Gazette The latest from the Gazette. Gazette Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Featured events <h5>January 9</h5> <p>Alabama lawyer Morris Dees, who in 1971 founded the storied Southern Poverty Law Center with Julian Bond and Joseph Levin, is the keynoter at the 33rd annual Martin Luther King Jr. Commemoration, whose theme is "Tolerance in America: Its Beauty and Challenges." Known for his innovative lawsuits that crippled some of America's most notorious white supremacist hate groups, Dees continues to monitor hate crimes and civil rights nationwide and has developed a program on teaching tolerance that is used in more than 80,000 schools. The ceremony includes a tribute to the late poet Maya Angelou; unveiling of a portrait of Levi Watkins, the event's founder; and the presentation of MLK Jr. Community Service Awards to eight Johns Hopkins employees. Noon to 1:30 p.m., Turner Auditorium, East Baltimore.</p> <h5>January 18</h5> <p>Acclaimed Latvian violinist Gidon Kremer, whose style has been described as "fearlessly idiosyncratic," performs in the Shriver Hall Concert Series with pianist Daniil Trifonov and cellist Giedre Dirvanauskaite. Works by Schubert, Mozart, and Rachmanioff are on the program. 5:30 p.m. $42, $21 non-JHU students, free for JHU students; go to Homewood campus.</p> <h5>February 5</h5> <p><em>Editor's note: This event has been rescheduled for April 30</em></p> <p>Leaders + Legends welcomes Amtrak President and CEO Joseph Boardman, under whose tenure Amtrak has posted record ridership and ordered a new fleet of locomotives for the Northeast corridor. 7:30 to 9 a.m. $35 including breakfast. RSVP to Legg Mason Tower, Harbor East.</p> <h5>February 15</h5> <p>The Shriver Hall Concert Series welcomes the Jerusalem Quartet in a program of works by Haydn, Schulhoff, and Schubert. 5:30 p.m. $42, $21 non-JHU students, free for JHU students; go to Homewood campus.</p> <h5>February 21</h5> <p>The Greg Osby Group performs two sets in the Jazz at the Hopkins Club series. 8:30 and 10 p.m. $25, $15 students. Reservations required; 410-235-3435. Homewood campus.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Two men, one cello, a century apart <p>Amit Peled looks around as if he can't believe his ears. The Peabody Institute cellist is sitting in the Bank of America lounge on the second floor of the Mount Vernon campus's Leakin Hall for a photo shoot, and the photographer has asked him to play. He draws his bow across the cello's strings and bathes the sunny lounge in rich, gorgeous music. Almost immediately Peled looks up and remarks on how great the room sounds. He turns to a student sitting nearby and asks, "Do we ever have concerts in here?"</p> <p>The lounge would likely not be big enough to accommodate the audience interested in Peled's Feb. 12 performance, which is part of the Sylvia Adalman Chamber Series. On that day Peled performs the same solo cello recital that celebrated Spanish cellist Pablo Casals performed at Peabody a century earlier. In the Feb. 7, 1915, edition of <em>The Sun</em>, critic John Oldmixon Lambdin wrote that "an event of the greatest magnitude will take place at the Peabody Conservatory when Pablo Casals, who is called 'the world's greatest cellist,' will be heard in recital."</p> <p>And Peled will perform on the cello that Casals played 100 years ago.</p> <p>The cello, made by noted Venetian luthier Matteo Goffriller in 1733, was acquired by Casals in 1913 and became the instrument he turned to for the rest of his life. Casals died in 1973 at the age of 96, and the cello came under the care of his widow, Marta Casals, a cellist and formidable musical force herself. In 1956 the couple co-founded the Casals Festival, an annual event in San Juan, Puerto Rico, where Casals had eventually settled after exiling himself from Franco's Spain in 1938. They also helped start up the Puerto Rico Symphony Orchestra and the Puerto Rico Conservatory of Music. Marta eventually remarried, and she would go on to serve as artistic director of the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, D.C., and as president of the Manhattan School of Music in New York.</p> <p>Throughout, she watched over Casals' cello, which she occasionally lent to cellists and which will eventually be donated to the Casals Foundation in Barcelona. In 2012, Peled had the opportunity to meet the musician's widow at her Washington apartment.</p> <p>"When I first met Ms. Casals, the intention was not to get the cello," Peled says between takes with the photographer. "It was just to get to know her. I came to her apartment and played for her. She said, 'Usually I shut my ears off when I hear a young cellist, but I didn't do that when you played.'"</p> <p>When standing, the dashingly handsome and casually charismatic 40-year-old Peled cuts a towering, lean figure. As he unpacked the cello before this photo shoot, it looked diminutive in his hands. When he sits to play, however, they complement each other like tango partners.</p> <p>Continuing his story, Peled says, "Then she said, 'Let's have a glass of wine,' so we did." She remarked, he says, about his being a big guy and Casals' cello being small, but then suggested that if Peled had the time in the near future, he could come by her New York apartment and play it. Peled laughs, remembering the thought that raced through his head: <em>What do you mean if I have the time?</em> About two months later, he met her in New York and played Casals' 1733 Matteo Goffriller. Peled says it took some getting used to, but once he did, "it was amazing. And I thought that was it—I had this amazing opportunity to play this cello."</p> <p>The photographer asks Peled to resume playing, and he again fills the room with lovely music, speaking quietly as the flash goes off. "You've got to understand, I grew up the furthest you can imagine from classical music, in a small community in Israel in the mountains," he says. "And when I started playing cello, the first thing I got when I was 10 was a tape of Casals playing on this cello. So from that moment to actually playing on this cello was quite a journey. So when a few weeks later [Ms. Casals] wrote me an email saying she decided to lend me the cello, I mean … ."</p> <p>His voice trails off, and his eyes trace a circle around the room, suggesting he doesn't quite have the words to describe the honor.</p> <p>He played Casals' cello for a few months before he realized it needed some work done on it to restore it to its full, rich character. Over the years the bridge and the neck that secured the strings had sunk, and some general restoration needed to be made to its woodwork. Peled says he only recently received the cello back from a shop in New York, where the restoration work took about a year to complete.</p> <p>He stops for a moment to point out two places where the varnish is faded away on the back of the cello, one low and one higher up. Peled says that's where Casals' knee and chest rubbed against the instrument when he played, a reminder of just how much time musicians spend with their instruments: Their bodies leave marks on each other. So what made this cello so special to Casals? What separates one cello's sound from another?</p> <p>"Nobody really knows," Peled says. "It's a group of reasons—age of the wood, the varnish, the craftsmanship. But what makes this one different? It sounds like a human, this cello, sort of like an old man talking. It sounds like someone is actually talking to you, which I think is the quality Casals liked about it."</p> <p>Asked if he likes it, Peled shoots his interviewer a what-do-you-think? glance. The photographer then requests Peled to look in a certain direction while he plays for a few shots. He does so, closing his eyes and concentrating.</p> <p>This interview and photo session were catching Peled before he and the cello were to leave for tours of Russia and the Midwest, where he would perform sections, but not the entirety, of Casals' 1915 recital, which will debut at Peabody. Peled found out about that century-ago concert from undergraduate Javier Martin Iglesias, a cello student from Spain who was doing research for a paper when a librarian told him about Casals' Peabody performances. Peled says the idea of reprising the concert came to him immediately after Martin Iglesias told him about it.</p> <p>It's a golden opportunity to acknowledge how Casals, his music, and his cello continue to inspire young musicians today.</p> <p>And on Feb. 28, 2016, Peled will perform Casals' 1915 Peabody recital at the Kennedy Center with a new solo cello piece commissioned for this cello, a way to keep its journey going into the next century. But who is the composer? Has he heard the piece yet? How long does he get to borrow the cello? So many questions are racing through the brain that they get thrown at Peled in quick succession. He opens his eyes, smiles, and shakes his head quickly, whispering, "Let's wait until the end of the piece." And for the next few minutes, everybody in the room falls silent, listening to the cello speak.</p> <p><em>On Feb. 12, Amit Peled re-creates the recital given by Pablo Casals at Peabody on the same date in 1915; 8 p.m., Miriam A. Friedberg Concert Hall. Tickets are $15, general admission, $10 senior citizens, $5 students; 410-234-4800. Miriam A. Friedberg Concert Hall, Peabody</em>.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Johns Hopkins students learn to curate material culture in the digital age <p>Pioneering gynecological surgeon Howard Atwood Kelly was one of the Big Four doctors who were recruited to found Johns Hopkins Hospital in 1889. Over the course of his lengthy career, he researched and developed new surgical techniques and medical devices, and is regarded as one of the more innovative surgeons of his era. A life cast of his left hand and wrist in bronze by artist Martha J. Cornwell was donated to the Alan Mason Chesney Medical Archives of the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, and the sculpture is currently included in the Mark Dion installation <em>An Archaeology of Knowledge</em> in the Brody Learning Commons on the Homewood campus.</p> <p>"It's kind of a strange object when you see it because it's essentially a hand sitting on a pedestal," says Gianna Puzzo, a Johns Hopkins class of 2015 undergraduate majoring in history of art with a minor in Museums and Society. At this writing, she is one of four students taking Curating Material Culture for the Digital Age, a fall 2014 class offered by the Krieger School's Program in Museums and Society. Over the course of the semester the students have picked three objects from the university's collections—the Homewood and Evergreen museums, the Sheridan Libraries, the Archaeological Museum, the Chesney Medical Archives, and academic department collections—to investigate.</p> <p>The students need to recognize some thematic affinity among their three objects, and Puzzo is curious about the intersection of art and science. Two summers ago she interned in the School of Medicine's Department of Art as Applied to Medicine, where she started to think about how art and science come together. She chose two objects from the medical archives: a collection of Antoine-Louis Barye bronze animal sculptures and the bronze cast of Kelly's hand; and from Art as Applied to Medicine, an anatomical model of a head and neck dissection created by German sculptor Franz Josef Steger.</p> <p>"What was interesting was the way art and medicine come together" in that piece, Puzzo says. "How could you use an artistic medium to capture the profession of a surgeon? By casting his hand. And thinking about that brought up a lot of ideas that I hadn't really thought of before."</p> <p>Asking new questions of material culture is one of the scholarly practices the course encourages. Jennifer Kingsley, a lecturer and assistant director of the program, developed the class as a way to bring together critical and curatorial practices that surround material culture. "I think the program [Museums and Society] is always thinking about the ways in which exhibit works are researched and the ways in which research is publicly engaged," she says, pointing out that the class builds on both the strong relations the program has fostered since 2006 with university curators to think about university collections in new ways, and its interest in new research methods that the intersection of humanities scholarship and emerging digital technologies offers to investigate and consider material culture.</p> <p>The students' work will eventually be posted on the <a href="">JHU Collections website</a>, which was conceived and developed by Kingsley; Reid Sczerba, the multimedia development specialist in the Center for Educational Resources (a CER grant funded its development); and with other university colleagues and student assistants from the Krieger and Whiting schools.</p> <p>"Our students are digital natives and adept users of new technology, including the Web, but are not necessarily critical consumers of it," Kingsley says. "So there is an opportunity to think conceptually about digital technology as it connects to research and the museum, which is increasingly embracing technology in its practice."</p> <p>While researching their objects, students consulted university archives to learn of their provenance and also conducted research to be able to tell a concise, informative story about each. Those stories and the basic facts about the object—medium, creator, date, collection, subject area—are included in its entry in the JHU Collections site database. That supplemental information is the object's metadata, and Kingsley wanted the students to think critically about it. Metadata can vary across archives and disciplines, and Kingsley and Sczerba designed the platform to be robust enough to encourage different ways of thinking about how material culture objects can relate across disciplines and research interests.</p> <p>Finding new connections can be an idea seed for new scholarship. Kingsley acknowledges that digital research brings with it "massive quantities of data that offer new possibilities for new questions but also run the risk of doing the same old work with a new data set," Kingsley says. "I do think there's a tendency to want to push ahead with the technology because it's novel and seems innovative, and what I hope to inculcate in my students is a more critical stance that acknowledges the power of this connected world but also [for them to] learn how to evaluate it and judge its possibilities."</p> <p>In Puzzo's case, considering these questions in relation to her objects made her wonder about 19th-century neuroscience. "I started to think about other artists who worked with bronze, and the first to come to my mind was Auguste Rodin and his isolated hands, arms, or torsos," she says, referring to the 19th-century French artist who, though perhaps best known for whole-body works, often sculpted partial figures. "It was interesting to see a connection between Rodin's work and an American artist making a commemorative piece for a doctor. It made me think of the broader context of what the medical world thought at the time."</p> <p>Curating Material Culture for the Digital Age is the first Museums and Society class to develop content for the JHU Collections website. Kingsley's hope is that many classes will consider it as a potential platform for sharing research on the university's collections. "I do think our program is in a unique position to put the university and the museum in dialogue with each other," Kingsley says. "In the 19th century, the museum was really seen as the site of knowledge making," Kingsley says. "Over the course of the 19th century, and in part with the founding of Johns Hopkins as a modern research university, that mission was taken over by universities, and museums began to focus more on their public mission.</p> <p>"Today, I think museums are certainly becoming aware that technology is a tool for storytelling," she continues. "The goal is the content, and that's true for us as well. Certainly in my class the goal is to combine traditional theoretical approaches, from multiple disciplinary perspectives, to material culture, its study, and its interpretation, and to merge that with an understanding of new and emerging technologies. How do they change the knowledge scape that we live in, and the possibilities for research and interpretation? We really want to think of the Web as its own medium and push a little bit what you can do with Web-based and digital technologies."</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Meet Ashnaa Rao, the first Johns Hopkins tennis player to win a national title <p><em>"I came from a boarding school tennis academy where you played five hours each day. All that tennis matured me as a player. Now I just take it one point at a time."</em></p> <h4>Net Effect</h4> <p><strong>Why you should know her:</strong> Rao became the first JHU tennis player, male or female, to win a USTA/ITA national championship when she won the 2014 USTA/ITA National Small College Singles Championship in October. The sophomore also was the first player in program history to win the USTA/ITA Southeast Singles Championship, held in September.</p> <p><strong>Freshman jinx:</strong> After a solid start to her collegiate tennis career, Rao suffered a cracked rib—cause unknown—and was sidelined for three months.</p> <h4>The Rao File</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Hometown</strong> Charlotte, N.C. </li> <li><strong>High school</strong> Saddlebrook Prep, Wesley Chapel, Fla. </li> <li><strong>Major</strong> Public health studies </li> <li><strong>Favorite pro</strong> Rafael Nadal, "one of the hardest workers in the game" </li> <li><strong>On her iPod</strong> The Weekend. Taylor Swift's new one, <em>1989</em> </li> <li><strong>Power song</strong> "Enough is Enough" by Avicii </li> <li><strong>Tennis bag extras</strong> First aid kit. Jump-rope. Cellphone. Headphones. Aleve. Deck of cards. </li> <li><strong>Least favorite part of practice</strong> Bucket of balls to hit countless serves </li> <li><strong>Best advice from a coach</strong> Use losing as a learning experience </li> <li><strong>On her sports bucket list</strong> See a match at Wimbledon </li> <li><strong>Favorite place</strong> Alicante, Spain, where she once trained </li> <li><strong>Family ties</strong> Dad Hemanth Rao is a former tennis pro, ranked as high as 115 on ATP tour </li> <li><strong>Favorite junk food</strong> Chocolate </li> <li><strong>Favorite movie</strong> <em>Mean Girls</em> </li> <li><strong>Hobby</strong> Indian classical dancing </li> <li><strong>Ten years from now</strong> Practicing medicine </li> <li><strong>Why JHU?</strong> Looking for best pre-med program coupled with strong academics and tennis team </li> </ul> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 A new playing field as Hopkins lacrosse joins Big Ten <p>Independent no longer. In 2015, Johns Hopkins men's lacrosse competes as an affiliate member in the newly formed Big Ten lacrosse conference. President Ronald J. Daniels says the decision to join a conference "may represent the single greatest change in Johns Hopkins men's lacrosse in more than a century." In the Big Ten, the Jays will compete with Maryland, Michigan, Ohio State, Penn State, and Rutgers, and the conference champion automatically qualifies for the NCAA Tournament. The Jays' lacrosse season kicks off on Feb. 7 vs. UMBC, and its conference games begin in March. Here's a quick primer on all things Big Ten.</p> <h4>History:</h4> <p>The Big Ten traces its roots to the Palmer House hotel in Chicago, where on Jan. 11, 1895, Purdue President James H. Smart and leaders from the universities of Chicago, Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin and Northwestern University set out to organize, and develop principles for the regulation of intercollegiate athletics. One year later, the seven universities established what would later be known as the Intercollegiate Conference Athletic Association. After the addition of three other schools, the name "Big Ten" was coined in 1917 and officially adopted in 1987.</p> <h4>Commissioner:</h4> <p>James E. Delany, now in his 26th year as commissioner, has led the Big Ten conference (which now has 14 member institutions) through significant periods of growth. With a footprint that stretches from the Colorado border to the Chesapeake Bay, the Big Ten sponsors 28 official sports, more than every conference but the Ivy League.</p> <p>The conference has seen unprecedented levels of national TV coverage during Delany's tenure, highlighted by the creation in 2007 of the Big Ten Network as a joint venture with FOX. Delany also has negotiated media agreements with ABC, CBS Sports, ESPN, and the NBC Sports Network. The 66-year-old Delany is a native of South Orange, New Jersey. He received his undergraduate degree in political science from the University of North Carolina in 1970 and juris doctor degree from the University of North Carolina School of Law in 1973.</p> <h4>The 2015 Big Ten Tournament</h4> <ul> <li><strong>When:</strong> April 30–May 2 </li> <li><strong>Where:</strong> University of Maryland, College Park </li> </ul> <h5>University of Maryland</h5> <ul> <li><strong>Location:</strong> College Park, Maryland </li> <li><strong>Founded:</strong> 1856 </li> <li><strong>Undergrads:</strong> 26,658 </li> <li><strong>Miles from Baltimore:</strong> 35 </li> <li><strong>Nickname:</strong> Terrapins </li> <li><strong>Varsity lacrosse started:</strong> 1924 </li> <li><strong>Home field:</strong> Capital One Field at Byrd Stadium (54,000) </li> <li><strong>Head coach:</strong> John Tillman </li> <li><strong>NCAA appearances:</strong> 37 </li> <li><strong>NCAA Tournament titles:</strong> 2 </li> <li><strong>2015 matchup:</strong> April 26 at Maryland </li> </ul> <h5>University of Michigan</h5> <ul> <li><strong>Location:</strong> Ann Arbor, Michigan </li> <li><strong>Founded:</strong> 1817 </li> <li><strong>Undergrads:</strong> 28,283 </li> <li><strong>Miles from Baltimore:</strong> 523 </li> <li><strong>Nickname:</strong> Wolverines </li> <li><strong>Varsity lacrosse started:</strong> 2012 </li> <li><strong>Home field:</strong> Michigan Stadium (109,901) or Oosterbaan Field House (500) </li> <li><strong>Head coach:</strong> John Paul </li> <li><strong>NCAA appearances:</strong> 0 </li> <li><strong>2015 matchup:</strong> April 18 at JHU </li> </ul> <h5>Rutgers University</h5> <ul> <li><strong>Location:</strong> New Brunswick, New Jersey </li> <li><strong>Founded:</strong> 1766 </li> <li><strong>Undergrads:</strong> 45,000 </li> <li><strong>Miles from Baltimore:</strong> 160 </li> <li><strong>Nickname:</strong> Scarlet Knights </li> <li><strong>Varsity lacrosse started:</strong> 1887 </li> <li><strong>Home field:</strong> Yurcak Field (5,000) or Rutgers Stadium Complex (52,454) </li> <li><strong>Head coach:</strong> Brian Brecht </li> <li><strong>NCAA appearances:</strong> 9 </li> <li><strong>2015 matchup:</strong> March 28 at JHU </li> </ul> <h5>Penn State University</h5> <ul> <li><strong>Location:</strong> State College, Pennsylvania </li> <li><strong>Founded:</strong> 1855 </li> <li><strong>Undergrads:</strong> 40,085 </li> <li><strong>Miles from Baltimore:</strong> 170 </li> <li><strong>Nickname:</strong> Nittany Lions </li> <li><strong>Varsity lacrosse started:</strong> 1913 </li> <li><strong>Home field:</strong> Penn State Lacrosse Field (1,000) </li> <li><strong>Head coach:</strong> Jeff Tambroni </li> <li><strong>NCAA appearances:</strong> 3 </li> <li><strong>2015 matchup:</strong> April 11 at JHU </li> </ul> <h5>Ohio State University</h5> <ul> <li><strong>Location:</strong> Columbus, Ohio </li> <li><strong>Founded:</strong> 1870 </li> <li><strong>Undergrads:</strong> 44,201 </li> <li><strong>Miles from Baltimore:</strong> 420 </li> <li><strong>Nickname:</strong> Buckeyes </li> <li><strong>Varsity lacrosse started:</strong> 1953 </li> <li><strong>Home field:</strong> Jesse Owens Memorial Stadium (10,000) </li> <li><strong>Head coach:</strong> Nick Myers </li> <li><strong>NCAA appearances:</strong> 4 </li> <li><strong>2015 matchup:</strong> April 5 at Ohio State</li> </ul> <h5>Johns Hopkins University</h5> <ul> <li><strong>Location:</strong> Baltimore </li> <li><strong>Founded:</strong> 1876 </li> <li><strong>Undergrads:</strong> 5,125 </li> <li><strong>Nickname:</strong> Blue Jays </li> <li><strong>Varsity lacrosse started:</strong> 1883 </li> <li><strong>Home field:</strong> Homewood Field (8,500) </li> <li><strong>Head coach:</strong> Dave Pietramala </li> <li><strong>NCAA appearances:</strong> 42 </li> <li><strong>NCAA Tournament titles:</strong> 9</li> </ul> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies raises its profile in Europe <p>Ebola. Putin's Ukrainian gambit. ISIS. The never-ending fighting in Gaza. International stories with worldwide implications one and all, and exactly the kind of fodder that makes for rousing discussions inside the walls of SAIS Europe, located in Bologna, Italy.</p> <p>Long known as the Bologna Center, SAIS Europe marks its 60th anniversary this year with a new name, a new director, and a new mission: to increase its global footprint while cementing the three-continent SAIS franchise as a premier graduate program for future world leaders.</p> <p>In addition to Bologna and the main SAIS campus in Washington, D.C., the school operates in Nanjing, China, where SAIS China coordinates the Hopkins-Nanjing Center, a collaboration with Nanjing University, and SAIS' D.C.-based China Studies curriculum. But SAIS Europe may be the lynchpin. Strategically located within a two-hour flight of intellectual centers such as London, Athens, Amsterdam, Berlin, Vienna, and Rome, the city of Bologna offers students, scholars, and faculty connectivity without the cacophony associated with physically being in a major metropolis.</p> <p>"This is a matter of being at the heart of Europe. If you're going to have a European perspective [of world events], Bologna is a very good place," says SAIS Dean Vali Nasr. "It is a city with intellectual traditions, including the oldest university in Europe [Università di Bologna, founded in 1088]. It is a student city, not a touristy city, not a city focused on financiers or government actors or EU bureaucrats. It allows students to focus on their academic work while being within striking distance of all those cities—Brussels, Berlin, Geneva—wherever you have international and key governmental organizations."</p> <p>Nasr, based in Washington, led the rebranding effort last year, the first step in establishing that global footprint and expanding SAIS Europe's global student appeal. Currently, students from more than three dozen countries attend the school. "[The name] Bologna Center did not fully reflect that this was a European center of intellectual excellence," Nasr says. "It's a branch of SAIS that approaches global issues from a European perspective—not just an Italian one, as some people may have thought—in complement with the American/global perspective we do in SAIS Washington. That's what makes this combined program so unique. And I think 'SAIS Europe' resonates better with audiences we are trying to attract in Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East.'"</p> <p>Nasr picked international economics expert, and SAIS graduate, Michael Plummer as SAIS Europe director, a job he assumed in August. Plummer, who was formerly head of the development division of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development and editor-in-chief of the <em>Journal of Asian Economics</em>, sees outreach as being key to building the SAIS Europe brand.</p> <p>That outreach takes several forms. One is faculty presenting their work at conferences far and wide. Plummer recently gave several lectures at conferences in the U.S. "For example, I gave a talk at a conference in Berkeley, and there were 30 professors in the audience who may not have known much about SAIS Europe. Now they do. And they all have students. It raises our profile," Plummer says.</p> <p>SAIS Europe's publications, notably those trumpeted by its research think tank, the Bologna Institute for Policy Research, are another way of becoming part of global discussions on setting international policy. "We've had some very important hits [from our research]. For example, we have a grant to study what's called 'optimal financial areas,' led by Erik Jones. That work has been presented before Central Bank governors in Europe," says Plummer, whose own research has been presented in Australia before the chief negotiators of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, an ambitious 12-country free-trade agreement that includes the United States and Canada.</p> <p>With graduates now working at important policymaking bodies including the World Bank, the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (Amman, Jordan), the Colombian Ministry of National Defense (Bogotá), and the Peres Center for Peace (Tel Aviv, Israel), SAIS Europe continues to build its reputation as an impact institution, a step that Plummer says is vital for attracting European students. Unlike the case in the U.S., where top international studies schools such as Georgetown and Harvard cost roughly the same as SAIS, in Europe that's not so.</p> <p>"We're competing here in Europe with heavily state-subsidized MA programs in international affairs taught in English," says Plummer, who adds that these state-funded programs are often less than half the cost of a SAIS two-year degree. "So we're competing in a pretty heavy market. So we have to do a lot to underscore that we are exceptional, something different. If you come to us, you're getting the Ferrari, not the VW Golf." That's the kind of intellectual horsepower needed to attack global problems in the modern world.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Johns Hopkins and its neighbors launch public safety effort <p>The latest initiative in Johns Hopkins' ongoing $10 million com­mitment to neighborhoods surrounding the university's Homewood campus is now arriving: funding to support a collaborative effort for added police manpower and TV-camera monitoring along North Charles Street between North Avenue and 28th Street.</p> <p>The public safety effort is one more sign of the understanding that the life of the university is intimately tied to the health of the communities around it.</p> <p>This round of investment in the Homewood Community Partners Initiative—about $78,000 from Johns Hopkins and $63,000 from the Charles Village Community Benefits District—will be used to hire off-duty city police officers to patrol the area based on a data-driven strategy targeting the most problematic times and locations, and a security officer to monitor previously undermanned neighborhood cameras in Baltimore's CitiWatch camera center. This initial funding is for a nine-month project.</p> <p>To date, says Andrew Frank, special adviser to Johns Hopkins President Ronald J. Daniels on economic development issues, the university has invested roughly $2.6 million of the $10 million, most of it on neighborhood schools.</p> <p>"There's no question, this area has a lot of potential," says David Hill, executive director of the CVCBD, "and the new money gives us a significant boost."</p> <p>"We've got a great opportunity here to re-energize the area," says Joe McNeely, executive director of the Central Baltimore Partnership.</p> <p>The overall effort, Frank says, "involves everything from a robust program to remove trash and graffiti to animating storefronts to expanded security." The ultimate goal is to turn this area of Charles Street, with its retail businesses and dining establishments, into a pedestrian-friendly, mixed-use corridor that's welcoming to both residents and visitors.</p> <p>The university announced the Homewood Community Partners Initiative and its five-year financial commitment two years ago, following what Frank tallied as "more than a hundred meetings" between Johns Hopkins officials and community residents. The $60 million HCPI is being spread over five categories: public safety and quality of life, public education, housing, commercial development, and economic inclusion (local purchasing, contracting, and hiring).</p> <p>Along with optimism over the new funding, though, comes a sober assessment of some tough problems, particularly as Charles and St. Paul streets approach North Avenue. Above 25th Street, Charles Street's venerable row houses have maintained their long-term charm and stability. Directly below that, small businesses dot the corridor. But, approaching North Avenue, says Hill, "we've got crime problems that have to be addressed."</p> <p>Initially, says Hill, the new funding means "we'll increase the number of patrol officers on the beat" from early evening until early the following morning, the time period when most crimes occur. But the money also will help analyze which particular times—and which nights—are most troublesome, along with other patterns that can help find long-term solutions to improving safety and security. Officers will coordinate their efforts with Johns Hopkins' Homewood Security and the Police Department's Northern District, as well as neighborhood associations adjacent to the focus area.</p> <p>Additionally, 10 CVCBD neighborhood crime cameras have been added to the existing 40 CityWatch cameras, and CVCBD will hire a city police officer specifically to monitor those cameras.</p> <p>"Our cameras haven't been getting as much attention as we'd like. This new officer will be dedicated strictly to watching our particular area," Hill says. "Also, the CVCBD recently hired Anthony Brown, a retired major in the Baltimore Police Department, to oversee the entire project. One of Mr. Brown's real strengths is in operations," he says. "He's going to look at crime patterns on an almost-daily basis to determine how many officers to deploy at which given times."</p> <p>"This area," says Frank, has untapped potential, "especially with the restoration of the Centre and Parkway theaters on North Avenue," where Hopkins and the Maryland Institute College of Art will house their collaborative film programs in the Station North Arts and Entertainment District. "We want to connect strength to strength."</p> <p>"There's a lot of development going on in the area," says Hill, "and public safety is a key to it all."</p> <p>"We're building a lot of momentum," McNeely adds, "but so much of it depends on people's sense of security. And that's the newest piece."</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 JHU undergrads take second place in Collegiate Inventors contest <p>A Johns Hopkins biomedical engineering student team has placed second in the undergraduate division of the Collegiate Inventors Competition for its AccuSpine probe, marking the third consecutive year that a Johns Hopkins team has been awarded a top prize in this challenge.</p> <p>The winners were announced in November during an awards ceremony at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office in Alexandria, Virginia, after finalists presented their prototypes in a daylong exposition held by contest organizers Invent Now and the National Inventors Hall of Fame.</p> <p>AccuSpine, developed under physicians Chetan Bettegowda and Sheng-fu "Larry" Lo of the university's School of Medicine, is a device that makes placement of screws during spinal fusion more accurate. The prototype, which already has been tested on cadavers, has garnered nearly $85,000 in prize money at innovation challenges this year. This latest award, coveted among undergraduate and graduate inventors, includes a $10,000 prize.</p> <p>"We are very fortunate to have had the opportunity to participate in this distinguished competition," says team leader Anvesh Annadanam, a senior studying biomedical engineering. "We are very thankful for the support of our Biomedical Engineering Department," he says. "Our team will continue to work hard on the development of our device."</p> <p>Each year, 500,000 spinal fusion surgeries are performed in the United States. These operations involve fusing vertebrae in the spine with metal screws and rods. However, the students say, screws are misplaced in roughly 20 percent of surgeries, leading to postoperative neurological or vascular complications.</p> <p>"There's a hard bone layer that surrounds the vertebra," Annadanam says. "Our device tells surgeons when to stop so they don't breach that bone."</p> <p>AccuSpine aims to enable safe and accurate pedicle screw placement by providing real-time feedback to the surgeon. It uses vibrations and flashing LED lights to warn when an imminent breach is detected. The advantages: It offers peace of mind in the operative outcome, a higher standard of care, and reduced intra-operative radiation exposure, Annadanam says.</p> <p>The tool was designed by Annadanam, Clay Andrews, Ravi Gaddipati, Luis Herrera, Bradley Isaacs, Adarsha Malla, Erica Schwarz, and Eric Xie. The project began in July 2013 as part of a Department of Biomedical Engineering program within the Center for Bioengineering Innovation and Design.</p> <p>The inventors have filed a provisional patent application on the device and intend to incorporate as a company. They plan to market the probe or license the technology to an existing company.</p> <p>The student inventors competition, in its 24th year, is sponsored by the Patent and Trademark Office and AbbVie Foundation. The Johns Hopkins team placed second among this year's seven finalists. In addition to the team award, a $2,000 award will go to the students' faculty adviser, Robert Allen, an associate research professor in Biomedical Engineering, a department shared by the schools of Engineering and Medicine.</p> <p>In the undergraduate division of this year's competition, the University of Wisconsin at Madison team placed first for Spectrom: Low-Cost, High-Precision, On-Demand Full-Color 3-D Printing. Stony Brook University's team placed first in the graduate division for a skin patch that uses nanofibers to deliver a vaccine through skin.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 On Pluto's doorstep, New Horizons spacecraft awakens for encounter <p>After a voyage of nearly nine years and 3 billion miles—the farthest any space mission has ever traveled to reach its primary target—NASA's New Horizons spacecraft came out of hibernation on Dec. 6 for its long-awaited 2015 encounter with the Pluto system.</p> <p>Operators at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory verified at 9:53 p.m. that New Horizons, operating on pre-programmed computer commands, had switched from hibernation to "active" mode. Moving at light speed, the radio signal from New Horizons—at that point more than 2.9 billion miles from Earth, and just over 162 million miles from Pluto—needed four hours and 26 minutes to reach NASA's Deep Space Network station in Canberra, Australia.</p> <p>"This is a watershed event that signals the end of New Horizons crossing of a vast ocean of space to the very frontier of our solar system, and the beginning of the mission's primary objective: the exploration of Pluto and its many moons in 2015," says Alan Stern, the New Horizons principal investigator from Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colo.</p> <p>Since launching on Jan. 19, 2006, New Horizons has spent 1,873 days—about two-thirds of its flight time—in hibernation. Its 18 separate hibernation periods, from mid-2007 to late 2014, ranged from 36 to 202 days in length. The team used hibernation to save wear and tear on spacecraft components and reduce the risk of system failures.</p> <p>"Technically, this was routine, since the wake-up was a procedure that we'd done many times before," says Glen Fountain, New Horizons project manager at APL. "Symbolically, however, this is a big deal. It means the start of our pre-encounter operations."</p> <p>The wake-up sequence had been programmed into New Horizons' onboard computer in August and started aboard the spacecraft at 3 p.m. on Dec. 6. About 90 minutes later, New Horizons began transmitting word to Earth on its condition, including the report that it is back in "active" mode.</p> <p>The New Horizons team was scheduled to spend the next several weeks checking out the spacecraft, making sure its systems and science instruments are operating properly, and continuing to build and test the computer-command sequences that will guide New Horizons through its flight to and reconnaissance of the Pluto system.</p> <p>With a seven-instrument science payload that includes advanced imaging infrared and ultraviolet spectrometers, a compact multicolor camera, a high-resolution telescopic camera, two powerful particle spectrometers, and a space-dust detector, New Horizons will begin observing the Pluto system on Jan. 15.</p> <p>New Horizons' closest approach to Pluto will occur on July 14, but plenty of highlights are expected before then, including, by mid-May, views of the Pluto system better than what the mighty Hubble Space Telescope can provide of the dwarf planet and its moons.</p> <p>"New Horizons is on a journey to a new class of planets we've never seen, in a place we've never been before," says New Horizons project scientist Hal Weaver of APL. "For decades we thought Pluto was this odd little body on the planetary outskirts; now we know it's really a gateway to an entire region of new worlds in the Kuiper Belt, and New Horizons is going to provide the first close-up look at them.</p> <p>During hibernation mode, much of the spacecraft was unpowered. The onboard flight computer monitored system health and broadcast a weekly beacon-status tone back to Earth. Onboard sequences sent in advance by mission controllers woke New Horizons two or three times each year to check out critical systems, calibrate instruments, gather some science data, rehearse Pluto-encounter activities, and perform course corrections.</p> <p>New Horizons pioneered routine cruise-flight hibernation for NASA. Not only has hibernation reduced wear and tear on the spacecraft's electronics, it also lowered operations costs and freed up NASA Deep Space Network tracking and communication resources for other missions.</p> <p>Like the astronauts on four space shuttle missions, New Horizons "woke up" to English tenor Russell Watson's inspirational "Where My Heart Will Take Me." In fact, to honor New Horizons, Watson recorded a special greeting and version of the song, which was played in mission operations upon confirmation of the spacecraft's wake-up. Listen to it at <a href=""></a>.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Peter Kalugin, a JHU senior, is named a Rhodes Scholar <p>The senior is one of just 32 men and women who received the good news on Nov. 22 that they had won one of the most famous academic awards available to American college students.</p> <p>Kalugin will graduate in May with a degree from the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences in molecular and cellular biology and mathematics, with a minor in physics.</p> <p>Rhodes Scholarships provide all expenses for two or three years of study at the University of Oxford in England, and may allow funding in some instances for four years. Kalugin, chosen from among 877 applicants endorsed by 305 different colleges and universities, will enter Oxford in fall 2015 to pursue an MSc in oncology, a two-year degree that will allow him to take courses while conducting research.</p> <p>"The news is still sinking in, but I'm very excited about the opportunity," Kalugin wrote in an email the next morning from his home while spending time with his family in Albuquerque, New Mexico. "I've spent a year at Oxford previously and it was one of the best experiences that I have ever had, so going back is a real privilege."</p> <p>Passionate about pediatric oncology and research in cancer cell growth, Kalugin said he is especially interested in becoming involved with the newly built Cancer Research UK medical center in Oxford. It's a research institute funded by and fully integrated into the Cancer Research UK charity, an independent organization that sponsors and directs not only cancer research but also public outreach and policy.</p> <p>"This basically means that apart from cancer research, I'll also be able to interact with leaders in cancer policy and communication, and build expertise and connections in the realm of cancer treatment delivery," Kalugin said. "I will then return to the U.S. to do an MD/PhD focusing on cancer research and care. I hope that my experience at Oxford will allow me to pursue a career that combines cutting-edge research with a strong involvement in cancer care delivery worldwide."</p> <p>Kalugin is one of JHU's Woodrow Wilson Fellows, undergrads who, beginning in their freshman or sophomore year, work closely with highly respected faculty mentors on independent research projects while receiving up to $10,000 over four years (up to $7,500 for sophomores) to be spent on research-related costs such as travel, equipment, and use of archives or laboratories.</p> <p>As a sophomore, Kalugin received a Goldwater Scholarship, a merit-based award for one or two years covering tuition, fees, books, and room and board up to a maximum of $7,500 per year. During the 2012–13 academic year, he studied at Oxford's St. Anne's College through the Hopkins St. Anne's, Oxford, Pre-Med Programs, which allow sophomores and juniors planning a career in medicine to spend a year abroad.</p> <p>Upon returning to Hopkins, he began conducting research in the lab of Takanari Inoue, an assistant professor in the Department of Cell Biology at the School of Medicine. Most recently, he has been working on a project to illuminate the mechanism of how cancer cells become resistant to a certain anti-cancer drug. Inoue called his student "absolutely stellar, with superb intelligence, innovativeness, and enthusiasm."</p> <p>"He is destined to become a leader in medical science," Inoue says.</p> <p>Kalugin was elected to Phi Beta Kappa as a junior. He plays the saxophone, speaks five languages, has taught English to immigrant students, and has volunteered at orphanages in Mongolia and Nepal.</p> <p>Faculty members who know Kalugin from their courses describe him as a student who is "off the charts" in terms of his academic achievements.</p> <p>"Overall, his scientific reasoning, his quantitative and writing skills, and the depth of his understanding of physics place him among or above our best physics alumni pursuing physics PhDs in the top graduate programs in the country," says Nadia Zakamska, an assistant professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy. "I was therefore astonished to learn that physics is only a small facet of his spectacular CV: Not only does he have a stellar academic record in several different subjects, but he is pursuing a solid research program in cell biology and a variety of extracurricular activities."</p> <p>"It's not that Peter does a lot of stuff, it's that he takes on multiple, serious challenges, meets them all with high-level performance, and succeeds brilliantly," says Joel Schild­bach, a professor in the Department of Biology. "I met Peter at 9 a.m. on his first day of college and have either been instructor of one of his courses or his faculty adviser ever since. I'm used to working with exceptional students. Peter manages to stand apart. He has two intense majors, a minor, served as editor-in-chief of the <em>Journal of Young Investigators</em>, and pursued an excellent research project."</p> <p>Before Kalugin, JHU's most recent Rhodes Scholar was Eleanor Gardner, who was named a Bermuda Rhodes Scholar for the 2013–14 academic year. Undergraduates Wen Shi and Wes Moore were selected as Rhodes Scholars in 2003 and 2000, respectively.</p> <p><em>Students interested in applying for the Rhodes or other competitive awards should contact the university's National Fellowships Program</em>.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Global stage for new Web-based supercomputing tool <p>Johns Hopkins University is part of a national effort to put free supercomputing tools into the hands of researchers worldwide.</p> <p>A Web-based platform for bio-medical research created by James Taylor, an associate professor of biology and computer science at Johns Hopkins, will be part of a new National Science Foundation–led project to make large-scale computing resources more accessible and easier to use.</p> <p>Galaxy, the platform Taylor created with Anton Nekrutenko of Penn State University, will be incorporated into the new Jetstream effort, a cloud system that will allow people to create virtual machines that look and feel like their own workstations but possess the data-analysis power of a supercomputer.</p> <p>Galaxy is an ongoing cloud-based project, started in 2006, that allows researchers to use complex computational tools, mainly for genome analysis. Since its launch, more than 50,000 scientists have become registered Galaxy users.</p> <p>By moving Galaxy onto the Jetstream platform, which will be based at Indiana University and the University of Texas at Austin, even more people will be able to tap into the oversubscribed service, and it will be easier for researchers to customize the platform for their own needs.</p> <p>"It's exciting for me because there's really a lot of potential for great science to get done," Taylor says. "We can have a really positive impact on science by making it easy for people to do these things."</p> <p>Jetstream is part of the NSF's eXtreme Digital program, which NSF calls "the most comprehensive collection of integrated digital resources and services enabling open science research in the world." Supported by a $6.6 million NSF grant, Jetstream is expected to launch in January 2016.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 JHU astrophysicist Riess shares $3M Breakthrough Prize <p>Adam Riess, a professor of physics and astronomy at Johns Hopkins University and a Nobel laureate, has been named a recipient of the Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics for the discovery of the acceleration of the universe.</p> <p>Riess received the award, the most lucrative academic prize in the world, at a ceremony in California on Nov. 9. He shares the honor with Saul Perlmutter, an astrophysicist at the University of California, Berkeley; and Brian P. Schmidt, of the Australian National University. The three scientists' years of research found that the universe is expanding quickly rather than slowing down as had been assumed for years.</p> <p>"I am deeply honored and grateful to have worked with outstanding colleagues and world-class facilities," says Riess, who is also a research scientist at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is located on the university's Homewood campus. In all, 50 astronomers played a role in the research, and all will get a piece of the $3 million prize, which will be split between two research teams—one led by Perlmutter and one co-led by Riess and Schmidt. Riess and Schmidt will each get a sixth of their team's $1.5 million prize, or $250,000.</p> <p>The Breakthrough Prize is sponsored by Yuri Milner, a Russian entrepreneur and philanthropist; Sergey Brin, co-founder of Google; Anne Wojcicki, the founder of the genetics company 23andMe; and Mark Zuckerberg, the founder of Facebook. The four innovators established the prize to celebrate the world's great science and math minds and to generate excitement about the pursuit of the two fields as a career.</p> <p>The second annual Breakthrough Prize ceremony was held in Silicon Valley. The star-studded event was hosted by actor and comedian Seth McFarlane along with the award's creators and <em>Vanity Fair</em> editor Graydon Carter. Presenters were actors Kate Beckinsale, Benedict Cumberbatch, Cameron Diaz, Jon Hamm, and Eddie Redmayne.</p> <p>The ceremony was simulcast by the Discovery Channel and the Science Channel on Nov. 15 in the United States. In addition to the physics awards, prizes were awarded for life sciences. Those for mathematics were announced in June. Riess was joined at the ceremony by Johns Hopkins President Ronald J. Daniels.</p> <p>"The Breakthrough Prize helps to build excitement and energy around scientific discovery, and I am delighted that this year's committee chose to recognize Adam Riess," Daniels says. "His work, which helped to change our very understanding of the universe, has inspired a spectrum of scientists, from colleagues working with the Hubble Space Telescope to young astronomers stargazing in their backyards. We are honored that Adam is part of our Johns Hopkins community and join in the celebration of this wonderful honor."</p> <p>Riess is the second Johns Hopkins scientist to win the prize. Last year, Bert Vogelstein, a professor of oncology and pathology at Johns Hopkins and a pioneer in the field of cancer genomics, received the Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences for his discovery of a protein that suppresses the growth of tumors. Vogelstein's prize also recognized a model he devised for the progression of colon cancer that is widely used in colonoscopies.</p> <p>The Breakthrough Prize is one of several prestigious awards that Riess has received in recent years. In 2011, he won the Nobel Prize in physics for his leadership in the High-z Supernova Search Team's 1998 discovery that the expansion rate of the universe is accelerating, a phenomenon widely attributed to a mysterious, unexplained "dark energy" filling the universe. He shared the prize with Perlmutter and Schmidt. Both teams also shared the Peter Gruber Foundation's 2007 Cosmology Prize for the discovery of dark energy and the 2006 Shaw Prize in astronomy for the same discovery.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Ancestor of horses, rhinos may have originated in India <p>Working at the edge of a coal mine in India, a team of Johns Hopkins researchers and colleagues has filled in a major gap in science's understanding of the evolution of a group of animals that includes horses and rhinos. That group likely originated on the subcontinent when it was still an island headed swiftly for collision with Asia, the researchers reported recently in the online journal <em>Nature Communications</em>.</p> <p>Modern horses, rhinos, and tapirs belong to a biological group, or order, called Perissodactyla. Also known as "odd-toed ungulates," animals in the order have, as their name implies, an uneven number of toes on their hind feet and a distinctive digestive system. Though paleontologists had found remains of Perissodactyla from as far back as the beginnings of the Eocene epoch, about 56 million years ago, their earlier evolution remained a mystery, says Ken Rose, a professor of functional anatomy and evolution at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine.</p> <p>Rose and his research team have for years been excavating mammal fossils in the Bighorn Basin of Wyoming, but in 2001 he and Indian colleagues began exploring Eocene sediments in Western India because it had been proposed that perissodactyls and some other mammal groups might have originated there. In an open-pit coal mine northeast of Mumbai, they uncovered a rich vein of ancient bones. Rose says he and his collaborators obtained funding from the National Geographic Society to send a research team to the mine site at Gujarat in the far western part of India for two weeks at a time once every year or two over the last decade.</p> <p>The mine yielded what Rose says was a treasure trove of teeth and bones for the researchers to comb through back in their home laboratories. Of these, more than 200 fossils turned out to belong to an animal dubbed <em>Cambaytherium thewissi</em>, about which little had been known. The researchers dated the fossils to about 54.5 million years ago, making them slightly younger than the oldest known Perissodactyla remains, but, Rose says, the finding provides a window into what a common ancestor of all Perissodactyla would have looked like. "Many of <em>Cambaytherium</em>'s features, like the teeth, the number of sacral vertebrae, and the bones of the hands and feet, are intermediate between Perissodactyla and more primitive animals," Rose says. "This is the closest thing we've found to a common ancestor of the Perissodactyla order."</p> <p><em>Cambaytherium</em> and other finds from the Gujarat coal mine also provide tantalizing clues about India's separation from Madagascar, lonely migration, and eventual collision with the continent of Asia as the Earth's plates shifted, Rose says. In 1990, two researchers, David Krause and Mary Maas of Stony Brook University, published a paper suggesting that several groups of mammals that appear at the beginning of the Eocene, including primates and odd- and even-toed ungulates, might have evolved in India while it was isolated. <em>Cambaytherium</em> is the first concrete evidence to support that idea, Rose says. But, he adds, "it's not a simple story."</p> <p>"Around <em>Cambaytherium</em>'s time, we think India was an island, but it also had primates and a rodent similar to those living in Europe at the time," he says. "One possible explanation is that India passed close by the Arabian Peninsula or the Horn of Africa, and there was a land bridge that allowed the animals to migrate. But <em>Cambaytherium</em> is unique and suggests that India was indeed isolated for a while."</p> <p>Rose says his team was "very fortunate that we discovered the site and that the mining company allowed us to work there," although, he adds, "it was frustrating to know that countless fossils were being chewed up by heavy mining equipment." When coal extraction was finished, the miners covered the site, he says. His team has now found other mines in the area to continue digging.</p> <p>Other authors on the study from Johns Hopkins were Katrina E. Jones and Heather E. Ahrens.</p> <p>This study was funded by the National Geographic Society, Belgian Science Policy Office, National Science Foundation, and Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Study: U.S. wastes millions in unused surgical supplies <p>A Johns Hopkins research team reports that major hospitals across the U.S. collectively throw away at least $15 million a year in unused operating room surgical supplies that could be salvaged and used to ease critical shortages, improve surgical care, and boost public health in developing countries.</p> <p>A report on the research, published online in the <em>World Journal of Surgery</em>, highlights not only an opportunity for U.S. hospitals to help relieve the global burden of surgically treatable diseases but also a means of reducing the cost and environmental impact of medical waste disposal at home.</p> <p>The fact of surgical supply waste is nothing new, the researchers note, but they say their investigation may be one of the first systematic attempts to measure the national extent of the problem, the potential cost savings, and the impact on patients' lives. While several organizations run donation programs for leftover operating room materials, such efforts would be far more successful if they were made standard protocol across all major surgical centers, the authors say.</p> <p>"Perfectly good, entirely sterile, and, above all, much-needed surgical supplies are routinely discarded in American operating rooms," says lead investigator Richard Redett, a pediatric plastic and reconstructive surgeon at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center and an associate professor in the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. "We hope the results of our study will be a wake-up call for hospitals and surgeons across the country to rectify this wasteful practice by developing systems that collect and ship unused materials to places that desperately need them."</p> <p>The staggering waste of surgical supplies, the researchers say, is rooted in the common practice of bundling surgical materials in ways that streamline operating room readiness and efficiency. Once the bundle is opened, however, everything that is unused is thrown away.</p> <p>"Such programs are acutely needed not only to help address serious needs in resource-poor settings but also to minimize the significant environmental burden at home institutions," says study co-author Eric Wan, a recent graduate of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine currently doing postdoctoral training at the National Institutes of Health. "This really is a win-win situation."</p> <p>The investigators based their estimates on an existing program that recovers and delivers unused surgical supplies from the Johns Hopkins Hospital to two surgical centers in Ecuador. The authors tracked 19 high-demand surgical items donated to the Ecuadorian hospitals over three years, then extrapolated the amount and value of the donations to 232 U.S. surgical centers with caseloads similar to those of the Johns Hopkins Hospital. The results showed that if the 232 American hospitals saved and donated unused surgical supplies, they would generate 2 million pounds of materials worth at least $15 million over a single year. Going a step further, the researchers tracked outcomes among 33 Ecuadorian patients whose surgeries were made possible as a result of the donations. Their analysis showed that donated surgical supplies prevented, on average, eight years of disability per patient.</p> <p>In the study, materials topping the 19-item surgical supplies list were gauze, disposable syringes, sutures, and surgical towels. However, the investigators say, it is important to tailor shipping to the specific needs of each hospital. Matching of donor leftovers to recipient need, they say, will prevent unnecessary shipping costs and avoid creating medical waste locally. In addition, the receiving hospital must have a demonstrated capability and the equipment to clean and sterilize the shipped materials before use in the operating room.</p> <p>"Saving and shipping these materials is truly a low-hanging-fruit enterprise, simple strategy that could have a dramatic impact on surgical outcomes and public health in resource-poor settings and truly change people's lives," says Redett, who has been running the Johns Hopkins donation program since 2003.</p> <p>The Johns Hopkins initiative, known as Supporting Hospitals Abroad with Resources and Equipment, or SHARE, was modeled after a similar program launched at Yale in 1991.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Study suggests home cooking for a healthier diet <p>People who frequently cook meals at home eat healthier and consume fewer calories than those who cook less, according to new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research.</p> <p>"When people cook most of their meals at home, they consume fewer carbohydrates, less sugar, and less fat than those who cook less or not at all—even if they are not trying to lose weight," says Julia A. Wolfson, a CLF-Lerner Fellow at the Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future and lead author of the study.</p> <p>The findings also suggest that those who cooked at home frequently—six to seven nights a week—consumed fewer calories on the occasions when they ate out.</p> <p>Wolfson presented the research at the American Public Health Association's Annual Meeting, held in November in New Orleans. The study is published online in the journal <em>Public Health Nutrition</em>.</p> <p>Wolfson and co-author Sara N. Bleich, an associate professor in Health Policy and Management at the Bloomberg School, analyzed data from the 2007–2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey of more than 9,000 participants age 20 and older. The survey asked detailed questions about what participants ate during a 24-hour period as well as other eating behaviors, such as consuming fast food in the previous 30 days. The researchers found that 8 percent of adults cooked dinner once or less a week, and this group consumed, on an average day, 2,301 total calories, 84 grams of fat, and 135 grams of sugar. The 48 percent of participants who cooked dinner six to seven times a week consumed 2,164 calories, 81 grams of fat, and 119 grams of sugar on an average day. The researchers also found that those who cook at home more often rely less frequently on frozen foods and are less likely to choose fast foods on the occasions when they eat out.</p> <p>The research found that blacks are more likely to live in households where cooking occurs less frequently than whites, and individuals who work more than 35 hours a week outside the home also cook less often.</p> <p>"Obesity is an escalating public health problem that contributes to other serious health issues, including diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease," says Wolfson. "The evidence shows people who cook at home eat a more healthy diet. Moving forward, it's important to educate the public about the benefits of cooking at home, identify strategies that encourage and enable more cooking at home, and help everyone, regardless of how much they cook, make healthier choices when eating out."</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Why do we care so much about Mars? Johns Hopkins scientist explains <p>Mars is not red—it's blushing from humanity's profusion of attention. At present, a small fleet of robotic spacecraft and vehicles probe the planet, among them a car-sized rover called Curiosity that roams the Gale crater to send back dazzling images and oodles of scientific data. And then there's the MAVEN spacecraft, which orbits the planet to survey the atmosphere. In 2016, NASA will launch InSight to study the planet's deep interior. More missions are on tap in 2020 and beyond, paving the way for possible future human exploration.</p> <p>Mars has long inspired authors to tell tales, from the benign (<em>My Favorite Martian</em>) to the heroic (DC Comics' Martian Manhunter) to the ridiculous (<em>Mars Attacks!</em>). And there's more to come. Mars will provide the backdrop for the upcoming Ridley Scott film <em>The Martian</em> about an astronaut (Matt Damon) stranded on the planet.</p> <p>Being curious about all things Red Planet, we turned to Kevin Lewis, an assistant professor in Earth and Planetary Sciences and a participating scientist with NASA's current Curiosity mission. Lewis works with images and topography of sedimentary rocks to evaluate the Martian landscape and geological features, all in an effort to determine the planet's past climate.</p> <p><strong>Can you explain the appeal of Mars to writers who dream up scenarios of colonization and signs of life?</strong></p> <p>Mars is a dynamic place. It's almost like visiting Egypt's pyramids. We know amazing things happened here once. But where did all the water go, and why is it now a dead planet? It's the only other planet in our solar system that had liquid water on its surface, yet something went wrong along the way that made the planet diverge pretty strongly from the Earth. There's a bit of mystery novel to the planet. It's also very similar to what we're used to. Maybe Mars was not Miami Beach, but it probably felt a lot more like home at some point in its history. It's also, relatively speaking, easy to get to. So while we're homing in on other Earth-like planets in our universe that may harbor evidence of life, we're not getting to those anytime soon. Mars is within our reach.</p> <p><strong>What are Curiosity's most significant findings to date?</strong></p> <p>One of the really amazing discoveries came just after we landed. The first sample of rocks we took showed us these perfectly rounded pebbles. It's pretty clear they were formed by ancient rivers. We've known for some time—from pictures taken from orbit—that Mars had what looked like river networks, but this is the first time we saw basically a preserved stream bed like one you'd find on Earth. We've also found fine-grained sediments, very likely evidence of lake beds. All this has helped us feel more secure that there was standing water on the surface during a more habitable period in the planet's history.</p> <p><strong>What are the prevailing notions on past climates?</strong></p> <p>Current atmospheric pressures [thin, mostly carbon dioxide] and temperatures [average -81 F] don't support standing water. There are some challenges to getting Mars to be warm and stay warm over geological time. Clearly the planet had a radically different atmosphere and climate than it has today. Very possibly there was liquid water on the surface for just a blip of time, but how long? And what volume? These are some of the questions we're looking to answer and that will help us learn more about the climate conditions necessary.</p> <p><strong>But what of "Martians," or any form of life there?</strong></p> <p>First, consider that macroscopic life became dominant just in the past 10 percent of Earth's history—and after that period of climate transition that happened on Mars. So it's totally plausible we had some early biological activity on Mars, but almost certainly it would have been on the microbial level, like bacteria. Don't expect fossilized bird bones, tree trunks, or Martian skeletons. But it's important to keep in mind that deep surface exploration is not possible with this mission. There might be more signs of life buried deep away that we can't currently get to.</p> <p><strong>Clearly NASA is invested in exploring Mars, but what of possible manned missions?</strong></p> <p>A dedicated program needs to be in place, one that will require an effort on an international scale. It would be a big project, but potentially hugely scientifically rewarding and totally inspiring for humanity. A project of this size and scope is not currently feasible given the NASA budget, but we can start to lay the groundwork for the technology needed. [Note Dec. 5 Orion launch.] We need a rocket big enough to get us and our instruments there, with a return rocket, like we did on the moon. And then we have to protect the astronauts once they're on the surface, thus the need for more information about the current Mars conditions.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Where in the World: A look at JHU's global endeavors in Antarctica <p><strong>90</strong> of ice on Earth found here</p> <p><strong>5.4</strong> million square miles in size</p> <p><strong>-128.6 F</strong> coldest temperature ever recorded (Russian station Vostok, 1983)</p> <p><strong>0</strong> students and alumni</p> <p><strong>0</strong> permanent residents (though 1,000–4,500 researchers are stationed here at any given time)</p> <h4>The fate of the sea butterfly</h4> <p>In the snail world, pteropods are among the most photogenic. These small aquatic invertebrates have a dreamlike translucence and swim using beautiful "wings," earning them the nickname sea butterflies. Beauty aside, pteropods are a critical part of the oceanic ecosystem, as they are the primary diet of larger species—such as salmon and krill—and are responsible for a large proportion of the carbonate flux to the deep, which plays an important role in the global oceanic carbon cycle.</p> <p>Being snails, they have shells, which are made of calcium carbonate and are highly affected by steadily increasing ocean acidification. Last spring, the Whiting School of Engineering's Rajat Mittal and a team of researchers from Johns Hopkins and Georgia Tech traveled to the Palmer Station in Antarctica to collect and study the polar species of these animals to better understand the effects of ocean acidification on their swimming characteristics and ability to survive. The team chose this location as acidification is more pronounced in colder temperatures.</p> <p>"Bigger picture, we wanted to see what the potential effect of ocean changes might have on their shells, which are becoming more eroded and degraded over time," Mittal says. "If [pteropods] become extinct, the ocean not only loses a critical link in the food chain, but it could potentially change the global oceanic carbon cycle."</p> <p>In November, team members traveled again to Antarctica to take more measurements, and they recently presented their preliminary findings regarding the locomotion of these animals at the Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics. In June, Mittal will travel to the Arctic to study the pteropod species in that region.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 How an innovative grants program (and Belgian beer mixers) at Johns Hopkins fuels discoveries about the human brain <p>A neuroscientist, an electrical engineer, a surgeon, and an education researcher walk up to a bar.</p> <p>This could be the start of a joke, or it could be a scene from a recent <a href="">Science of Learning Institute</a> event at Johns Hopkins University. At the institute's four-times-yearly Belgian Beer Events, scientists from far-flung fields—and often from far-flung parts of the university itself—present their research to each other in short, digestible chunks. Their creativity and conviviality stimulated by a cup of ale or lager, the researchers strike up conversations and form connections that range widely across disciplinary boundaries, from classroom learning to machine learning, from recovery from stroke to memory formation in the brain.</p> <p>Such conversations can be all too rare at a university where faculty are spread not just across a campus but throughout a large city and beyond. The result, for an inherently interdisciplinary subject like the science of learning, is that projects that could address fundamental and important questions can be hard to conceive and get off the ground. And too often, promising basic research doesn't get translated into the settings where it could help real-world learners.</p> <p>The Belgian Beer Events, conceived shortly after the institute launched in 2013, are helping change that. They provide an informal space where basic researchers can meet translators, where machine-learning experts can meet early-childhood educators, where cognitive scientists can meet smartphone app developers. The events rotate between locations: October's was at the School of Education, and December's was hosted by the Department of Biomedical Engineering; previous ones were held at the School of Medicine and in Homewood's Levering Hall. Computer scientist Greg Hager likens the events to "an intellectual mixing bowl."</p> <p>Beyond generating lively conversation, the gatherings are sparking collaborations between researchers who otherwise might never have met. At an event in 2013, neurologist Bonnie Nozari presented her work on speech and language processing disorders. Computer scientist Raman Arora then spoke about his work on machine learning and speech recognition. Recognizing a mutual interest in speech, the two chatted. The next day, they began planning a joint project to see if computers can predict how humans will pronounce words, and then provide feedback to people seeking to learn a new language, or to relearn how to speak after a stroke.</p> <p>It sounds like a lucky encounter, but in fact electrical engineer Sanjeev Khudanpur, a member of the institute's steering committee, was at work behind the scenes. He conceived the Belgian Beer Events, and he made sure that Arora, his colleague in the Whiting School of Engineering, would be speaking on the same day as Nozari, of the School of Medicine. Later, when the two were ready to apply for funding, Khudanpur encouraged their ultimately successful proposal for one of the institute's research grants. "I see myself as a matchmaker," he says.</p> <p>"It's that kind of really innovative, different seeding of projects that I think we've done really well," says Barbara Landau, the institute's director and the Dick and Lydia Todd Professor of Cognitive Science in the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences. The institute funded eight projects in 2013 and eight more in 2014, with projects receiving an average of $140,000 spread over two years. Funding goes to hiring graduate students and postdoctoral researchers, developing software, purchasing equipment, and supplying other research needs. The grants are competitive; the review committee has received around 30 proposals a year. The funded projects address a broad range of learning settings, from the classroom to the operating room to distance learning that can take place anywhere. The learners are not limited to humans, either; many of the projects include a strong component of "machine learning"—harnessing computers to recognize patterns in data and use them to develop new human learning applications. Other projects focus on developing animal models that can be used to study human learning.</p> <p>The grant program allows researchers to get support for projects that might not be quite ready for a proposal to a traditional funding agency like the National Science Foundation or the National Institutes of Health, says Landau. Almost without exception, an NSF or NIH review panel will want to see at least preliminary data demonstrating that an idea is viable. With Science of Learning Institute funding, scientists can do exploratory research that will provide the data needed to support a larger proposal to a more traditional funding agency. "It allows people to do things that they wouldn't necessarily be able to accomplish by a standard grant," says Landau. "The granting agencies tend to be somewhat conservative, and we're looking for innovation."</p> <p>Like Arora and Nozari's collaboration, many of the funded projects harness existing technological applications to improve learning, often in novel ways. For example, Khudanpur and Hager are working with Gyusung Lee, an instructor of surgery in the School of Medicine, to develop computer software that can help teach surgeons how to use the da Vinci robotic surgical platform. The project grew out of an existing effort called the Language of Surgery, developed by researchers in the Whiting School of Engineering's Laboratory for Computational Sensing and Robotics.</p> <p>Through this effort, which began in 2006, Hager, Khudanpur, and colleagues program computers to record and analyze the different kinds of movements that surgeons make while performing certain tasks with surgical robots. The researchers' goal was to find movements that could consistently be classified as either expertlike or novicelike. Novice surgeons are more likely to break a suture, for example, or to push or pull on tissue while using the robot to manipulate a surgical needle. The researchers were able to train computer software to recognize such expert and novice movements much as a surgical trainer would.</p> <p>The next step is to have the assessment tool provide real-time feedback to surgical trainees. With the kind of application the researchers are envisioning, trainees could, in theory, receive an unlimited amount of individualized feedback on what skills they have mastered and where more work is needed. "We're putting the computer in the human learning loop," Khudanpur says. "The computer has certain abilities that are complementary to humans. [For example,] the computer doesn't get tired. The computer usually doesn't charge by the hour."</p> <p>A few years ago, when the researchers applied for an NIH grant to develop such a learning application, the proposal was rejected because they had no data showing the idea had promise. Thanks to their Science of Learning Institute research award, the scientists are starting to collect that data. Backed by some preliminary results, they recently put in a new NIH proposal and are waiting to hear back.</p> <p>Meanwhile, thanks to a talk Hager gave last fall, his team's research may soon spawn another effort, which would take Language of Surgery technology out of the operating room and into the classroom. Hager's presentation inspired Landau and Amy Shelton, a professor in the School of Education, who is also on the institute's steering committee, to wonder whether motion-tracking software could recognize the movements that young children make when learning to build toy towers out of blocks. Spatial skills like tower building, in addition to being important in their own right, are of interest to researchers because they often predict children's future abilities in math and other areas. Hager, Landau, and Shelton are now discussing a potential project to put motion sensors on blocks and use computers to track how children acquire manipulation skills, a tactic similar to the one Hager's team uses to assess the skills of aspiring surgeons.</p> <p>Institute-funded collaborations between computer scientists and education researchers are also reaching far beyond traditional education settings like medical training. In a project funded in 2014, computer scientists Philipp Koehn and Jason Eisner are teaming with Chadia Abras in the School of Education's Center for Technology Education to develop a radically new way to learn a foreign language. The idea is based on macaronic language—a kind of text that mixes two languages into a Spanglish-like hybrid. While such mixing has traditionally been employed by novice speakers or for satirical purposes, Eisner realized that coupled with recent advances in machine translation, it could also help introduce learners to foreign vocabulary and syntax in a gentle and piecemeal way rather than all at once, as in a typical foreign text read laboriously with the aid of a dictionary.</p> <p>To implement the idea, the researchers are developing software that translates a text progressively, with more and more of the text appearing in the foreign language as the reader's comprehension improves. For an English-to-German learner, for instance, the English phrase "a loaf of bread" could start to appear as "<em>ein</em> Loaf of Bread." When the reader is comfortable with reading the German word "<em>ein</em>" instead of the English "a," the program could progress to "<em>ein</em> Breadloaf," resembling German in syntax but retaining English words. The text would then become "<em>ein Brot</em> loaf<em>," and finally the fully German "</em>ein Brotlaib*." The program will intermittently assess the student's reading comprehension and ability, and tune the amount of foreign language presented to the reader's progress; readers also can direct the program to make the translation easier or harder.</p> <p>Since the concept still needs to be proved, it makes an ideal Science of Learning Institute project, says Koehn. Eisner adds, "It's a bet that this will work out and will not, for example, confuse people or give them bad habits." The researchers plan to develop an English-to-German application and test it on the Web and in Johns Hopkins classes in combination with more traditional classroom and textbook instruction. If successful, the software could also be made available on the Internet for independent learners.</p> <p>The project exemplifies how interdisciplinary teams can merge cutting-edge research in machine and human learning, says Kelly Fisher, the institute's assistant director and an assistant professor in the School of Education. "It's a software program that is learning itself, learning about the learner."</p> <p>Institute-funded research also targets learners far beyond those who are acquiring skills for the first time. Learning is critical for the millions of people who lose skills when they suffer strokes and other neurological conditions and then need to regain them, often through lengthy and complex rehabilitation processes. Research on how to more efficiently relearn lost skills could make a huge difference in how quickly such people can return to work and fully participate in society again.</p> <p>Cognitive scientist Michael McCloskey recently discovered a new, debilitating, and apparently very rare reading deficit known as alphanumeric visual awareness deficit, or AVAD. McCloskey, a professor in Cognitive Science, identified the condition based on two cases that came to him in one year. One of them, a 61-year-old Baltimore geologist with a neurological disease, could see fine in general, but when looking at letters or numbers, he saw only blurs. McCloskey and his colleagues found, however, that by teaching the patient new characters to use in place of the digits, they could restore his recognition abilities. The researchers developed a smartphone calculator app and modified the geologist's laptop to allow him to do math with the new symbols.</p> <p>Seeking to build on this work, McCloskey assembled a team of neurologists and cognitive scientists to look for more people with AVAD in order to study the condition using brain imaging and other techniques, and to develop apps and other technology that would help affected people make sense of letters and numbers again. But the researchers have run into a roadblock: They haven't found a single other case of AVAD beyond the original two. A woman in North Carolina who seemed to have the deficit turned out to have a somewhat different condition. "On the one hand, it's interesting that [AVAD is] so rare; on the other hand, it's not what we were hoping for," McCloskey says.</p> <p>So he and his team have reoriented their project, broadening the scope to include more-common character recognition disorders. For example, some people cannot recognize a number or letter when it is presented to them whole but can recognize a character if they watch it being drawn. Perhaps, says McCloskey, a smartphone app could be developed to read signs and other important text, and draw each character in sequence for people with this deficit. His team is also starting to collaborate with a software developer, MicroBLINK, to make an app that would identify characters and then read the text aloud.</p> <p>In addition to potentially helping people regain lost abilities, many institute-funded projects such as McCloskey's are aimed at teasing apart the different brain regions and processes responsible for seemingly coherent learned skills like reading. Along these lines but focusing on an entirely different brain function, psychologist Marina Bedny, of the Krieger School's Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, is heading a team that received an institute grant to study how the brain can retool its hardware when the original purpose of one of its regions is no longer needed. In sighted people, around a quarter of the brain is devoted to visual processing; in blind people, these brain regions get repurposed. How does this work? Bedny wondered.</p> <p>To investigate this question, she and colleagues in the Krieger School's Department of Cognitive Science and in the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at the School of Medicine are combining language comprehension assessments with a technique called transcranial magnetic stimulation, or TMS. They hope to learn whether brain regions normally devoted to sight are needed for language processing in blind people. The researchers recently collected data at a National Federation of the Blind convention and are in the process of testing a control group of sighted people. This effort would have been impossible without a source of support for interdisciplinary projects, Bedny says. "You just can't do this kind of research without an interdisciplinary team because you need so many different kinds of expertise," from linguistics to neuroimaging to TMS. "We really needed the whole team to make it happen."</p> <p>In another example of institute-funded brain research, neuroscientist David Foster, of the School of Medicine, is taking on perhaps the most basic of all aspects of learning: memory formation. Specifically, Foster is interested in how certain kinds of memories are formed in a brain region called the hippocampus. He has studied this process in detail in rat brains, using dozens of implanted electrodes to precisely record electrical signals as the rats' neurons fire in sequences that represent stored memories. Foster would like to carry out similar studies in humans, but he cannot just go sticking electrodes deep into people's brains. So he first needs to develop less-invasive procedures.</p> <p>Foster and William Anderson, an associate professor of neurosurgery in the School of Medicine, are now developing such techniques, piggybacking on research that Anderson's group does on epilepsy patients wherein they collect and analyze electrical data gathered from the surface of the brain. By piloting their study on a small sample of patients, the researchers hope to strengthen their position for applying for a larger grant, possibly from the NIH.</p> <p>Bedny and Foster, both assistant professors, say that institute funding has allowed them to take on projects that might have otherwise been too risky and uncertain for an untenured faculty member. "I probably would not do too much looking outside of my own area to collaborate if I wasn't pushed and incentivized to do so by this kind of mechanism," Foster says. "This allows me, and pays me, to invest in thinking outside of my own small area."</p> <p>The research grant program is the Science of Learning Institute's first major initiative, and many of the projects from the initial funding round are close to reporting results. The institute plans to continue awarding grants for at least three more years, and possibly more, depending on funding. To assess the program's success, Landau and Fisher are tracking metrics such as publications that awardees produce and external awards that leverage institute-funded work.</p> <p>The institute also just launched its second big initiative: the Distinguished Science of Learning Fellowship Program. This program will award around five postdoctoral and predoctoral fellowships annually to students wanting to pursue interdisciplinary research in learning. Each fellow will have two advisers from different disciplines.</p> <p>The fellows also will play a key role in the third prong of the institute's mission: translating and disseminating results beyond academia. Traditionally, much of the learning that occurs in the nation's formal classrooms and more informal settings is not as informed by research as it could be, says Fisher. To help change that, the Science of Learning Institute recently launched partnerships with the Port Discovery Children's Museum in Baltimore and the Children's Museum of Manhattan in New York to develop exhibits that are based on the research into the science of learning. The institute also plans to hire a dissemination expert to help translate research results into classrooms and other learning settings.</p> <p>The Science of Learning Institute's stated mission is "to understand and optimize the most essential part of our human capital: the ability to learn." The mission makes the institute a crucial catalyst at a university—a place dedicated to learning—where all the pieces are already in place to make major progress on one of the most important scientific questions of our time, says Landau. "One of the goals of the Science of Learning Institute," she says, "is really to sew together the parts of the university that haven't yet interacted—to make it, in President Daniels' words, one university."</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 How Peabody's Fred Bronstein is leading the oldest music conservatory in the U.S. into the 21st century <p><a href="">Fred Bronstein</a> is thinking about the future. He has to. In June he became the dean of the Peabody Institute, responsible for leading the oldest music conservatory in the United States into the 21st century. And he's doing that during a time when the landscape of arts and culture in the country is changing, radically, especially in the Western tradition called classical music. Orchestral music has the patina of being seen as the rarified high art of the privileged, a notion perhaps inadvertently created by the American orchestra business model over the past 100 years. That business model is no longer sustainable, however, and today's and tomorrow's musicians, composers, conductors, and artists are faced with correcting that inaccurate impression. Performers need to be able to showcase the music's sublime possibilities, of course, but they also have to be audience developers, educators, and entrepreneurs.</p> <p>"What I still tell people is you still have to be the best player you can be, but it's no longer enough," Bronstein says during an October interview, echoing a sentiment he had expressed many times since being named dean in March. "It's a very competitive world out there, and you've got to be able to do other things if you're going to have a better chance of being able to navigate that increasingly complex professional world."</p> <p>The 58-year-old Bronstein comes to Peabody after nearly two decades of working in that complex world of the American orchestra. As the former president and CEO of the Omaha, Dallas, and, most recently, St. Louis symphonies, Bronstein navigated two of the more turbulent decades in American orchestra history. Orchestras in the United States, at their inception, were modeled on their European counterparts, and over the 20th century those American classical music institutions tried to distinguish what made them "American."</p> <p>One argument of how they did that is by embracing market forces: Whatever filled the house worked. And what did that most consistently were stars, be they conductors such as Arturo Toscanini or soloists such as pianist Vladimir Horowitz. In this scenario—which is much more richly developed by journalist, educator, and Post-Classical Ensemble executive director Joseph Horowitz in <em>Classical Music in America</em>—the audience, repertoire, and relevance of the American orchestra constricted as they anchored themselves to audiences that could afford to pay to see stars perform the great works of the 18th- and 19th-century European canon.</p> <p>Living composers, new audiences, engagement with the cities they called home—these weren't concerns in this model, and the perceived cultural and economic distances orchestras put between themselves and their communities incubated the crisis in classical music discussions that have percolated through the industry for at least the past 30 years. Subscriptions are down, classical radio stations are disappearing, sales of classical music recordings remain minute, orchestras have increasingly contentious relationships with their performers unions; all contribute to the business challenges facing orchestras. In 1993 the American Symphony Orchestra League issued a report titled "Americanizing the American Orchestra," which laid out a number of the concerns that orchestras have faced ever since.</p> <p>In conversation, Bronstein frequently turns to the orchestra as an analogy for the conservatory—in terms of their missions, the challenges they face, and the ways they need to evolve. "One of the discussions that developed over many, many years is how are orchestras uniquely American? How are they unique to their communities?" he says. "Finding ways to answer that is a really important part of what an orchestra needs to do today. And when you look at the orchestras that are not just surviving but thriving, they see their core business as putting on classical concerts, but they have surrounded that with different types of music that they present, and with community and educational activities.</p> <p>"You have to have that kind of breadth in terms of what you do," he continues. "And I'm saying we need to think of ourselves and our model similarly."</p> <p>Pursuant to that, Bronstein identified in his September convocation address four areas needed to reinvigorate Peabody for the 21st century. The first he named is, as it should be, Peabody's quality level. It's a conservatory first and foremost and should strive for the same level of excellence as every other school in the Johns Hopkins universe.</p> <p>The other three pillars, as he calls these areas, are the interdisciplinary space where music intersects with other subject areas, innovation in Peabody's curriculum and digital reach, and the institute's connection to the community. These are all the kind of big-idea subject areas tossed around by arts and higher education institutions as well as by tech startups and corporations. And in conversation Bronstein can discuss them in the managerial business-speak common to administrators, CEOs, and executives.</p> <p>Bronstein brings a much more compelling perspective and personal experience to these discussions, however. Though he's spent the past 20 years exploring these ideas while at the top of the organizational chart, his approach to them was shaped by his time as a performer. Bronstein studied piano, earning his bachelor's degree from Boston University, his master's from the Manhattan School of Music, and his doctorate from Stony Brook University. In 1984, while he was a DMA candidate, he co-founded a chamber ensemble called Aequalis with percussionist Michael Parola and cellist Elizabeth Mohr. The trio was dedicated to the performance and commissioning of new works by living composers. It toured nationally, held master classes, and in 1992 released a pretty cool CD on New World Records featuring the works of five contemporary composers, including the late, underrated Miriam Gideon.</p> <p>Bronstein was doing this in the 1980s, when classical music hadn't as enthusiastically embraced the do-it-yourself ethos that younger players have brought to it in the past decade. "What made it unique was at that time, most new-music groups were ad hoc, part-time," Bronstein says. "We were trying to make it a full-time enterprise, and that forced us to think about it in a totally different way.</p> <p>"That was really the learning experience for me," he continues, adding that the trio quickly discovered the difficulty of selling and marketing new music. "What we learned early on is that it wasn't enough just to play the music. We needed to think about it as a business. How do we find the audience for this? How do we make it accessible? How do we make this relevant? Who is our market? From the very beginning, I had been thinking about music not just as an isolated silo but how it relates to who you are trying to talk to about it, who you are trying to communicate with about it, and how you are trying to convince people it's important.</p> <p>"This is what it is, right?" he adds with a laugh, pointing out that getting the art that you love out there involves grappling with all those business questions, from the DIY ensemble level all the way up to the orchestra. And he sees today's conservatory as needing to prepare its students to do that—to be advocates for the music, to be educators about the music, to reach out into the community and bring people in who think classical music isn't for them, to create the space for them to experience it. Just as it isn't enough for the musicians to be excellent performers, it isn't enough for conservatories simply to produce great musicians.</p> <p>"I don't know if any of the major music schools do a really great job of this yet," Bronstein says. "I think everybody's got programs and they're trying to do it, but I don't know that anybody is really doing the kind of job in this that needs to be done." Bronstein believes Peabody can be a leader in that evolution of musical education and its surrounding conversation. In July, he was a guest on NPR's <em>Diane Rehm Show</em> addressing the future of classical music alongside <em>New Yorker</em> critic Alex Ross, concert pianist Orli Shaham, and critic and Juilliard faculty member Greg Sandow. And in October, Peabody held the What's Next for Classical Music symposium with Bronstein; Marin Alsop, music director of the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra; Ben Cameron, director of arts fundraising at the Doris Duke Charitable Trust; Thomas Dolby, Homewood Professor of the Arts at Johns Hopkins; Peabody flute faculty member Marina Piccinini; and Jesse Rosen, president and CEO of the League of American Orchestras. The three-hour event was broadcast online, drawing viewers from 32 states and 31 countries.</p> <p>The discussion was a mixture of sobering reality and genuine hope, oftentimes touching on why classical music matters. Leonard Bernstein often addressed that very question during the New York Philharmonic's Young People's Concerts. Of course, that was a different cultural era entirely. Bernstein's program appeared on national television from 1961 to 1968 via CBS during prime time and was syndicated to foreign markets.</p> <p>Today, classical music doesn't occupy the same place in the cultural landscape. All the arts, in fact, have started fading out of public education. "I think there is a genuine issue in the sense that we do live in a country where, unfortunately, music in schools doesn't happen everywhere," Bronstein says. "That means that the cultural institutions have even more of an obligation and a need to fill that vacuum. Peabody is a place that uniquely can do that. So I see us—Peabody and the rest of Johns Hopkins—as having a rare opportunity to make this place even more relevant and competitive in the future because of the unique assets that come together here."</p> <p>Relevant is a revealing word choice in this instance. It speaks not only to Peabody's place as the arts institution at a research university but also to classical music's perennial campaign to justify its existence in America. What can music say about science? What can an 18th- and 19th-century musical tradition say about being alive today?</p> <p>"I said jokingly at one of the deans meetings, I think it was my first one, that we're your soul," Bronstein says of Peabody's place in the Johns Hopkins family. "And they laughed, but it's partly true. What we at Peabody bring is unique in that sense."</p> <p>He adds that he's always noticed how people turn to classical music for really important moments, and mentions Yo-Yo Ma's playing Bach's Cello Suite No. 1 at the site of New York's World Trade Center as part of the 10th anniversary remembrance tribute of Sept. 11. "I will always remember Yo-Yo Ma sitting there at ground zero playing solo cello," Bronstein says. "The music is relevant. It matters. We have just, over time, become separate from it. But when you allow people to realize it's not separate and to listen to it on their own terms, I think people's perspective on it changes."</p> <p>And that's how he sees his role at Peabody: as a catalyst to help the institution evolve into the visionary nexus so that today's young artists can stir souls tomorrow. "I'm going to push because there is a certain urgency about what we need to do," Bronstein says. "So I think in putting some of these issues on the table and thinking about this a little differently, we are, in a sense, challenging the institution. But this is an institution of creative people who care deeply about it. So I look at us and say, 'There's almost unlimited potential.'"</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Long-running public service project sends Johns Hopkins students behind prison walls <p>The first question that many JHU undergraduates get when they sit down to tutor inmates at the Baltimore City Detention Center gets right to the bottom line: "You guys getting paid for this?"</p> <p>Nope, not a dime. For a few hours each week, a group of Johns Hopkins students goes to jail to work on the three Rs and anything else the men and women on the inside care to learn. In this way, by coming back week after week, the tutors eventually earn the inmates' trust.</p> <p>"They know we don't have to be doing this," says Dennis Pang, a senior, who, along with junior Rufus Arnold, is co-president of the university's Jail Tutorial Project. "They say, 'How come you aren't studying or partying?'"</p> <p>The students study plenty, party now and then—though perhaps not as much as non–college graduates might think—and make time between pursuing majors in subjects like biology and political science to share a bit of what many once took for granted.</p> <p>"I've been very fortunate to have been provided with countless opportunities, like access to high-quality education," says Haziq Siddiqi, a sophomore from San Jose, California. "I don't want to just leave inmates with a notebook filled with everything there is to know about the GED. What's important to me is leaving them with a resolve to take positive ownership of their life," he says. "This is a group that many people have neglected."</p> <p>Though at times it may seem fruitless—a guy who is studying for GED tests one week may be transferred to another facility the next—the Homewood students say they wouldn't make the effort if they didn't think it made a difference.</p> <p>Lucinda Chiu, a sophomore, is a double major in neuroscience and anthropology. Well-grounded in the hard sciences, she is also a classical musician and knows that not everything can be measured.</p> <p>"If you judge the 'difference' or 'impact' I am making [based on] how many successfully pass the GED after I finish tutoring them, in the majority of the cases, I have made no difference at all," says Chiu, who grew up in Needham, Massachusetts, a suburb of Boston. "But to see attendance [grow] from sporadic to consistent and motivated to meet with me week after week and the smiles when they understand a concept that had been stumping them for so long, or in the moments when they start to realize the potential they have to succeed … ."</p> <p>All of it, says Chiu, is more than enough for her to believe she is making a difference.</p> <p>The current Hopkins undergrad tutors—36 of them—are divided evenly between male and female. Inmates who receive tutoring are from the general population as well as subgroups made up of substance abusers working to maintain sobriety and a group of men with mental health issues. Tutoring in this last group is done in the presence of a psychiatrist.</p> <p>"My group is still waiting for our background checks and fingerprints to get approved before we go in [this year]," says Chiu a few days before Halloween 2014. "Last year, I helped women work through word problems involving math—such as how many $4 shirts can you buy with $29?—as well as addition of mixed fractions."</p> <p>Many in the current tutoring crews have been going behind the prison walls off the corner of the Fallsway and Eager Street for a couple of years now, including summer sessions.</p> <p>With pen and paper—the course work all in their heads—they walk below the forbidding nickel-gray pyramid atop the nearby 19th-century Maryland Penitentiary (now known as a "transitional" center) to share their time and expertise.</p> <p>Though mixing the personal with the professional is discouraged, some overlap is inevitable.</p> <p>"Once," says Pang, "I helped someone fill out a student loan application." And, says Arnold, "I called a guy's mom for him on Mother's Day once."</p> <p>Behind prison walls, old-fashioned communication remains vital as the tutors break from course work to help inmates write letters to family, to lovers, to attorneys and judges.</p> <p>Rufus Arnold, an anthropology major who preps inmates to take the GED tests, says that of all the JHU tutors, he is the one whose background most echoes that of the men they are trying to help. "I grew up in a high poverty area where 95 percent of the children qualify for free [school] lunch," says Arnold, a Native American who grew up on the Makah Reservation on the far northwestern edge of the Olympic Peninsula in Washington State. "We have similar drug addiction rates as Baltimore City."</p> <p>During the fall, Sunakshi Bassi taught a tutorial in fractions and decimals.</p> <p>"Before I joined the Jail Tutorial, I was very sheltered. I knew very little about the criminal justice system," says Bassi, a senior pre-med political science major from Annapolis, Maryland. "After I got involved, I signed up for a class called the Constitution and the Criminal Justice System. I've decided to write my senior thesis on prison health and its relationship to the Constitution."</p> <p>This is the latest generation of Hopkins students to tutor inmates at what was once known as the Baltimore City Jail, a project that is now in its fourth decade and among the longest-running public service projects on the Homewood campus.</p> <p>The work was launched in fall 1980 by Bill Tiefen­werth, who was mentored in the world of good works and social justice by the fabled Hopkins chaplain and poet Chester L. Wickwire (1913–2008). Originally operated under the auspices of the Chaplain's Office, the program is now sponsored by the <a href="">Center for Social Concern</a>, for which Tiefenwerth was the longtime director.</p> <p>"I looked for humility" in the volunteers, says the retired Tiefenwerth, now an Open Society Institute fellow and the executive director of Veterans in Partnership, a program that connects middle school students with military veterans through the study of science, technology, engineering, and math. "I didn't want our students to contribute to the disappointment these people had already experienced."</p> <p>Of course, there have been a few calculating resumé polishers along the way—there always are, says Tiefen­werth—"but the nature of the work we do melts the hardest of hearts."</p> <p>The Jail Tutorial received a 2013–14 Baltimore Award, for outstanding contributions to the city and its citizens, from the Center for Social Concern. The program is now expanding to tutor juvenile offenders housed at BCDC and has started studies in the arts and humanities there as well.</p> <p>Some inmates were given painting supplies, and one tutee, currently serving a five-year sentence at the Jessup Correctional Institution, had a poem published in <em>Thoroughfare</em>, a multimedia literature and arts magazine produced by Johns Hopkins students. It is "Vision of the Hand" by Darryl Cooper, who adopted the name Mujahid after converting to Islam. In part, it reads:</p> *Listen up my brother man, For this society has written a script for me to live, For them to take, And for me to give* <p>On a Friday afternoon in late October, Pang, Arnold, and Siddiqi meet alongside the Fallsway in the city's old 10th Ward—a sprawling penal colony that began in 1801 with the building of the original Baltimore City Jail—for another week's work.</p> <p>"It's up to us to engage the inmates," says Pang, who works with the prisoners on math, reading, and GED test prep. "We have to get them going."</p> <p>There are about three dozen inmates in a dormitory-style holding cell in the BCDC's Wyatt Building. Some of the guys welcome them back, others are new. For every tutor there are about 10 inmates, a ratio that works out because not every inmate is interested in turning the afternoon into study hall.</p> <p>"My best moment so far was helping a man named Brandon on his educational journey," says Arnold. "He worked with one of the tutors [every day we were there]. His dedication to learning—and learning consistently—really left an impact on me." Some of the female and male inmates receiving tutoring are part of a prison program called ACT-SAP: Addicts Changing Together/Substance Abuse Program.</p> <p>"While they're doing their thing, whatever it is, you have to ask if there's something they'd like to work on," says Siddiqi, who supported the Baltimore City Council ban on job applications that ask about criminal history before a potential offer is made.</p> <p>About a year and a half ago, Pang met with 7th District councilman Nick Mosby to support the "ban the box" campaign and discuss ways to find employment for ex-offenders.</p> <p>"The stories I hear from inmates, it's almost as if the drug trade is forced on them as a part of growing up," says Siddiqi.</p> <p>Simple conversation—"How have you been, what's going on?" (just about anything besides "What are you in for?" which is verboten)—leads to the work, the taking out of pen and paper to push through problems of language or logic.</p> <p>Sometimes, at the end of a two- or three-hour visit, a chess set comes out after notebooks are put away. Siddiqi, who did well in competitive chess in high school, says he often gets beaten on Friday afternoons behind the stone walls along the Fallsway.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 'Healthy fuel for the body' is on the menu at Johns Hopkins' Homewood campus <p><strong>Vincent McPhail, of Bon Appétit, which operates Homewood Campus Dining venue</strong></p> <p>"On a typical day, Fresh Food Café serves over 3,500 students. At our beverage station alone, that equates to 450 gallons per day that go through our system—same as drinking 7,200 glasses of water.</p> <p>"It's the goal of our chefs to offer something for everyone that is both delicious and provides healthy fuel for the body—and is from farm to fork. We are conscious that many students eat with us every day, so we aim to offer a variety of seasonally driven dishes—like roasted pumpkin soup with cider cream—supplied by our local vendors, as well as favorite comfort foods they can count on, both American, like the Philly cheesesteak bar, and international, like noodle bowls.</p> <p>"We've recently been recognized as a fine college campus dining location. Do we take pride in that, and are we looking to steadily improve and up our game? You bet we take pride in that. Especially since that recognition is driven by the opinions of the students themselves. We intend to keep improving and listening to the students, and we definitely hope to rise even higher in the various rankings.</p> <p>"Students tend to let us know when something doesn't meet their expectations, whether speaking to a manager directly or through our Café Bon Appétit website. But we would welcome more comments about what people like, not just what they don't like.</p> <p>"Some people still have the mistaken impression that eating for good health's sake means giving up flavor and satisfaction. When you eat with us, it doesn't. We believe you can have a really tasty, satisfying meal that just happens to be made from vegetables, lean proteins, whole grains, spices, and fresh herbs. I think students realize that what you eat affects not just your weight but how you feel and the amount of energy you have for studying and being active—however you define that."</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Johns Hopkins honors employees for outstanding community service <p>Eight members of the Johns Hopkins community will be honored with Martin Luther King Jr. Community Service Awards at the commemoration of the civil rights leader to be held Jan. 9, noon to 1:30 p.m., in Turner Auditorium, East Baltimore. The recipients and the work for which they are being recognized are as follows.</p> <p><strong>Theresa Barberi,</strong> a School of Medicine postdoctoral fellow, conducts outreach training and assists with awareness events as a volunteer with Safe House of Hope, a nonprofit that provides services to victims of human trafficking. Barberi also interacts directly with victims through street and Internet outreach, encouraging them to call and visit the organization's drop-in center for recovery services.</p> <p><strong>Albert Chi,</strong> a trauma surgeon at Johns Hopkins Hospital and an assistant professor in the School of Medicine, devotes his time and money to leading medical professionals on annual health care mission trips to Haiti. He recently developed a low-cost 3D prosthetic printing lab, where he creates prosthetic limbs and gives them to children and other patients free of charge.</p> <p><strong>Janine Coy,</strong> a physician's assistant in the Emergency Department at Bayview Medical Center, chairs community cleanups in the neighborhood around Bayview. She also mentors, connects local residents with job information and community resources, and has coordinated tree and bulb plantings to beautify the Joseph Lee Park.</p> <p><strong>Rochelle Mariano,</strong> a registered nurse at Bayview Medical Center, has coordinated a Dress for Success initiative at a local church, providing women in shelters and halfway houses with business clothes. She also volunteers at a Hagerstown area food bank and distribution center for families in need.</p> <p><strong>Harlisha Martin,</strong> a home care coordinator assistant at Howard County General Hospital, organizes back-to-school drives, puts together holiday baskets for families in need, and transports the elderly to the grocery store. She also founded a nonprofit, All About the Youth, which provides mentoring and community resources for disadvantaged young people.</p> <p><strong>Nelson Moody Sr.,</strong> a protective services officer with Johns Hopkins Hospital, volunteers at Liberty Elementary School, reading to the students and assisting teachers and staff as needed. He also advocates for strong, positive fatherhood through social media, online workshops, and four books he's published.</p> <p><strong>Adi Noiman,</strong> a doctoral student in the School of Public Health, supports academically challenged high school students as a member of Thread (formerly the Incentive Mentoring Program), which connects Johns Hopkins University–based volunteers with at-risk students in East Baltimore. Noiman assists with tutoring and the job and college application process.</p> <p><strong>Margaret Strong,</strong> a senior research technician at the School of Medicine, has organized a science fair and science summer camp for Baltimore City middle school students, exposing them to the excitement of science and research at Johns Hopkins Medicine.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Acclaimed Peabody pianist Leon Fleisher talks about his early training, career, and teaching <p><em>Pianist Leon Fleisher had already forged one of the more distinguished careers in classical music when, in 1965, he lost the use of two fingers on his right hand due to focal dystonia, a neurological condition that causes the fingers to curl into the palm. He had made his debut with the New York Philharmonic at 16 in 1944, become the first American to win the prestigious Concours Musical International Reine Elisabeth de Belgique competition, in 1952; and started a prolific recording career with Epic Records in 1954. The focal dystonia sidelined his two-handed career, though he continued to teach, started conducting, and began playing a left-handed repertoire before he began a lengthy series of operations and treatments to regain the use of his right hand in the 1980s. In 2003, he performed his first two-handed repertoire concert at Carnegie Hall since 1947. He has held the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Chair in Piano at Peabody since 1959, Sony Classical issued a 23-CD box set of his entire recorded output in 2013, and this summer he released his first solo CD in a decade</em>, All the Things You Are, <em>which was nominated for a Grammy</em>.</p> <p><strong>I was born in</strong> and grew up for almost 10 years in San Francisco, California, one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Curiously enough I am something of an extension of the place. You can't be born in San Francisco and not face life without a certain optimism and sense of beauty, I think. It's filled with hope, with promise, with potential.</p> <p><strong>We had a piano</strong>, which was a little old upright, and I had an older brother who took lessons, and it was obvious that he was not interested. I seemed to exhibit some kind of affinity for it. I found it fascinating. During his lessons I would hide in the corner and listen. When his teacher left, he would go off and play ball in the schoolyard, but I, I am told, went over to the piano and did everything that he tried to do reluctantly. I did it with enthusiasm, so they transferred the lessons to me. It seemed very pleasurable, and I got a lot of cookies for it. I had an affinity for it; it's not a talent. I took to it like the proverbial duck to water, and they had to keep getting me better and better teachers.</p> <p><strong>I had different styles</strong> of teachers. The Russian school of teaching—I remember that teacher very clearly. He was bald, wore spats, and had a pince-nez. It wasn't a good lesson [for him] until he made me cry, and to compensate for that he would always take me to lunch and feed me lamb chops, which I adore to this day. He was a prodigy producer. He taught Yehudi Menuhin's sisters.</p> <p><strong>Then I came to the notice</strong> of local musical personages. At that time the conductor of the San Francisco Symphony was a Frenchman who had just come to the city because the previous conductor left, and that conductor was a historic figure, too. That previous conductor was Alfred Hertz, as in Rent-a-Car, and he was bald as a billiard ball and had a wonderful flowing gray beard. Under [President Franklin] Roosevelt, Hertz created the WPA Orchestra, and part of their job was to give school concerts. And what better to do for school kids than to have another school kid come out and play? So he asked me to join them for some of the concerts. I played a Beethoven concerto, the second concerto in B-flat.</p> <p><strong>Then I came to the attention</strong> of the then conductor of the [San Francisco] Orchestra, a Frenchman, Pierre Monteux. The conductors knew and respected one another; they were friends. They agreed that I needed, what you would call it, "world class instruction." And they were both good friends of Artur Schnabel, who was one of the great figures of the 20th century in music, who would come out to San Francisco every two, three, four years and play. Both Monteux and Hertz got in touch with Schnabel, told him about me, and he very discreetly declined, saying he never accepted anybody under 16 for language reasons. He spoke in great abstractions in terms of concepts. I was 9.</p> <p><strong>As it happened</strong>, in the spring of '38 he came out to San Francisco to play, and had dinner with the Hertzes. They snuck me in through the basement, so when they opened the dining room doors, this kid was sitting at the piano. Being a gentleman, Schnabel resigned himself to the inevitable, so I played for him. I played a Sonetto del Petrarca of Liszt, the third one, and I played the cadenza from the Beethoven B-flat Concerto. I didn't hear it happen, but he apparently accepted me because he invited me to join him that summer in his home in Lake Como of all places, long before George Clooney moved there.</p> <p><strong>Not only was</strong> [Schnabel] a great figure in his time, he was a historic figure. The 19th century was a terrible century for music in a certain way. Until then, most of the performers were the composers themselves, and they had their gifts and their talents and high standards. But as performers began to emerge without those qualities, they began to dumb down their performances. They started to compete with one another. How can I get the public to go away from Joe Schmo next door? So whenever the composer perhaps would write "play softly," they figured they would have more success if they played loud. So they wreaked havoc with music.</p> <p><strong>There were two people</strong> at the beginning of the 20th century who came along and re-established the integrity of the composer. One was a conductor named Arturo Toscanini, and the other a pianist named Schnabel. They cleaned out the Augean stables of the 19th century and brought back the integrity of the composer and using that as a starting base for what everyone does. [Schnabel] taught me to look for that integrity in the score. It wasn't just a question of "I feel it that way." That was disallowed. You had to point to the text and see it the way the composer saw it to justify doing whatever choices you made, whatever decisions you made, and the way to do it. So the performer then achieved a sense of authority and a conviction.</p> <p><strong>The incredible thing</strong> about Schnabel was his level of inspiration. Whenever he touched the instrument—in his studio he had a little upright that he played, and the student played on a big concert grand—the sound that he drew from that [upright] was infinitely more beautiful. Every time he touched the keys, it was transformative as a human experience. His connection to the universe around him was astounding. So he was an inspiring teacher.</p> <p><strong>I worked with him for</strong> 10 years. Whoever got the idea that a musician's education should be the equivalent of liberal arts—four years undergraduate, two years for your master's—utter nonsense. He taught quite differently than other teachers, and I've adopted that for my own ways. He had only a small handful of students, and he requested that all students be present for everybody's lesson. If there were five students, you learned five times the repertoire. And you saw how we all shared the same challenges. It gave you an overview, and you began to realize that like there are laws of physics, there are laws of music in a way. A lot is made of the relationship between music and math, which I think is comparatively superficial. The real connection is between music and physics. Music is movement. Music passes in time from point A to point B. And because it's movement, it's subject to all the laws that govern movement.</p> <p><strong>At the same time</strong>, music is defying one of the great forces on the planet, which is the force of gravity. Whether it goes up or is a placid murmuring, it is movement. Before a piece of music, gravity is king or queen. The piece starts, and you defy gravity. When it's over, gravity takes over again.</p> <p><strong>I conducted a chamber</strong> orchestra in Germany 10 days ago, and the concert master had been a student of a great Hungarian violinist called Sandor Vegh. The Hungarians are amazing as a people, but in music they're extraordinary. And Vegh said to his orchestras, It's not that unusual to hear a string play a beautiful sound, get a beautiful song, but it's rare when you hear [the musicians] speak on the violin. And that's one of the great differences that you have today. These kids play their instruments marvelously well. The level of mediocrity is constantly rising. But Vegh said you rarely hear them speak on the violin. When they make music, it's like people who have learned a language phonetically. They speak it perfectly, but they haven't the vaguest idea of what they're saying. That's what Schnabel helped give me. He taught me to speak.</p> <p><strong>He also taught differently</strong> in the sense that whenever you played the piece, he would tell you everything that he knew about it. Therefore, he wouldn't hear it two times in a row. It was up to you to assimilate it. Use what you want to use, don't use what you don't want to use. So maybe you could bring the same piece back in a year or two. But basically you had to play something new every time. And that really upsets my kids because they want to be led step by step.</p> <p><strong>Even though I worked</strong> with Schnabel for 10 years, I was only able to cover a small fraction of the repertoire. He kicked me out after 10 years because I had gotten lazy. I'd learn a piece of music and instead of facing the challenges and trying to find answers for myself, I'd learn the notes and say, Oh, well, I'll have the truth laid out for me next week in the lesson. He recognized that and told me, You have to go out and make your own mistakes and fight your own battles with the music.</p> <p><strong>That started my whole</strong> learning process. It's twofold. You have to master an instrument; it has to become an extension of yourself—it's not a foreign object upon which you play. And the second is learning. The greatest thing that a teacher can teach is how to learn—not pass on your own personal prejudices, but what do you take into consideration when making your choices and decisions?</p> <p><strong>The greatest teacher</strong> I've had since Schnabel is teaching. It's a process of diagnosis and prescription. You have to diagnose what's not right, what's wrong, and instantly you have to come up with a prescription. [The focal dystonia] did help my teaching because I couldn't sit down and demonstrate. I had to find words that would take the place of that. I had to find a language. And it made me a more precise and exacting teacher, putting those ephemera into words.</p> <p><strong>The first time I started</strong> conducting, I felt very ill at ease. I felt my fanny was out there waving in the breeze. So I sat down. I still sit down when I conduct. It makes me more a part of the group and have better contact with them. And an orchestra is amazing. You talk about teams, like the [Baltimore] Ravens—that's 11 guys you got to tell where to go, where to block. Try that with 90 people, where some people blow across an opening, some people blow into an instrument with one reed, others blow into an instrument with two reeds, other people blow into brass tubes with different-sized mouthpieces. And you have to make them play simultaneously. You have people with catgut and horsehair. It's a wondrous group. A great orchestra, there's nothing like it in life.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Four questions for Jackson Janes, president of the American Institute for Contemporary German Studies <h4>1. What's at the top of your to-do list?</h4> <p>Next year is the 25th anniversary of German unification. We are looking to examine how a united Germany has handled integrating the two parts, how Germany has evolved into Europe's leading country, and how German-American relations have evolved on the global stage.</p> <h4>2. What keeps you up at night?</h4> <p>Trying to keep track of the many political, economic, and social dimensions of changes going on in Germany and the United States simultaneously, and figuring out how we can communicate their importance across the Atlantic to our many audiences.</p> <h4>3. What's in store 10 years from now?</h4> <p>If things go well, in 10 years the European Union will likely be a more integrated continent, hopefully playing a more significant role not only in Europe but also on the world stage. If things go wrong, Europe might be a more fragmented continent moving at different speeds. Either way, it will be of enormous importance to the United States.</p> <h4>4. Tell me something I don't know about Johns Hopkins.</h4> <p>JHU was an idea shaped by the great universities in Germany in the 19th century and was created on their model of research and teaching. Mention JHU in Berlin, Goettingen, Heidelberg, or Tuebingen, and most people will immediately recognize the three letters—even though they still don't understand why the first name is Johns.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Early learning center to open on Johns Hopkins' Homewood campus <p>This fall, Johns Hopkins will join the ranks of Harvard, MIT, and Stanford in a way that won't make it into U.S. News & World Report but will change day-to-day life for scores of faculty members and staff.</p> <p>When the Homewood Early Learning Center opens on the corner of Wyman Park Drive and Remington Avenue in late August or early September, the facility will help meet a long-standing demand for on-campus child care, offering 94 spots in a play-based environment for infants through preschoolers. It also will help create a family-friendly campus culture and a sense of community for Johns Hopkins parents, elements increasingly found across higher education, says Michelle Carlstrom, senior director of the university's Office of Work, Life and Engagement.</p> <p>"It changes the landscape where we are really going to start to have a community of parents of young children who are going to have an outlet to get together," Carlstrom says. "And it really brings Johns Hopkins into the fold with Ivy League institutions who've had child care centers for a long time. It helps us recruit and retain the best faculty in the world."</p> <p>The center is the result of a process of assessing needs, feasibility, and costs that dates back to 2003. This examination initially brought about a partnership with the YMCA of Central Maryland on 33rd Street, which gives Johns Hopkins–affiliated families priority for 50 child care spaces. However, because the Y only accepts children age 2 and up, these spaces are underutilized while families struggle to find infant care, Carlstrom says. (The Harry and Jeanette Weinberg Early Childhood Center, which opened in September on the Henderson-Hopkins School campus, is an option for Johns Hopkins employees who work on the university's East Baltimore campus.)</p> <p>A follow-up child care study, begun in 2010, found that the need had only grown. Forty-nine percent of faculty and staff were now between the ages of 25 and 44, and nearby child care providers offered a total of just six spots for infants. In 2012, Carlstrom's office coordinated a work group to develop a plan. The resulting center will be housed for the near term in a prefabricated modular building—an approach that follows the lead of Harvard and MIT—located on the Stony Run parking lot. The work group is committed to developing plans for a long-term home for the center once members have gathered information from its first few years of operation, Carlstrom says.</p> <p>The center will accept children ages 10 weeks through 5 years and will operate year-round, following the university's closing schedule for holidays and weather, with hours from 7:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. A bachelor's degree–level teacher will be in every classroom, and staff-to-child ratios will be higher than state requirements. The center will be open to the community but will offer priority to Johns Hopkins faculty and staff, postdocs, and graduate students. Costs will be market rate. Electronic applications are available on the website, and notices of admission will begin in February and continue until the center is full, at which time a waiting list will go into effect.</p> <p>The building, says Carlstrom, will be a "super cool space." National architect D.W. Arthur Associates, which designed modular centers for Harvard, MIT, and Brown, is planning hallways that feel geometric, with alcoves for playing. The preschool room has lofts, and there's a multipurpose room, along with a library and activity kitchen. The large outdoor play area includes age-specific equipment, spaces for gardening, and trike paths.</p> <p>The question of who would operate the center was a critical one. Carlstrom says that the desire for local, high-quality care led the group to Downtown Baltimore Child Care, which has been offering play-based child care for more than 30 years. DBCC will run the center, while Johns Hopkins will own the facility.</p> <p>Play-based education means having children play as a means to develop their thinking skills, says Margo Sipes, DBCC director.</p> <p>"Play generally has a bad reputation. It's considered frivolous. But if you look at the way humankind learns, most of what we've ever learned was through playing around with it," Sipes says. "Children are these marvelous learning machines. They're born ready to learn. The whole world seems to have forgotten that. Children learn to walk and talk without anybody writing a curriculum. All of a sudden, when it comes time to read, we distrust children's capacity for learning."</p> <p>DBCC gives children lots of experiences and lets them play. Choices help them learn to make decisions. Navigating relationships helps them learn to get along with peers. Making play dough helps them learn the science of mixing and heating. Blocks teach symmetry, gravity, design, and math concepts such as fractions. The principles of play-based learning are backed by child development theorists including Jean Piaget, Lev Vygotsky, and Maria Montessori.</p> <p>"The funny thing that happens is that while doing all that play, kids also learn colors, shapes, letters, and some executive function skills," Sipes says.</p> <p><em>For more information and to apply for enrollment, go to <a href=""></a></em>.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Johns Hopkins opens business incubator in East Baltimore <p>Acceleration nation comes to Johns Hopkins and East Baltimore this month with the opening of the city's newest business incubator. Called FastForward East, the university-run program will house nascent startups in dedicated space near the Johns Hopkins Medicine campus.</p> <p>FastForward East hopes to build upon the success of FastForward, the Homewood campus–based business accelerator run by the Whiting School of Engineering that opened two years ago in the Stieff Silver Building. FastForward boasts 45 startups on its résumé, most of them companies that have licensed technology from Johns Hopkins.</p> <p>FastForward East, located in the Rangos Building at 855 N. Wolfe St., will have space on two floors for up to 15 startups, depending on their size and needs. The sixth floor has two shared state-of-the-art wet labs with shared equipment containing seven benches and desks in adjacent offices. The first floor will be a more traditional co-working space with seating and desks for 28. This 3,500-square-foot space also offers six private offices, each with three or four desks; a conference room; a lounge area; and a kitchen with caffeinated products for those all-nighters. Rents are modest—$200 per person a month for a bullpen seat; $750 to $850 per private office; and $800 per lab bench, with adjoining shared office.</p> <p>FastForward East is pinning its success on the so-called accelerator model of incubators, whose aim is to greatly compress the time it normally takes for an idea to come to the marketplace. Part of the model is based on the sheer plethora of shared ideas that's a byproduct of having so many entrepreneurs in one space.</p> <p>"Anytime we're talking about co–working space, there's the notion that other like-minded individuals foster conversation, interaction, and more innovation," says Elizabeth Smyth, senior director for strategic initiatives in the university's Technology Ventures Office.</p> <p>But just as important for these startups taking their first baby steps is the programming included in a FastForward East membership. "It will be everything from law firms coming in to provide pro bono office hours and share best practices, to funders talking about how you do a really good pitch to potential investors, to groups coming in to teach them how to write an SBIR [Small Business Innovative Research] application and get their initial government funding," says Smyth. "We really want to nurture this ecosystem."</p> <p>That nurturing isn't strictly altruistic. In April, a JHU Report of the Committee on the Innovation Ecosystem noted that Johns Hopkins lags behind other universities when it comes to licensing its intellectual property. To put the numbers into perspective, while Columbia, Northwestern, and MIT each received in excess of $120 million in licensing revenue in 2013, Hopkins' take was just $15.9 million. Clearly, leadership is hoping that FastForward and other innovation initiatives will increase that revenue stream from JHU technologies.</p> <p>The Rangos location may be key. In 2013, School of Medicine faculty and researchers accounted for nearly three-quarters (321) of all invention disclosures across the university system, excluding the Applied Physics Laboratory. Putting FastForward East near the medical campus may help turn those disclosures into salable products by putting inventors within walking distance of a top-notch incubator.</p> <p>"This is about continuing to develop our intellectual property from bench side to bedside," says Smyth, who notes that the current spot is interim and that a permanent startup incubator will be built nearby as FastForward East grows. "We need to have FastForward East located on the medical school campus for our researchers there to have easy and affordable access to good space. If a researcher has limited bandwidth within his day, anything we can do to facilitate the ease of making this happen is important. Also, a lot of the startups are working with Hopkins as a customer; to have your customer so close is yet another benefit."</p> <p>While FastForward East's initial tenants are still being culled from applications (a Hopkins connection isn't required but encouraged), several startups are expected to be graduates of a Johns Hopkins partnership known as DreamIt Health Baltimore. DreamIt is an accelerator on steroids: A four-month boot camp for select startups includes $50,000 in funding and another $150,000 in in-kind legal, financial, and other mentoring services; in return, the startups give up 8 percent of their stock, a portion of which goes to Hopkins.</p> <p>Jason Hardebeck, managing director of DreamIt Health Baltimore, says that for investors such as Hopkins, DreamIt companies are a better bet than your average startup. "With a normal startup, it's like playing the lottery," he says, "but with an accelerator, it's a very competitive process to get in. The nine companies in the DreamIt cycle last year were selected from about 130 companies."</p> <p>While those companies may thrive at FastForward East, future entrepreneurs will also be encouraged. Smyth says that in addition to fielding inquiries she calls "venture opportunities" from faculty who want to move from the invention disclosure to startup phase, the incubator will welcome ideas from undergrads. "We'll have a venture coordinator to help student startups; we want to nurture them as well," says Smyth. "There'll always be open seats in our bullpen for them, and thanks to the generosity of a donor, we have a small fund for them to compete for grants for their innovations."</p> <p>Now just add a few hundred pots of coffee, and they'll be good to go.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Middle States Commission reaffirms Johns Hopkins accreditation <p>On Nov. 20, the Middle States Commission on Higher Education reaffirmed Johns Hopkins University's accreditation, the culmination of a universitywide self-study process that began in 2011. The commission's decision was based largely on a glowing peer evaluation team report, which cited Johns Hopkins' excellence in combining research with education, encouraging scholars to collaborate across disciplines, and energizing its community around shared goals.</p> <p>"The animating commitment to marrying research with education that characterized the founding mission of Johns Hopkins University continues unabated almost 150 years later," wrote the evaluation team in its final report, adding that "the undergraduate experience draws from this central strength of the institution."</p> <p>Johns Hopkins has been continually accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education since 1921, and goes through a comprehensive self-study once every 10 years as part of the reaccreditation process. A 25-member steering committee comprising Johns Hopkins faculty, staff, and students led the most recent self-study, which examined the university's educational offerings, faculty, administration, student services, and other areas, with a focus on assessments of student learning and institutional effectiveness.</p> <p>In a message to the university community, President Ronald J. Daniels and Provost Robert Lieberman thanked the steering committee, chaired by former Vice Provost Jonathan Bagger and Assistant Vice Provost Philip Tang, which "shepherded thoughtful divisional self-assessments and cross-divisional reviews into a comprehensive, 229-page report that reflects the progress and the ambition of our extraordinary university over the past decade."</p> <p>Middle States also commended Johns Hopkins on the quality of its self-study process and its self-study report, which served as the basis for the university's accreditation review by a 10-person peer evaluation team assembled by Middle States. Thomas Rosenbaum, president of the California Institute of Technology, chaired the visiting team, which spent four days in May visiting Johns Hopkins' campuses, meeting with students, faculty, deans, university leaders, and trustees—more than 100 members of the university community in all.</p> <p>The evaluation team's final 23-page report highlighted ways the university excels in teaching, research, administration, and community engagement. For students, "the Johns Hopkins educational experience is exceptional by any standard," wrote the team.</p> <p>The university's Gateway Sciences Initiative, which seeks to enhance the effectiveness of teaching and learning in the gateway sciences, was singled out as an example of the university's innovation in undergraduate education.</p> <p>The Middle States evaluation team report also praised Daniels' leadership in developing the Ten by Twenty framework, which the team observed has "galvanized the Johns Hopkins community and led to articulated goals for eminence." The team also noted the university's efforts to encourage even greater collaboration among its divisions, citing the Bloomberg Distinguished Professorships in particular for offering great promise for new areas of collaborative research.</p> <p>In addition, the report commended Johns Hopkins on its recommitment to civic engagement, referencing students' extensive community service activities; the new Henderson-Hopkins School operated by the School of Education; outreach programs in the schools of Medicine, Nursing, and Public Health; and economic investments in local communities.</p> <p>The evaluation team offered two suggestions for Johns Hopkins to consider: to explore creative ways to bolster central resources in order to achieve the university's ambitious Ten by Twenty goals, and to strengthen the provost's role in tenure and promotion decisions across the university.</p> <p>The suggestions add to several recommendations identified in the university's self-study report, including enhancing efforts to recruit scholars from underrepresented groups and to support their success, removing administrative barriers to the development of cross-divisional academic programs, and applying lessons learned from the Gateway Sciences Initiative to foster innovative teaching across all disciplines.</p> <p>In their message to the university community, Daniels and Lieberman said, "As our self-study revealed and the Middle States evaluation team confirmed, the strategic changes we enacted over the last 10 years—informed by data and steered by both evidence and principle—have made us a stronger institution."</p> <p>Though the process is now complete, the self-study report is intended to be a living document, says Tang. "Three years ago, President Daniels charged us with making the self-study meaningful for Johns Hopkins. The steering committee took that to heart, and has remained committed to ensuring the final report would benefit Johns Hopkins for years to come," he says. "And while the story of our great university continues to be written each day, I think we're proud and pleased to put the book down for a while."</p> <p>Both the 2014 self-study report and the Middle States Commission on Higher Education evaluation team report are online at <a href=""></a>.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Managing Cancer at Work benefit offered to Johns Hopkins employees <p>In 2015, a new service called Managing Cancer at Work will be added free of charge to the benefits package for Johns Hopkins University employees.</p> <p>Developed by a team at Hopkins, this one-of-a-kind program is designed specifically to meet the needs of employees who want to be proactive in preventing cancer, and those who are dealing with a cancer diagnosis or caring for someone with cancer. It also has information designed specifically for supervisors on how best to support employees through a cancer journey.</p> <p>Managing Cancer at Work combines personalized nurse navigation with a Web-based educational program for employees and managers. Accessing the online information or contacting the nurse navigator is confidential and free of charge. The website can be reached after Jan. 2 by going to <a href=""></a> and entering the PIN 6229.</p> <p>To speak with the cancer nurse navigator, Maria Borsellino, email or call 410-955-6229.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Procurement Initiative looks to trim $18M a year <p>When more than 100 faculty and staff members looked closely at what the university buys, from where and for how much, they found something pretty impressive: the opportunity to save $9 million.</p> <p>Those volunteers served on committees for the JHU Procurement Initiative, which began in September 2013. In the initiative's first year, the university established new contracts, discount programs, and vendor choices for areas including office supplies, temporary staffing, computer software, lab equipment and supplies, janitorial supplies, and HVAC and elevator maintenance.</p> <p>As 2015 begins, the initiative is targeting a total estimated savings of $18 million per year out of nearly $650 million in total spending that can potentially be affected through procurement efforts. Its leaders are also working to secure more responsive and streamlined service in the spending areas where it is making changes.</p> <p>The next significant step toward those goals is the implementation of a new travel management program aimed at enhancing customer service, traveler safety, and cost savings. A phased rollout of the program begins in January.</p> <p>The initiative was launched by Senior Vice President for Finance and Administration Daniel Ennis and Provost Robert Lieberman and led by an advisory committee co-chaired by Dan Cronin, senior associate dean for finance and administration in the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, and Jerry Hart, a professor and chair of the Department of Biological Chemistry in the School of Medicine. A consulting firm helped the committee evaluate procurement processes and identify opportunities for improvement.</p> <p>"The goal of this initiative has always been to help principal investigators make the most of their grant funding and enable offices and departments to get better service while they stretch their budgets," Ennis says. "We are working to ensure that the university community will be able to focus more resources on mission-critical teaching and research efforts."</p> <p>As Brian Smith, the university's new chief procurement officer, explains, Johns Hopkins purchases a lot of supplies and services, and should have the leverage to get good prices and great service.</p> <p>The logistics, however, can be fairly complicated with so many diverse schools, departments, and programs. "We are a large organization," Smith says, "and our best results are achieved when we come together and go to the market as one large organization, not as many small organizations."</p> <p>Smith, who joined Johns Hopkins in October, plans to continue the momentum of the Procurement Initiative and to provide leadership for a long-term strategy. He previously served as vice president for procurement at Education Management Corp., where he consolidated purchasing across 110 campuses. He has worked as a procurement consultant to multinational companies and previously centralized $4 billion in global sourcing as general manager for global procurement for H.J. Heinz Co.</p> <p>Smith says an effective procurement department needs to really seek to understand the diverse requirements of its internal customers and then provide solutions that balance savings, service, speed, and risk. He says that the first step in getting employees to be satisfied with the procurement experience is to invite them to participate.</p> <p>"We want to hear what their needs are," he says.</p> <p>Feedback will be an important part of addressing the next procurement focus area: approximately $90 million in annual spending on travel for the university, including the Applied Physics Laboratory, and the Johns Hopkins Health System.</p> <p>A committee of faculty and staff who arrange significant amounts of travel was asked to conduct a search for one or more travel companies that could serve the entire Johns Hopkins community. The group recommended World Travel Inc., which is new to Johns Hopkins but has experience with other large and complicated educational institutions.</p> <p>During the first months of 2015, the travel team will roll out the new agency through a phased implementation. Users will have a new online booking tool, access to live agents for complicated itineraries, streamlined billing, and easy access to existing rewards programs. The Procurement Office plans to hire a dedicated travel manager at the beginning of the year who will work with World Travel Inc. to incorporate suggestions and address concerns from Johns Hopkins users.</p> <p>Booking through WTI will be focused initially on travel supported by institutional funds, but Smith says he would like faculty and staff to fully engage the service and help make it great with their ideas. "All things point toward this being a successful partnership," he says, "but great partnerships always require some investment of effort to make them great."</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Six from Johns Hopkins named AAAS fellows <p>Six Johns Hopkins University researchers have been elected by their peers as fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. They are <strong>Aravinda Chakravarti,</strong> a professor in the departments of Medicine, Pediatrics, and Molecular Biology and Genetics in the School of Medicine, and the Department of Biostatistics in the Bloomberg School of Public Health; <strong>Peter J. Espenshade,</strong> a professor of cell biology and associate dean for graduate biomedical education in the School of Medicine; <strong>Alex Leo Kolodkin,</strong> a professor of neuroscience in the School of Medicine and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator; <strong>Jin Zhang,</strong> a professor in the departments of Pharmacology and Molecular Sciences and of Neuroscience in the School of Medicine and a professor of oncology in the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center; <strong>Margaret Meixner,</strong> a full astronomer at the Space Telescope Science Institute and a principal research scientist in the Henry A. Rowland Department of Physics and Astronomy; and <strong>Daniela Drummond-Barbosa,</strong> an associate professor in the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at the Bloomberg School of Public Health. The association's 401 newly elected fellows will each be awarded a certificate and a rosette pin during the AAAS Fellows Forum on Feb. 14 at the 2015 AAAS annual meeting in San Jose, California.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Cheers <h4>Academic Centers</h4> <p>Bioethicist <strong>Carlton Haywood Jr.,</strong> a core faculty member in the Berman Institute of Bioethics, has been named to Ebony's Power 100 list, an annual celebration of those the magazine considers the most influential and inspiring men and women in the African-American community. An event celebrating the Power 100 was held in November at the historic Avalon Hollywood in Los Angeles. Haywood is also an assistant professor in the Division of Hematology in the School of Medicine and an associate faculty member in the Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research.</p> <h4>Applied Physics Laboratory</h4> <p><strong>Jason Benkoski,</strong> a principal scientist, and <strong>Morgana Trexler,</strong> a senior materials scientist and assistant group supervisor in Research and Exploratory Development, are among the four recipients of this year's Outstanding Young Scientist and Outstanding Young Engineer awards presented by the Maryland Academy of Sciences and the Maryland Science Center. The awards honor Maryland scientists and engineers who have made substantial contributions to science and engineering communities early in their careers. Benkoski was honored with an OYS award and Trexler with an OYE award.</p> <p><strong>Larry Paxton,</strong> of the Space Exploration Sector, has been named president-elect of the Space Physics and Aeronomy Section of the American Geophysical Union.</p> <h4>Bayview Medical Center</h4> <p><strong>Harpal "Paul" S. Khanuja,</strong> chief of Adult Reconstruction, Hip and Knee Replacement, in the Department of Orthopaedics for Johns Hopkins Medicine, and chief of the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery for Bayview Medical Center, received the inaugural Humanitarian Award from the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons for his efforts as the co-founder and medical director of Operation Walk Maryland, a private, not-for-profit volunteer medical service organization that provides free hip and knee replacement surgeries in developing countries and in the United States.</p> <h4>Bloomberg School of Public Health</h4> <p><strong>Allison Barlow,</strong> associate director of the Center for American Indian Health and director of its Behavioral Health division, is the 2014 recipient of the Indian Health Service Director's Special Recognition Award. Barlow's research and program development work focus on family-based approaches to child and adolescent health and well-being for reservation-based American Indian tribes.</p> <p><strong>Bernard Guyer,</strong> the Zanvyl Krieger Professor of Children's Health emeritus, has received a Humanitarian Award from his alma mater, the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry. The award honors alumni "who have contributed to the betterment of the world by their selfless alleviation of suffering among those in need, bringing honor to themselves and the university." Guyer has devoted his 40-year career in public health to advancing the health of mothers, children, and families worldwide.</p> <p><strong>Hadi Kharrazi,</strong> assistant director of the Center for Population Health Information Technology, and <strong>Jonathan Weiner,</strong> director of CPHIT, were guest editors for <em>eGEMS</em>, AcademyHealth's peer-reviewed, open access e-journal that for the first time highlights lessons learned from eight Beacon Communities, including how they used health information technology to achieve better health care at lower costs. CPHIT is anchored in the Department of Health Policy and Management.</p> <p><strong>Keshia Pollack,</strong> an associate professor in Health Policy and Management, has been named one of the region's 50 Women to Watch by <em>The Baltimore Sun</em>. Pollack also serves as interim director of the Health Impact Project, a national initiative of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Pew Charitable Trusts that seeks to find ways of improving public health in nontraditional areas, such as transportation, housing, and natural resource planning.</p> <p><strong>Lainie Rutkow</strong> has been promoted to associate professor in Health Policy and Management. She is also co-director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Law and the Public's Health. </p> <p><strong>Jennifer Wolff,</strong> an associate professor in Health Policy and Management, has been appointed to the Institute of Medicine's Committee on Family Caregiving for Older Adults.</p> <h4>Carey Business School</h4> <p><strong>William Agresti,</strong> a professor, received a Best Paper award for "Cybersecurity Management Meta-Model for Multiple Threats" from the Information Systems section of the Academy of Business Research at the academy's fall 2014 conference in Atlantic City.</p> <p><strong>Oksana Carlson</strong> has been appointed assistant dean for global collaboration. She will be based in Beijing and will be responsible for increasing the school's growth opportunities in China.</p> <p><strong>Ricard Gil,</strong> an associate professor, and <strong>Mitsukuni Nishida,</strong> an assistant professor, received the Japan Fair Trade Commission's Kenichi Miyazawa Memorial Award for their research paper titled "Regulation, Enforcement, and Entry: Evidence from the Spanish Local TV Industry." The paper appeared in the January 2014 issue of the <em>International Journal of Industrial Organization</em>.</p> <p><strong>Hyeong Min "Christian" Kim</strong> has been promoted to associate professor on the research track. His research centers on self-control, materialism, and sales promotion.</p> <p><strong>Ozge Sahin</strong> has been promoted to associate professor on the research track. Her work focuses on pricing and revenue management and supply chain management.</p> <p><strong>Haiyang Yang,</strong> an assistant professor, has received two awards. His paper titled "Instantaneously Hotter: The Dynamic Revision of Beauty Assessment Standards" received the Best Competitive Paper Award from the Association for Consumer Research, a leading academic organization for behavioral research in marketing. And a case he co-wrote, "L'Oréal in China: Marketing Strategies for Turning Around Chinese Luxury Cosmetic Brand Yue Sai," was honored with the 2014 Best Marketing Case Award from the French Association of Marketing.</p> <h4>Centers and Affiliates</h4> <p><strong>Kathleen Keane,</strong> director of the Johns Hopkins University Press, has been elected to the board of trustees of OCLC, a nonprofit, membership, computer library service, and research organization.</p> <p><strong>Leslie Mancuso,</strong> president and CEO of Jhpiego, has been named one of the region's 50 Women to Watch by <em>The Baltimore Sun</em>. Jhpiego recently launched a $500 million, five-year program to tackle preventable child deaths through vaccines, antibiotics, and other services.</p> <p><strong>Jérémie Zoungara,</strong> Jhpiego's country director in Tanzania, has been named a Global Health Champion by White Ribbon Alliance for his tireless work on behalf of women and mothers in Africa. Only four people worldwide have received this honor from WRA.</p> <h4>Krieger School of Arts and Sciences</h4> <p><strong>Michela Gallagher,</strong> the Krieger-Eisenhower Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience, has been honored by the Society for Neuroscience with its Mika Salapeter Lifetime Achievement Award. The award recognizes individuals with outstanding career achievements in neurosciences who have actively promoted the advancement of others in the field.</p> <h4>Peabody Institute</h4> <p>Sophomore <strong>Nicholas Bentz,</strong> a violinist in Herbert Greenberg's studio, won the grand prize at the concerto competition held by the Pacific Region International Summer Music Academy, a program in Powell River, British Columbia. The prize was a trip to Russia to perform in a concert of the Moscow Symphony Orchestra's Master Series, held in the historic Grand Hall of the Moscow Conservatory.</p> <p><strong>Mary Burke,</strong> a student of Phyllis Bryn-Julson's, won first prize in the Conservatory Concerto Competition: Voice Finals at the Yong Siew Toh Conservatory of Music of the National University of Singapore. Burke is in the Peabody–Yong Siew Toh joint degree program, which combines elements of each conservatory's curriculum.</p> <p><strong>Chen Zhangyi,</strong> a composition DMA candidate, was one of five artists awarded the Singapore National Arts Council's Young Artist Award 2014. The honor is Singapore's highest for young arts practitioners, age 35 or below in the year of the award, whose artistic achievements and commitment have distinguished them among their peers. </p> <h4>School of Medicine</h4> <p><strong>M. Douglas Baker,</strong> a professor of pediatrics and director of the Children's Center's Division of Emergency Medicine, has been named the 2014 recipient of the American Academy of Pediatrics' Jim Seidel Award. The honor, bestowed by the Section on Emergency Medicine, recognizes Baker's outstanding contributions to the field.</p> <p><strong>Jaishri Blakeley,</strong> an associate professor of neurology and director of the Comprehensive Neurofibromatosis Center, has received the Children's Tumor Foundation's 2014 Children's Humanitarian Award for her contributions advancing the development of clinical trials and drug research for neurofibromatosis. The genetic disorder affects one child in 3,000 births.</p> <p><strong>Lisa Cooper,</strong> the James F. Fries Professor of Medicine in the Division of General Internal Medicine and director of the Center to Eliminate Cardiovascular Health Disparities, has received the Association of American Medical Colleges' 2014 Herbert W. Nickens Award in recognition of her outstanding contributions to academic medicine and because her research has "revolutionized the nation's understanding of how race and ethnicity affect health and patient care."</p> <p><strong>David Eisele,</strong> a professor and director of the Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, has been elected to a two-year term as president of the 124-member Association of Academic Departments of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery.</p> <p><strong>Eliott Fishman,</strong> a professor of radiology and radiological science and director of Diagnostic Imaging and Body CT, has received a Minnie Award for excellence in radiology from, an organization that gives radiology professionals the opportunity to highlight the contributions of their peers to the advancement of medical imaging. "Aunt Minnie" is a term that describes a radiologic finding that is so specific and compelling that there's no realistic differential diagnosis.</p> <p><strong>Lisa Ishii,</strong> an associate professor of otolaryngology–head and neck surgery, has received the 2014 William K. Wright Award from the Educational and Research Foundation for the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. The award recognizes a member of the academy who has made outstanding contributions to the field.</p> <p><strong>Sanjay Jain,</strong> an associate professor of pediatric infectious diseases, has received a National Institutes of Health Transformative Research Award for his ongoing work to design a new noninvasive imaging method that can rapidly identify a wide variety of bacterial infections and monitor their response in real time. The award comes with more than $2.2 million in research funding over the next five years.</p> <p><strong>Marlene Miller,</strong> a professor, vice chair for quality and safety in the Children's Center, and chief quality officer for pediatrics in the Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality, has been awarded a $2 million grant from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality to oversee a trial involving 24 pediatric hospitals nationwide to determine whether the use of protective central line caps saturated with a 70 percent isopropyl alcohol solution can prevent line contamination and reduce central line infections at home.</p> <p><strong>Paul Rothman,</strong> dean of the School of Medicine and CEO of Johns Hopkins Medicine, has been honored as a recipient of the Boy Scouts of America, Baltimore Area Council's 2014 Health Services Leadership Award.</p> <p><strong>Akira Sawa,</strong> a professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and director of the Johns Hopkins Schizophrenia Center, has been named the inaugural Sachiko Kuno and Ryuji Ueno Innovation Professor, a position endowed by scientists, biotech entrepreneurs, and philanthropists Ueno and Kuno. The dedication and installation ceremony took place in November in the Henry Phipps Building at the Johns Hopkins Hospital.</p> <p><strong>Roy Strowd III,</strong> a neuro-oncology fellow, is the first recipient of a Medical Education Research Fellowship sponsored by the American Academy of Neurology. The award includes a one-year grant of $65,000 to foster his research.</p> <h4>University Administration</h4> <p><strong>Kelly Gebo,</strong> a professor in the schools of Medicine and Public Health, and director of the Undergraduate Program in Public Health Studies in the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, has been named the first vice provost for education. In her new role, Gebo will provide leadership and accountability for the administration, development, assessment, and improvement of programs, policies, and services supporting the university's educational mission and strategic plan. She also will serve as a liaison to the Doctor of Philosophy Board; convene undergraduate, graduate, and academic affairs deans; collaborate with the university's schools, divisions, and academic departments to guide educational programming; complete a program assessment of the Gateway Sciences Initiative; develop a plan to disseminate best practices gained from pilot projects; build undergraduate research courses; and identify strategies for distinguishing the undergraduate experience.</p> <p><strong>Paul Pineau</strong> has joined the university as its first vice provost for strategic initiatives. Pineau will direct initiatives that span portfolio areas within the Office of the Provost and those that have been deemed high-priority, high-profile university matters requiring dedicated, considered attention. A graduate of Davidson College and Harvard Law School, he comes to Johns Hopkins from the Office of the State's Attorney for Baltimore City, where he has served as chief of staff and special assistant state's attorney.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Classified Ads <p>APARTMENTS/HOUSES FOR RENT</p> <p>Canton, 3BR, 2.5BA EOG RH, 1,968 sq ft, renov'd 2012, expos'd brick, hdwd flrs, granite counters, bsmt storage, ADT alarm incl'd, 2-tiered roof deck, water views, 2 off-street prkng spaces. 410-929-5252.</p> <p>Charles Village (30th and St Paul), fully furn'd 1BR apt available for February sublet, BA w/tub and shower, small but fully equipped kitchen, breakfast nook, sitting rm, TV (high-spd Internet and cable is $20), W/D in bsmt (takes quarters), easy street prkng. $875 incl utils. 512-423-4931 or</p> <p>Deep Creek Lake/Wisp, 2BR cabin w/full kitchen, wkly/wknd rentals. 410-638-9417 or</p> <p>Fells Point (S Broadway and E Balto St), well-kept 1BR apt, 3rd flr (penthouse), loft-style, priv entry, full BA, BR has storage, W/D, kitchen w/built-in microwave, CAC/heat, wired for cable/Internet/sec sys/intercom, walk to Harbor East/JHMI, no permit req'd for street prkng. $1,000/mo + utils. 443-413-7340 or (for pics).</p> <p>Hampden (41st St), efficiency apt, on-site laundry. $750/mo incl utils. Steve, 443-474-1492 or</p> <p>Howard County, lg 2BR, 2BA apt at Waverly Woods, 1,326 sq ft, granite counters in gourmet kitchen, Brazilian cherry flr, nr top schools, more. $1,675/mo + utils. 443-286-5998 or</p> <p>Linthicum, MD, 1BR single-family house, fully furn'd, perfect for clean, considerate intern, 4 blks to lt rail, lease/rental agreement req'd. $1,200/mo incl utils. 410-925-7768 or</p> <p>Patterson Park, renov'd, spacious 3BR, 2.5BA RH, CAC, hdwd flrs, bsmt for storage, yd, porch, prkng, 10-min walk to JHH. $1,399/mo. 410-318-9009 or</p> <p>Westminster, 3BR, 2.5BA house on 3.9 acres, hdwd flrs, granite island, woodstove, soaking tub, garage, much more. 301-775-5827.</p> <p>Two apts: nice, spacious 1BR, 1BA (2223 Maryland Ave), $775/mo incl heat, water; 1BR, 1.5BA apt (7 W 24th St) + office; 2 levels, $850/mo + utils ($50/mo). 203-470-3587.</p> <p>Spacious 3BR, 2BA in family-friendly neighborhood, hdwd flrs, fin'd bsmt, fenced yd, off-street prkng, 15 mins to JHH.</p> <p>HOUSES FOR SALE</p> <p>Hampden, EOG RH. $185,000.</p> <p>Patterson Park (214 S Clinton St), house in good cond, owner financing avail, eligible for LNYW. 410-980-0686.</p> <p>Rodgers Forge, updated 3BR, 1.5BA TH, move-in ready, hdwd flrs, built-ins, CAC, in excellent cond, new roof/gutters. $289,900. 410-377-2965.</p> <p>Washington Village (S Paca St), rehabbed 3BR, 3.5BA TH, gourmet kitchen w/appliances, jacuzzi tubs (2), deck, privacy fence. $215,000. 202-726-4555 or 410-215-9695.</p> <p>2029 Orleans St, 3BR, 1.5BA TH, new appls, granite kitchen, on-site prkng, eligible for LNYW grant. $145,900. 410-235-6272.</p> <p>ROOMMATES WANTED</p> <p>Fully furn'd rm in Owings Mills TH, quiet, safe neighborhood, free prkng, easy metro access to JHU campus, nr 695 and 795. $600/mo incl utils.</p> <p>Furn'd rm available in students/postdocs-shared TH on Cornwall St, 1 blk to Bayview campus, free Internet, CAC/heat. $450-$500/mo + utils. 443-386-8471 or</p> <p>Unfurn'd rm available in 2BR, 2BA apt in the Park Charles in Mt Vernon, W/D in unit, dw, separate heating and AC controls, lease is month-to-month.</p> <p>Student/prof'l/nurse wanted in Charles Village, fully furn'd. $690/mo + utils. 443-944-4408.</p> <p>F wanted for furn'd rm w/priv BA nr JHH/SPH/SON (maximum 10-min walk), high-spd Internet, nr Church Home JH shuttle bus station. $700/mo incl utils. 410-558-1797, 571-345-5059 or</p> <p>Furn'd rm available in Ednor Gardens, mature, respectful nonsmoker wanted to share house w/owner, nr Homewood campus, 6- to 12-month lease considered. $500/mo + utils.</p> <p>Two prof'ls wanted to share 4BR, 2BA detached house in Anne Arundel Co, nr Ft Meade and MARC train, pref nonsmokers, must be cat-tolerant. $600/mo incl utils. 443-994-8938 or</p> <p>Share lg Charles Village TH (27th St and St Paul), 2BRs avail w/shared BA on same flr, use of 1st flr living rm, dining rm and kitchen, and library on 2nd flr, 2 friendly, energetic cats also on premises. $700/mo (lg BR w/walk-in closet, or $500/mo (sm BR); prices incl utils. 347-661-1277 or</p> <p>Nonsmoker wanted for rm in 3BR, 1.5BA Butchers Hill RH, CAC, W/D, sec sys, balcony, pref quiet, serious Johns Hopkins affiliate, 10-min walk to SoM/SPH/SoN, $625/mo + utils.</p> <p>F wanted for furn'd studio w/priv BA, high-spd Internet, walking distance to JHMI. $600/mo. 571-345-8592 or</p> <p>CARS FOR SALE</p> <p>'04 BMW 330xi sedan, 4-dr, automatic, black, AWD, moonroof, leather, dual power heated seats, cold weather/premium pkgs, fully loaded w/navigation, excel cond, 70K mi. $15,000.</p> <p>'11 Toyota Corolla LE sedan, 4-dr, silver, all automatic, 31K mi, in very good cond. $11,200.</p> <p>'97 Lexus ES300, 99.5K mi, very good cond. $3,400/best offer. 410-599-0489 or 410-467-5865.</p> <p>'02 Honda Accord LX sedan, 4-door, drives like a charm, 122K mi. $4,000. 410-624-9988.</p> <p>'05 Ford Escape, white, in great cond. $5,500/best offer. 650-740-2021 or</p> <p>ITEMS FOR SALE</p> <p>Video monitoring system w/handheld monitor, $180; Graco 4-in-1 chair, $90; full-size folding crib, antique cherry, $180; 3-in-1 stroller, $90; 3-in-1 metal gates (2) w/2 mats, $200; crib rail cover set, $60; rocking cradle, $50.</p> <p>Victorian cast-iron woodstove, efficient, in perfect cond, comes apart for easy moving. Best offer. 410-467-4841 or</p> <p>Miscellaneous children's toys, carseats, strollers, wood cradle available at Apt G, 4 Garston Court in Cockeysville. 443-564-9842 (ask for Roger) or</p> <p>2003 Raleigh Coupe tandem bicycle, aluminum frame, 8-spd Shimano shifter. $600. 410-560-0944.</p> <p>Lift chair, brand new, sage color. $700.</p> <p>Pool table, in good cond, incls all accessories, excel game rm recreation table. $650/best offer. 410-327-2447 or</p> <p>Queen-size canopy black iron bed frame. $125. 410-802-1257 or</p> <p>Coffee table, $20; solid maple twin bed headboard, footboard and side rails w/slats, detachable canopy frame and matching dresser, perfect for girl's rm, $160/best offer (for both); Ethan Allen, green leather 3-cushion sofa, $200/best offer. 410-207-2217.</p> <p>SERVICES/ITEMS OFFERED OR WANTED</p> <p>Study skills tutor needed for high school student in Owings Mills, refs requested.</p> <p>Ski with the BSC! The Baltimore Ski Club has great trips for the 2015 ski season.</p> <p>Computer security consulting, Fortune 500 and national experience, specialties incl medical/financial or individual. 410-578-3467.</p> <p>We custom-design jerseys, performance apparel, and breast cancer support apparel. 443-467-2833.</p> <p>PT household help needed: laundry, dishes, light kitchen prep, 2 hrs a day, 4 days/wk; we are a gluten-free, smoke-free, and pet-free household in Roland Park neighborhood. $15/hr.</p> <p>Voice, violin and piano lessons avail in Mt Vernon, nr JH and JHU shuttle stop, prof'l singer w/over 7 yrs' experience teaching music privately.</p> <p>Hauling/junk removal, 20% discount for all Hopkins, less than half the cost of "Got Junk?" companies, free phone estimate. John, 410-419-3902.</p> <p>Do you need concrete, stone, brick, or block patio, prkng, walkway, or stairs? Water or sewer repairs? Ben, 410-338-0388.</p> <p>Professional/certified makeup artist specializing in special events, wedding, beauty lessons, willing to travel to you; 20% JHU discount.</p> <p>Start on your New Year's resolution early, learn how to protect yourself and your family at Sztajer's Martial Arts. 410-218-0894, or</p> <p>Piano lessons and vocal coaching from Peabody grad student, flexible scheduling, competitive rates, nr Guilford, Waverly, and Charles Village.</p> <p>Experienced piano teacher w/BM from Peabody offering lessons in Charles Village home studio, great w/kids and beginners. laurenshusterich@</p> <p>Need help w/editing, publishing, or writing? I am an experienced writer, editor and author. Rates vary. 313-303-2175 or</p> <p>Arabic language tutoring, all levels, conversational, reading, writing, more than 10 yrs' experience. $20 per hr. 667-212-4718 or</p> <p>Clarinet lessons offered for students of all ages, competitive lesson rates, lessons in my home or willing to travel. 240-994-6489 or</p> <p>Housecleaning service, we clean your house like our own, pet-friendly, one-time or wkly cleaning, you're the boss; reasonable rates. 410-262-3434.</p> <p>Assistance with relocation to another state/country: help w/packing, getting organized, etc. Grace, 410-292-6440 or</p> <p>Open house for new studio fitness center for women, Jan 24, 10am to 4pm, Suite 156, Castle Club, Cross Keys. 443-438-5106.</p> Thu, 01 Jan 2015 08:00:00 -0500 Milestones <h3>ACADEMIC AND CULTURAL CENTERS</h3> <h4>30 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Treva Boney,</strong> Center for Talented Youth </li> </ul> <h4>25 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Glen Burris,</strong> JHU Press</li> </ul> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Dana Lewison,</strong> Jhpiego</p></li> <li><p><strong>Susan Mackenzie,</strong> Jhpiego</p></li> <li><p><strong>Theresa Norton,</strong> Jhpiego</p></li> </ul> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Emmanuel 'Dipo Otolorin,</strong> Jhpiego</li> </ul> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Koko Agarwal,</strong> Jhpiego </li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Davida Breier,</strong> JHU Press </li> </ul> <h3>BLOOMBERG SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH</h3> <h4>30 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Susan Krenn,</strong> Health, Behavior and Society</li> </ul> <h4>25 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Ronald Hess,</strong> Health, Behavior and Society</p></li> <li><p><strong>Phillip Seaman,</strong> Molecular Microbiology and Immunology</p></li> </ul> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Therese Gouel Tannous,</strong> International Health</p></li> <li><p><strong>Roberta Gray,</strong> Epidemiology</p></li> </ul> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Normalie Barton,</strong> Health Policy and Management</p></li> <li><p><strong>Elizabeth Cobb,</strong> Health, Behavior and Society</p></li> <li><p><strong>Charles Hawkins,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Andre Johnson,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Margaret Marsh,</strong> International Health</p></li> <li><p><strong>Diane Reese,</strong> International Health</p></li> <li><p><strong>Sergio Rivera,</strong> Facilities</p></li> </ul> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Kathryn Chang,</strong> International Health</p></li> <li><p><strong>Tammy Crunkleton,</strong> Epidemiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Lynne Hammann,</strong> Epidemiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Bobbi Nicotera,</strong> International Health</p></li> <li><p><strong>Chris Schroeder,</strong> Academic Affairs</p></li> <li><p><strong>Susan Williams,</strong> Office of the Dean</p></li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Marlesha Bates,</strong> Research Projects</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kathryn Bertram,</strong> Health, Behavior and Society</p></li> <li><p><strong>Andrea Brown,</strong> Health, Behavior and Society</p></li> <li><p><strong>Milena Gatto,</strong> International Health</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kendra Hill, Health,</strong> Behavior and Society</p></li> <li><p><strong>Gabrielle Hunter,</strong> Health, Behavior and Society</p></li> <li><p><strong>Christine King,</strong> Health Policy and Management</p></li> <li><p><strong>Sean Parker,</strong> International Health</p></li> <li><p><strong>Dorothy Sasscer,</strong> Information Systems</p></li> <li><p><strong>Catalina Suarez,</strong> Health Policy and Management</p></li> <li><p><strong>Tariq Syed,</strong> Academic Affairs</p></li> <li><p><strong>Christine Wei,</strong> Epidemiology</p></li> </ul> <h3>CAREY BUSINESS SCHOOL</h3> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Caroline Kennedy,</strong> Student Services</li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Carly Ackley,</strong> Admissions</p></li> <li><p><strong>Lisa Fields,</strong> Registrar's Office</p></li> </ul> <h3>HOMEWOOD STUDENT AFFAIRS</h3> <h4>40 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Harriett Bishop,</strong> Homewood Student Accounts</li> </ul> <h4>30 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>D. Lynn O'Neil,</strong> Student Employment and Payroll Services</li> </ul> <h4>25 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>James Margraff,</strong> Athletics and Recreation</li> </ul> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Kelly Thammavong,</strong> Registrar's Office </li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Kelly Hemling,</strong> ID Card Services </li> </ul> <h3>KRIEGER SCHOOL OF ARTS AND SCIENCES</h3> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Ann Woodward,</strong> Visual Resource Collection</li> </ul> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Clarissa Costley,</strong> Anthropology </li> </ul> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Monica Butta,</strong> Development</p></li> <li><p><strong>Zhicheng Lai,</strong> Krieger Mind/Brain Institute</p></li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Lael Ensor,</strong> Visual Resource Collection</p></li> <li><p><strong>Frank Hallam,</strong> Office of the Dean</p></li> <li><p><strong>Natalie Pulliam,</strong> Development</p></li> <li><p><strong>Fred Thomsen,</strong> Office of the Dean</p></li> </ul> <h3>PEABODY INSTITUTE</h3> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Patrick O'Neall,</strong> Development </li> </ul> <h3>SAIS</h3> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Mohammad Elahi,</strong> Information Technology</li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Julia Braunmiller,</strong> The Protection Project</p></li> <li><p><strong>Keith Parham,</strong> Student Accounts</p></li> </ul> <h3>SCHOOL OF EDUCATION</h3> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Twana Gray,</strong> Associate Dean's Office</p></li> <li><p><strong>Karen Mazziott,</strong> Business and Financial Services</p></li> </ul> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Jean Kerwin,</strong> Educator Preparation Programs</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kathy Nelson,</strong> Talent Development Secondary</p></li> </ul> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Janice Hanlon,</strong> Office of the Associate Dean</li> </ul> <h3>SCHOOL OF MEDICINE</h3> <h4>35 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Susan Benac,</strong> Radiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Deborah Hill,</strong> Johns Hopkins Technology</p></li> </ul> <h4>30 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Susan Balcer Whaley,</strong> Pediatrics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Dorothea Fuller,</strong> Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p><strong>Susan James,</strong> Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p><strong>Frances Karas,</strong> Cardiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kimberly Pratzer,</strong> Ophthalmology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Shirley Purvis,</strong> Pediatrics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Deborah Wagner,</strong> Orthopaedics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Cecilia Young,</strong> Neurology</p></li> </ul> <h4>25 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Lina Castelo,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Jeffrey Devanzo,</strong> Health, Safety and Environment</p></li> <li><p><strong>Barbara Dobbs,</strong> Surgery</p></li> <li><p><strong>Vevelyn Garner,</strong> Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kim James,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Annette Jourdan,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kevin Lincoln,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Tonya Manning,</strong> Infectious Diseases</p></li> <li><p><strong>Jerry Miller,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Laura Morsberger,</strong> Pathology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Sherry Robinson,</strong> Genetics Institute</p></li> <li><p><strong>Janet Shipley,</strong> Ophthalmology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Karen Sollanek,</strong> Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Vivian Tyler,</strong> Pathology</p></li> </ul> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Marlisa Anderson,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Mary Bonacci,</strong> Pediatrics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Angela Boyd,</strong> Radiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Donna Brown-Solese,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kathleen Deinlein,</strong> Pulmonary</p></li> <li><p><strong>Chad Demarest,</strong> Urology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Carolyn Dunn,</strong> Ophthalmology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Barbara Gaines,</strong> Radiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Vera Hale,</strong> Radiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Allegra Hamman,</strong> General Internal Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Randy Huffman,</strong> Cell Biology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Sandra Jackson,</strong> Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Deborah Lloyd,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Gary Logan,</strong> Pediatrics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Marcheta McGinnis,</strong> Neurology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Patrice McMullen,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>James Morrell,</strong> Bio/Chemical Faculty and Staff</p></li> <li><p><strong>Jann Oliver,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Ellen Reather,</strong> General Administration</p></li> <li><p><strong>Zandra Redd,</strong> Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p><strong>Ronald Schneider,</strong> Pulmonary</p></li> <li><p><strong>Veronica Scott,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Timothy Smith,</strong> Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Paula Sparks,</strong> Gynecology and Obstetrics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Maryann Stewart,</strong> General Administration</p></li> <li><p><strong>Gillyan Thomas,</strong> Surgery</p></li> </ul> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Katrina Alston-Rodgers,</strong> Research Administration</p></li> <li><p><strong>Deborah Armstead,</strong> Pathology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Lana Bailey,</strong> Postdoctoral Affairs</p></li> <li><p><strong>Marisa Bailey,</strong> Research Administration</p></li> <li><p><strong>Janice Brinkley,</strong> Otolaryngology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Tracilla Carter,</strong> Gynecology and Obstetrics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Carla Cunningham,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Dorothy Damron,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Stephanie Davis,</strong> Fund for Johns Hopkins Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Pamela Dickinson,</strong> Biomedical Engineering</p></li> <li><p><strong>Lawrence Faulkner,</strong> Welch Medical Library</p></li> <li><p><strong>Elaine Gerstenfeld,</strong> Graphic Arts</p></li> <li><p><strong>Patrice Henry,</strong> Infectious Diseases</p></li> <li><p><strong>Chenelle Johnson,</strong> Clinical Immunology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Alton Jones,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Carolyn Jones,</strong> General Internal Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Thomas Killmond,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Laura Miller,</strong> Neurosurgery</p></li> <li><p><strong>Arlene Pilling,</strong> Cardiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Richard Schoen,</strong> Ophthalmology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Heather Schultz,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Dena Scott,</strong> Pediatrics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Anita Sines,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Michael Sklar,</strong> Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p><strong>Yanli Tian,</strong> Cardiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Dawn Young,</strong> Research Administration</p></li> </ul> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Deepak Almeida,</strong> Infectious Diseases</p></li> <li><p><strong>Laura Antonik,</strong> Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kimberly Behrens,</strong> Surgery</p></li> <li><p><strong>Samantha Boeshore,</strong> Rheumatology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Janis Bonadio,</strong> Surgery</p></li> <li><p><strong>Autumn Breaud,</strong> Pathology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Terri Carter,</strong> Surgery</p></li> <li><p><strong>Jesse Ciekot,</strong> Infectious Diseases</p></li> <li><p><strong>Donna Clark,</strong> Surgery</p></li> <li><p><strong>Antwanette Cobbins-Boyd,</strong> Pathology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Patricia Copps,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kimberly Curreri,</strong> General Internal Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Lillian Dasko-Vincent,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Edith Dietz,</strong> Pediatrics</p></li> <li><p><strong>Dianne Dotter,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Mario Duhon,</strong> Radiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Jie Fu,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kyoko Fujiwara,</strong> Ophthalmology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Heidi Giuntoli,</strong> Marketing and Communications</p></li> <li><p><strong>Raymond Giuriceo,</strong> Biomedical Engineering</p></li> <li><p><strong>Wei Guo,</strong> Urology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Frances Harris,</strong> Ophthalmology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Jennifer Hindle,</strong> Chemical Dependency</p></li> <li><p><strong>Na Howard,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Miriam Hyson,</strong> Plastic Surgery</p></li> <li><p><strong>Ewa Kulikowicz,</strong> Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Zhaobo Li,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kristen Loveless,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Darrin Matthews,</strong> Office of the Vice Dean</p></li> <li><p><strong>Aileen Mendez,</strong> Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Jacqueline Morton,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Elizabeth Munk,</strong> Infectious Diseases</p></li> <li><p><strong>Alberto Pacheco,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Christine Radebaugh,</strong> Clinical Pharmacology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Michael Rongione,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Zoe Rush,</strong> Infectious Diseases</p></li> <li><p><strong>Christina Seidel,</strong> Gastroenterology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Antonio Stinnette,</strong> Research Animal Resources</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kelly Szajna,</strong> Radiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Nicole Thompson,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kathryn Valdrini,</strong> Pathology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Sally Winston,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Catherina Ximenez,</strong> Neurology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Yi Xing,</strong> Pathology</p></li> <li><p><strong>David Yeater,</strong> Urology</p></li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Melanie Albano,</strong> Research Animal Resources</p></li> <li><p><strong>Jill Anderson,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Mirinda Anderson White,</strong> Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Violetta Brown,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Denise Burke,</strong> Billing</p></li> <li><p><strong>Raymond Castillo,</strong> Radiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Mark Christie,</strong> Institute for Clinical and Translational Research</p></li> <li><p><strong>Junior Dunn,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Amanda Feigley,</strong> Billing</p></li> <li><p><strong>Guido Galvez,</strong> Johns Hopkins Technology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Winston Halley,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Donna Hannah,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Maia Holden,</strong> Geriatric Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Denise Hollingsworth,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kasey Hutchinson,</strong> Billing</p></li> <li><p><strong>Ashley Jackson,</strong> Pathology</p></li> <li><p><strong>LaShawn Johnson-Thomas,</strong> Welch Health Sciences</p></li> <li><p><strong>Emily Loghmani,</strong> Endocrinology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Marianna Lopez,</strong> Orthopaedic Surgery</p></li> <li><p><strong>Daniel Magoon,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Scott Manning,</strong> Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Anil Mathur,</strong> Radiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Bryan Moore,</strong> Infectious Diseases</p></li> <li><p><strong>Thomas Moses,</strong> Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p><strong>Abigael Muchenditsi,</strong> Physiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Zebedee Murphy,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Nancy Nath,</strong> Pathology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Yvette Oliver-McKenzie,</strong> Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p><strong>Angela Owens,</strong> Human Resources</p></li> <li><p><strong>Jeannie Peters,</strong> Radiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Sara Ramin Pour,</strong> Radiology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Catherine Rawlings,</strong> Clinical Practice Association</p></li> <li><p><strong>Angela Scardina,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Ion Selaru,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Catherine Smith,</strong> Billing</p></li> <li><p><strong>Christina Tarleton,</strong> Emergency Medicine</p></li> <li><p><strong>Heidi Tribble,</strong> Oncology</p></li> <li><p><strong>Jessica Toomer,</strong> Psychiatry</p></li> <li><p><strong>Brenda Welch,</strong> Clinical Operations</p></li> <li><p><strong>Shelley Wiglesworth,</strong> Infectious Diseases</p></li> </ul> <h3>SCHOOL OF NURSING</h3> <h4>35 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Ruth Hurd,</strong> Business Office</li> </ul> <h4>30 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Kelly Wilson-Fowler,</strong> Acute and Chronic Care</li> </ul> <h4>25 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Tracey Hand,</strong> Center for Nursing Research </li> </ul> <h3>SHERIDAN LIBRARIES/JHU MUSEUMS</h3> <h4>35 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Lillian Bowers,</strong> Sheridan Libraries</li> </ul> <h4>25 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Mary Plumer,</strong> Historic Houses</li> </ul> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Ben Renwick,</strong> Historic Houses</p></li> <li><p><strong>Bonnie Wittstadt,</strong> Sheridan Libraries</p></li> </ul> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Brian Shields,</strong> Sheridan Libraries</li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Gary Sampsell Jr.,</strong> Sheridan Libraries</p></li> <li><p><strong>Mariyam Thohira,</strong> Sheridan Libraries</p></li> <li><p><strong>Katherine DeSousa,</strong> Sheridan Libraries</p></li> </ul> <h3>UNIVERSITY ADMINISTRATION</h3> <h4>30 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Richard Roberts,</strong> Facilities</li> </ul> <h4>25 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><strong>Arnetta Johnson,</strong> Office of the Chief, Enterprise Technology Services</li> </ul> <h4>20 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Hallet Davenport,</strong> Security Services</p></li> <li><p><strong>Leslie Decker,</strong> Office of the Chief, Enterprise Technology Services</p></li> <li><p><strong>Kim Meadowcroft,</strong> Office of the Vice President for Human Resources</p></li> </ul> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Cynthia Addison,</strong> HR Shared Services</p></li> <li><p><strong>Philip Bearman,</strong> Enterprise Network Services</p></li> <li><p><strong>Darren Lacey,</strong> Office of the Chief Information Officer</p></li> <li><p><strong>Pamela Li,</strong> Communications</p></li> <li><p><strong>Heather Mason,</strong> Talent Management and Organization Development</p></li> <li><p><strong>Linda McGill,</strong> Development and Alumni Services</p></li> <li><p><strong>Ian Reynolds,</strong> Work, Life and Engagement</p></li> <li><p><strong>Esther Vance,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Young-Soo Yoo,</strong> Housing Operations and Maintenance</p></li> </ul> <h4>10 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>David Baker,</strong> Supply Chain Shared Services</p></li> <li><p><strong>Daniel Bodami,</strong> Office of Chief Networking Officer</p></li> <li><p><strong>Heidi Conway,</strong> Benefits Administration and Shared Services</p></li> <li><p><strong>Lynette Floyd,</strong> Finance and Administration</p></li> <li><p><strong>Matthew Greenwood,</strong> State Relations</p></li> <li><p><strong>Edward Justis,</strong> Office of the Vice President and General Counsel</p></li> <li><p><strong>Robert Krimmel,</strong> Housing Operations and Maintenance</p></li> <li><p><strong>Joseph McSharry,</strong> Talent Management and Organization Development</p></li> <li><p><strong>Philip Roberts,</strong> Office of the Vice President and General Counsel</p></li> <li><p><strong>Charles Schmitt,</strong> Enterprise Network Services</p></li> <li><p><strong>Andiappen Veeramootoo,</strong> Facilities</p></li> </ul> <h4>5 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Kenneth Brooks,</strong> Internal Audits</p></li> <li><p><strong>Rachel Dawson,</strong> Office of the President</p></li> <li><p><strong>Milic Djordjevic,</strong> Facilities</p></li> <li><p><strong>Brian Hoffmaster,</strong> Development and Alumni Relations</p></li> <li><p><strong>Mark Long,</strong> Security Services</p></li> <li><p><strong>Hilary Roxe,</strong> Office of the President</p></li> <li><p><strong>Mark Rukowicz,</strong> Development and Alumni Relations</p></li> </ul> <h3>WHITING SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING</h3> <h4>15 years of service</h4> <ul> <li><p><strong>Lynda Barker,</strong> Finance and Administration</p></li> <li><p><strong>Stephanie Steele,</strong> Institute for Computational Medicine</p></li> </ul>