their academic pursuits. They are:</p> <p>• Scott Bailey, an associate professor in the Bloomberg School of Public Health;</p> <p>• Samer Hattar, an associate professor in the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences; and</p> <p>• Sean Sun, an associate professor in the Whiting School of Engineering.</p> <p>The President's Frontier Award program launches a series of efforts by university leadership to support faculty as they pursue innovative and important research.</p> <p>Two more faculty funding opportunities were recently announced. The Johns Hopkins Discovery Award program is focused on sparking new interactions among faculty from across the university, and the Johns Hopkins University Catalyst Awards are intended to help promising early career faculty establish their research programs. Both are supported by the offices of the President, the Provost, and the deans.</p> <p>Speaking of the Frontier Award and the two new programs, Gerecht says they are "very needed" by the research community.</p> <p>"There is not enough money to think out of the box and propose things that are risky," she says. "It's becoming very difficult to get this money. Hopefully this will fund out-of-the-box thinking or crazy ideas that might lead to breakthrough inventions and discoveries."</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Clearing the dust <p>Staff from the Sheridan Libraries and University Museums volunteered their time one cold day in January for the annual deep cleaning of the George Peabody Library.</p> <p>The building, which opened in 1878, features five tiers of ornamental cast-iron balconies and is often featured on lists of the world's most beautiful libraries. With more than 300,000 volumes, mostly from the 19th century, it is a working research library and is administered by the Sheridan Libraries' Department of Special Collections.</p> <p>"The cleaning day has turned into one of our favorite workdays. We get staff from multiple departments working together and laughing about how dirty they are getting," says Liz Mengel, associate director of Scholarly Resources and Special Collections. "Each year we get a few more volunteers because staff hear what a great day it is. We try to keep the day fun—or as much fun as you can have cleaning and dusting books volume by volume."</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 New awards to provide $15M to support faculty research at Johns Hopkins <p>Johns Hopkins has launched two new award programs that together will provide an additional $15 million to advance innovative faculty-led research over the next three years.</p> <p>The expanded university funding is aimed at promising early-career scholars and at organizers of ambitious research projects proposed by teams that involve more than one Johns Hopkins division or affiliate. These new internal financial awards are urgently needed to make up for declining research funds from traditional government sources, such as the National Institutes of Health, university officials say.</p> <p>"The academic leadership at the university wants our faculty to know how inspired by and supportive we are of the work they do to expand the horizons of knowledge," university President Ronald J. Daniels says. "These awards are a substantial investment in the promise of our young scholars and scientists and the creative collaborations of our faculty across the university."</p> <p>Details of the new funding programs, called <a href="">Catalyst</a> and <a href="">Discovery</a> awards, were outlined in an announcement sent to the Johns Hopkins community on Jan. 27 by Daniels, Provost Robert C. Lieberman, and the deans.</p> <p>These Johns Hopkins leaders recognize the increasing difficulty that their faculty members now face in finding dollars to support their research in health-related advances, technology innovations, and other scholarly pursuits, the message said. "This issue has particular salience given our status as America's first research university, and as the largest university recipient of federal grant support," university leaders wrote in their message.</p> <p>As an example, the statement noted that "after the doubling of the government's investment in the NIH in 2003, we have experienced a 20 percent contraction in the real value of NIH funding. Discretionary funding for the National Endowment for the Humanities has declined by 25 percent in constant dollars over the last 10 years. These pressures can be even more difficult for our early career faculty members, who are searching for resources not only to start projects but also to launch their careers."</p> <p>Daniels recently called attention to this problem in an article he contributed to the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. In the article, he noted that the drop in government research funding is causing many of the nation's youngest and most promising scientists to leave the academic biomedical workforce. He argued that this brain drain poses grave risks for the future of science.</p> <p>The Catalyst Awards program is designed to address this challenge. These awards of up to $75,000 will be provided to early career faculty members who are undertaking exceptional research or creative endeavors. The awards will help these individuals launch their promising careers during the crucial years when startup funds are depleted and external funding or other support may be elusive. The guidelines define early career applicants as any full-time faculty member who was first appointed within the last three to 10 years.</p> <p>Discovery Awards are designed to foster faculty-led cross-university research, encouraging new interaction among scholars from various university schools or affiliates. Some of these awards will be reserved for teams that need startup support while they look for outside funding, a large-scale grant, or a cooperative agreement. They must include at least two faculty and/or nonfaculty members who are from separate divisions or affiliates of the university.</p> <p>The Discovery Award applications can be in one of two categories:</p> <ul> <li><p>Cross-divisional Collaborative Projects, for which the applicants may seek up to $100,000 for a one-year term and must submit a proposal describing a project that assures they will make substantial progress with a single year of funding.</p></li> <li><p>Program Project Planning Funds, for which the applicants may seek up to $150,000 of one-year funding to prepare a credible research program and must submit a description of how they will seek external funding to move the project forward.</p></li> </ul> <p>Proposals for both the Catalyst and Discovery awards programs must be submitted by March 31; recipients will be announced in May, with funding set to begin in July.</p> <p>In this first funding cycle, the university expects to allocate 20 to 30 Catalyst Awards and 15 to 20 Discovery Awards.</p> <p>The funding can be used for a variety of related expenses, including support for graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and technicians, as well as for equipment and travel.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 JHU astrophysicist Marc Kamionkowski shares Dannie Heineman Prize <p>Johns Hopkins University's Marc Kamionkowski is a winner of the 2015 Dannie Heineman Prize for Astrophysics, one of the top prizes in the field, the American Astronomical Society and the American Institute of Physics have announced.</p> <p>The honor, which is awarded annually to outstanding midcareer scientists, carries a cash prize of $10,000 that will be split between Kamionkowski and his co-recipient, David Spergel of Princeton University.</p> <p>The two researchers are receiving the prize for "their outstanding contributions to the investigation of the fluctuations of the cosmic microwave background, which have led to major breakthroughs in our understanding of the universe," according to the selection committee.</p> <p>Kamionkowski, a professor in the Krieger School's Department of Physics and Astronomy, is a theoretical physicist who specializes in cosmology and particle physics. In this role, he studies data collected from telescopes and other instruments to suggest a history of the universe that conforms to the laws of physics. His work has often set the stage for successful experimental research conducted by other scientists.</p> <p>"Marc Kamionkowski's groundbreaking theoretical work on cosmic background radiation has helped drive experimental progress in the field, work that has forever changed how we view the universe," says Fred Dylla, AIP executive director and CEO.</p> <p>"Marc and David have taught us how to read the subtle bumps and swirls in our exquisite image of the early universe to reveal what happened in the moments of creation," says David J. Helfand, who is president of Quest University Canada and a past president of AAS.</p> <p>After learning he would receive the Heineman Prize, Kamionkowski said, "It's a great honor for me. If I look at the list of prior winners, lots of astrophysicists whose work I have admired over the years are there. It's also an honor to share it with David Spergel."</p> <p>Kamionkowski received his PhD from the University of Chicago in 1991 and did his postdoctoral work at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. He then worked as an assistant professor at Columbia University before moving to Caltech in 1999. In 2011, he joined the faculty at Johns Hopkins. He has received numerous awards for his work, including the E.O. Lawrence Award for Physics in 2006, and he was named a Simons Foundation Investigator in 2014.</p> <p>Kamionkowski began his work on cosmic background radiation—leftover thermal energy from the Big Bang—in the 1990s, when NASA's Cosmic Background Explorer was beginning to announce results. "It seemed like a promising area for investigation," he says. He co-wrote with Spergel several papers proposing a way to determine the spatial geometry of the universe, using temperature maps of the cosmic microwave background. "I think that our work helped provide the motivation for these experiments," he says. "By the beginning of the next decade, we were already starting to see measurements like those we had envisioned."</p> <p>Later, Kamionkowski studied the polarization of the cosmic microwave background, again spurring experimentalists to measure this phenomenon. His work has advanced the field of precision cosmology, which in recent years has provided data on the age, shape, and composition of the universe.</p> <p>"One of the goals of my research," he says, "has been to think of ways we can use cosmic microwave background and other cosmological measurements to learn about the very early universe or physical phenomena that might occur in a later universe."</p> <p>The Heineman Prize is named for Dannie N. Heineman, an engineer, business executive, and philanthropic sponsor of the sciences. It was established in 1979 by the Heineman Foundation for Research, Education, Charitable and Scientific Purposes. Kamionkowski is the third consecutive Heineman Prize winner connected to Johns Hopkins. The 2013 winner, Rachel Somerville, held joint appointments at Johns Hopkins and the Space Telescope Science Institute before joining Rutgers in 2011, and Piero Madau, the 2014 recipient who is now at UC Santa Cruz, held appointments at Johns Hopkins and STScI from 1989 to 1999. Kamionkowski is the first Johns Hopkins professor to receive the Heineman Prize since 1981, when the honor went to Riccardo Giacconi, now a University Professor at Johns Hopkins and a Nobel laureate.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Johns Hopkins recognized for work-life programs <p>For the third year, the efforts of Johns Hopkins' Office of Work, Life and Engagement earned a Seal of Distinction from the WorldatWork Alliance for Work-Life Progress. This year, the university and health system received the added distinction of an Innovation Excellence Award for their breastfeeding support program.</p> <p>"It is a testament to our program that the list of winners includes not only fellow universities but also huge government agencies and major national corporations," says Michelle Carlstrom, senior director
of Work, Life and Engagement. "We are proud to be among the leaders in helping our employees achieve success at work and at home."</p> <p>Only two organizations received the innovation award, which the alliance calls its highest honor for companies that implemented "creative, forward-thinking programs to enrich the lives of employees while achieving organizational goals."</p> <p>The breastfeeding support program offers 14 mother's rooms on various campuses and provides online and in-person consultations. Last year the program developed a vending machine for breastfeeding supplies that is believed to be the first of its kind. More information is available at <a href=""></a>.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Johns Hopkins brain researcher Lisa Feigenson honored by NAS <p>Lisa Feigenson of Johns Hopkins was one of four researchers honored on Jan. 23 by the National Academy of Sciences in recognition of their extraordinary scientific achievements in neuroscience and psychological and cognitive sciences.</p> <p>Feigenson, an associate professor in the Krieger School's Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, explores the fundamental processes of human cognition and memory by testing the limits on what infants and children are able to understand about numbers and the processes that underlie that understanding.</p> <p>She was one of two recipients of a $75,000 Troland Research Award, given annually to recognize unusual achievement by young investigators and to further empirical research within the broad spectrum of experimental psychology.</p> <p>Feigenson was recognized for "her meticulous investigations of the origins and early development of representations of objects and numbers," NAS wrote in its announcement. "Her research on cognition in infancy illuminates the foundations of young children's mathematical reasoning and learning."</p> <p>The other $75,000 Troland Research Award recipient was Yael Niv, of Princeton University. Catherine G. Dulac, of Harvard University, received the $50,000 Pradel Research Award, and Scott D. Sagan, of Stanford University, received the $20,000 William and Katherine Estes Award.</p> <p>The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit institution that was established under a congressional charter signed by President Abraham Lincoln in 1863. It recognizes achievement in science by election to membership, and—with the National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine, and National Research Council—provides science, engineering, and health policy advice to the federal government and other organizations.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Johns Hopkins domestic violence expert Jacquelyn Campbell talks about her pioneering work <p><em>Jacquelyn Campbell is the Anna D. Wolf Professor in the School of Nursing's Department of Community-Public Health and one of the university's 17 inaugural Gilman Scholars. Campbell is also the national program director for the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholars program and co-chair of the Institute of Medicine Forum on the Prevention of Global Violence.</em></p> <p><strong>When it comes to</strong> what I've learned, the place to start is Dayton, Ohio. I was a school nurse at Roosevelt High School there between 1968 and 1972. I loved that job. It was an experience that really opened up for me the idea of how you did nursing in a community, collaborating every day with people from other disciplines—teachers, psychologists, and so on.</p> <p><strong>Coming into the job,</strong> I didn't know very much about the world these kids were living in. I didn't have any experience with life in the inner city. One thing I learned is how important it was to listen really, really closely to the kids so that I could learn about what their world was like.</p> <p><strong>One of the girls</strong> I adored at Roosevelt was named Annie. She ended up getting pregnant and having a baby before graduating. At that time, girls who got pregnant were kicked out of school. I thought that rule was incredibly stupid and unfair. Her parents were terribly angry with her. Annie ended up getting an apartment by herself at a young age. I also knew her boyfriend well, the father of her baby. His name was Tyrone, and Tyrone had a smile that would absolutely light up a room.</p> <p><strong>I worked on a project</strong> to try and change things for pregnant girls in that high school. It didn't get up and running until after I left, but they did start up a nursery so the girls could stay in school. Back then, having a nursery in a high school was a really new idea. I look back and see that as a very exciting accomplishment.</p> <p><strong>I had my own child.</strong> Then I had a second child. My husband was in this corporate environment where there wasn't much flexibility. I switched to working part-time jobs. But I kept in touch with some of the kids, including Annie. I went back to school to get a master's degree in community health nursing at Wright State.</p> <p><strong>One of our assignments</strong> was to go out in the community, identify a group of people, and do something to prevent the health problem that presented their highest risk of mortality. I called on some of the young women from Roosevelt. I told them I would bring cookies and we could all reconnect, and maybe they could help me with the assignment.</p> <p><strong>Then I looked</strong> at the mortality tables to see what was the biggest risk for young African-American women. It was homicide. I'm like, I'm a nurse—what does that have to do with me? This was long before anyone was thinking of violence from a public health perspective. But the program I was in was very progressive, very different. The faculty there said, "Go talk to these women and find out what they think are the things that put them at risk for homicide." Then they said, "By the way, you need to do a master's thesis soon, and this is a perfect topic."</p> <p><strong>In the middle</strong> of all this, we moved to Detroit. That's actually where I wrote up the thesis. I had done the research in a local police department in Dayton, reviewing the records of women who either were killed or who had killed someone themselves.</p> <p><strong>It turned out that</strong> whether it's getting killed or doing the killing, those cases are most often going to involve a husband, a boyfriend, an ex-husband, or an ex-boyfriend. There were other things I learned from the reports. One, there had usually been many calls to the police for domestic violence before the homicide. Two, many of the women had been to the emergency department beforehand. Apparently, the health care system wasn't doing very well by them. One of the things I've done in the years since then is to replicate that study on a national level. It's called the intimate partner femicide study, and it's one of the things I'm most known for in my career. The conclusions might not sound like news flashes today, but they were back then. No one was looking at this stuff.</p> <p><strong>I'll never forget</strong> those police files I had to study. They all had photographs of the dead women. I remember some of those photographs so clearly, even today. Oh, and the autopsy reports—they were horrible.</p> <p><strong>I was furious.</strong> I was furious that these women had been killed. I was furious at the men who had killed them. I was furious at the police departments and the emergency rooms that had failed them. I kept thinking about ways to fix the health care system and ways to fix the law enforcement system. I was really, really fired up.</p> <p><strong>And then the crowning blow</strong> came. I got a call from a former colleague in Dayton, a psychiatric social worker. Hold on. I'm sorry. This still makes me cry. She gave me the news that Annie had been killed by her boyfriend—yes, by Tyrone, the guy with the smile that would light up the room. And then I saw it: Oh, my God, Annie had been abused for a long time. I started to remember incidents. One time she had a facial injury, and she told a story about it that didn't add up. Another time she said that she and Tyrone had been "fighting."</p> <p><strong>One thing we've learned</strong> in this field is that fighting is very different from arguing or other words in the minds of abused women. Fighting often means there is violence. If you hear that word, your next line should be, "Has it ever gotten physical?"</p> <p><strong>I couldn't stop thinking</strong> about Annie. If had known and if I had asked, if I had really asked, she would have told me. I believe that. That event solidified everything about my career.</p> <p><strong>I knew by then</strong> that if I wanted to prevent homicides in women, I needed to work with abuse victims. I started volunteering in a women's shelter. The concept of shelters was just getting started. I was also teaching in the nursing program at Wayne State. I had a colleague there named Janice Humphries. She was a pediatric nurse practitioner, and she started coming to the shelter to work with the children. Another colleague was a specialist in elder abuse. We all agreed that our students needed a course in family violence. We were all young and ready to take on the world, so we proposed a course and got it passed through the curriculum committee. I still teach an iteration of that course. It was one of the first of its kind in the country.</p> <p><strong>The funny thing was,</strong> we couldn't find a textbook to use. Janice and I were determined to get this course going, so we spent a summer writing the textbook. Years later, when I applied for the PhD program at the University of Rochester, I told the dean that story. I'll never forget the look on her face when she said, "Wait, you wrote a textbook years before you got into a PhD program?"</p> <p><strong>There have been many</strong> aha moments over the years. One big one came out of the work I did volunteering at shelters and working with abused women in support groups. There were times when they would be telling me their stories and I would get such a chill. What they were saying reminded me of things from the homicide folders from that police station in Dayton. But it seemed to me that I would be more scared than they were. The victims who were at the most risk didn't seem to be putting the pieces together. Domestic violence is always terrible. But what I began to see is that there are some specific kinds of cases that are highly dangerous. They're the ones most likely to end in the woman's death.</p> <p><strong>Some of the literature</strong> about domestic violence at the time was portraying the victims as these weak, pathetic people with no self-esteem. But I knew these women, and I could see that they were smart and resourceful. They were working really hard to figure out some kind of a solution, one that maybe would keep a father in their children's lives.</p> <p><strong>I began to work on</strong> the question of why the women in the most dangerous cases did not seem to be putting the pieces together. I started talking with them about things, very directly. One thing I learned is that there is this absolutely normal tendency to put scary stuff away in the back of your mind because you need to get up, get the kids to school, and do your thing all day.</p> <p><strong>I wanted to help them</strong> see for themselves when they were in a really dangerous place, so I started to put together a 20-item screening tool that is now pretty widely used. It's called the Danger Assessment. I worked for a long time on the wording of the items because I knew the words would be very important with these women. One sign of a dangerous abuser is that he forces his partner into sex. Abused women call this forced sex, but they don't think of it with words like rape or sexual assault. The same goes with strangulation—that's not a word they use. They call it choking.</p> <p><strong>I would ask these women</strong> who were in really scary situations if the abuse was getting more frequent and more severe. They would say, "Oh no, it's only every once in a while." So we developed this calendar exercise for the assessment, where they mark the approximate dates of abuse on calendars and then rate the severity of each episode. Now they can see for themselves—the numbers are right there in front of them. Increasing frequency and severity are key signs of a situation where the woman might get killed.</p> <p><strong>Over the years</strong> I've also been looking at long-term health outcomes for abused women who aren't killed. What we've learned is that these women have more central nervous system problems later in life, things like trouble concentrating and memory lapses. They also have more seizures. The evidence is showing us that one reason for this is the repetitive choking they endured, especially if it got to the point of unconsciousness. There are a lot of head injuries in abuse, too, so it's like what happens over the long term to boxers who take all those punches to the head.</p> <p><strong>I've been determined</strong> to try and be a catalyst for change in this area ever since I got started. That's one of the reasons I came to Hopkins in 1993. It's a whole lot closer to Washington, D.C., for one thing. But also, I saw that there is a reputation that comes with the Hopkins name that makes you much more likely to be called on and listened to in the world of public policy.</p> <p><strong>The whole path</strong> that I found myself on here has been so rewarding. The opportunity to work with so many students has been incredibly useful and rewarding. Then there are the collaborations with colleagues in so many other fields—medicine and psychology and public health, yes, but also the police and, really, the whole criminal justice system. I think that together we've been able to accomplish a lot when it comes to identifying those women who are being severely abused and coming up with better ways to connect them with help.</p> <p><strong>Another one of the</strong> great things about being here at Hopkins [is that] I'm getting to train the next generation of nursing scholars in this area. That has been a wonderful gift.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Johns Hopkins professor talks about how she finds bats for her lab—and why she studies them <p><strong>Cindy Moss, Professor, Psychological and Brain Sciences, Krieger School of Arts and Sciences</strong></p> <p>"I'm very interested in how humans and animals perceive the world—that's the big picture. I just happen to use the echolating bat as a model because it can give us information that other animal models don't.</p> <p>"Bats produce high-frequency sounds that reflect off objects, and they use the echo returns to build pictures of the world. I'm interested in trying to understand how the bat builds pictures from echoes, and what those pictures are really like in the experience of the bat. Of course we can't ask bats directly, 'What do you see?' But we can use their behavior to make inferences about what they experience.</p> <p>"Our lab is somewhat unusual in that we integrate behavioral studies with neural recordings. We set up tasks in which the bats have to avoid obstacles or find food and combine behavioral measurements with neural measurements by implanting tiny electrodes in the animal's brain. We use high-speed cameras and ultrasound microphones to record the bat's flight path and echolocation calls. We've also been studying vision in bats. The saying 'blind as a bat' is a myth. Different bat species differ in their visual capabilities, but some, like the Egyptian fruit bat, can see very well.</p> <p><strong>Also see:</strong> <a href="">To the bat lab!</a> (<em>Arts & Sciences Magazine</em>, Fall 2014)</p> <p>"We have approximately 170 bats in our Bat Lab [in the basement of Ames Hall], across four species. We currently don't breed big brown bats, and we need new subjects every year. We have a collecting permit from the Maryland Department of Natural Resources, which allows us to collect up to 100 local big brown bats annually. We spend a lot of time crawling around in people's hot attics. We set up nets and catch them as they fly out, or sometimes, if the bats are really sleepy, we can go into an attic during the day and just pick them like fruit.</p> <p>"Years ago, I was on a research trip as a doctoral student in Panama. Since I was the low man on the totem pole, I was assigned the job to stand at the mouth of the cave to watch the equipment as the other researchers stirred up the bats. Suddenly, the bats started flying out at me. Thousands of them. They didn't want to hit me as much as I didn't want to get hit. So I just stood there, and they went right around me. That was my first rather intense exposure to bats.</p> <p>"I get a lot of different reactions when I tell people what I study. Most are surprised. At my first faculty appointment, at Harvard, all the people [in the business office] were expecting me to be dressed in a black cape."</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 'White hat hackers' of Johns Hopkins protect data, thwart cybercrime <p>Last year, nude photos of celebrities were hacked through iCloud. Online robbers also made off with millions of credit card numbers at Home Depot and Target. By year-end, the latest Seth Rogen comedy was fueling an international imbroglio replete with tit-for-tat cyberattacks.</p> <p>Welcome to Anton Dahbura's world.</p> <p>Dahbura is the executive director of the Johns Hopkins University Information Security Institute, often known more simply by the acronym JHUISI, pronounced "juicy." Its mission: Exploring ways to protect data and thwart cybercrime while pondering the very notion of what privacy means in our wired world. With nearly every single aspect of our society—from commerce, to entertainment, to health care, to democracy itself via computerized voting—reduced to "0s" and "1s" and placed on increasingly networked computers, the urgency of the task has never been greater.</p> <p>Cybercrime is so omnipresent today, Dahbura jokes, that some of his instructors don't have to lug books to class, or put together PowerPoint presentations. "They really don't have to prepare their lectures in advance," he says. "They just pick up the paper in the morning and lecture right off the front page."</p> <p>On this dank December day, as Dahbura sits down with a reporter and the institute's technical director, Professor Avi Rubin, the Sony Pictures hack is still big news. Some 100 terabytes of data were lifted from the film studio's networks, including embarrassing executive emails, and in the face of cyberterrorism threats, its film The Interview was (at least initially) pulled from theatrical release.</p> <p>"Not getting to see Seth Rogen—that hits America in the gut," Dahbura deadpans about the film's fate.</p> <p>"But it's really more of a benign wake-up call," he continues. "A lot of Americans don't realize just how far-reaching the implications of cyberterrorism can be. On the other extreme, we have all these computer systems that are controlling nuclear power plants, gas lines and oil rigs, transportation networks, and things like that. For all we know, they could already have been infiltrated."</p> <p>Part of JHUISI's work involves providing its own "wake-up call" to government and business as its researchers and students probe for weaknesses in existing computer systems in a process sometimes referred to as "white hat hacking." For instance, they hacked Exxon's SpeedPass payment system to score free gas, and unlocked an office door with a 3D-printed key made from a single photograph of someone's keychain. (See "Five Great Hacks" sidebar.)</p> <p>"If we identify a vulnerability, then we have an ethical obligation to notify the manufacturer or service provider, whoever is the originator of the product or software, and give them a fair chance to respond," Dahbura says.</p> <p>The institute's prin­cipal academic track is the Master of Science in Security Informatics program, where course work includes exploring the next generation of data cryptography. (After all, data stolen off a computer network or cell tower can be useless if it's adequately encrypted.) The still-emerging field of computer forensics is another area of study.</p> <p>"It's not that different from how you would think of forensics at a murder scene," Rubin says. "It's all just happening on a hard drive or on a computer."</p> <p>In other words, these "detectives" look for "digital footprints" as clues to who broke into a system, discerning the specific techniques used to gain access and other details that can help point to a perpetrator. Another aspect of the field is retrieving data from damaged computers or storage devices—a laptop from a fire scene, or a hard drive that a fleeing terror suspect threw out a window.</p> <p>The institute, part of the Whiting School of Engineering, was founded in 2001 by Gerald Masson, now a professor emeritus, who is also the founding chairman of the school's Department of Computer Science. "It's one of the first university research centers dedicated to information security," Dahbura says. "Professor Masson also had the foresight to view it as a holistic endeavor; our work is not just purely technical but also involves the legal, legislative, ethical, and business aspects of information security and privacy."</p> <p>Because of this broad outlook, the program's students frequently interact with the university's Carey Business School and School of Advanced International Studies, and some classes are even held at the schools of Medicine and Public Health. There are high-level programming and systems design courses, and also those that are more theoretical, such as Moral and Legal Foundations of Privacy.</p> <p>Of course, in the just over a dozen years since the institute's founding, the field has exploded. More and more personal data are being shared on social media and elsewhere, while we increasingly rely on relatively new cloud-based storage systems whose security may be less than resolute (just ask Jennifer Lawrence or Kate Upton). The world in 2001 was a far less connected place. Today, there are nearly twice as many people on Facebook alone than even had access to the Web when the institute was born. And recall that the lowly "dumb" flip phone was king a decade ago. Among the reasons that hacking stories are part of most every news cycle now is that in the great rush to get everything online or in your pocket (or both), the security implications of all this data piling up and/or flying around were not adequately considered.</p> <p>"It's a crazy new world, and part of the reason is these things," Dahbura says, holding up his smartphone. "These phones can track us and collect data. There is a camera on each side and a microphone. Virtually every factor involved in modern product design now flies against security. There has been fervor to connect everything to the Internet—garage-door openers to locks to thermostats. There's often so much pressure to get feature-rich products out the door that data security was, at best, an afterthought. And if there is one thing we see, it's that wherever there is a potential vulnerability out there, someone is actively trying to exploit it."</p> <p>Who are these exploiters, these "black hat hackers"? There is a hierarchy, with a small corps of "superhackers" perched at the top. "These are very bright people, who, sadly, would rather put their energy and ingenuity into the dark side and illegitimate means of making money," Rubin says. At the other extreme is what are dubbed "script kiddies," individuals or groups who likely have little computer savvy but have gotten ahold of some prepackaged malicious software that they ruthlessly employ. Many reside deep in Eastern Europe or other remote overseas locations away from much government oversight or legal recourse. "The Chinese government has tens of thousands of people whose full-time job it is to explore vulnerabilities," Rubin adds.</p> <p>Probably no computer crime is as prevalent or costly, as far as U.S. consumers are concerned, as the theft of credit card data. (Dahbura admits that he himself had a card number caught up in one of the mammoth retail-chain hacks.) Frustratingly, no form of cybercrime is probably as preventable, either.</p> <p>"The banks in the U. S. and the credit card organizations can make credit cards much more secure than they are, and they haven't felt like doing it because it fits into their business model to just accept fraud as a cost of doing business," Rubin says. "But it's become such a nuisance to the public that it's a defective product and it has to change."</p> <p>JHUISI will continue to challenge this status quo mindset, as will its graduates, who increasingly are heading off to more diverse occupations than ever. In the past, most went to work for information technology firms or the government. Now, Dahbura notes, they are also ending up in finance, health care, manufacturing, all sorts of places. "Companies are starting to recognize that no matter what they do, they need to have security expertise in house," he says.</p> <p>Though they don't think it's happened yet, another place that grads could land is in Hollywood. When the entertainment industry isn't being hacked itself, it often depicts cybercrime and hackers in television shows and film. Rubin says a version of his 3D-printed key project was featured in the ABC crime drama Castle, and a scriptwriter once called him about how to hack a GPS system.</p> <p>"I wonder how often the bad guys get their ideas from TV shows—Hey, can I do that?" Dahbura ponders.</p> <p>"I watch a lot of these action shows, and more and more, I'm seeing realistic plot lines or things that I've seen in conferences," says Rubin. "Maybe on my next sabbatical I should go consult on TV and movies. That would be fun."</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Latest from 'Reading Lolita' author Azar Nafisi explores liberating power of imagination <p>"Are you lonesome tonight?"</p> <p>Elvis crooned the question in 1960. Half a dozen years later, the King's mop-topped progeny rephrased it with a Liverpudlian accent.</p> <p>"All the lonely people—where do they all come from?"</p> <p>Azar Nafisi proffers an answer and an antidote to our isolation, detailing it with passion in her latest book, <em>The Republic of Imagination</em>.</p> <p>The remedy is in the title: the ability to call to mind things neither seen nor lived.</p> <p>The liberating power of imagination—too often dismissed as the domain of the very young—is amplified here with sly, whimsical illustrations by Peter Sis, a Czech-born writer of children's books.</p> <p>Nafisi argues that the contradictory experience of feeling less alone while in solitude—something akin to magic—is delivered through literature, particularly the Iranian-born author's specialty: American belles-lettres.</p> <p>"Teaching [the value] of imagination is wonderful," says Nafisi, a visiting fellow at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, famous for her 2003 memoir, <em>Reading Lolita in Tehran: A Memoir in Books</em>, which rode the <em>New York Times</em> best-seller list for more than a hundred weeks. (And, in 2011, was set to music in a chamber opera by the Maryland composer Elisabeth Mehl Greene.)</p> <p>Nafisi notes that the contours of the republic mapped in her new book—Huck and Jim riding the rapids of morality, George Babbitt's hunger for an imaginary fairy girl, small towns haunted by lonely, predatory hearts—are at sharp odds with the country of which she became a citizen in 2008.</p> <p>"The contradiction," says Nafisi, in a coffee shop near her Foggy Bottom home in Washington, "is that on the one hand Americans cherish the idea of 'the dream' while they also commercialize it. They allow themselves to be manipulated by it."</p> <p>To this point, <em>The Republic of Imagination</em> spends many pages arguing against the constrictions of the nation's Common Core curriculum in public education: the alleged supremacy of math and science at the expense of art now ascendant. The book is jacketed in her favorite color—blue—on which a drawing by Sis shows a woman flying across a starry, metropolitan sky, a book in one hand and a pen in the other. Subtitled <em>America in Three Books</em>, it is a polemic more interesting when discussing the power of stories (Nafisi is a wise and trusted guide through the universe of fiction) than the machinations of our culture wars.</p> <p>The first of the three books is Mark Twain's <em>Huckleberry Finn</em>, an immortal narrative virtually synonymous with America itself.</p> <p>"Huck leaves his loneliness behind and becomes a moral person when he connects to Jim," says Nafisi of the relationship between the urchin and the slave. "He helps Jim because he knows the pain Jim is going through. The only time he claims to be happy is when he was with Jim."</p> <p>Next comes <em>Babbitt</em> by Sinclair Lewis, a conspicuously lonely man who in 1930 became the nation's first Nobel laureate in literature.</p> <p>The story of George Babbitt—solid citizen, successful Midwestern real estate salesman, and incorrigible daydreamer—the novel depicts how desolate it can be deep inside the mainstream, especially with friends, neighbors, and colleagues for whom commerce is akin to patriotism.</p> <p>"His external life has no connection to his internal life," says Nafisi, past director of two SAIS programs: the Dialogue Project and Cultural Conversations. "It begins with him dreaming of his fairy child and ends with him saying that he never did anything in his life that he wanted."</p> <p>The third—perhaps the most compelling section of <em>Republic</em>—puts forth the romantic notion that it is less lonely to be a marginalized outsider (as many artists and dreamers are) than a cog at society's center.</p> <p>This is the 80-page passage concerned with the sensational 1940 debut best-seller <em>The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter</em>, by the then 23-year-old Carson McCullers, herself an outsider who would go on (not unlike Diane Arbus) to portray the lives of Americans so far beyond the margins that they often go unseen.</p> <p>In 1949, writes Nafisi, McCullers published a piece called "Loneliness … An American Malady."</p> <p>In the "Carson" section of the book, Nafisi says she has "come to think of [this essay] as her credo. … [McCullers] writes that Americans 'tend to seek out things as individuals, alone. … The European … knows little of the moral loneliness that is native to us Americans.'"</p> <p>Through immersing herself for decades in tales about America and by Americans, this headstrong daughter of a former mayor of Tehran and of one of the first women in the Iranian parliament embraces the existentialism McCullers believed natives of the United States are born with.</p> <p>"We bring alternative eyes to these books, and it gives them new meaning," says Nafisi. "I always encourage my students not to just read about themselves."</p> <p>Azar Nafisi joined the SAIS faculty in 1997. Not currently in the classroom, she has taught culture, aesthetics, literature, and the relationship between all three and politics.</p> <p>This last bit of expertise was hard-earned: When she was a child, her father—while mayor—was falsely imprisoned by enemies who included the Shah, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. Her father was ultimately exonerated.</p> <p>Two days after defending her PhD dissertation in 1979—the year of the Islamic Revolution in Iran and the takeover of the American embassy there—Nafisi returned home, in large part because her father was lonely without her. "I returned to Iran because I always dreamed of return … but my timing was awful," says Nafisi, a self-described contrarian who has compared life in the Islamic Republic to "having sex with a man you loathe."</p> <p>Referencing a first, foolish marriage at 17 to a man she did not love and, later, "almost 20 years in post-revolutionary Iran," Nafisi says one "has to experience certain things; no matter how traumatized they leave you, they will teach you."</p> <p>Nafisi's undergraduate degrees and doctorate in English and American literature were earned at the University of Oklahoma in Norman, not a fabled world academy she once dreamed of but still cherished.</p> <p>In <em>Republic</em>, she writes at length about her student activist and anti-Vietnam involvement in Norman—easily the most progressive corner of Woody Guthrie's home state—and credits her time there and heated debates about writers like William Faulkner and Flannery O'Connor as key to her development.</p> <p>Nafisi has been a visiting fellow at the University of Oxford and in 2006 was awarded a Persian Golden Lioness Award for literature by the World Academy of Arts, Literature, and Media.</p> <p>Among her greatest honors—a thrill Nafisi ranks as high as the birth of her own books—was the invitation to write the foreword to the new Penguin edition of <em>Huckleberry Finn</em>.</p> <p>Such is the outline of her curriculum vitae. Almost everything else you'd want to know—secrets dark and thorny that other families would keep hidden, particularly less-confessional, non-American families—can be found in the intensely intimate book that bridges <em>Reading Lolita</em> and <em>The Republic of Imagination</em>.</p> <p><em>Things I've Been Silent About: Memories of a Prodigal Daughter</em>—taken from a list she made in a diary—charts the author's life of cultured privilege in an unhappy Iranian home from about the age of 4 through the deaths of her parents, the constantly sparring Ahmad and Nezhat Nafisi, at the book's center. Built upon thousands of pages of her father's private journals—many of them written while serving time in a four-year "temporary" jail cell—the book is wrenching in many ways.</p> <p>While <em>Silent About</em> documents the executions of relatives, former students, and her high school principal under the rule of Ruhollah Khomeini, it is somehow most sad when discussing her bitter, narcissistic mother, who derided her firstborn for sharing "the same rotten genes" as the father she adored.</p> <p>Nafisi returned to the United States in 1997 after leaving several college teaching positions constricted by Islamic rule. Her refusal to wear a veil was one of the sticking points. Between leaving her university posts in Tehran and landing in Washington, she tutored a handful of women in private, using Vladimir Nabokov's <em>Lolita</em> as one of the central texts. It became the basis of her renowned work.</p> <p>Departing Iran, Nafisi went to kiss her mother goodbye. With an almost terminal bitterness, the older woman turned away. They would never see each other again.</p> <p>For all of the splendor and status of her upbringing—the Nafisis are known in Iran for accomplishments in literature and medicine—it was one that might have pushed others toward drink or drugs or other means of self-sabotage.</p> <p>Yet it led Azar to seek succor down the rabbit holes of fiction, perhaps not as deeply as Alice or as far as the knight errant Don Quixote, whose love of adventure stories drove him mad. But far enough for comfort.</p> <p>When asked about her own loneliness—eased in childhood with immersion in epic Persian poetry beloved by her father along with Dickens and The Wizard of Oz—Nafisi smiles (it's a great smile) and is somewhat coy.</p> <p>"I am less lonely when I'm reading and writing," she says, "when I am connecting to something very deep inside of me.</p> <p>"The beautiful contradiction is you need to withdraw from the world to do it," she says. "Yet what you are reading has been read by millions, and what you write will be read by strangers."</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 At Johns Hopkins, a spirited pickup basketball tradition enters its fourth decade <p>Game one started out fairly crisp, then deteriorated to a brick fest. The two teams—a collection of men who could be your older brother, uncle, or grandfather—traded a salvo of ugly shots and turnovers.</p> <p>Layups were missed, rebounds bungled. The cluttered floor spacing would make a coach weep. Somewhere, the ghost of James Naismith likely shook his head and wished he'd never seen a peach basket.</p> <p>But then came a moment of pure hardwood magic. Chuck, a six-foot-five-ish man in his late 40s and the husband of a Johns Hopkins staff member, threw a gem of a half-court outlet pass to Bill, a 67-year-old history professor and modern China expert, who shoveled a toss to Ralph, a white-haired, goggled astronomer, for an uncontested game-winning layup. That's victory, one university–style.</p> <p>Now who's got next? Because here, there's always another game.</p> <p>Each Wednesday and Friday at lunchtime, the clamor of screeching high-tops fills Homewood's O'Connor Recreation Center gym. Men—and the occasional woman—of various ages, heights, waistlines, and JHU connections coalesce for a little friendly and spirited pickup basketball. It's a tradition now in its fourth decade.</p> <p>While there's some debate on exactly when the weekday-afternoon games started, the general consensus dates them to somewhere around the early 1980s, when a small group of faculty and various academic department staff met for hoops at the White Athletic Center's Goldfarb Gymnasium. But others soon wanted in. The originals were joined by grad students, alumni, athletic center staff, folks from maintenance and food services, employees from the nearby Space Telescope Science Institute, and anyone else who wanted court time.</p> <p>Bill Rowe, the John and Diane Cooke Professor of Chinese History in the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, considers himself the longest-tenured regular. Rowe joined Johns Hopkins in 1982 and not long thereafter sniffed out the campus basketball courts. "I grew up in Brooklyn, and I've been playing basketball since I was 8 at various blacktop courts and the local YMCA," Rowe says. "I'm not an athlete, and I've never been particularly good at basketball, but the sport is in my blood. I used to be able to mix it up more; now, if I can break a sweat, that's pretty good."</p> <p>As Rowe tells it, not much has changed in the basic format in the past 30-plus years, other than location. (The games moved from the White Center to the O'Connor Center after the facility opened in spring 2002.) Those interested in playing gather at 11:30 a.m. As soon as a quorum of 10 is reached, two of the group's regulars choose "even" sides. "We start off by trying to separate the two tallest guys," Rowe says. "We understand the abilities of everyone out there, more or less, although sometimes it gets screwed up when somebody new comes into the game."</p> <p>They play to 12, one point per basket. Winning team stays on the court. They usually have time for at least three games, four if bodies allow. It's full court. No clock. No scoreboard. No refs. They police their own fouls, but anything from the hardest hack to a travel results in the same, a reset of possession.</p> <p>Offensive fouls, like the stray elbow or charge, go largely ignored. Arguments erupt on occasion, but according to most regulars, not as frequently as they used to. Age, apparently, mellows everyone.</p> <p>Undergraduates, while not technically excluded, don't typically figure in the mix. "Plus, we're a little skeptical of undergraduates—they don't have a sense of mortality yet," says Rowe, who lists broken fingers, ribs, and a wisdom tooth among his on-court injuries. "We know that someday there'll come an injury we can't overcome. We've lost a few over the years to bad knees and back injuries."</p> <p>The current group of regulars totals about 30, most on the other side of age 35. Anywhere from 10 to 20 show up on any given day.</p> <p>The game's list of alumni includes the noted colonial America historian Jack P. Greene, literary scholar Stanley Fish, mathematician William Minicozzi, <em>Baltimore Sun</em> sportswriter Kevin Cowherd, and several WBAL-TV personalities, including Tony Pann and Lisa Salters, now with ESPN.</p> <p>Salters, who played guard for the Lady Lions during her time at Penn State, tagged along with fellow WBAL employees who, like her, wanted to satisfy a basketball craving. "It was a great competition, [and] when I worked the night shift back then, I could play for a couple of hours, shower, change, and get ready for work," says Salters, who was a regular from 1988 to 1995 before moving to Los Angeles for ABC News.</p> <p>One of the few women to play, Salters doesn't recall getting deferential treatment. "They just knew I had some game," she says. "I never knew what the others did [for a living]. They were just guys in gym shorts. I mean, you know who can shoot, who sucks. Sure, you learn a little about people, but mostly it's just about the basketball."</p> <p>The play itself can best be described as uneven.</p> <p>There are sporadic periods of brilliance when you'll see a stylish full-court pass to start a break, and a textbook jump shot ending in a silky swish. More often, the ball clanks off the rim—or misses it entirely.</p> <p>Lester Spence, an associate professor of political science and Africana studies, started playing in the Homewood pickup games in 2005, just after he joined JHU from Washington University in St. Louis. He first shot hoops with students and asked one: "Where and when do the old guys play?"</p> <p>Spence characterizes pickup basketball as a "higher form of communication," self-organized, and able to survive decades with minimal effort. "Nobody's in charge here. There's just an understanding everyone will be back," Spence says. "It's a community away from the community. We have arguments, sure, but they never get out of hand. Intellectually, you just figure s--- out on the court. And it's all first names. We load so much onto people because of status, but here you create a setting where status doesn't matter, other than your status on the court."</p> <p>Spence says basketball likely saved his career.</p> <p>"I was on the tenure track when I first arrived here, and I brought my own level of stress to the court," says Spence, who acknowledged the Homewood pickup games in his book <em>Stare in the Darkness: The Limits of Hip-hop and Black Politics</em>. "At the moment in time, I didn't know if I was going to stick around here, but this group, in particular Bill Minicozzi, was there when I needed someone."</p> <p>Talentwise, most consider themselves from "passable" to "hacks." Spence says he has a "stable" game and can pass. "I know what I can't do," he says. "I play to compete."</p> <p>Spence, too, has had his share of court-related injuries, including a herniated disc, a neck injury, and "general wear and tear" on his knees. But he's not stopping. "Basketball is a beautiful game, and means a lot to me. It's like breathing," he says.</p> <p>Ralph Bohlin, who joined around the same time as Rowe, is 71, and not letting age slow him down. Bohlin, an astronomer with the Space Telescope Science Institute who specializes in the calibration of standard stars, says he has a "year by year membership" in basketball. He says he's missed a few months here and there due to injuries but has otherwise been playing 30 years straight.</p> <p>"I do it for exercise, but the competition is also fun," says Bohlin, who is featured in an STScI recruitment video playing pickup basketball at the O'Connor Center. "It keeps me young and breaks up the day. I can't run up and down the court, or jump, the way I used to. But I'm still really good at pushing and shoving."</p> <p>And every once in a while, getting a game-winning basket.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Remembering Johns Hopkins neuroscience giant Vernon Mountcastle <p>Vernon Mountcastle, one of Johns Hopkins Medicine's giants of the 20th century, died peacefully at his North Baltimore home on Jan. 11 with Nancy, his wife of seven decades, and family at his bedside. He was 96.</p> <p>Mountcastle was universally acknowledged as the "father of neuroscience" and served Johns Hopkins with extraordinary dedication for nearly 65 years.</p> <p>A 1942 graduate of the School of Medicine and a member of the faculty since 1948, Mountcastle served as director of the Department of Physiology and head of the Philip Bard Laboratories of Neurophysiology at Johns Hopkins from 1964 to 1980. He later became one of the founding members of the university's Zanvyl Krieger Mind/Brain Institute, where he continued to work until his retirement at 87. The auditorium in the School of Medicine's Pre-Clinical Teaching Building bears his name.</p> <p>Colleagues remember his dedication to the professional development of neuroscientists, fiercely focused work ethic, and devotion to collaborative research.</p> <p>Mountcastle once was dubbed the "Jacques Cousteau of the cortex" for his revolutionary research delving into the unknown depths of the brain and establishing the basis for modern neuroscience.</p> <p>In 1957, he made the breakthrough discovery that revolutionized the concept of how the brain is built. He found that the cells of the cerebral cortex are organized in vertical columns, extending from the surface of the brain down through six layers of the cortex, each column processing a specific kind of information.</p> <p>Two decades later, Mountcastle launched what he considered even more important research on the parietal lobe of the cortex, the region involved in such higher functions as perceiving sensory information and physically reacting to it. Mountcastle's work earned him the 1983 Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award.</p> <p>In addition to the Lasker, he received nearly every major scientific award, including the National Medal of Science and the National Academy of Sciences Award in Neurosciences. He was the first president of the Society for Neuroscience, editor of the <em>Journal of Neurophysiology</em>, and author of landmark textbooks. He received eight honorary degrees, the most recent being from Johns Hopkins in 2013.</p> <p>In a story about Mountcastle that ran in the Winter 2007 issue of <em>Hopkins Medicine</em> magazine, Sol Snyder, Distinguished Service Professor of Neuroscience, Pharmacology and Psychology and a friend of Mountcastle's (and a fellow National Medal of Science and Lasker Award winner), told this writer that "no matter how far the studies of brain cells and molecules take researchers in the future, neuroscientists ultimately will be drawn back to Mountcastle's work."</p> <p>"The more and more we know of individual genes that regulate brain function," Snyder said, "the more and more it becomes clear that molecular biology is just the beginning—and we need to return to the lessons of Vernon Mountcastle to put it all together."</p> <p>Upon hearing of Mountcastle's death, Johns Hopkins University President Ronald J. Daniels said, "Over the course of a professional career spent—to our great delight—entirely within the Johns Hopkins family, Vernon sprinkled his stardust over many once-disparate parts of this institution, pulling our community closer, and standing as the exemplar of what we now call 'one university.'"</p> <p>Mountcastle was a World War II Navy veteran who served as a physician on four tank landing ships during the Anzio and Normandy invasions, treating hundreds of wounded soldiers under harrowing conditions. A skilled horseman and a tenacious tennis player, he lived on a 13-acre farm in Monkton, Maryland, before moving into a North Baltimore townhouse at the age of 88.</p> <p><em>Contributions in Mountcastle's memory may be made to the Mind/Brain Institute, 338 Krieger Hall, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218.</em></p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Meet Carol Reiley, a Johns Hopkins robotics scientist who's written a book for kids <h4>Diving In</h4> <p><strong>Why you should know her:</strong> Reiley, a doctoral student in computer science, recently published a children's book, <em>Making a Splash</em>, funded largely by a Kickstarter campaign and aimed at ages 6 to 10. Originally conceived as a gift for her niece, the book advocates the growth mindset philosophy that says intelligence is malleable and can be developed through dedication and hard work, as opposed to the belief that you're born with a fixed amount of smarts. The illustrated pages tell the story of two siblings, Lisa and Johnny, and how they differ in their attitudes toward learning. The takeaway: It's not how smart you are; it's how smart you can become if you push yourself. Take that, trophy generation.</p> <h4>iHeartRobots</h4> <p>As her Twitter handle @robot_MD suggests, Reiley's research focuses on surgical robotics and how to improve human and robotic interaction, and she already has one patent, on surgical skill evaluation. She's also a champion of personal robots. Yes, every home with a customizable automaton.</p> <h4>The Reiley File</h4> <p><strong>UNDERGRAD</strong> BS in computer engineering, Santa Clara University. <strong>FAVORITE BOOK</strong> Ender's Game. <strong>ON SELF-PUBLISHING 'MAKING A SPLASH'</strong> Wanted to learn about publishing the DIY way. <strong>CAREER INSPIRATION</strong> Her computer engineer father and time spent as a hospital volunteer, when she marveled at patients with pacemakers. <strong>GREATEST SCIENTIFIC BREAKTHROUGH IN HER LIFETIME</strong> Advances in personal computing and the Internet. "It's so empowering." <strong>PROSPECTS OF A ROBOT APOCALYPSE</strong> Minute. "Right now we have enough of a challenge programming a robot to move from one side of the room to the other. So robots that could rise up and attack us is an unfounded fear." <strong>SIDE PROJECT</strong> Founded TinkerBelle Laboratories, which supports low-cost DIY projects that address environmental, robotic, and health care needs. <strong>FAVORITE DIY PROJECT</strong> A humane mousetrap she fashioned at age 8 for a school science fair, and to catch her runaway pet hamster. <strong>TEN YEARS FROM NOW</strong> Somewhere at the intersection of technology and humanity. Definitely entrepreneurial. <strong>FAVORITE MOVIE</strong> Toy Story. <strong>WHY JHU?</strong> For its expertise and depth in the surgical robotics field.</p> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Milestones <h3>ACADEMIC AND CULTURAL CENTERS</h3> <h4>35 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Clarence Felipa,</strong> The Johns Hopkins Club</p></li> <li><p><strong>Lyn Kargaard,</strong> Center for Talented Youth</p></li> </ul> <h4>30 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Linda Brody,</strong> Center for Talented Youth</li> </ul> <h4>25 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Jacqueline Barnett,</strong> Center for Talented Youth</li> </ul> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Juliana McCarthy,</strong> JHU Press</p></li> <li><p><strong>Nora Reedy,</strong> JHU Press</p></li> </ul> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Mary Crowley,</strong> Center for Talented Youth</p></li> <li><p><strong>Barbara Rawlins,</strong> Jhpiego</p></li> </ul> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Manjushree Badlani,</strong> Jhpiego</p></li> <li><p><strong>Brendan Coyne,</strong> JHU Press</p></li> <li><p><strong>Natalie Hendler,</strong> Jhpiego</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kirsten Oeste,</strong> Center for Talented Youth</p></li> <li><p><strong>Antoine Smith,</strong> The Johns Hopkins Club</p></li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Godfrey Abdul,</strong> Jhpiego</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kwame Asiedu,</strong> Jhpiego</p></li> <li><p><strong>Charlene Reynolds,</strong> Jhpiego</p></li> <li><p><strong>Dean Smith,</strong> JHU Press</p></li> <li><p><strong>Wesley Smith,</strong> Jhpiego</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kaashif Williams,</strong> The Johns Hopkins Club</p></li> </ul> <h3>BLOOMBERG SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH</h3> <h4>40 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Harriet Telljohann,</strong> Epidemiology</li> </ul> <h4>25 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Jacqueline Ball,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Bertha Carter,</strong> International Health</p></li> <li><p><strong>Patricia Hahn-Esposito,</strong> International Vaccine Access Center</p></li> <li><p><strong>Shelly Odwin-Dacosta,</strong> Environmental Health Sciences</p></li> <li><p><strong>Patricia Poppe,</strong> Health, Behavior and Society</p></li> </ul> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Sabrina Drayton,</strong> International Health</p></li> <li><p><strong>Jon Garvin,</strong> Information Systems</p></li> <li><p><strong>Cheryl Hopson Boone,</strong> Epidemiology</p></li> </ul> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Latia Brinkley,</strong> International Vaccine Access Center</p></li> <li><p><strong>Constance Glass,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Caroline Jacoby,</strong> Health, Behavior and Society</p></li> <li><p><strong>James Lee,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Gregory Surplus,</strong> Environmental Health Sciences</p></li> <li><p><strong>Jolie Susan,</strong> Environmental Health Sciences</p></li> </ul> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Keri Barnes,</strong> Office of Associate Dean for External Affairs</p></li> <li><p><strong>Sharon Downes,</strong> Population, Family and Reproductive Health</p></li> <li><p><strong>Corey Griffin,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Amy Jones,</strong> Student Affairs</p></li> <li><p><strong>Daa'iyah Lang,</strong> Health, Behavior and Society</p></li> <li><p><strong>Leslie Vink,</strong> Student Affairs</p></li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Carol Burt,</strong> Health Policy and Management</p></li> <li><p><strong>Michelle Landrum,</strong> Mental Health</p></li> <li><p><strong>Erin McEvoy,</strong> Office of Senior Associate Dean for Academic Affairs</p></li> <li><p><strong>Sreenath Samudrala,</strong> Health Policy and Management</p></li> <li><p><strong>Adam Seiler,</strong> Health, Behavior and Society</p></li> <li><p><strong>Apral Smith,</strong> Health, Behavior and Society</p></li> </ul> <h3>CAREY BUSINESS SCHOOL</h3> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Emmanuel Opati,</strong> Office of Education </li> </ul> <h3>HOMEWOOD STUDENT AFFAIRS</h3> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Reginald Anthony,</strong> Housing and Conference Services</p></li> <li><p><strong>Evelyn Davis,</strong> Career Center</p></li> <li><p><strong>Jason Postlethwait,</strong> IT Services</p></li> </ul> <h3>KRIEGER SCHOOL OF ARTS AND SCIENCES</h3> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Margaret Kelly,</strong> Physics and Astronomy </li> </ul> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Brance Amussen,</strong> Mind/Brain Institute</p></li> <li><p><strong>Cornelius Boykins,</strong> Physics and Astronomy</p></li> <li><p><strong>Margaret Gier,</strong> Physics and Astronomy</p></li> <li><p><strong>Nicole Goode,</strong> Biophysics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Susan Soohoo,</strong> Mind/Brain Institute</p></li> </ul> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Sarah Campbell,</strong> Development</p></li> <li><p><strong>Jessica Madrigal,</strong> Summer and Intersession</p></li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Arless Carpenter,</strong> Physics and Astronomy </li> </ul> <h3>PEABODY INSTITUTE</h3> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Mary Schwendeman,</strong> Finance Administration</li> </ul> <h3>SAIS</h3> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Jordan Izzard,</strong> Development and Alumni Affairs </li> </ul> <h3>SCHOOL OF MEDICINE</h3> <h4>40 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Nancy Rosenberg,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Cynthia Thompson,</strong> Pediatrics</p></li> </ul> <h4>35 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Barbara Cross,</strong> Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p><strong>Carol Dean,</strong> Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p><strong>Phonecia Grandy Jones,</strong> Pediatrics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Christine Holzmueller,</strong> Armstrong Institute</p></li> <li><p><strong>Marsha Jolly,</strong> Welch Medical Library</p></li> <li><p><strong>Lucion Lawson,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Frank Williams,</strong> Pharmacology</p></li> </ul> <h4>30 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Pauline Gugliotta,</strong> Pediatrics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Walter Holtzclaw Jr.,</strong> Lab for Molecular Pharmacology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Timothy Hartke,</strong> Neurosurgery</p></li> <li><p><strong>Joan Johnson,</strong> Human Resources</p></li> <li><p><strong>Curt Reynolds,</strong> Institute for Clinical Translational Research</p></li> <li><p><strong>Rochelle Smith,</strong> Plastic Surgery</p></li> </ul> <h4>25 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Rhonda Austin,</strong> Clinical Operations</p></li> <li><p><strong>Suraya Berger,</strong> Immunogenetics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Lin Jin,</strong> Brain Science Institute</p></li> <li><p><strong>Marsha Buie,</strong> Orthopaedics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Janine Foust,</strong> Neurology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Teresa Greene,</strong> Gynecology and Obstetrics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kori Kindbom,</strong> Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p><strong>Douglas Kordek,</strong> Radiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Suzette Morgan,</strong> Research Administration</p></li> <li><p><strong>Valerie Provenza,</strong> Institute for Basic Biomedical Sciences</p></li> <li><p><strong>Mary Rattell,</strong> Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p><strong>Barbara Shaffer,</strong> Pathology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Sharnette Shelton,</strong> Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p><strong>Pamela Smith,</strong> Fund for Johns Hopkins Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Deborah Stroback,</strong> Pediatrics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Uvonna Taylor,</strong> Endocrinology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Roseann Wagner,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> </ul> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Alberta Carr-Brady,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Vickie Coates,</strong> Institute for Clinical Translational Research</p></li> <li><p><strong>Robin Fishel,</strong> Pulmonary</p></li> <li><p><strong>Gail Graustein,</strong> General Internal Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Rebecca Hanst,</strong> General Internal Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Sharonda Hutchins,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Gregory Jackson,</strong> Urology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Katharine Judge,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Victoria Kendall,</strong> Hematology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Madeline McLaughlin,</strong> Physiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Mary Mesick,</strong> Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p><strong>John Olsen,</strong> Research Environment Systems</p></li> </ul> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Eloy Bello,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Andrew Bilderback,</strong> Pulmonary</p></li> <li><p><strong>Monica Campbell,</strong> Clinical Immunology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Le Cheeks,</strong> Cardiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Carol Christman,</strong> Cardiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Belinda Davis,</strong> HEBCAC</p></li> <li><p><strong>Phoebe Evans Letocha,</strong> Medical Archives</p></li> <li><p><strong>Rodolfo Ferrer,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kimberly Ficek,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Jacqueline Hewitt,</strong> Cardiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Marjorie Holehan,</strong> Simulation Center</p></li> <li><p><strong>Judith Kimball,</strong> Chairman's Office</p></li> <li><p><strong>Antonio Lambert,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Valerie Mazza,</strong> Admissions</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kim Miller,</strong> Pediatrics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Belinda Pendergrass,</strong> Dermatology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Silvia Petrik,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Wei Qian,</strong> Cell Biology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Sharon Root,</strong> Institute for Basic Biomedical Sciences</p></li> <li><p><strong>Regina Schmitt,</strong> Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences</p></li> <li><p><strong>Jeffrey Thompson,</strong> HEBCAC</p></li> <li><p><strong>Pamela Thorton,</strong> Ophthalmology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Jaseline Thrower,</strong> Radiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Dawn Walcott,</strong> Cardiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Sandra Wheeler,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Johnisha Witherspoon,</strong> Institute for Basic Biomedical Sciences</p></li> <li><p><strong>Richard Zhu,</strong> Institute for Clinical Translational Research</p></li> </ul> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Oluwatope Alaofin,</strong> Gynecology and Obstetrics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Dacia Balch,</strong> Art as Applied to Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Crystal Barnhouser,</strong> Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p><strong>Tenise Bell,</strong> Basic Science</p></li> <li><p><strong>Mary Brown,</strong> Neurology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Irish Brown-Plowden,</strong> Pediatrics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Khalid Chakir,</strong> Cardiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Wynona China,</strong> Pediatrics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Marnie Colton,</strong> Institute of Genetic Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Bernard Espinas,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Adrian Gherman,</strong> Institute of Genetic Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Vanessa Girton,</strong> Animal Care and Use Committee</p></li> <li><p><strong>Deborah Gray,</strong> Urology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Christina Halligan,</strong> Armstrong Institute</p></li> <li><p><strong>Ivory Howard,</strong> Pediatrics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Dawn Hull,</strong> Research Animal Resources</p></li> <li><p><strong>Willette Kearney-Horne,</strong> Neurology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Jeanette Keene,</strong> Fund for Johns Hopkins Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Angela Kinn,</strong> Geriatric Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kimberly Koonce,</strong> Ophthalmology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Yukiko Lema,</strong> Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p><strong>Jacqueline Lizotte,</strong> Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kelly Mack,</strong> Ophthalmology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Thomas Malstrom,</strong> Fund for Johns Hopkins Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kurt Michael,</strong> Pathology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Melanie Mossman,</strong> Biomedical Engineering</p></li> <li><p><strong>Robert O'Meally,</strong> Biological Chemistry</p></li> <li><p><strong>Gladys Pearce,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Estelle Piwowar-Manning,</strong> Pathology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Colletta Richards Claggett,</strong> Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Michael Sparks,</strong> Ophthalmology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Judith Starr,</strong> Gynecology and Obstetrics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Andrea Strobel,</strong> Ophthalmology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Linda Thompson-Berky,</strong> Nephrology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Randall Wolfe,</strong> Biological Chemistry</p></li> <li><p><strong>Margaret Wong,</strong> Pathology</p></li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Rita Abujaber,</strong> Orthopaedics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kaliopi Avgerinos,</strong> Cardiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Noah Barasch,</strong> Armstrong Institute</p></li> <li><p><strong>Joanna Bryant,</strong> Infectious Diseases</p></li> <li><p><strong>Tamara Bulleri,</strong> Neurosurgery</p></li> <li><p><strong>Milton Connor Jr.,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Katherine DeSantis,</strong> Gastroenterology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Maria Diaz,</strong> Surgery</p></li> <li><p><strong>Alvin Dorman,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Monica Douglas,</strong> Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Shamayne Edmonds Hall,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Jamie Elswick,</strong> Finance and Business Office</p></li> <li><p><strong>Rebecca Fisher,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Harriet Forjuoh,</strong> Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Patricia Francis,</strong> Armstrong Institute</p></li> <li><p><strong>Leslia Gaines,</strong> Armstrong Institute</p></li> <li><p><strong>Laura Gerafentis,</strong> Pediatrics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Christopher Glick,</strong> Fund for Johns Hopkins Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kathy Hackett,</strong> Ophthalmology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Brittany Hale,</strong> Rheumatology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Melissa Jeresano,</strong> Immunogenetics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Erika Jones,</strong> Surgery</p></li> <li><p><strong>Stephanie Katz,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Jennifer Kelso,</strong> Pathology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Mojgan Khajavi-Nouri,</strong> Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Mariah Klunk,</strong> Pediatrics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Heather Landry,</strong> Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Michele Lang,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Christine LaPonzina,</strong> Radiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Stephanie Leimenstoll,</strong> Pediatrics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Lakitus Little,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Heather McFadden,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Rhonda Miller,</strong> Ophthalmology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Andrea Mitchell,</strong> Ophthalmology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Solange Montue,</strong> General Internal Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Stephen Olomukoro,</strong> Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Renea Olson,</strong> Chairman's Office</p></li> <li><p><strong>Monica Peralta,</strong> Animal Research Services</p></li> <li><p><strong>Judy Reid,</strong> Pediatrics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Joanne Riemer,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Thomas Sarsfield,</strong> Neurology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Sally Schramm,</strong> Orthopaedics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Deborah Schwartz,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Shannon Segres,</strong> Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Stanislav Spivak,</strong> Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p><strong>Donna Taylor,</strong> Surgery</p></li> <li><p><strong>Eric Tomakin,</strong> Gastroenterology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Lori Tony,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Akivaga Tsingalia,</strong> Neurology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Chantemonique Wallace,</strong> Surgery</p></li> <li><p><strong>Bridget Walsh,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Chang Won Lee,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Krystyna Wozniak,</strong> Brain Science Institute</p></li> </ul> <h3>SCHOOL OF NURSING</h3> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Marie Taylor,</strong> Business Office</p></li> <li><p><strong>Sarah Tennyson,</strong> Marketing and Communications</p></li> </ul> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Regina Carroll,</strong> Academic Affairs</p></li> <li><p><strong>Justin Cooke,</strong> Network Services</p></li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Allysin Bridges,</strong> Academic Affairs </li> </ul> <h3>SHERIDAN LIBRARIES/JHU MUSEUMS</h3> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>C Renee Hall,</strong> Sheridan Libraries</p></li> <li><p><strong>Reid Sczerba,</strong> Sheridan Libraries</p></li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Adriane Koenig,</strong> Sheridan Libraries </li> </ul> <h3>UNIVERSITY ADMINISTRATION</h3> <h4>30 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Tina Cole,</strong> Talent Management and Organization Development</p></li> <li><p><strong>Patricia McLean,</strong> Office of the Vice President and General Counsel</p></li> <li><p><strong>Thomas Wheatley,</strong> Facilities</p></li> </ul> <h4>25 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Susan Bartrum,</strong> Epic Information Technology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Sharon Busching,</strong> Talent Management and Organization Development</p></li> <li><p><strong>Margaret Earle,</strong> Development and Alumni Relations</p></li> <li><p><strong>Stuart Ittner,</strong> Payroll Shared Services</p></li> <li><p><strong>Felecia Orjisson,</strong> Enterprise Applications</p></li> <li><p><strong>Lisa Scelsi,</strong> Development and Alumni Relations</p></li> <li><p><strong>Bonnie Towner,</strong> Development and Alumni Relations</p></li> </ul> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Stanley Harris Jr.,</strong> Office of Chief Enterprise Technology Services</p></li> <li><p><strong>Jeanne Santora,</strong> Controller</p></li> <li><p><strong>Daniel Sutherland,</strong> Office of Chief Networking Officer</p></li> </ul> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>David Alexander,</strong> Vice President of Human Resources</p></li> <li><p><strong>Timothy Biggs,</strong> Enterprise Applications</p></li> <li><p><strong>Louis Cavallaro,</strong> Controller</p></li> <li><p><strong>Thomas Kujawa Jr.,</strong> Office of Chief Networking Officer</p></li> <li><p><strong>Michael McCormick,</strong> Benefits Administration & Shared Services</p></li> </ul> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Christopher Dax,</strong> Development & Alumni Relations</p></li> <li><p><strong>Sandra Edwards,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kenneth Goodman Jr.,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Curtis Kennedy,</strong> Controller</p></li> <li><p><strong>Rose Kinder,</strong> Office of Chief Networking Officer</p></li> <li><p><strong>Oise Mzee,</strong> Facilities</p></li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Lyndon Burrell,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Linda Daley-Atila,</strong> Vice Provost for Institutional Equity</p></li> <li><p><strong>Glenn Daniel,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Glynis Goode,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Helene Grady,</strong> Budget Office</p></li> <li><p><strong>Christos Nikitaras,</strong> Office of Chief Enterprise Technology Services</p></li> <li><p><strong>Philip Plencner,</strong> Development & Alumni Relations</p></li> <li><p><strong>Rebecca Riddell,</strong> University Projects Administration</p></li> <li><p><strong>Anne Roderer,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Dean Threatte,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Joel Waddell Sr.,</strong> Facilities</p></li> </ul> <h3>WHITING SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING</h3> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Martin Devaney,</strong> Mechanical Engineering</p></li> <li><p><strong>Mary Kelty,</strong> Engineering for Professionals</p></li> <li><p><strong>Bridget O'Brien,</strong> Center for Bioengineering Innovation and Design</p></li> <li><p><strong>Alyssa Vetro,</strong> Engineering for Professionals</p></li> </ul> Fri, 20 Feb 2015 15:45:00 -0500 Classified ads <h4>APARTMENTS/HOUSES FOR RENT</h4> <p>Bolton Hill, 1BR, 1BA apt, w/w crpt, W/D, nr lt rail/bus, pet OK, mins to Homewood campus. $850/mo.</p> <p>Canton, full bsmt in nice house, suitable for one person, furn'd. $600/mo incl utils. 410-350-5472.</p> <p>Charles Village, spacious 3BR, 1BA apt in bldg w/Medeco security key access, living rm, eat-in kitchen, nr Homewood, avail June. $1,485/mo + utils. Mani, 443-253-2113 (for questions or to schedule a visit).</p> <p>Charles Village (2800 blk Calvert St), renov'd 2-3BR, 2BA rental, semi-furn'd, W/D, refrigerator, CAC/heat. $2,100/mo. 410-967-4765 or</p> <p>Cockeysville/Hunt Valley, 3BR, 2BA house on 8 acres, 1,300 sq ft, W/D, CAC, dw, FIOS cable-ready, hdwd flrs, screened porch, 5 mi to I-83. $2,000/mo + utils. 410-527-0174.</p> <p>Deep Creek Lake/Wisp, 2BR cabin w/full kitchen, avail for weekly/weekend rentals. 410-638-9417 or</p> <p>Ednor Gardens, completely renov'd 4BR, 2.5BA single-family house, all new appls, CAC, fin'd bsmt, walk to JHU Eastern and YMCA. $1,600/mo.</p> <p>Ednor Gardens (1543 Windemere Ave), 3BR, 1.5BA house nr Lake Montebello, CAC, fenced yd, must provide current credit report. $1,500/mo + sec dep ($1,000). 443-838-2848.</p> <p>Ellicott City, spacious, fully renov'd, 3BR, 2.5BA TH on corner, kitchen/dining area, fin'd walkout bsmt, deck/patio, in Centennial high school zone. $2,200/mo. 410-979-9065 or</p> <p>Hamilton, awesome, renov'd 5BR, 2BA single-family house, high ceilings, hdwd flrs, new crpts, W/D hookups, see it/love it. $2,000/mo. 410-302-7887 or</p> <p>Hampden, efficiency on 41st St, on-site laundry. $750/mo incl utils. Steve, 443-474-1492, or go to for pics.</p> <p>Homewood (Canterbury Rd), 2BR in safe neighborhood, full BA, hdwd flrs, sunrm/study, prkng avail, heat incl'd, very convenient location. 650-646-8274 or</p> <p>Federal Hill, 2BR, 1BA (w/Jacuzzi tub) in immaculate RH, AC, W/D, dw, eat-in kitchen, full bsmt for storage, roof deck/harbor view, yard, prkng. $1,900/mo (negot). (for appointment).</p> <p>Fells Point, lg 1BR, 1BA apt, W/D in unit, walking distance to JHH. $1,100/mo. 484-241-1896.</p> <p>Guilford, 1BR condo, 5-min walk to Homewood campus and shuttle, amenities incl gym, sauna, swimming pool, 24-hr security front desk, and fantastic view from the porch. 443-831-3374.</p> <p>Northwood, unfurn'd 3BR, 2BA TH, stainless steel appls, built-in microwave, granite counters, hdwd flrs, W/D, CAC, fin'd bsmt, pref nonsmoker/no pets. $1,500/mo.</p> <p>Remington, spacious bsmt rm and private BA avail for temporary or long-term rental, sec dep req'd. $800/mo incl utils. 443-336-2417.</p> <p>Furn'd bsmt in single-family house 8 mi from JHH, private BR/BA and living rm. $750/mo incl utils.</p> <h4>HOUSES FOR SALE</h4> <p>Keswick (Alonsoville), 3BR, 2BA house w/updated kitchen, fp, newly refin'd hdwd flrs throughout, garage, walk to Homewood campus and shopping. $399,900.</p> <p>Mayfield, stately colonial w/golf course views, completely renov'd, beautiful hdwd flrs, gourmet kitchen w/granite and stainless steel appls, updated ceramic BAs, dual sunrms, updated elec, gas hot water heater, 2-car garage, rear yd, move-in cond, 2 mi to JHH. Diane, 410-812-2052.</p> <h4>ROOMMATES WANTED</h4> <p>Nonsmoker wanted for BR/BA in TH, no pets, walking distance to East Baltimore campus. 301-717-4217 or</p> <p>Rm in 2BR, 2BA apt for sublet, furn'd BR space, stainless steel appls, granite counters, faux hdwd flrs, private W/D, kitchen and living rm shared w/F JHU student. 443-799-6293.</p> <p>Furn'd TH nr Bayview (Cornwall St), shared by students/postdocs, CAC/heat, free Internet, 1 blk to Bayview campus. $460–$520/mo + utils. 443-386-9146 or</p> <p>F wanted to share 3BR, 1.5BA RH nr Homewood campus and shuttle stop. $500/mo (furn'd, utils incl'd).</p> <h4>CARS FOR SALE</h4> <p>'04 Mustang convertible, V6 automatic, dk gray, pony pkg, int. upgrade pkg, ABS/traction control, 6-CD changer, garage-kept, very clean, well maintained, Md insp'd. $8,000. 410-838-5796 or</p> <h4>ITEMS FOR SALE</h4> <p>Ikea full-size bed: Sultan Havberg spring mattress, white Sultan Malm high bedframe, and 2 Sultan Lade; almost new/casi nuevo, already disassembled, ready to move, located in Charles Towers apt. 207-518-3295.</p> <p>2012 Harley Davidson Heritage Softail, lots of chrome and extras (halogen lights/hard, locking saddlebags), in perfect cond, 1,400 miles. $18,000. 443-540-8822.</p> <p>Treadmill, elliptical trainer, microwave, and mountain bike; all reasonable offers accepted.</p> <p>Tempur-Pedic twin bed, mattess, boxspring, metal frame incl'd, like new. $990/best offer. 757-214-4114 or</p> <p>2010 Macbook Pro 13.3" 250MG, 2.4GHz, 1067MHz, w/Word 2008, in mint cond, some scratches on the edges and back from protective cover. $500 (cash only). 443-921-5121.</p> <p>Beautiful 1920s reproduction posters, giclee print technique, acid-free paper, in orig mailing tubes, wrapped in tissue: French Railway Rome, $35; Leonetto Cappiello Pates Baroni, $35; French Riviera Hyeres, $25; Rome Express Railway Florence, $25; or $90/all four.</p> <p>JHU gold PhD robe and Whiting School of Engineering hood (no hat), high quality, for height 5'11". $100. 410-206-8224 or</p> <p>Lg collection of classical LP records, including many complete operas, in excel cond.</p> <p>Modern, well-kept furniture: Dining table, chairs, bed, dresser, endtable, mirror, bookshelves, study desk, bookcase, chair, tables.</p> <h4>SERVICES/ITEMS OFFERED OR WANTED</h4> <p>Free to Hopkins investigator: GTS-77 KoolTemp pre-qualified insulated container, for shipping samples that need to be maintained at 4o C for 2 to 4 days, custom-sized cold packs are packed around a 9x9x9 box containing your samples within the 20x20x20 container. Melina,</p> <p>Looking for responsible, caring adult nonsmoker to pick up 2 teenage children from school daily (varies between 3:30 and 6:30pm), prepare dinner, clean house, manage laundry/occasional grocery shopping/er-rands, 4-5 days/wk, 3 to 7pm, must have multiple strong refs, own car, excel driving record. 207-922-0880.</p> <p>Undergrad/grad student needed to develop interface between digital camera and Matlab at Hopkins startup company Twistnostics.</p> <p>Need help w/editing, publishing or writing? I am an experienced writer, editor and author. Rates vary. 313-303-2175 or</p> <p>Energetic, conscientious, and caring nanny avail for new family; has 6 yrs' experience, encouraged our boys' development w/age-appropriate games, puzzles, activities and prepared them for pre-school; applies herself 100% to the job, had our kid's best interests at heart. Stephanie, (direct contact #).</p> <p>Experienced teacher seeks position as a full- or part-time nanny/babysitter, fluent in Spanish and Portuguese, excel references. 410-889-8004 or</p> <p>Experienced proofreading, editing, light research for books, pubs, dissertations, etc., for all depts, avail for new, ongoing,and yearly projects; hourly or tiered rates depend on timespan.</p> <p>Looking for a squash partner: JHU rec center member seeks wkly squash partner, I'm competitive but past my prime, pref early evenings.</p> <p>The Science in Society Review is accepting submissions, should be no more than 1,500 words, may cover any topic related to the impact of science on society, class papers are welcome. (for more information or to submit an article).</p> <p>Relocation assistance with your move to another state or country, help w/packing, getting organized, etc. Grace, 410-292-6440 or</p> <p>Housecleaning service, we clean your house like our own, pet-friendly, one-time or wkly, you're the boss! Reasonable rates. 410-262-3434.</p> <p>Clarinet lessons offered for students of all ages, competitive lesson rates; lessons in my home or willing to travel. 240-994-6489 or</p> <p>Looking for PT childcare for two children in 2BR, 1BA home 2 blks from JHU, starting in August.</p> <p>Affordable and prof'l landscaper/certified horticulturist available to maintain existing gardens, also designing, planting or masonry; free consultations. David, 410-683-7373 or</p> <p>Artist/cartoonist who works at Welch Library is offering services at JHU, logos, cartoon characters, cartoon strips, single-panel T-shirts, etc. 443-635-9650 or</p> <p>Custom Ravens and Orioles jewelry. Adrianne, 443-604-9760 or</p>