Hub http://hub.jhu.edu Headlines from the Johns Hopkins news network http://hub.jhu.edu/assets/img/hub-logo-rss.png Hub http://hub.jhu.edu http://hub.jhu.edu/2015/03/30/bloomberg-professors-casadevall-chute-salzberg-szalay Mon, 30 Mar 2015 14:54:00 -0400 Johns Hopkins names four new Bloomberg Distinguished Professors <p>Four renowned, cross-disciplinary scholars—<a href="http://www.jhsph.edu/faculty/directory/profile/5798/Casadevall/Arturo">Arturo Casadevall</a>, Christopher Chute, <a href="http://ccb.jhu.edu/people/salzberg/Salzberg/About_Me.html">Steven Salzberg</a>, and <a href="http://physics-astronomy.jhu.edu/directory/alexander-s-szalay/">Alexander Szalay</a>—are joining the ranks of Bloomberg Distinguished Professors at Johns Hopkins University.</p> <p>Each will be affiliated with two or more JHU schools and divisions, conduct multidisciplinary research that furthers the university's signature initiatives, and teach students across the university. With the addition of these four, Hopkins is now home to a total of 10 Bloomberg Distinguished Professors, a number that is expected to swell to 50 within the next four years.</p> <p>The endowed professorships are supported by a <a href="http://hub.jhu.edu/2013/01/26/bloomberg-gift">$350 million gift to the university by Johns Hopkins alumnus and former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg</a>, who sought to encourage collaboration across disciplines in pursuit of answers to global challenges.</p> <p>"The real excitement here is how each of the Bloomberg Distinguished Professors ties into the university's signature initiatives [individualized health, the science of learning, the future of cities, the sustainability of water resources, and global health]," says <a href="http://web.jhu.edu/administration/provost/bios/wirtz">Denis Wirtz</a>, vice provost for research. "The two mechanisms together are a healthy and energizing way to build upon the university's interdisciplinary research capacity and strengthen our leadership in these vital fields."</p> <h5>Arturo Casadevall</h5> <p><em>Bloomberg School of Public Health, W. Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology</em><br /> <em>School of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases</em></p> <p>Arturo Casadevall "came of age" as a physician during the height of the 1980s AIDS epidemic. "I couldn't believe all these people, who were younger than I was, were dying from something we didn't understand," he says.</p> <p>He didn't know whether scientists would be able to treat the virus itself, so he turned his attention to the opportunistic infections that take hold once an immune system has been compromised. Since then, he's spent more than two decades studying the fungus <em>Cryptococcus neoformans</em>, which in the 1980s killed about 10 percent of AIDS patients in the United States and is still a major cause of death in Africa.</p> <p>Today, in his new role as chair of the <a href="http://www.jhsph.edu/departments/w-harry-feinstone-department-of-molecular-microbiology-and-immunology/">W. Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology</a> at the Bloomberg School of Public Health, he continues his mission to understand how microbes cause disease and how the immune system defends itself. He says he hopes his work will help protect people from harm caused by new pathogens and resistant organisms, and by compromised immune systems resulting from HIV, cancer therapy treatments, and other causes.</p> <p>As a newly appointed Bloomberg Distinguished Professor, Casadevall will bring his experience from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, where he served as director of the Center for Immunological Sciences, to create synergy among immunologists across the university. "Hopkins has a long tradition of excellence. There's a depth of expertise here that's just not possible in smaller places," he says, explaining that his goal is to harness that expertise to "more rapidly develop immunotherapies for infectious diseases and cancer."</p> <p>In his teaching role, Casadevall plans to explore new ways of training future scientists. "My idea is to develop a program of putting the 'Ph' [philosophy] back into 'PhD,'" he says. "Right now, we're good at training scientists in very narrow areas, but they have difficulty communicating across disciplines or with the public." His aim is to provide broader education while still maintaining the ability to train focused scientists.</p> <p>"Hopkins reformed medical education 100 years ago, and now we can experiment with creating better ways of training scientists," he says.</p> <h5>Christopher Chute</h5> <p><em>School of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine</em><br /> <em>School of Nursing, Division of Health Informatics</em><br /> <em>Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management</em></p> <p>Christopher Chute, a "lapsed epidemiologist" and newly appointed Bloomberg Distinguished Professor, is always asking: How can we use data to figure out whether we're helping or hurting people?</p> <p>Now the chief health research information officer of Johns Hopkins Medicine, Chute began his career as a curious medical student who realized that "much of what they were teaching us was folklore and anecdote." He had never heard the term "evidence-driven," but he knew that's what the practice of medicine should be.</p> <p>His search led him to the fields of epidemiology and statistics, where he learned how to crunch data to prove medical efficacy but discovered "there was no data" that was comparable and consistent enough to yield reliable results. "Getting an answer is easy once you have the data. The hard part is getting the data right," says Chute, who self-trained to become an informatics expert and made "comparability and consistency" the mantra of his career.</p> <p>With the experience he gained at the Mayo Clinic (and from "just about every health care standards organization ever known"), Chute is looking at what else Hopkins will need—in addition to the new EPIC electronic medical records system—to manage its clinical data as a first-rank, top-priority resource that makes evidence-based clinical practice and translational research possible.</p> <p>"I'm here to catalyze a process that is already underway," explains Chute, who says he was struck by how many Hopkins investigators are working with outside institutions for their outcomes research "because clinical data hasn't been a first-rank resource at Hopkins. But that's changing radically."</p> <p>It's no small task to create the infrastructure and processes to ensure comparable and consistent data at an institution as large as Hopkins. But at the age of 59, after a 27-year career at Mayo Clinic, "I had a choice between coasting to the finish line or taking on a tremendously difficult new challenge with the risk of not achieving everything I want to," he says. Was it worth it? "It's just delightful, invigorating, and exciting. It's definitely fun."</p> <h5>Steven Salzberg</h5> <p><em>School of Medicine, Department of Biomedical Engineering</em><br /> <em>Whiting School of Engineering, Department of Computer Science</em><br /> <em>Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Biostatistics</em></p> <p>Like most Bloomberg Distinguished Professors, computational biologist Steven Salzberg defines his work by the problems he finds fascinating—and which don't necessarily fall within his usual field of study.</p> <p>Salzberg began his career as an assistant professor of computer science at Johns Hopkins, before his interdisciplinary curiosity led him to join the <a href="http://www.genome.gov/10001772">Human Genome Project</a> in the early 1990s. He self-trained as a computational biologist, then moved to the Institute for Genomic Research, where he was one of only two computer scientists to work on some of the first genomes ever sequenced.</p> <p>Salzberg eventually returned, in 2012, to Hopkins, where his work can be more quickly translated into clinical applications. As the director of the <a href="https://ccb.jhu.edu/">Center for Computational Biology</a>, he leads a group whose research focuses on developing new computational methods and applied software for analyzing DNA with the latest sequencing technologies.</p> <p>"What we do looks like computer science, but we aim to solve problems in medicine and biological science," he says. For example, Salzberg and his Hopkins colleagues are now able to take a sample from the site of an infection and use sequencing to determine what the infection is. "They don't do it at your doctor's office yet—but they could," says Salzberg, who aims to develop computational methods to prove what is feasible and can quickly make its way into practice.</p> <p>His work will benefit the <a href="https://rising.jhu.edu/inhealth">Johns Hopkins Individualized Health Initiative</a> to help doctors customize patient treatment by making it possible to connect huge databases of clinical information to DNA sequences, methylation analyses, and RNA expression levels.</p> <p>In addition, Salzberg is teaching a new class on computational personal genomics, offered to students in the departments of <a href="http://www.bme.jhu.edu/">Biomedical Engineering</a> and <a href="http://www.cs.jhu.edu/">Computer Science</a>. His lessons go far beyond the classroom, though, with his <a href="http://www.forbes.com/sites/stevensalzberg/">popular science blog on Forbes.com</a> reaching nearly 1.5 million people each year.</p> <p>Though Salzberg currently works across JHU departments, the Bloomberg Distinguished Professorship, he says, gives him a new freedom—to worry less about grant writing and "focus more on the science and teaching, which is what I'm here to do."</p> <h5>Alexander Szalay</h5> <p><em>Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, Henry A. Rowland Department of Physics and Astronomy</em><br /> <em>Whiting School of Engineering, Department of Computer Science</em></p> <p>More than 90 percent of the world's data has been created in the last two years alone, and each day we add 2.5 quintillion bytes more. "We've reached a point where we can't continue storing and analyzing data as we've done before. It's time for a different approach," says Alexander Szalay, founding director of the <a href="http://idies.jhu.edu/">Institute for Data Intensive Engineering and Science</a> at Johns Hopkins.</p> <p>Szalay, who has been on the Hopkins faculty since 1989, says his interest in big data began in the early 1990s, when his "day job was entirely astrophysics," and he became a key contributor to the <a href="http://www.sdss.org/">Sloan Digital Sky Survey</a>, a collaboration of 11 institutions that has created the most detailed three-dimensional maps of the universe ever made.</p> <p>Since then, he has collaborated with Microsoft computer scientist Jim Grace and colleagues at Johns Hopkins to build scientific databases "that changed the way we do astronomy" and democratized access to supercomputer simulations.</p> <p>It's a model that other disciplines want to emulate. Szalay, who is a professor in the Department of Computer Science as well as an Alumni Centennial Professor of Astronomy, has already helped build a similar database for radiation oncology, and is now collaborating on designing one for high-throughput genomics. His methods, which can be used across the physical and life sciences, are creating "a new paradigm of data-intensive science." The program, Szalay believes, will help the university become "a major player" in the world of high-performance computing.</p> <p>Through the Bloomberg Distinguished Professorship, Szalay also will be teaching a new class in data science, a mix of statistics, computer science, and basic sciences that he thinks will become the fundamental language used by the next generation of scientists.</p> <p>"The Bloomberg Distinguished Professorships break down a lot of barriers between different schools," Szalay says. "The 'One University' slogan couldn't be recognized in a nicer way."</p> http://hub.jhu.edu/2015/03/30/holi-celebration-2015 Mon, 30 Mar 2015 13:30:00 -0400 Annual festival of colors promotes unity among Johns Hopkins students <p>Holi, an ancient Hindu religious festival celebrated in India and across the world, came to the Homewood campus Sunday, marking the arrival of spring. Hundreds of eager students mobilized at The Beach to celebrate this annual spectacle, in its 14th year at Hopkins. Revelers launched splashy shades of red, yellow, green, and blue at one another, creating a kaleidoscope of colors and blurring the distinction between individuals. A traditional Indian meal followed the color war. The festival of colors emerged in India as an opportunity to break down barriers, allowing all to mingle and celebrate this joyous occasion, new beginnings, and triumphs over evils.</p> <p>Holi was presented by two Johns Hopkins student groups, Association for India's Development and the Hindu Students Council, and supported by the Graduate Representative Organization, The Graduate Student Association, and a Student Life Programming Grant.</p> http://hub.jhu.edu/2015/03/30/commencement-speaker-ed-catmull-pixar Mon, 30 Mar 2015 10:55:00 -0400 Pixar president, co-founder Ed Catmull to speak at Johns Hopkins commencement <p><a href="http://waltdisneystudios.com/corp/unit/6/bio/53">Ed Catmull</a>, a co-founder of Pixar Animation Studios, a computer scientist responsible for groundbreaking blockbusters like <em>Toy Story</em>, and a winner of five Academy Awards, will speak at <a href="http://web.jhu.edu/commencement">Johns Hopkins University's commencement exercises</a> on May 21.</p> <p>Catmull, now president of Pixar and Walt Disney Animation Studios, will receive an honorary doctorate of humane letters at the ceremony, where about 7,000 Johns Hopkins undergraduates, graduate students, and professional students will also be awarded their degrees.</p> <p>A <a href="http://continuum.utah.edu/features/the-imaginer">lifelong fan of animated films</a>, Catmull has said that as a kid he dreamed of a career as a traditional animator but eventually decided he could not draw well enough. He switched to computer science and eventually earned a PhD in 1974 at the legendary computer graphics labs at the University of Utah. It was there that he focused on building the technology to create the first computer-animated feature film. That plan culminated more than two decades later in Pixar's 1995 release of <em>Toy Story</em>. Catmull was executive producer.</p> <p>"With a unique blend of tech savvy and creative vision, Ed Catmull has transformed the art and science of animation, harnessing technology to explore our common humanity," Johns Hopkins President Ronald J. Daniels said. "His fearless curiosity and passion for discovery speak to our students, who will leave Johns Hopkins able to stretch the bounds of creativity—to infinity and beyond."</p> <p>While at Utah in 1972, Catmull created a program that digitized his left hand, making a groundbreaking short film showing the animated hand turning, opening and closing, and pointing. <em><a href="https://vimeo.com/16292363">A Computer-Animated Hand</a></em> was later incorporated into the 1976 movie <em>Futureworld</em> and eventually preserved in the Library of Congress' National Film Registry. The film and the breakthroughs Catmull made while at Utah laid the groundwork for his life's work and eventually for the <a href="http://renderman.pixar.com/view/Production-Proven">RenderMan technology</a>. Co-developed by Catmull, RenderMan has been used not only for <em>Toy Story</em> and every other Pixar blockbuster since its release, but also for 44 of the last 47 films nominated for an Academy Award for visual effects.</p> <p>Catmull helped drive technology forward as vice president of filmmaker George Lucas's Lucasfilm LLC from 1979 to 1985. When Apple co-founder Steve Jobs bought Lucasfilm's digital operation, Catmull followed and became president and chief technical officer of the new Pixar Animation Studios. When the Walt Disney Co. acquired Pixar in 2006, Catmull became president of Walt Disney Animation Studios, and with longtime collaborator John Lasseter, helped revitalize the studio, creating films including the top-grossing animated movie of all time, the Academy Award-winning <em>Frozen</em>, along with <em>Wreck-It Ralph</em>, <em>Tangled</em>, and the 2015 best animated feature Oscar-winning <em>Big Hero 6</em>.</p> <p>Catmull is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, the Visual Effects Society, IEEE's Computer Society, and the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. In 2009, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences presented him its Gordon E. Sawyer Award for his career technical contributions and leadership in computer graphics for film.</p> <p>His first book, <em>Creativity, Inc.: Overcoming the Unseen Forces That Stand in the Way of True Inspiration</em>, became a <em>New York Times</em> best-seller and was widely praised as one of the best business books of 2014.</p> http://hub.jhu.edu/2015/03/30/2nd-postdoc-retreat Mon, 30 Mar 2015 10:00:00 -0400 Second annual Johns Hopkins postdoc retreat looks at shifting career landscape <p>The postdoctoral period can be a strange gray zone. "You're in an interesting position, in terms of life and career," says Anindya Roy, president of the <a href="http://postdoc.jhu.edu/association/">Homewood Postdoctoral Association</a> at Johns Hopkins University. "You're not really a student anymore, but you also don't have a permanent job." Adding to the uncertainty is the changing career landscape for postdocs, which now more than ever is stretching beyond traditional academic roles.</p> <p>One of the goals of this year's <a href="http://postdocretreat.jhu.edu/">Johns Hopkins Postdoc Retreat</a>, a daylong event in East Baltimore on April 7, is to give postdocs a look at a greater diversity of potential career trajectories.</p> <p>After such long-term immersion in an academic setting, "sometimes postdoc students get trapped into thinking [it's] the only option," Roy says. That mindset is not particularly helpful, given the intense competition for scarce faculty jobs—and also the rising demand for doctorates in nonacademic sectors, like industry, government, and policy.</p> <p>"A physicist … might be more eligible for a job at NASA," Roy says, "while history might be eligible for certain policy work."</p> <p>"A lot of PhDs come in assuming they're going into faculty positions, but they don't," adds Corrine Pettigrew, president of the <a href="https://sites.google.com/site/hopkinspostdocs/">postdoc association for East Baltimore and Bayview</a>. Even within academia, Roy says, "there are more nuances" than expected to the types of positions available.</p> <p>So, while the upcoming retreat will explore traditional academic paths— i.e., a workshop on preparing an application package—it will also present a panel of PhDs at work in other fields. Those panelists include staffers of Booz Allen Hamilton, the American Physical Society, and the Food and Drug Administration.</p> <p>The two postdoc associations are organizing the event, the second annual postdoc retreat at Hopkins; the <a href="http://hub.jhu.edu/2014/05/30/post-doc-retreat">inaugural retreat was held in May 2014 at the Homewood campus</a>. The two groups collaborate often, both for social purposes and professional development opportunities. Together they represent roughly 1,250 postdocs across the Hopkins campuses (about 250 of those within the smaller Homewood association).</p> <p>The retreat, held in the Turner Concourse meeting space in East Baltimore, will include workshops, breakout sessions, and networking, along with presentations from eight selected postdocs, who are eligible for awards.</p> <p>The postdocs will also hear from two speakers: Dan Beaudry, author of <em>Power Ties: The International Student's Guide to Finding a Job in the United States</em>, and Gerald Klickstein, director of the Peabody Conservatory's Music Entrepreneurship and Career Center.</p> <p><a href="http://postdocretreat.jhu.edu/registration">Registration</a> for the free event closes on March 31. All postdoctoral fellows across JHU's campuses and institutes are welcome to attend the retreat, which runs from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on April 7 and closes with remarks from Johns Hopkins University President Ronald J. Daniels.</p> http://hub.jhu.edu/2015/03/30/hopkins-rutgers-mens-lax Mon, 30 Mar 2015 08:44:00 -0400 Men's lacrosse: Johns Hopkins gets big win vs. Rutgers in first Big Ten game <p>The Johns Hopkins men's lacrosse team rallied from a fourth-quarter deficit Saturday to <a href="http://www.hopkinssports.com/sports/m-lacros/recaps/032815aaa.html">secure a 9-7 victory against Rutgers at Homewood Field</a> in the first Big Ten Conference lacrosse game for both schools.</p> <p>The No. 19 Blue Jays (4-5) trailed 7-6 entering the fourth period but got goals from Holden Cattoni, Ryan Brown, and Wells Stanwick over the final 15 minutes for the victory. It marked JHU's first win this season in a contest decided by two or fewer goals—the Blue Jays had lost four such games earlier in the season.</p> <p>Hopkins led 6-3 at halftime but was held scoreless in the third quarter as the Scarlet Knights (4-7) put together a four-goal run. But Rutgers stumbled in the fourth quarter, turning the ball over on six of its eight possessions. The other two possessions ended with saves by JHU goalkeeper Eric Schneider, who finished with 11 saves.</p> <p>Brown paced the Blue Jays attack with four goals, and Cattoni added two. Cody Radziewicz and John Crawley also scored for Hopkins, which visits Ohio State on Sunday at 6 p.m.</p> <p><strong>Also see:</strong> <a href="http://www.hopkinssports.com/sports/m-lacros/stats/2014-2015/0328-ru.html">Box score</a></p> http://hub.jhu.edu/2015/03/27/johns-hopkins-class-of-2019 Fri, 27 Mar 2015 15:09:00 -0400 More than 3,000 from record applicant pool admitted to JHU's Class of 2019 <p>The Johns Hopkins University has admitted 2,525 students to complete the Class of 2019, selected from a record applicant pool of 24,717. These students joined 540 future Blue Jays who had already enrolled at the university under the <a href="http://hub.jhu.edu/2014/12/12/early-decision-class-of-2019">Early Decision admission plan</a>.</p> <p>The class not only breaks university records academically, but it is the most diverse class Johns Hopkins has ever admitted. Nearly 33 percent of the class identifies as underrepresented minorities, and the students come from all 50 states and 62 countries.</p> <p>The 3,065 students admitted to the Class of 2019 were selected from the strongest applicant pool the university has ever seen. They include award-winning documentarians, founders of businesses and non-profits, patent holders, published authors, and creators of everything from plays, to video game soundtracks, to a self-heating ski boot.</p> <p>The number of applications this year speaks to the strength of the opportunities that high school students see for themselves at Johns Hopkins, said Ellen Kim, director of Undergraduate Admissions.</p> <p>"As the Whiting School of Engineering and the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences continue to introduce academic possibilities—such as new minors in marketing and communications, visual arts, and social policy; plus a new major in medicine, science, and humanities—prospective students are excited about their future at Johns Hopkins," Kim said. "With these new academic initiatives plus an enhanced focus on the arts and innovative opportunities for internships, research, and other experiential learning, Johns Hopkins continues to attract high-achieving students eager to contribute to the campus landscape."</p> <p>Admitted Class of 2019 by the numbers:</p> <ul> <li>Total applications: 24,717</li> <li>Total admits: 3,065 </li> <li>Gender breakdown: 49 percent male, 51 percent female</li> <li>Preliminary area of academic interest: Whiting School of Engineering, 31 percent of admitted class; Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, 69 percent of admitted class</li> <li>All 50 states and 62 different countries represented</li> <li>Top states admitted students represent: California, New York, New Jersey, Florida, Maryland </li> <li>Top countries (other than the U.S.) admitted students represent: Canada, China, South Korea, India, United Kingdom and Turkey (tie)</li> <li>International students: 8 percent of admitted class</li> <li>Average GPA: 3.92</li> <li>Average testing (middle 50th percentile): 1430-1560</li> <li>Students in the top 10 percent of their class: 93 percent (of students who reported)</li> </ul> <p>Admitted students have until May 1 to accept their spot in the class.</p> <p><a href="http://blogs.hopkins-interactive.com">Read more about decision release notifications on Hopkins Insider</a></p> <p><a class="twitter-timeline" href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/JHU2019" data-widget-id="543509698214121472">#JHU2019 Tweets</a> <script>!function(d,s,id){var js,fjs=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0],p=/^http:/.test(d.location)?'http':'https';if(!d.getElementById(id)){js=d.createElement(s);js.id=id;js.src=p+"://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js";fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js,fjs);}}(document,"script","twitter-wjs");</script></p> http://hub.jhu.edu/2015/03/26/dean-ranking-patricia-davidson Thu, 26 Mar 2015 16:00:00 -0400 JHU School of Nursing's Davidson ranked as nursing's most 'influential dean' <p>In a recent ranking of the most influential deans of nursing across the country, <a href="http://nursing.jhu.edu/about-us/welcome/dean.html">Patricia Davidson</a> of Johns Hopkins came out on top. Davidson, who joined the School of Nursing in September 2013 from her native Australia, scored No. 1 in a ranking of 30 nursing deans by <a href="http://mometrix.com/blog/the-30-most-influential-deans-of-nursing-in-the-united-states/">Mometrix</a>.</p> <p>The Texas-based test prep firm used factors such as awards, National Institutes of Health funding, and nursing license pass rates, among others, to come up with the rankings.</p> <p>Before joining Hopkins two years ago as the nursing school's fourth dean, Davidson directed the Centre for Cardiovascular and Chronic Care at the University of Technology in Sydney. She was also professor of cardiovascular nursing research at St. Vincent's Hospital there.</p> <p>At Hopkins, Davidson has steered the launch of the new Master's Entry into Nursing program, which will enroll its first class in fall 2015. Under the dean's watch, the School of Nursing secured more than $68 million in NIH funding in 2015—more than any other nursing school/hospital in the world—and posted a 91 percent pass rate on the nursing licensure exam, known as NCLEX.</p> <p>In a <a href="http://nursing.jhu.edu/about-us/welcome/dean.html">Q&A last year posted on the School of Nursing website</a>, Davidson remarked that nursing is going through a "golden moment," with changes from the Affordable Care Act giving nurses greater opportunities "both at the bedside and in leadership."</p> <p>Born in the Australian capital of Canberra, Davidson started her nursing career in the 1980s and spent 23 years as front-line clinician and nurse manager before shifting to research and teaching. Her <a href="http://hub.jhu.edu/gazette/2014/november-december/focus-dean-patricia-davidson-son">background</a> includes work with the Aborginal Medical Service in western Sydney and a PhD in Behavioral Sciences from the University of Newcastle. She tweets at <a href="https://twitter.com/nursingdean">@nursingdean</a>.</p> http://hub.jhu.edu/2015/03/26/jhu-economist-laurence-ball-interest-rate-suggestion Thu, 26 Mar 2015 09:25:00 -0400 A little inflation could create a lot more jobs, Johns Hopkins economist says <p>With the unemployment rate inching lower and lower, policymakers predict recovery from the recession is imminent. But the Federal Reserve could help create even more jobs by keeping interest rates near zero and tolerating a little inflation, a Johns Hopkins University economist argues.</p> <p>Economic forecasters predict that by the end of 2015, the United States could hit the Fed's definition of "maximum employment"—with an unemployment rate of roughly 5.2 to 5.5 percent. With this jobs goal in sight, the Fed is expected to begin raising interest rates. However, by holding off on interest rate hikes, Johns Hopkins economist Laurence Ball suggests it's possible to drive the unemployment rate "well below 5 percent"—and bring even the long-term jobless back into the workforce.</p> <p>Creating such a "high-pressure" economy would likely push inflation rates above the Fed's target, but Ball says the overshoot would be "modest and temporary" and that "any adverse effects would be slight compared to the gains in employment and output."</p> <p>"If policymakers would accept a modest overshoot of their inflation target, they could do more to reverse damage from the Great Recession," writes Ball in a paper to be published next week by the <a href="http://www.cbpp.org/">Center for Budget and Policy Priorities</a>. "If a recession leaves workers discouraged and detached from the labor force, a high-pressure economy with plentiful job opportunities could draw them back in."</p> <p>Ball, professor of economics in the university's Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, contends that accepting an unemployment rate of 5.2 percent and an inflation rate of 2 percent, while safe and conventional, is not optimal policy for the U.S. right now.</p> <p>To begin with, he says, the improving unemployment rate masks considerable persisting damage from the recession. Because unexpectedly large numbers of workers dropped out of the labor force and haven't returned, and still more workers are involuntarily working part-time, "millions of jobs lost during the Great Recession are not coming back in the return to normalcy envisaged by the Fed," says Ball, who is also a research associate at the <a href="http://www.nber.org/">National Bureau of Economic Research</a>.</p> <p>"Today we are left with short-term unemployment near its natural state," Ball writes, "but with a legacy of long-term unemployment and non-participation that will persist if policy is not sufficiently expansionary."</p> <p>The Fed doesn't want inflation to rise to 2.5 percent or 3 percent, even temporarily. But Ball says there is little evidence that inflation even as high as 4 percent would significantly harm the economy—and would be a small price to pay for the resulting sustained jobs gains.</p> <p>"The Fed should do everything it can to promote a high-pressure economy," he writes, "not increase interest rates and choke off growth as soon as inflation threatens to rise."</p> http://hub.jhu.edu/2015/03/26/st-paul-project-groundbreaking Thu, 26 Mar 2015 08:30:00 -0400 Construction begins on mixed-use development project near JHU's Homewood campus <p>Representatives from Johns Hopkins University, Armada Hoffler Properties, and Beatty Development Group will break ground today on the vacant lot at 3200 St. Paul Street, a mixed-use development located at the southwest intersection of St. Paul and 33rd streets in Charles Village, just east of the university's Homewood campus.</p> <p>The ceremonial groundbreaking will mark the official start of a construction project expected to be completed in August 2016.</p> <p>At the ceremony, representatives from Armada Hoffler and Beatty Development are expected to announce that CVS Pharmacy will be the building's anchor tenant. A 10,500-square-foot pharmacy is set to open in 2016 on the southeast corner of the building, adjacent to the neighboring Jefferson Apartments.</p> <p>3200 St. Paul, which will be officially named in the coming months, will feature more than 31,000 square feet of commercial space that will include restaurants, retailers, and services. The 327,484-square-foot project will also include 157 market-rate student apartments managed by Capstone On-Campus Management, which runs student housing at campuses nationwide, including the University of Maryland, UMBC, and Towson University. The building will wrap around a 162-space paid parking structure for residential tenants and for retail customers and other visitors to the neighborhood.</p> <p>"We are excited to see work beginning on a project that will do so much both for our students and for the wider community in which they live," said Kevin G. Shollenberger, vice provost for student affairs at the university. "3200 St. Paul will provide new [housing] options for our upperclass students, further enhancing the undergraduate experience at Johns Hopkins."</p> <p><strong>Also see:</strong> <a href="http://www.baltimoresun.com/business/bs-bz-cvs-anchors-charles-village-development-20150325-story.html">CVS Pharmacy will anchor Charles Village project</a> (<em>The Baltimore Sun</em>)</p> <p>Students are expected to be able to begin moving into the building before the start of the 2016-17 academic year.</p> <p>"Great student-oriented housing combined with new shopping and dining alternatives and added off-street parking: This building truly has something for everyone on our campus and in our neighborhood," said Alan Fish, the university's vice president for facilities and real estate.</p> <p>Johns Hopkins bought the 3200 St. Paul site in 2009 from an earlier development group whose plans had been stalled by the national financial crisis. The property is located at the same intersection as Charles Commons, a mixed-use residence hall project that includes a Barnes & Noble. Johns Hopkins opened that property in 2006.</p> <p>The development team of Armada Hoffler and Beatty Development was chosen by Johns Hopkins University to develop the 1.13-acre site and has been working since 2012 on programming the building, specifying what elements it should contain to meet the university's goals of providing housing alternatives for students and promoting the continued renaissance of Charles Village.</p> <p>"For the past year, Armada Hoffler has been working in partnership with Beatty Development Group to create a transformational project that adds to the already vibrant Charles Village and Johns Hopkins communities," said Tony Nero, president of development for Armada Hoffler Properties. "We listened to what the residents had to say and what Johns Hopkins was looking for and are pleased to bring a national retailer, CVS Pharmacy, to the neighborhood."</p> <p>Added Michael Beatty, president of Beatty Development Group."With Johns Hopkins' Homewood campus located one block away, Charles Village has always served as a pillar community for Baltimore. This project represents Charles Village's ongoing renaissance and strengthens the university's connection to the neighborhood."</p> http://hub.jhu.edu/2015/03/25/autism-genetic-cause Wed, 25 Mar 2015 14:00:00 -0400 New genetic variant that causes autism identified by Johns Hopkins-led team <p>Using a novel approach that focuses on rare families severely affected by autism, a Johns Hopkins-led team of researchers has <a href="http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/news/media/releases/new_autism_causing_genetic_variant_identified">identified a new genetic cause of the disorder</a>.</p> <p>The rare genetic variant offers important insights into the root causes of autism, the researchers say. And, they suggest, their unconventional method can be used to identify other genetic causes of autism and other complex genetic conditions.</p> <p>A report on the study was published today in the journal <em>Nature</em>.</p> <p>In recent years, falling costs for genetic testing, together with powerful new means of storing and analyzing massive amounts of data, have ushered in the era of the genome-wide association and sequencing studies. These studies typically compare genetic sequencing data from thousands of people with and without a given disease to map the locations of genetic variants that contribute to the disease. While genome-wide association studies have linked many genes to particular diseases, their results have so far failed to lead to predictive genetic tests for common conditions, such as Alzheimer's, autism, or schizophrenia.</p> <p>"In genetics, we all believe that you have to sequence endlessly before you can find anything," says <a href="https://aravindachakravartilab.org/pro/Home.html">Aravinda Chakravarti</a>, a professor in the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine's <a href="http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/geneticmedicine/">McKusick-Nathans Institute of Genetic Medicine</a>. "I think whom you sequence is as important—if not more so—than how many people are sequenced."</p> <p>With that idea, Chakravarti and his collaborators identified families in which more than one female has autism spectrum disorder, a condition first described at Johns Hopkins in 1943. For reasons that are not understood, girls are far less likely than boys to have autism. When girls do have the condition, however, their symptoms tend to be severe. Chakravarti reasoned that females with autism, particularly those with a close female relative who is also affected, must carry very potent genetic variants for the disease, and he wanted to find out what those were.</p> <p>The research team compared the gene sequences of autistic members of 13 such families to the gene sequences of people from a public database. They found four potential culprit genes and focused on one, called CTNND2, because it fell in a region of the genome known to be associated with another intellectual disability. When they studied the gene's effects in zebrafish, mice, and cadaveric human brains, the research group found that the protein it makes affects how many other genes are regulated. The CTNND2 protein was found at far higher levels in fetal brains than in adult brains or other tissues, Chakravarti says, so it likely plays a key role in brain development.</p> <p>While autism-causing variants in CTNND2 are very rare, Chakravarti says, the finding provides a window into the general biology of autism.</p> <p>"To devise new therapies, we need to have a good understanding of how the disease comes about in the first place," he says. "Genetics is a crucial way of doing that."</p> <p>Chakravarti's research group is now working to find the functions of the other three genes identified as possibly associated with autism. They plan to use the same principle to look for disease genes in future studies of 100 similar autism-affected families, as well as other illnesses.</p> <p>"We've shown that even for genetically complicated diseases, families that have an extreme presentation are very informative in identifying culprit genes and their functions—or, as geneticists are taught, 'treasure your exceptions.'" Chakravarti says.</p> <p>Other authors on the paper are Tychele N. Turner, Kamal Sharma, Maria X. Sosa, Dallas R. Auer, Stephan J. Sanders, Daniel Moreno-De-Luca, Vasyl Pihur, Christa Lese Martin, Matthew W. State, and Richard Huganir of The Johns Hopkins University; Edwin C. Oh, Yangfan P. Liu, and Nicholas Katsanis of Duke University; Ryan L. Collins, Harrison Brand, and Michael E. Talkowski of Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School; Teri Plona, Kristen Pike, and Daniel R. Soppet of Leidos Biomedical Research; Michael W. Smith of the National Human Genome Research Institute; SauWai Cheung of Baylor College of Medicine; and Edwin Cook of the University of Illinois at Chicago.</p> <p>This work was funded by grants from the Simons Foundation, the National Institute of Mental Health, and an Autism Speaks Dennis Weatherstone Predoctoral Fellowship.</p> http://hub.jhu.edu/2015/03/25/housing-market-in-advanced-and-emerging-economies Wed, 25 Mar 2015 13:45:00 -0400 Tremors in housing market pose greater risk to emerging economies, JHU researcher finds <p><em>Editor's Note: This article was originally published in the <a href="http://changingbusiness.johnshopkins.edu/">Spring 2015 issue of Changing Business</a></em></p> <p>As a nation's housing market goes, so goes its economy. Whether stable, volatile, strong, or weak, a country's housing market and its overall economy follow similar paths. That holds as true in an advanced economy, such as the U.S.'s, as it does in an emerging economy—Thailand's, for example, or Hungary's.</p> <p>But the reasons for ups and downs in the housing market are very different for advanced economies compared with emerging ones—a new insight that could have important implications for the global economy as the United States Federal Reserve considers raising interest rates for the first time since 2008.</p> <p><a href="http://carey.jhu.edu/faculty-research/directory/alessandro-rebucci-phd">Alessandro Rebucci</a>, an assistant professor at the Johns Hopkins Carey Business School, along with colleagues [Ambrogio Cesa-Bianchi] (http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/research/Pages/economists/staff/ambrogio_cesa_bianchi.aspx) of the Bank of England and <a href="http://www.uai.cl/noticias/profesor-luis-felipe-cespedes-proximo-ministro-de-economia">Luis Felipe Cespedes</a> of Universidad Adolfo Ibanez, describe this insight and the research that led them to it in an article titled "Global Liquidity, House Prices, and the Macroeconomy: Evidence from Advanced and Emerging Market Economies," forthcoming in the <em>Journal of Money, Credit and Banking</em>.</p> <p>Over the years, many emerging economies have experienced housing-based financial crises similar to the recent U.S. crisis. But with little or no data available on house prices in those countries, Rebucci says, economists have been unable to meaningfully compare the crises or glean information that might help buffer future downturns. So a few years ago, the researchers began building a data set of 1970-2012 house prices in 57 nations that represent more than 95 percent of the world's Gross Domestic Product, and have since used those data to explore differences between economies and the reasons behind the variations. They learned that house prices in emerging economies grow more slowly, shift more precipitously, and are more closely correlated with changes in international financial conditions.</p> <p>The researchers used their new data set to undertake three broad tasks. The first was to compare how housing prices behaved in emerging markets and in advanced markets. They found that prices in emerging markets varied more over time, acting as a potentially larger source of instability to their economies.</p> <p>Next, they wanted to learn what brings about such variation and instability. By measuring their data against financial conditions outside the nations' own economies—for example, changes in the international supply of credit—they found that these external disturbances affect housing prices and consumption two to three times more in emerging economies than in advanced ones.</p> <p>In the case of advanced economies, what matters is the role of the housing market within the context of that nation's overall economy. In emerging economies, the interaction between a nation's housing market and the global economy is the driving force.</p> <p>The researchers' final step was to try to understand why the two kinds of economies are so differently affected by outside forces. What is the mechanism responsible for such a large quantitative difference in impact? First, they manipulated their data to remove a country's housing sector from the analysis, letting the international supply of credit affect the economy without affecting housing. They discovered that this external force has a large impact in both advanced and emerging economies but operates through different pathways. In emerging economies, the impact occurs through changes in exchange rates, while in advanced economies it moves mainly through domestic channels.</p> <p>Next, they disconnected the component of the international supply of credit that works through the exchange rate and let it affect the housing sector. In this scenario, the exchange rate played a small role in advanced economies' consumption and housing markets, but it drove the majority of the impact in those of emerging economies. This distinction led the researchers to conclude that the housing sector is significant in both economies but, again, works though different channels. In the case of advanced economies, what matters is the role of the housing market within the context of that nation's overall economy. In emerging economies, the interaction between a nation's housing market and the global economy is the driving force.</p> <p>The experiments that the researchers conducted with their data sets, Rebucci says, are similar to those that will unfold in real life when the Fed likely raises interest rates later this year (as was expected at the time of this writing). Historically, big shifts in international financial conditions drain money from smaller economies, so economists need to be on the lookout for signs of trouble in emerging markets. And if trouble develops, it's more likely than ever before to spill over into larger economies. Until the early 2000s, when emerging economies were smaller and less interconnected, a small one's derailment caused few ripples. But the finances of most economies in the world have become increasingly intermingled, so advanced economies are more apt to feel the impact of a downturn in emerging economies.</p> <p>"If a few emerging economies go down, that will put a drag on the U.S.," Rebucci says. "Mexico is the second-largest trading partner of the U.S. If it runs into trouble, unlike 1994 our border states will feel the pain. If emerging Europe has a problem, it will complicate further the European situation and eventually will come back to haunt the U.S. A crisis in a large collection of interconnected small economies will be as bad as one in a very large business partner."</p> http://hub.jhu.edu/2015/03/24/peabody-symphony-orchestra-records-the-works-of-kevin-puts Tue, 24 Mar 2015 08:25:00 -0400 Peabody Symphony Orchestra, conductor Marin Alsop to record music of Pulitzer-winning composer Kevin Puts <p>The music of Pulitzer Prize-winning composer and <a href="http://www.peabody.jhu.edu">Peabody Conservatory</a> faculty artist <a href="http://www.kevinputs.com/">Kevin Puts</a> will be featured on a new recording by the Peabody Symphony Orchestra and conductor Marin Alsop, acclaimed music director of the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra and a member of Peabody's conducting faculty. The disc, slated for release on the Naxos label in 2016, will include Puts' Symphony No. 2 ("Island of Innocence") and his Flute Concerto, featuring the London Symphony Orchestra's celebrated principal flutist Adam Walker.</p> <p>This will mark the first major-label release for the Peabody Symphony Orchestra, and it will be recorded and produced by the conservatory's own internationally renowned Recording Arts Department. The project will begin this spring, during the time when Walker is in Baltimore to perform the East Coast premiere of the Flute Concerto with the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra. The symphony will be recorded in the fall, and a third Puts work, <em>River's Rush</em>, will complete the disc. California-based new music patrons Joe and Bette Hirsch are funding the project.</p> <p>"I am thrilled and deeply honored that—with the generous support of Joe and Bette Hirsch—Marin Alsop, Adam Walker, Peabody, and Naxos have all come together to produce an entire recording of my orchestral works," Puts said. "I am extremely grateful to Peabody Dean Fred Bronstein for facilitating what I know will be a fantastic representation of what our talented student body can achieve.</p> <p>"Maestra Alsop has presented my Symphony No. 2 and <em>River's Rush</em> at the Cabrillo Festival, and in fact the symphony is the work that first drew her to my music," Puts addeed. "My Flute Concerto was brilliantly premiered there by Mr. Walker to thunderous ovation, and I am delighted to share it with the world through this recording."</p> <p>Puts, winner of the 2012 Pulitzer Prize for his debut opera, <em>Silent Night</em>, has been hailed as one of the most important composers of his generation, critically acclaimed for his distinctive and richly colored musical voice. His impressive body of work for orchestra includes four symphonies and several concertos. His fifth symphony, co-commissioned by the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra for its 100th anniversary and Carnegie Hall for its 125th anniversary, will be premiered next year. In addition to his position on the faculty of the Peabody Institute, Puts is currently the Director of the Minnesota Orchestra Composer's Institute.</p> <p>"I have championed Kevin Puts' music for years, and I am delighted to work with the gifted young musicians in the Peabody Symphony Orchestra—and the brilliant Adam Walker—to bring this music to a wider audience," Alsop said. "I am inspired by the level of energy and enthusiasm around this project, and I'm looking forward to getting started."</p> <p>Added Bronstein: "This is such an exciting opportunity for our accomplished student musicians—both those performing on this recording and those engineering it. The project shines a spotlight on Peabody's commitment to contemporary music, with composers like Kevin Puts on our faculty. And to be able to work with Maestra Alsop—a major conductor with a keen interest in the training of young musicians—on a recording of this caliber is a very special experience that will serve students well in their future careers."</p> <p>According to his program note for the work, Puts' Symphony No. 2 makes reference to the sudden paradigmatic shift that followed the terrorist attacks of 9/11 in America. Commissioned by the Barlow Endowment for Music Composition at Brigham Young University, it was premiered in 2002 by the Cincinnati Symphony conducted by Paavo Jarvi.</p> <p>Puts' Flute Concerto was commissioned by Joe and Bette Hirsch and premiered at the Cabrillo Festival of Contemporary Music in 2013, with Carolyn Kuan conducting the Cabrillo Festival Orchestra. Alsop, the festival's music director, invited Walker to perform the premiere.</p> <p>"The Flute Concerto is a wonderful piece, which we cannot wait for music-lovers everywhere to hear and love as we do," Joe Hirsch said.</p> <p>Added Bette Hirsch: "Joe and I feel such a special connection to the Flute Concerto. Through this recording project, we are both very happy to be able to share with others our enthusiasm for this compelling contemporary music."</p> <p>Alsop made history with her appointment as the 12th music director of the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra, becoming the first woman to head a major American orchestra. Also music director of the Sao Paulo Symphony Orchestra and the Cabrillo Festival of Contemporary Music, and on the conducting faculty of the Peabody Conservatory, Alsop is recognized across the world for her innovative approach to programming and for her deep commitment to education and audience development. She is the only conductor to receive the prestigious MacArthur Fellowship, and has guest-conducted many of the world's great orchestras.</p> <p>In 2009, at the age of 21, Walker was appointed principal flute of the London Symphony Orchestra and received the Outstanding Young Artist Award at MIDEM Classique in Cannes. In 2010 he won a Borletti-Buitoni Trust Fellowship and was shortlisted for the Royal Philharmonic Society Outstanding Young Artist Award. Walker has performed as soloist with leading ensembles including the Vienna Chamber Orchestra, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Hallé, Bournemouth Symphony, City of Birmingham Symphony, BBC National Orchestra of Wales, RTÉ National Symphony, Seattle Symphony, and the Seoul Philharmonic.</p> <p>To purchase or rent Kevin Puts' music, visit <a href="http://www.billholabmusic.com">billholabmusic.com</a>.</p> http://hub.jhu.edu/2015/03/23/orchkids-shriver-hall-concert Mon, 23 Mar 2015 15:45:00 -0400 BSO's OrchKids bring improvisational, collaborative concert to JHU's Shriver Hall <p>Young musicians from <a href="http://bsomusic.org/education-community/young-musicians/orchkids.aspx">Baltimore Symphony Orchestra's OrchKids program</a> took the stage at Shriver Hall on Friday afternoon for a lively concert featuring original compositions that encouraged students to entertain their creative urges—like break dancing on a whim, or assuming center stage for a solo.</p> <p>The seventh annual Creative Connections performance paired students from Baltimore City Public Schools with musicians from the United Kingdom's Guildhall School of Music and Drama, other arts organizations, and schools in Baltimore City for a week of creative workshops, culminating in the Shriver Hall performance.</p> <p>More than 150 students from Lockerman Bundy and Mary Ann Winterling elementary schools, Booker T. Washington Middle School, and New Song Academy Elementary/Middle School (among others) gathered to present this improvisational performance to students from public schools in East Baltimore, including the <a href="http://hendersonhopkins.org">Henderson-Hopkins school</a>, which Johns Hopkins helps operate.</p> <p>OrchKids is a year-round music program that puts instruments in the hands of students from Baltimore City Public Schools. Daniel Trahey, a Peabody alum and the group's artistic director, was instrumental in its creation.</p> <p>The event was sponsored by JHU's East Baltimore Community Affairs Office.</p> http://hub.jhu.edu/2015/03/23/hopkins-virginia-lacrosse Mon, 23 Mar 2015 08:25:00 -0400 Men's lacrosse: Virginia's late rally caps wild win at Johns Hopkins <p>In a game that featured nine ties and six lead changes, a decisive rally from seventh-ranked Virginia <a href="http://www.hopkinssports.com/sports/m-lacros/recaps/032115aaa.html">lifted it to a 16-15 overtime win against the Johns Hopkins men's lacrosse team</a> on Saturday.</p> <p>The No. 19 Blue Jays (3-5) trailed 13-12 before netting three goals in a four-minute span midway through the fourth quarter to grab a 15-13 lead. JHU then had a 30-second 6-on-4 advantage at the 2:45 mark, but the Cavaliers defense held and that set the stage for a wild ending. Virginia (6-2) scored twice in the final 94 seconds of regulation, then got the game-winner from Greg Coholan 1:31 into overtime to claim the victory.</p> <p>Holden Cattoni paced Hopkins with four goals, the last of which came with 4:43 to play and staked JHU to a two-goal lead. Joel Tinney added three goals and two assists, and Cody Radziewicz had two goals.</p> <p>Johns Hopkins plays its first-ever Big Ten Conference game when it hosts Rutgers on Saturday at 2 p.m.</p> <p><strong>Also see:</strong> <a href="http://www.hopkinssports.com/sports/m-lacros/stats/2014-2015/0321-uva.html">box score</a></p> http://hub.jhu.edu/2015/03/21/trustee-emeritus-a-james-clark-dies Sat, 21 Mar 2015 12:35:00 -0400 Construction executive, Johns Hopkins trustee emeritus A. James Clark dies at 87 <p>Philanthropist A. James Clark, a trustee emeritus of Johns Hopkins University and Johns Hopkins Medicine and a construction engineer and executive for more than 60 years, died Friday. He was 87.</p> <p>The cause was congestive heart failure, Robert J. Flanagan, executive vice president of Clark Enterprises Inc., <a href="http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/a-james-clark-who-built-empire-of-concrete-and-glass-dies-at-87/2015/03/20/4828ff74-cf42-11e4-8c54-ffb5ba6f2f69_story.html">told <em>The Washington Post</em></a>.</p> <p>Clark, who served on the university's board for 10 years beginning in 1988, was a major supporter of engineering education and research at Johns Hopkins. In 1998, the chairman and CEO of Clark Enterprises announced a $10 million gift—then tied as the eighth-largest in Johns Hopkins history—supporting construction of a 55,000-square foot biomedical engineering building at Homewood.</p> <p>"I have spent most of my life in the construction side of engineering, and the success I have achieved is in this field," he said at the time of the Clark Hall gift. "But, in today's world, contributions from all fields of engineering—biomedical, environmental, civil, mechanical, electrical, and all the rest—are vitally important to the future of humanity. I think it's incumbent on all of us who have been successful to provide the financial resources to educate and train our future engineering leaders."</p> <p><strong>Also see:</strong> <a href="http://www.forbes.com/sites/chloesorvino/2015/03/21/a-james-clark-who-built-construction-fortune-dies-at-87/">Billionaire A. James Clark, who built construction fortune, dies at 87</a> (<em>Forbes</em>)</p> <p>In 2008, he gave Johns Hopkins another $10 million to endow the deanship of the Whiting School of Engineering in honor of his mentor and business colleague Benjamin T. Rome, a 1925 Johns Hopkins graduate he deeply admired.</p> <p>"Ben Rome was not only my first boss but a wonderful mentor as well," Clark said at the time. "I owe much of my success, and the success of our business, to Ben. He was a great friend and teacher, and I am honored to be able to memorialize his name at his alma mater."</p> <p>The university awarded Clark an honorary doctorate in 1999, noting that he had originally wanted to pursue architecture at an Ivy League university, but because of "limited finances," instead studied engineering at the University of Maryland. "Architecture's loss has been engineering's gain," the citation said. "Instead of designing buildings, you became one of the nation's foremost builders of them."</p> <p>"Jim Clark helped transform the architecture of our university, through the buildings he built and the programs he supported across our campuses, from Homewood's Clark Hall to the hospital towers in East Baltimore, to the Benjamin T. Rome deanship of the Whiting School of Engineering," Johns Hopkins University President Ronald J. Daniels said. "We remain grateful for his decades of wise counsel, great friendship, and enduring vision for our university."</p> <p>Clark had been CEO of Clark Enterprises, the Bethesda, Maryland, parent of companies including Clark Construction Group LLC, one of the nation's largest privately held general building contractors.</p> <p>"We are deeply saddened by the loss of our friend and colleague," a <a href="http://www.clarkenterprisesinc.com/a-james-clark/">statement from the company</a> said. "The Clark name is associated with many iconic places in our hometowns. We play ball at Nationals Park and Petco Field, care for wounded warriors at the Walter Reed National Military Center, travel to destinations near and far from the Central Terminal at Atlanta's Hartsfield Airport, and work for a better future at the U.S. Institute for Peace.</p> <p>"These are just a few examples of the lasting legacy of Jim Clark's life and work."</p> <p>Clark joined George Hyman Construction Co.—one of Clark Construction's predecessors—straight out of college, rising quickly from field engineer to estimator to executive. In 1959, just nine years after graduating from Maryland, he became the company's vice president and general manager, reporting to Rome.</p> <p>Clark took over as president and CEO in the late 1960s and, over time, built a nationwide construction company with 4,200 employees in 10 cities. He also expanded the company into real estate, development, private equity and venture capital, and financial markets.</p> <p>Among the company's best-known construction projects in its home region are sports venues (Oriole Park at Camden Yards and M&T Bank Stadium in Baltimore, Washington's Verizon Center and Nationals Park, and FedEx Field in Prince George's County), museums (the National Museum of African American History and Culture, the National Museum of the American Indian, and the National Museum of Women in the Arts), and the international terminals at Baltimore-Washington International and Dulles International airports.</p> <p>At Johns Hopkins, the company also built Clark Hall, the hospital's recently completed Sheikh Zayed Tower and Charlotte R. Bloomberg Children's Center, the Bunting Blaustein and Koch cancer research buildings and the 929 Apartments for graduate students just north of the medical campus.</p> <p>Clark also served as a member of the University of Maryland's Board of Regents and as honorary trustee of the University of Maryland College Park Foundation. In 1994, he made a $15 million gift to the engineering school at College Park, now known as the A. James Clark School of Engineering.</p> http://hub.jhu.edu/2015/03/20/foot-locker-teurlai-exhibit Fri, 20 Mar 2015 10:00:00 -0400 Mass production meets modern art in contemporary clay exhibition 'Foot Locker' <p>The contemporary sneaker looks like an ancient relic. Sure, in shape, details, and brand markings it looks like the kind of Nike athletic shoe seen on the feet of people walking around malls, working out in gyms, and dancing in nightclubs across the country. But this particular sneaker, one of the nearly 100 shoes and roughly 25 flip-back caps fabricated by French artist <a href="http://thomasteurlai.tumblr.com/">Thomas Teurlai</a> for his <em>Foot Locker</em> exhibition, is both familiar and surreal.</p> <p>The shoe itself is a hollow sculpture of unfired clay, made from a cast of one of Teurlai's own sneakers. And sometimes the clay comes out of the cast reluctantly, resulting in an irregular product, the kind typically shuttered off to discount stores or third-world markets. The shoe's shape is distorted—a sidewall has ripped, all the surfaces rough and gnarly. And yet there it is among the other clay shoes and caps, proudly displayed on ceiling-mounted shelving as if in a mall sneaker store—though it looks like it was pulled from an archeological dig.</p> <p>The trenchant tension of retrofitting old with new, mixing mass production with found object, juxtaposing dominant cultures with downstream economies, runs throughout <em>Foot Locker</em>, Teurlai's American solo debut, which will be on view today and Saturday from 4-7 p.m., at the <a href="http://us10.campaign-archive2.com/?u=1a102fa1458403c8b2830954a&id=08562d351e&e=941601eab0">Copycat Building</a> at 1501 Guilford Ave., in Baltimore's Station North Arts and Entertainment District.</p> <p>The show was curated and organized by Johns Hopkins senior Joseph Shaikewitz, a <a href="http://arthist.jhu.edu/">History of Art</a> major and <a href="http://krieger.jhu.edu/museums-society/">Program in Museums & Society</a> minor who spent his junior year in Paris, where he first saw Teurlai's work at the <a href="http://palaisdetokyo.com/en/exhibition/modules-fondation-pierre-berge-yves-saint-laurent/thomas-teurlai">Palais de Tokyo</a>. That exhibition include a mixed-media piece called "Gong," a large square of laminated sheet glass that had been cracked suspended from the ceiling with a low-frequency transducer mounted in the center of it. The effect, <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1K4S9c1nOww">as documented in this video</a>, is something like an industrial accident waiting to happen: a large glass pane that looks like it may splinter at any moment. Shaikewitz <a href="http://www.jhunewsletter.com/2015/03/12/station-north-opens-foot-locker-art-space-27720/">told the <em>News-Letter</em></a> that he saw parallels between Teurlai's site-specific work and the creative sensibility of Baltimore artists, and with the support of an Andrew W. Mellon <a href="http://krieger.jhu.edu/research/opp/arts-innovation-grants/">Arts Innovation Grant</a> and the <a href="http://krieger.jhu.edu/museums-society/">Johns Hopkins University Program in Museums & Society</a>, he was able to invite Teurlai to Baltimore.</p> <p>Teurlai appears to have a knack for subversive innovation, creating functionally aware installations crafted from scavenged or affordably recycled/repurposed parts and which acknowledge the spaces in which they're installed. Baltimore gallery/artist hub <a href="http://area405.com/">Area 405</a> provided Shaikewitz and Teurlai with workspace, and during a studio visit a week prior to the <a href="https://www.facebook.com/events/393488384158509">March 6 opening</a>, Teurlai said that he wanted to respond to the Copycat building's origins (it was built in 1897 as the manufacturing complex for the <a href="http://explore.baltimoreheritage.org/items/show/79#.VQsbphDF_2c">Crown Cork & Seal Company</a>, which made bottle caps) and incorporate some clay techniques and observations he made during a project in Africa. What he came up with turns the old factory's belly into a sneaker store where the improvised manufacturing process is revealed.</p> <p>For the installation, five hanging racks of shoes and caps form three-quarters of a rectangle in the space. Each rack looks like a five-rows-by-five-columns retail display, lit from above by a fluorescent light. Slightly off center from this display area is plastic-lined bucket, into which a continuous stream of clay-red water rushes. The area immediately surrounding it is littered with cap and shoe carcasses, a graveyard of failed products. And a few long strides away from that bucket is a metal barrel transformed into a ceramic oven, with a few broken caps and shoes littering the area around it. When lit, this oven is both impressive and a little intimidating.</p> <p>The overall impression is that of an artisan's home studio showroom, like that of a potter who keeps a few wares on hand to show potential clients. And <em>Foot Locker</em>'s wares are what give the show its sneaky bite. Teurlai uses his do-it-yourself production model to make ludicrous fashion accessories. Neither these sneakers nor caps could actually be worn, but they're still instantly recognizable as the kinds of items that have risen from <a href="http://www.complex.com/style/2014/04/high-fashion-sneaker-culture-menswear">streetwear to high fashion</a>—so much so that the Brooklyn Museum of Art will host an exhibit called <a href="http://www.brooklynmuseum.org/exhibitions/rise_of_sneaker_culture/"><em>The Rise of Sneaker Culture</em></a> this summer. Like the striking work of First Nations artist <a href="http://www.nmai.si.edu/exhibitions/jungen/works.html">Brian Jungen</a>, who has wittily repurposed sneakers and athletic gear, using these objects as part of a visual vocabulary harnesses the global sprawl of their chain as commodities: cheap overseas labor mass produces products for American brands to sell worldwide.</p> <p>Teurlai highjacks that process: he's made an impractical iteration of that commodity chain. And it's the rack of baseball caps that spotlight this impish streak. The hat cast for <em>Foot Locker</em> is one for the Dallas Cowboys, aka "America's Team." It's a cruelly cheeky comment on how American corporate brands export their products the world over, and how people hither and yon remake, remix, and transforms those products with whatever tools and materials they have on hand.</p> <p><em>Foot Locker</em> is Shaikewitz's senior capstone project, though not his first attempt at putting his still-forming ideas about art exhibition into a practice. He put together an art book collection about displaying contemporary art that netted him <a href="http://hub.jhu.edu/gazette/2013/may/this-month-books-student-collections#">second place</a> in the annual <a href="http://blogs.library.jhu.edu/wordpress/2014/11/calling-all-bibliophiles-the-sweren-student-book-collecting-contest-is-open/">Betty and Edgar Sweren Student Book Collecting Contest</a>. Through a <a href="http://hub.jhu.edu/gazette/2013/august/museum-curators-internships">summer curatorial internship</a> at the <a href="http://www.phillipscollection.org/">Phillips Collection</a> in Washington D.C., he was able to work on <a href="http://www.phillipscollection.org/events/2013-10-24-exhibition-shaping-modern-identity-lichtenberg"><em>Shaping A Modern Identity: Portraits From The Joseph And Charlotte Lichtenberg Collection</em></a>. He <a href="https://blogs.hopkins-interactive.com/joseph/2013/03/art-history-meet-the-real-world-co-curating-stranger-self/">co-curated</a> the group show <a href="http://galleryca.org/stranger-self/"><em>Stranger Self</em></a> at <a href="http://galleryca.org/">Gallery CA</a> in the <a href="http://bmoreart.com/2013/04/stranger-self-at-gallery-ca-reviewed-by-cara-ober.html">spring of 2013</a>. And now he's shepherded <em>Foot Locker</em>, which he documented on his <a href="https://blogs.hopkins-interactive.com/joseph/2015/03/foot-locker/">Oh, the Humanities! blog</a>. The show ends this weekend, and it's worth checking out.</p> http://hub.jhu.edu/2015/03/20/ncaa-d3-swimming-day-two Fri, 20 Mar 2015 08:33:00 -0400 JHU's Bogdanovski claims 2nd national title at DIII swimming championships <p>Johns Hopkins senior swimmer <a href="http://www.hopkinssports.com/sports/w-swim/recaps/031915aaa.html">Ana Bogdanovski won her second national title in a many days Thursday</a> at the Division III championship meet in Shenandoah, Texas, winning the 200-meter freestyle for the second consecutive year.</p> <p>Bogdanovski finished in 1:46.69 to win by eight-tenths of a second and claim her the fourth individual NCAA title of her career. A day earlier she won the 50 freestyle for the second year in a row, and she has also contributed to five relay wins at nationals.</p> <p>JHU's women's team sits in fifth place after two days of the NCAA DIII meet with 73 points, well behind first-place Emory (323.5).</p> <p>On the men's side, <a href="http://www.hopkinssports.com/sports/m-swim/recaps/031915aaa.html">sophomore Evan Holder broke the school record in the 200 free</a> en route to a fourth-place finish. His time in the finals (1:37.77) was just off the school-record pace (1:37.42) he set in prelims.</p> <p>The Blue Jays are seventh overall in the team standings; Kenyon sits in first place.</p> <p>The Division III national swimming championships continue through Saturday. Fans can see <a href="http://www.collegeswimming.us/results/28723/">live results</a> and <a href="http://www.ncaa.com/liveschedule">video</a> online.</p> http://hub.jhu.edu/2015/03/19/mercury-orbit-messenger-spacecraft Thu, 19 Mar 2015 15:26:00 -0400 With mission's end in sight, Messenger marks four years in Mercury orbit <p>On the evening of March 17, 2011, the Messenger spacecraft—built and operated by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Maryland—made history when it became the first to orbit Mercury. Over the past four years, Messenger's instruments have fully mapped the surface of our solar system's innermost planet and yielded discoveries that have changed views on how the inner planets formed and evolved.</p> <p>"Messenger truly is an extraordinary mission," said Peter Bedini, a senior management advisor and former project manager for the mission. "When it began its primary mission four years ago, the spacecraft had already traveled almost five billion miles and completed six planetary encounters. During its pre-orbital Mercury flybys alone, Messenger collected as much data as Mariner 10—the only other spacecraft ever to visit the innermost planet—and began addressing questions about Mercury that had remained unanswered for more than 30 years."</p> <p>After more than 10 years in flight, Messenger and its scientific instruments remain remarkably healthy, but the spacecraft's propulsion system is running on fumes. The force of solar gravity continues to perturb the spacecraft orbit in a manner that drives the probe downward toward the planet's surface with each approach, and the tanks of propellant, which needed to boost the spacecraft to higher altitudes, are running dry.</p> <p>On Wednesday, the team conducted the first of five final orbit-correction maneuvers designed to keep Messenger in orbit up to four weeks longer, possibly as late as April 30. But sometime within the next few months, Messenger will inevitably crash into Mercury's surface.</p> <p>"The success of Messenger is a direct result of the talent and dedication of the team that designed and built it more than a decade ago, and of those who have operated it and directed the science data collection since launch in 2004," said Helene Winters, Messenger's current project manager. "The results of this Discovery-class mission have rewritten the book on Mercury and filled an important gap in our understanding of our Solar System."</p> <p>The mission has also contributed to NASA's technology base, said David Grant, who served as the mission's project manager for five years, overseeing the development, integration, testing, and launch of the spacecraft and subsequent mission operations, including the Earth flyby and two Venus flybys.</p> <p>Grant offers two examples:</p> <ul> <li><p>Messenger is the first mission to utilize "solar sailing," that is, to correct the trajectory of the spacecraft with the Sun's radiation, saving propellant and extending mission operations.</p></li> <li><p>The project is also the first to use SciBox, an automated science planning and commanding tool, for all data acquisition. Given spacecraft operational constraints and instrument operational constraints and objectives, the tool provides the science planner with an optimized set of opportunities to take observations and produces an integrated command sequence for the payload.</p></li> </ul> <p>Messenger—short for Mercury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry, and Ranging—is a NASA-sponsored scientific investigation of the planet Mercury and the first space mission designed to orbit the planet closest to the sun. The spacecraft was launched on August 3, 2004.</p> http://hub.jhu.edu/2015/03/19/ncaa-d3-swimming-championships Thu, 19 Mar 2015 08:29:00 -0400 Two Johns Hopkins swimmers win national titles on first day of DIII championships <p>Johns Hopkins swimmers captured two national titles on the first night of the Division III men's swimming championships in Shenandoah, Texas, on Wednesday, with senior Ana Bogdanovski repeating as champion in the 50-meter freestyle and sophomore Andrew Greenhalgh setting a national record in the 500 freestyle.</p> <p><a href="http://www.hopkinssports.com/sports/m-swim/recaps/031815aaa.html">Greenhalgh became the Blue Jays' first national champion in the 500 free since 1981</a>, and his time of 4:20.60 set a Division III record. Greenhalgh's win was good for 20 points for JHU's men's team, which also got a third-place finish from sophomore Evan Holder in the 200 individual medley.</p> <p>The Blue Jays are in sixth place after the first day with 46 points. Kenyon is in first place with 109 points.</p> <p>On the women's side, <a href="http://www.hopkinssports.com/sports/w-swim/recaps/031815aaa.html">Bogdanovski won her second consecutive national title in the 50 free</a>—and the third individual national title of her career—with a time of 22.85, just off her 2014 winning time of 22.80. Johns Hopkins has 68 points, good for fifth place overall. Emory currently sits in first place in the team standings with 135.5 points.</p> <p>The Division III national swimming championships continue through Saturday. Fans can see <a href="http://www.collegeswimming.us/results/28723/">live results</a> and <a href="http://www.ncaa.com/liveschedule">video</a> online.</p> http://hub.jhu.edu/2015/03/18/coach-janine-tucker-today-show Wed, 18 Mar 2015 12:17:00 -0400 JHU women's lacrosse coach Janine Tucker to appear on NBC's 'Today Show' <p>Johns Hopkins women's lacrosse coach Janine Tucker will appear on NBC's <em>Today Show</em> on Thursday as part of its series on kids and sports.</p> <p>Tucker, whose <a href="http://www.laxmagazine.com/high_school/recruiting/2013-14/news/090214_why_college_lacrosse_coaches_prefer_multi-sport_athletes">comments in the December issue of <em>Lacrosse Magazine</em></a> on recruiting multi-sport athletes caught the attention of <em>Today Show</em> producers, will be a guest in the 10 a.m. hour. She will talk with co-hosts Hoda Kotb and Kathie Lee Gifford about coaching, recruiting, and her advice to parents.</p> <p>"Of the recruits we see, one of the first questions I ask is, 'Do you play basketball?'" Tucker told <em>Lacrosse Magazine</em>. "If they do, they understand angles, footwork and how to get low on defense. Those are critical skill sets for basketball players that are engrained in their heads. We also love soccer players, because they can run all day. Those skill sets translate into our game. There's pressure for kids to specialize in lacrosse. I see it backfiring. Often it's the parents who want to their kids to specialize. That's dicey. A lot of these lacrosse recruits are on teams that go 20-0. If you play soccer and are on a .500 team, you learn to manage tough losses and pick yourself back up. That's an invaluable experience as you grow."</p> <p>Tucker, in her 21st year leading the Blue Jays, is the winningest coach in the history of the women's lacrosse program with a 240-127 career record. Hopkins has made eight NCAA tournament appearances during her tenure, and she has coached 23 All-Americans.</p> <p>Johns Hopkins currently owns a 4-2 record and is ranked 19th nationally. The Blue Jays visit Furman today at 5:30 p.m. in Greenville, S.C.</p> <p><strong>Watch the segment:</strong> <a href="http://www.today.com/klgandhoda/benefits-your-kids-playing-sports-2D80552637">Today.com</a></p>