Hub Headlines from the Johns Hopkins news network Hub Mon, 02 May 2016 12:45:00 -0400 Human Library at Johns Hopkins challenges participants to go beyond stereotypes <p>Muslim. Single Mother. Alcoholic. Gay Pastor. Refugee. Clinical Depression. Black Woman. Asian Woman. Mexican. Eating Disorder. Misophoniac. Asperger's. Polyamorous. The 13 participants in Johns Hopkins University's recent Human Library project dropped their individual names and assumed "book" titles as they waited to be borrowed.</p> <p>These individuals were on loan temporarily as part of a day-long event held at Brody Learning Commons and hosted by junior Selma Ahmed, who won a $2,500 Diversity Innovation Grant to support the project via the university's <a href="">Idea Lab crowdsourcing website</a>.</p> <p>"The vision we had was to simply be a conversation where you can talk to someone who you wouldn't have otherwise talked to in your normal day to day," Ahmed said. "The human books represent different social groups that are generally stigmatized."</p> <p>The idea behind the Human Library concept—which began in Denmark 16 years ago and has since been replicated in more than 60 countries—is to create a space where difficult questions are welcomed and vulnerability is encouraged.</p> <p> <div class="teaser featured-teaser article has-image"> <div class="thumbnail"> <a href=""><img src="//" alt="" /></a> </div> <div class="teaser-text"> <h5 class="overline">Feedback wanted</h5> <h2><a href="">Diversity and inclusion roadmap</a></h2> <div class="summary">Submit a comment or share an idea related to the draft version of the Johns Hopkins University Roadmap on Diversity and Inclusion </div> </div> </div> </p> <p>Ahmed says a lecture series in one of her public health classes helped show her the value of such exchanges. One speaker who stood out was a formerly incarcerated man with a history of drug-related violence, who told the class about his experience re-integrating into society.</p> <p>Johns Hopkins University sophomore Colette Aroh—identified only by her title, Black Woman—was among the participants.</p> <p>"I was really interested in just what the event was about—with having people have these open discussions in vulnerable spaces," she said.</p> <p>Aroh was "loaned out" two times during the event and spoke frankly with both people—one a friend who specifically requested Aroh, the other an alum who selected her based on her title. Aroh talked about her identity as a Nigerian-American and the way mental health functions within that community.</p> <p>"For me, [the title Black Woman] means something different," she said. "I'm addressing that, yes, it is a part of my identity and part of who I am, but here's what it means for me.</p> <p>"We didn't realize we had similar views because we were nervous about having these conversations with each other, and we realized that we had a lot of shared experiences. It's like 'Oh my gosh, why didn't we talk about this earlier?'"</p> Mon, 02 May 2016 08:15:00 -0400 Johns Hopkins students to show off creative solutions to real-world problems at annual Design Days <p>It's crunch time across the <a href="">Whiting School of Engineering</a>, as students labor—sometimes around the clock—in laboratories and design spaces to put the finishing touches on projects. Their creations range from a small hovering aircraft that can land in a tree branch as effortlessly as a bird to a hand-held device that enables breast cancer treatment in rural clinics.</p> <p>"If we haven't been here quite 24 hours a day, it sometimes feels like it," says David Levi, a senior mechanical engineering major, looking around the department's cluttered senior design space in the basement of the Wyman Park building, where he and teammates are refining their prototype. "It's lucky that we have this awesome area with couches, so we can crash if we get too tired. Design Day is almost here."</p> <p>Held annually in early May, the Whiting School's Engineering Design Days are a rite of passage: a chance for students in disciplines such as mechanical engineering, civil engineering, biomedical engineering, materials science, and electrical and computer engineering to prove that they can translate theoretical knowledge into creative, practical solutions to real-world problems.</p> <p><div class="pullquote"> "They have to apply everything they have learned in the classroom and lab to a problem that doesn't yet have a solution." <div class="cite">Nicholas Durr, CBID director of undergraduate programs</div> </div> </p> <p>During these events, which will take place on Tuesday, student teams make presentations about their designs to sponsors and mentors from industry and government, faculty members, clinicians, and fellow students. Presentations can include prototypes, posters, and demonstrations, or a combination thereof.</p> <p>"Each student design team focuses on solving a real-world clinical problem. In this process, they have to apply everything they have learned in the classroom and lab to a problem that doesn't yet have a solution," says <a href="">Nicholas Durr</a>, assistant professor in the <a href="">Department of Biomedical Engineering</a> and director of undergraduate programs within the <a href="">Center for Bioengineering Innovation and Design</a>. "In biomedical engineering, our mission is to educate future leaders who will make an impact on health care. Senior design is a critical part of this education."</p> <p>This year, BME will host two design events: its annual <a href="">BME Design Day</a>, in which undergraduate and graduate students showcase their creations, as well as a first-ever Student Healthcare Design Competition, open to student teams from across Johns Hopkins. Held on JHU's East Baltimore medical campus, both events run from 1-8 p.m.</p> <p>One finalist in the Student Healthcare Design Competition is a team led by senior BME major Monica Rex. The team's device—a small, hand-held probe that uses extreme cold to kill breast cancer cells—typifies the BME projects, which are created in response to a clinical need. Rex traveled last summer to rural South Africa and was inspired to develop the device after observing the lack of therapeutic options for women there diagnosed with breast cancer.</p> <p>"Our goal was to adapt a current technology used to treat cervical cancer so that it could be used to treat breast cancer," Rex explains.</p> <p>On the Homewood campus, students in the departments of civil engineering, mechanical engineering, materials science, and electrical and computer engineering also will be presenting their projects during Design Day:</p> <ul> <li><p><strong>The Department of Civil Engineering</strong> event runs from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. in Hackerman Hall B-17. There, student teams will present their plans for improvements to Frank Lloyd Wright's "Fallingwater" historic site in Mill Run, Pennsylvania.</p></li> <li><p><strong>The Department of Mechanical Engineering</strong> Design Day runs 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. in Hodson Hall 210 and adjacent foyer. Sixteen teams will present prototypes and plans for projects ranging from a prosthesis that enables female veterans to wear high heels to the development of advanced materials for use in athletic wear.</p></li> <li><p><strong>The Department of Materials Science and Engineering</strong> event runs from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. in the Great Hall at Levering. Teams will present plans, designs, and prototypes for projects such as a vest that helps monitor the success of cystic fibrosis medications and a lab-on-a-chip assay for detection of a malaria biomarker in blood.</p></li> <li><p><strong>The Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering</strong> will hold its Design Day from noon to 5 p.m. in the Glass Pavilion. Projects to be presented include a "smart" coffee mug that keeps beverages at a sustained temperature, a new style of intercom system, and a cervical consistency diagnostic tool.</p></li> <li><p><strong>The Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering</strong> will hold its Senior Design Day at 4:30 p.m on Tuesday, May 10 in Gilman Hall 132. Student teams will present their plans for "Storm Water Management for Fort Meade" before professional partners from the Army Corps of Engineers, as well as department faculty and fellow students.</p></li> <li><p><strong>The Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering</strong>'s Design Day was held from 1:30 to 3:30 p.m. on April 29 in the Mattin Center. Students presented project prototypes that included a hot drink temperature indicator, a disappearing dry erase marker, a post-surgery biodegradable chemotherapy implant, and a hydrophilic coating that prevents chewing gum from sticking to surfaces.</p></li> </ul> Mon, 02 May 2016 08:00:00 -0400 Men's lacrosse: Late run lifts No. 3 Maryland past Hopkins <p>Maryland's men's lacrosse team used a five-goal second-half run to <a href="">pull away for an 11-8 victory against Johns Hopkins</a> on Saturday at Homewood Field in the regular-season finale for both teams. With the win, Maryland secured the Big Ten Conference regular-season title.</p> <p>The No. 9 Blue Jays (8-5, 3-2 Big Ten) got back-to-back goals from senior Ryan Brown to tie the score at 6 midway through the third quarter. But the Terps (12-2, 5-0) took charge from there, holding Hopkins scoreless for more than 22 minutes to pull away for the win.</p> <p>The game marked the 114th meeting between the two schools; JHU leads the all-time series 71-42-1.</p> <p>Brown score three goals and added two assists to become the 10th player in Hopkins history to reach 200 points for his career. Brown's three goals give him 154 for his career, tying him with Brian Piccola for second in school history.</p> <p>Hopkins returns to action on Thursday at Homewood Field for a Big Ten Conference tournament game. The Blue Jays, the tournament's No. 3 seed, take on second-seeded Rutgers.</p> <p><strong>Also see:</strong> <a href="">Complete Hopkins-Maryland box score</a></p> Fri, 29 Apr 2016 15:00:00 -0400 Peabody Pop-Ups take city by (musical) storm <p>It seems that dining isn't the only industry in the midst of a pop-up craze.</p> <p>Four musical troupes from the Peabody Conservatory performed surprise concerts Thursday, bringing classical and popular music to schools, medical centers, retail establishments, and iconic city sites including the Enoch Pratt Free Library, Penn Station, and Baltimore City Hall. The student troupes—including brass quartets and quintets, violinists, guitarists, pianists, and vocalists—also performed across sites on Johns Hopkins campuses, including the Billings Rotunda, and the entrance of the Milton S. Eisenhower Library, and also at the Henderson-Hopkins school in East Baltimore.</p> <p>"Peabody Pop-Ups give our students an opportunity to build community and connect with our neighbors by offering music in unexpected places," said <a href="">Sarah Hoover</a>, special assistant to the dean at Peabody. "They also learn a lot about performing in unusual spaces and engaging with audiences. So we're just thrilled to have been able to expand the scope and have such a great impact this year."</p> Fri, 29 Apr 2016 15:00:00 -0400 Johns Hopkins undergraduate tuition to increase 3.5%; financial aid budget to rise <p>Tuition for full-time liberal arts and engineering undergraduates at the Johns Hopkins University will increase 3.5 percent this fall while the financial aid budget supporting those students rises 5 percent.</p> <p>The increase of $1,700 will bring 2016-2017 full tuition to $50,410 for undergraduates in the university's <a href="">Krieger School of Arts and Sciences</a> and <a href="">Whiting School of Engineering</a>. The nearly 5,400 undergraduates in those schools study at the university's Homewood campus in northern Baltimore.</p> <p>Nearly half of Homewood undergraduate students—about 48 percent—receive need-based aid from the university and do not pay the full tuition price. The average grant aid to those students covers nearly two-thirds of the total cost of attendance, which includes tuition, fees, room and board.</p> <p>The total 2016-2017 undergraduate aid budget for the Krieger and Whiting schools will be a record $88 million, up $5 million from the current year. That's a 14 percent increase over the past two years and a 73 percent boost since 2009.</p> <p>The university's president since then, <a href="">Ronald J. Daniels</a>, has made undergraduate financial aid a priority. Johns Hopkins recently announced that its fundraising campaign, <a href=""><em>Rising to the Challenge</em></a>, has been extended a year, to June 2018. Among its goals for the extended campaign, the university aims to add $55 million to the $60 million already raised for endowed undergraduate aid.</p> <p>The Krieger and Whiting schools have now limited undergraduate tuition hikes to 3.5 percent for four years in a row and kept them below 4 percent for eight straight years; those eight years represent the eight smallest tuition increase percentages since the 1974-1975 academic year.</p> <p>While restraining tuition increases, Johns Hopkins continues to aggressively check the growth of expenses. The university, for instance, has been making procurement changes and has identified potential savings of roughly $15 million a year university-wide on items like office supplies, computer hardware and software, temporary labor, laboratory equipment maintenance and travel.</p> <p>Tuition supports both ongoing costs and enhancements in the student experience, including faculty recruitment; undergraduate research opportunities; library and classroom enhancements; and investments in student health and wellness, information technology, security and other important student services.</p> <p>Homewood room and board rates—for a typical double room and 19-meal-per-week board plan—will climb 3 percent this fall, to $14,976. That will bring the total cost of tuition, room and board to $65,386, up 3.4 percent from the current academic year.</p> <p><strong>Tuition for other Johns Hopkins undergraduates</strong></p> <p>A 3.5 percent tuition increase will also apply to the nearly 300 undergraduate musicians studying full-time at the university's Peabody Conservatory at Baltimore's Mount Vernon Place. Their 2016-2017 tuition will be $44,122, up $1,491 from the current $42,631.</p> <p>The School of Nursing is ending its undergraduate program at the end of the 2015-2016 academic year. It will now focus on educating advanced practice and research nurses at the master's and doctoral levels.</p> Fri, 29 Apr 2016 13:00:00 -0400 Johns Hopkins launches new online master's degree in financial mathematics <p><a href="">Johns Hopkins Engineering for Professionals</a>, the division of Johns Hopkins University Whiting School of Engineering that administers online and part-time graduate programs, has launched a new financial mathematics master's degree program that can be completed online.</p> <p>"Today's world economy and global financial markets are increasingly sophisticated and extremely competitive," said David Audley, chair of the new <a href="">Financial Mathematics program</a>. "An advanced education has become a key enabler in reaching higher-level positions in portfolio management, risk management, and trading."</p> <p>Graduates of the new program will complete 10 online courses that develop advanced quantitative and managerial skills in finance, and examine the engineering-driven principles that power our international financial systems. Working with Johns Hopkins instructors who are also practicing engineers in the financial industry, students will have the opportunity to study real-world examples in subjects like financial derivatives, risk management, data analysis, Monte Carlo methods, and quantitative portfolio theory.</p> <p>"The global economy is not bound to any one location, and neither are we," said Associate Dean Dexter G. Smith of the Whiting School. "Johns Hopkins University is proud to expand its financial mathematics program to students around the world."</p> <p>To be considered for the online financial mathematics master's degree program, applicants must have earned a previous degree in mathematics or engineering, and have at least two years of relevant work experience. Johns Hopkins Engineering is accepting student applications for the summer 2016 term, which begins May 23, 2016. Interested students can attend <a href="">a free online information session</a> on Thursday, May 12, from 7 to 8 p.m.</p> <p>Johns Hopkins Engineering for Professionals gives working adults a convenient way to advance their education and competitiveness in 20 traditional and newly emerging fields. Building on the world-class reputation and dynamic resources of Johns Hopkins University, Johns Hopkins Engineering for Professionals offers online and on-site classes at times that complement the busy schedules of today's practicing engineers and scientists.</p> Fri, 29 Apr 2016 12:30:00 -0400 Four Hopkins students awarded Gilman Scholarship to study abroad this summer <p>Four Johns Hopkins University students will be heading abroad this summer—to Peru, Senegal, Japan, and Jordan—as winners of the <a href="">Benjamin A. Gilman International Scholarship</a>.</p> <p>Sponsored by the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, the scholarship aims to diversify the U.S. students who study and intern internationally, and the countries and regions where they go. The Hopkins honorees—Clara Molineros, Rocio Oliva, Duy Phan, and Madeleine Uraih—are among more than 250 Gilman Scholars who will be pursuing studies or career-oriented internships this summer.</p> <p>Funded by Congress, the scholarship supports students who have been traditionally under-represented in education abroad, providing up to $5,000 to each recipient. The program was established in 2001 on the principle that international exchange is vital for preparing U.S. students to "assume significant roles in an increasingly global economy and interdependent world." The Gilman Scholars, who are chosen through a competitive selection process, use their awards to defray costs, including their program tuition, room and board, and international airfare.</p> <p>More about the Hopkins honorees and what they'll be up to this summer:</p> <ul> <li><p><strong>Clara Molineros</strong>, a junior from Vero Beach, Florida, majoring in biomedical engineering, will be studying in Paris and Dakar as part of the <a href="">CIEE Francophone studies program</a>. The program allows students to explore the impact of French history and culture on modern-day Senegal.</p></li> <li><p><strong>Rocio Oliva</strong>, a junior studying chemistry, art history, and Latin American studies on the pre-med track, will attend the <a href="">Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola</a> in Cusco, Peru. She hopes to study Incan architecture and Latin American literature.</p></li> <li><p><strong>Duy Phan</strong>, a sophomore from Columbus, Ohio, studying neuroscience, will be in Tokyo, Japan, as an internship fellow in Dr. Yoshihiro Yoshihara's <a href="">Laboratory for Neurobiology of Synapse</a> in the RIKEN Brain Science Institute, an international brain research center. As physician-scientist in training, Duy says he hopes the internship will help him "prepare to enter the international neuroscience community."</p></li> <li><p><strong>Madeleine Uraih</strong>, a freshman from Houston, Texas, focusing on public health, sociology, and philosophy, will be studying Arabic in Amman, Jordan, through the <a href="">School for International Training</a>. She says she hopes "to learn more about the social and political structure of Jordan as well as their efforts to help the Syrian refugees."</p></li> </ul> Fri, 29 Apr 2016 11:05:00 -0400 Johns Hopkins PhD candidate, alum receive Newcombe Fellowships <p>William Reed, a doctoral candidate at Johns Hopkins University's Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, and Caroline Garriott, a 2007 Hopkins graduate, have been named <a href="">Charlotte W. Newcombe Doctoral Dissertation Fellows for 2016</a> by the Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation.</p> <p>Reed received the recognition for his dissertation, <em>Yahweh's "Cruel Sword": The Manifestation of Punishment and the Trauma of Exile</em>, in JHU's <a href="">Department of Near Eastern Studies</a>. His dissertation examines how the motif of Yahweh's sword in the biblical prophets functions as a coping mechanism for those traumatized by exile.</p> <p>Garriott, who graduated in 2007 with a degree in art history, is completing her dissertation, <em>Coloring the Sacred: Art and Devotion in Colonial Peru and Brazil</em>, in the Department of History at Duke University. Her dissertation examines how lay devotion to saints and their images in colonial Peru and Brazil informed broader perceptions of race and religion in the Iberian Atlantic World.</p> <p>The fellowship will provide both scholars with a 12-month award of $25,000 to support their final year of dissertation work.</p> <p>Created in 1981 and funded by the Charlotte W. Newcombe Foundation, the Newcombe Fellowship is the nation's largest and most prestigious award for PhD candidates in the humanities and social sciences, addressing questions of ethical and religious values. The fellowship is administered by the <a href="">Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation</a> and has supported more than 1,100 doctoral candidates, most of them now noted faculty and thought leaders in their fields.</p> Thu, 28 Apr 2016 15:40:00 -0400 Bree Newsome on racial injustice and why she tore down the Confederate flag <p>In 2001, the NCAA imposed a ban on hosting postseason sporting events in the state of South Carolina, where the Confederate Flag was flown prominently. The NAACP, too, launched a 15-year economic boycott of the state.</p> <p>And yet the flag, for many a symbol of hatred, racism, and division, continued to fly over South Carolina's statehouse grounds in Columbia, as it had since 1961 when it was raised in commemoration of the centennial anniversary of the Civil War. It remained there until a young activist named Bree Newsome scaled the 30-foot flagpole on June 27, 2015, declaring "This flag comes down today" as she ripped it from its hooks.</p> <p>"I still felt strongly that the point must be made how absolutely intolerable it was for that flag to fly another day," Newsome said to an audience at Johns Hopkins University's Shriver Hall on Wednesday night as part of JHU Forums on Race in America.</p> <p>South Carolina raised the flag again within 45 minutes. But weeks later, Gov. Nikki Haley signed a bill calling for the official removal of the flag.</p> <p> <div class="teaser featured-teaser article has-image"> <div class="thumbnail"> <a href=""><img src="//" alt="" /></a> </div> <div class="teaser-text"> <h5 class="overline">Feedback wanted</h5> <h2><a href="">Diversity and inclusion roadmap</a></h2> <div class="summary">Submit a comment or share an idea related to the draft version of the Johns Hopkins University Roadmap on Diversity and Inclusion </div> </div> </div> </p> <p>Newsome's defiant act came in days after nine members of an African Methodist Episcopal church—Mother Emanuel—were massacred in Charleston, S.C. Their assailant, 22-year-old Dylan Roof, had been photographed waving the rebel flag.</p> <p>Newsome's civil disobedience was fueled by that massacre and similar acts of racial violence. With the help of a harness and James Tyson, a white activist who agreed to spot her in a symbolic gesture of solidarity, she began her climb, knowing that she would be arrested before her feet could hit the ground. Both Tyson and Newsome were immediately jailed.</p> <p>"So much blood has been spilled in the fight for racial equity up to this point," Newsome said. "And tragically—shamefully, I would say—it took the blood of nine more innocent people to finally shake the conscience of this nation surrounding that symbol of slavery, hatred, and terrorism that is the confederate flag."</p> <p>"For us this is not simply about a flag," she added, "but rather it's about abolishing the spirit of hatred and oppression in all its forms."</p> <p>The hashtag #keepitdown began to trend. Newsome, once an unknown community organizer, became an instant Internet hero, with images likening her to Wonder Woman popping up across social media channels. She remains a hero for many who came to hear her speak.</p> <p>"I think what you did brought about change throughout the South at an exponential pace," said an audience member, a JHU student and AME church member. He said he took a leave of absence from Hopkins following the shooting, returned to his home in South Carolina, sat in the same Charleston church where the massacre occurred, and advocated for the flag's removal.</p> <p>Added Bryan Carter, a political science PhD candidate who introduced Newsome at Wednesday's event: "Bree Newsome became the hero I needed, the heroine we all needed. ... Her activism is a reminder that it is incumbent of all of us to fight."</p> <p>Newsome urged members of the audience to continue to fight for what they believe in, whether that means working at a grassroots level or engaging in acts of civil disobedience and public protests. She recently helped launch a series of classes about food education, which led to the creation of a community garden. Now the community garden is selling produce and her community is reaping the benefits.</p> <p>It is crucial to remain mindful that we are all affected by and suffer from injustice, she said. "Nobody is free until we are all free."</p> Thu, 28 Apr 2016 15:10:00 -0400 Longtime lacrosse rivals Hopkins, Maryland to face off for 114th time <p>The Johns Hopkins University men's lacrosse team closes out its 2016 regular season against Maryland on Saturday afternoon, the 114th meeting in one of the best rivalries in college athletics.</p> <p>The series that dates to a 10-0 Hopkins win in 1895; Hopkins leads the all-time series 71-41-1.</p> <p>The No. 9 Blue Jays (8-4, 3-1) can earn a share of the Big Ten Conference title with a victory. The Terps (11-2, 4-0), ranked No. 3 nationally, have won 10 consecutive games after dropping two of three to start the season.</p> <p>Faceoff is set for 2 p.m. at Homewood Field. The game will be televised live on ESPNU.</p> Thu, 28 Apr 2016 13:35:00 -0400 Hopkins-Maryland men's lacrosse: A rivalry 121 years in the making <p> <div class="embedded-image force align-full size-full_width portrait"> <img src="//" alt="" /> </div> </p> Thu, 28 Apr 2016 12:04:00 -0400 Johns Hopkins Graduate Consulting Club hosts sixth annual biotech case competition <p>Teams from Johns Hopkins took second and third place in the sixth annual Biotech and Healthcare Case Competition earlier this month. The April 15 event was organized by the <a href="">Johns Hopkins Graduate Consulting Club</a>.</p> <p>The competition gives participants an opportunity to develop problem-solving, teamwork, and presentation skills over the course of a week. The Johns Hopkins teams joined teams from seven other universities to develop strategic recommendations for <a href="">respEQ</a>, a Hopkins-based healthcare technology startup interested in taking its respiratory disease monitoring device to market.</p> <p>The University of Pennsylvania team "Penn Insights" won the $3,000 first prize.</p> <p>Second place and $2,000 went to "Hermetic Solutions" from the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. Team members included Michael Ayars, Rosie Jiang, Samantha Semenkow, Alyssa Walker, and Bradley Waters.</p> <p>Third place and $1,000 went to "Gene-ius" from Johns Hopkins, consisting of team members Vasudha Aggarwal, Wendy Yang, Hani Bakhshaee, Jaishree Singh, and Mayriam Robles.</p> <p>The event opened with a keynote address by Jason Kirkness, assistant professor of Medicine and co-founder of respEQ. Sponsors included Boston Consulting Group, McKinsey & Company, ZS Associates, L.E.K. Consulting, Dean & Company, ClearView Healthcare Partners, Beghou Consulting, Navigant, CBPartners, PrepLounge, the Graduate Representative Organization and the Graduate Student Association.</p> <p>The Johns Hopkins Graduate Consulting Club is a graduate student-led group whose mission is to introduce the graduate students, medical students, staff, physicians, scientists, and post-doctoral fellows of Johns Hopkins University to management consulting.</p> Thu, 28 Apr 2016 11:30:00 -0400 Study: Apparent increase in food allergies in children not linked to changes in antibody levels <p>With children's food allergies becoming something of an epidemic in recent years, <a href="">researchers at Johns Hopkins University</a> wanted to see if the antibodies associated with food allergies have also been rising.</p> <p>To their surprise, they found no increases in these antibodies in blood samples collected from the 1980s through the 2000s.</p> <p>Their findings, <a href="">published this month in the <em>Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology</em></a>, suggest that other factors are to blame for the trend, whether that's simply an increased awareness of food allergies or possibly a changing relationship between the antibodies and food allergy symptoms.</p> <p>Research has shown that the prevalence of food allergies in children has spiked by at least 50 percent since 1990s, according to senior study author <a href="">Corrine Keet</a>, a professor of pediatrics at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. Today about 5 percent of children in the U.S. have food allergies, most commonly with milk, eggs, shellfish, and peanuts.</p> <p>"Why allergies have seemed to increase, however, has been unclear," Keet says.</p> <p>The Hopkins team examined whether the rates of food-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE)—antibodies that are found in the blood of people who suffer allergic reactions to particular foods—were matching the increase in reported allergies. Analyzing blood samples from 8,000 children from ages 6 to 19, the researchers found no increase in the number of children with antibodies to peanut, milk, or eggs, while the numbers with antibodies to shrimp actually decreased.</p> <p>"We were really very surprised," Keet says.</p> <p>One possible explanation, she says, is that patients and physicians are simply more aware of food allergies today than they were a few decades ago.</p> <p>"In the past, there may have been more people who just didn't eat a food because it made them feel sick, but they didn't necessarily call that an allergy," Keet says. "Today, we may be much more likely to suspect allergy when a child has a rash or other symptoms after eating a certain food."</p> <p>Alternatively, the results "raise the question of whether something has changed in the relationship between food-specific IgE and clinical food allergy over the past few decades," says study author <a href="">Emily McGowan</a>.</p> <p>Although food-specific IgE antibodies are essential for the kind of food allergy that leads to an acute reaction, many people with the antibodies can also eat those foods without problems. McGowan pointed to a recent study that showed that introducing peanuts during early infancy prevented most peanut allergies—yet didn't correspond with decreased rates of IgE antibodies to peanuts.</p> <p>"We don't really understand all of the reasons why one person with IgE to a food will have serious reactions to the food, while another can eat it without problems," McGowan says.</p> <p>The teams says that further research is needed to learn more about the link between food-specific IgE levels and food allergies.</p> Thu, 28 Apr 2016 09:55:00 -0400 From ancient rockets to brain science: JHU undergrads showcase research projects <p>Did you know that, like birds, humans undergo structural changes in the brain depending on the time of year? Or that often, prostate cancer is deadliest after it moves to the bone, where it depletes essential stem cells and is much more difficult to detect and treat?</p> <p>Did you know that the 14th-century Chinese military developed multistage, dragon-shaped rockets that were probably more effective at frightening enemies than actually hitting a target?</p> <p>These were just some of the topics covered in more than 40 student presentations given Tuesday in the Glass Pavilion on Johns Hopkins University's Homewood campus by past recipients of the <a href="">Provost's Undergraduate Research Award</a>. Students who received PURA grants in the 2013-2014 and the 2014-2015 cycles presented on the progress of a year or more of research into various artistic, scientific, and medical questions.</p> <p>The program, which began in 1993, gives undergraduates the resources to pursue a research project of their own design. It was founded on the belief that encouraging undergraduates to engage in research activity enhances the learning experience and helps to develop investigative skills.</p> <p>Some students built devices, like Gwendolyn Hoffmann, who developed a silicon tray that sits atop an electromagnetic current that optimizes the flow of fluid and proteins in Malaria tests. Others tested existing technology, like Yunfan Fan, who tracked the reliability of a new gene sequencer device and discovered that it could reveal more information in less time, making it a viable option for use in doctors' offices.</p> <p><div class="pullquote"> "Every good study has more questions at the end than at the beginning." <div class="cite">Sounak Roy, JHU sophomore</div> </div> </p> <p>A few students focused on singular—and unusual—questions. Seniors Alex De La Vega and Streit Cunningham, who study physics, wondered about the plausibility of a dragon-shaped weapon described in the <em>Huolongjing</em>, a military treatise from the early Ming Dynasty. They built a prototype from materials most likely used by the rocket's originators: bamboo for the body and a dragon-shaped head and tail fins made from 3D-printed plastic that mimicked the density of elm wood. They found recipes for gunpowder and (safely, they assure) tested various gunpowder and packing techniques to achieve the trajectory described in the Ming papers.</p> <p>Though they had one semi-successful launch in which the thrust from the back rockets resulted in the device flopping forward, De La Vega and Cunningham did not succeed in creating the multistage rocket that launches into the sky and rains down fire, as described in the <em>Huolongjing</em>. They concluded that while it is possible that the rocket did exist, it was most likely used as a scare tactic or as military propaganda.</p> <p>Alaina Gold, who recently graduated with a degree in psychology, used her PURA award to determine if structures in the human brain undergo physiological changes throughout the year. She looked at "cognitively normal" images of brains gathered during Alzheimer's studies—the control set that doesn't exhibit any impairments—and found a density spike in late spring, and a sharp decrease in density in mid-autumn. The structures of the brain most affected were the hippocampus and its sub-regions, which influence memory, and the amygdala, which contributes to fear responses. She concluded that the time of year should be considered as a variable in future cognitive tests and studies of the brain.</p> <p>Sophomore Sounak Roy knew that prostate cancer is often deadliest when it has metastasized to the bones, where it anchors in place of important stem cells. But he wanted to know how the cancer metastasizes. Working in a School of Medicine laboratory, he tested the theory that genes CXCR04 and CXCR7 are the mechanism by which cancers migrate to the bone. Using CRISPR gene editing technology, he cultivated cancer cells with an overabundance of these genes in petri dishes (in vitro) and in mouse subjects (in vivo). He confirmed that when the genes are overexpressed, the cancer cells migrate much more quickly than normal cancer cells.</p> <p>"Every good study has more questions at the end than at the beginning," says Roy, and sure enough, he faces a number of hurdles as he finishes his study. Extracting tissue from the bone of live subjects is painful for patients, and analyzing the extracted material comes with its own obstacles for scientists. Roy said he plans to use additional funding he received from JHU's <a href="">Dean's Undergraduate Research Awards program</a> to move his research forward.</p> Wed, 27 Apr 2016 14:30:00 -0400 Trailblazing filmmaker Julie Dash to visit Johns Hopkins <p>Julie Dash, the vanguard filmmaker and video maker, will visit Johns Hopkins University this weekend to present a reel of her directing work and talk about independent filmmaking, crowdsourcing, and the preservation of indigenous religions and cultures of the African Diaspora.</p> <p>Dash's talk begins at 7 p.m. Saturday in Hodson Hall, Room 110, on the university's Homewood campus.</p> <p>In 1991, Dash's <em>Daughters of the Dust</em> became the first feature film directed by an African-American woman to receive a general theatrical release. The film takes place over a single day in 1902 and follows three generations of women in a <a href="">Gullah</a> family: two prepare to migrate north while the matriarch, Nana (Cora Lee Day), tries to convince them to stay. It's a hypnotically lyrical film, which Dash wrote, directed, and produced after roughly a decade of research into Geechee and Gullah culture, found among the descendants of enslaved West Africans in the coastal areas of Georgia and South Carolina and the nearby Sea Islands.</p> <p>"I wanted to do something on African retentions and survivals, because the Sea Islands had remained culturally isolated and insulated from Western cultural experiences," she told filmmaker and film scholar Zeinabu Irene Davis in an interview that appeared in the now defunct <em>Black Film Review</em> in 1992. She added that the people of the Sea Islands "maintain and preserve a wealth of West African traditions, mores, and religion. So it was an area which was ripe for discovering. Usually, when we see films and television productions on early African-Americans, they deal with African-Americans living in Alabama and Mississippi."</p> <p><em>Daughters of the Dust</em> premiered at the 1991 Sundance Film Festival, where it was awarded the Excellence in Cinematography Award Dramatic. It debuted in Baltimore on April 1, 1992, at the Senator Theatre and was the opening feature of the 23rd annual Baltimore International Film Festival, the predecessor to the <a href="">Maryland Film Festival</a>.</p> <p><em>Daughters of the Dust</em> was critically well received—the <em>Washington Post</em>'s <a href="">Rita Kempley deemed it</a> an "astonishing, vivid portrait not only of a time and place, but of an era's spirit," and <em>The New York Times</em>' Stephen Holden called it "an extended, wildly lyrical meditation on the power of African cultural iconography and the spiritual resilience of the generations of women who have been its custodians."</p> <p>But Dash hasn't enjoyed the same level of noteriety as some of her indie filmmaking peers form the early 1990s. Many of the directors who were winners at the 19991 Sundance festival alongside her—Todd Haynes (<em>Poison</em>), Barbara Kopple (<em>American Dream</em>), and Hal Hartley (<em>Trust</em>)—have had fairly consistent theatrical careers since. Dash—who honed her filmmaking skills in the 1970s at <a href="">UCLA Film School</a> and <a href="">LA Rebellion</a> that produced such African and African-American filmmakers as <a href="">Charles Burnett</a>, <a href="">Larry Clark</a>, <a href="">Haile Gerima</a>, <a href="">Barbara McCullough</a>, and <a href="">Billy Woodberry</a>—has carved out a career in television movies and music videos.</p> <p>That career meant Dash sometimes wasn't as well known outside of contemporary film circles. Filmmaker Yvonne Welbon, who made the Dash documentary <em>The Cinematic Jazz of Julie Dash</em>, told the <em>Journal of Film & Video</em> in 2003 why she decided to make that documentary: "I saw her walk into the Art Institute and there were all these kids there—you know, how they have all those kids' programs. They were running around and they all ran past her. It was disturbing to me because, I said, 'If Spike Lee walked in, every kid would have stopped and known who he was.' I was disturbed that no one knew what a black woman filmmaker looked like. We need to have more of a public face, and the only way to do that is to create black media images of ourselves."</p> <p>In recent years, Dash's <em>Daughters of the Dust</em> has begun to be recognized as the maverick, indelible debut that it is. The film was added to the Library of Congress' <a href="">National Film Registry</a> in 2004. <em>Film Comment</em> checked in with Dash—currently a distinguished professor of <a href="">Cinema, Television, and Emerging Media</a> at Morehouse College—earlier this year, running a <a href="">Q&A</a> with her about <em>Daughters of the Dust</em> and the documentary project she's working on.</p> <p>In October 2015, <a href=""><em>Sight & Sound</em></a>, the official magazine of the British Film Institute, published <a href="">"The Female Gaze"</a>, a "selection of remarkable works by female filmmakers that have unjustly slipped from public view, in the hope we can correct their place in film history and help them find a wider audience." Listed among such expected filmmakers and films as Ida Lupino's <em>Outrage</em> (1950), Elaine May's <em>Mikey and Nicky</em> (1976), Allison Anders' <em>Gas Food Lodging</em> (1992), and Jamie Babbitt's <em>But I'm a Cheerleader</em> (1999) were such under-celebrated works as Claudia Weill's <em>Girlfriends</em> (1976), Sarah Maldoror's <em>Sambizanga</em> (1972), Kathleen Collins' <em>Losing Ground</em> (1982), and Dash's <em>Daughters of the Dust</em>. "The film stands as a landmark achievement not only in black cinema, but in independent cinema generally," the magazine touted.</p> <p>Last fall, Turner Classic Movies programmed a <a href="">Trailblazing Women</a> series that focused on female filmmakers, and Dash co-hosted the segment about independent African-American filmmakers. In an interview with the online culture magazine <a href="">Flavorwire</a>, Dash talked about her career and activism today: "I think having gone to film school, we are aware of historical situations. It's not the first time. That's why it's important to do the film that you want to do—and then let people come to it. They may not get it now, but they will get it by and by. I'm not saying pop films aren't fun, but every film is not a pop film. Every film isn't taken from the headlines. Some films are made because they <em>need</em> to be made. They're works of passion. That's what <em>Daughters of the Dust</em> was."</p> <p>"A Retrospective with Julie Dash" is sponsored by Johns Hopkins <a href="">Program in Film and Media</a> and <a href="">Center for Africana Studies</a> in partnership with the <a href="">Living Well Center for Social & Economic Vibrancy</a>. The event is free and open to the public. A panel following the talk will feature Dash; Shellee Haynesworth, visual communications strategist for <a href="">Indigo Communications</a> and creator/executive producer of <a href="">Black Broadway on U</a>; Baltimore filmmaker, artist, and writer <a href="">Pierre Bennu</a>; and <a href="">Linda DeLibero</a>, director of the Film and Media Studies Program.</p> Wed, 27 Apr 2016 12:50:00 -0400 Hopkins Engineering group gets $1.48M to help create better rocket engines, fuels <p>The U.S. Air Force has awarded two contracts totaling $1.48 million to the <a href="">Energetics Research Group</a>, based within <a href="">Johns Hopkins University's Whiting School of Engineering</a>, to help set the stage for the next generation of U.S.-made rocket engines.</p> <p>The funding will be used to reduce the risks associated with new technologies that may replace the Russian-made RD-180 engine. The RD-180 rocket engine carries communications satellites into orbit and delivers equipment to the International Space Station. However, U.S. officials are encouraging development of domestic-made high-performance rocket engines.</p> <p>The new Air Force funding will be allocated over a two-year period linked to two separate contracts. Johns Hopkins is the only university to receive funding from the U.S. Air Force Space and Missile Systems Center's recent program, which granted 10 awards totaling $34.6 million.</p> <p>"Both of these new awards position the Johns Hopkins University Whiting School of Engineering for significant participation in the development and sound operation of the next generation of liquid rocket engines," said <a href="">Peter Zeender</a>, director of the Whiting School's Energetics Research Group. "We are very excited for this opportunity to engage in research that will ensure the safe and efficient use of other liquid fuels in the next generation of rocket engines."</p> <p>The first contract, valued at $545,000, will fund the study of 3D printing techniques to test production and performance of advanced cooling concepts within rocket engines. This new and fast-growing technique offers and allows more flexible design options for the critical cooling channels within the engines. The Energetics Research Group will try to determine if the 3D printing method can provide better performance benefits than traditional manufacturing methods.</p> <p>The second contract, valued at $935,000, was awarded to evaluate the performance of two alternative fuels: methane and liquefied natural gas. Current engines utilize kerosene and liquid oxygen as propellants. The Johns Hopkins engineers will develop new equipment to test cooling channel performance, carbon deposition and its ability to withstand high temperatures of these two fuels on a small scale.</p> <p>The work will be performed at the Advanced Engine and Rocket Fuels Lab, the WSE Energetics Research Group laboratory located in Columbia, Md. The lab was established to develop the equipment that tests the kerosene-based fuel that is currently used on RD-180 engines.</p> <p>"These awards are a logical extension of the work we've conducted on thermal stability, propellants and materials that our lab has conducted over the last three years," said Nick Keim, principal investigator of the Advanced Engine and Rocket Fuels Lab. "It allows us to reduce the risks associated with new technologies that are being proposed for the next generation of liquid rocket engines."</p> <p>The results from this research will be made available to the U.S. Air Force and subsequently to other U.S. manufacturers that are working on the new liquid rocket engines that could replace the current Russian engines with a domestic-made model.</p> Wed, 27 Apr 2016 10:58:00 -0400 Student concerto competition winners to perform at Hopkins Symphony Orchestra's season finale <p>A violinist studying neuroscience. A Juilliard-trained biomedical engineer. And a computer scientist who has played the piano since he was 6.</p> <p>These are the winners of the biannual <a href="">Hopkins Symphony Orchestra concerto competition</a>: three students not majoring in music who have earned the distinction of performing featured concertos during the <a href="">HSO's season finale concert, scheduled for Saturday, April 30</a>.</p> <p>Jordan Elum, a junior majoring in neuroscience, will perform Ravel's <em>Tzigane</em> for violin and orchestra; Stephanie Cai, a sophomore biomedical engineering student, will perform the first movement of Chopin's <em>Piano Concerto No. 2</em>; and Winston Wu, a first-year PhD student studying computer science, will perform movements three and four of Liszt's <em>Piano Concerto No. 1</em>.</p> <p>The Hopkins Symphony Orchestra Concerto Competition was created by JHU alum Hernan del Aguila in 2008 to give any undergraduate or graduate student not majoring in music the opportunity to continue studying and performing music.</p> <p>This year, 18 students entered to the competition. They auditioned before HSO music director Jed Gaylin, Towson University lecturer in timpani and percussion Michelle Humphreys, and HSO general manager Nicoleen Willson. In addition to the three winners, Reina Arakawa (oboe) and Victoria Roberts (flute) were awarded honorable mentions, and have been invited to perform with the Hopkins Concert Orchestra during the 2016-17 season.</p> <p><em>The HSO's season finale concert will take place on Saturday, April 30, from 8-10 p.m. at Shriver Hall on the university's Homewood campus. A pre-concert talk begins at 7 p.m. <a href="">More information</a></em></p> Tue, 26 Apr 2016 16:03:00 -0400 Johns Hopkins University's redesigned website earns Webby Award <p>Johns Hopkins University's recently redesigned website, <a href=""></a>, was named today as a recipient of a 2016 Webby Award, hailed as the "Internet's highest honor" by <em>The New York Times</em>.</p> <p> <div class="embedded-image force align-right size-medium portrait"> <img src="//" alt="" /> </div> </p> <p>, one of five nominees in the <a href="">School/University category</a>, earned the People's Voice award, given to the nominee in each category that received the most support in online voting.</p> <p>The new-look was designed, developed, and built by staff members in JHU's Office of Communications and launched in May 2015, the first makeover of the university's website since 2009.</p> <p>The Webby Awards, presented by the International Academy of Digital Arts and Sciences, are the leading international award honoring excellence on the Internet. This year, the Webbys received nearly 13,000 submissions from all 50 states and more than 70 countries.</p> <p>Winners will be honored at the 20th Webby Awards ceremony on May 16 in New York. A full list of both The Webby Awards and Webby People's Voice winners can be found at <a href=""></a>.</p> Tue, 26 Apr 2016 14:00:00 -0400 Through Studio North, Johns Hopkins students get a feel for professional filmmaking <p>Charlotte Johnson already had the outline for her first film back when she was in high school. Wanting to personalize the topic of post-traumatic stress disorder, she came up with a fictional story about a female soldier's confusions after a stint in Iraq.</p> <p>But for a novice filmmaker with no funding, no equipment, and no crew, the process of nursing a story from script to screen can seem next to impossible.</p> <p>"There's a lot of people who would like to be making films, but they feel it would be a financial burden, or feel it would be too daunting," says Johnson, now a senior at Johns Hopkins University.</p> <p>For Johnson, the answer to those challenges was <a href="">Studio North</a>, JHU's student-run film production company. This week she and her team will debut her short film <em>Scars</em> at <a href="">Studio North's red-carpet premiere event</a> at the Charles Theatre.</p> <p>After Studio North gave her script a green light—and a grant—last spring, Johnson hired three actors along with a sound engineer. Volunteer production assistants from Studio North helped her shoot scenes around Baltimore this winter, and she hired an editor for post-production.</p> <p>The short film is one of <a href="">four that have received Studio North support</a> on the way to the big screen. Last year's premieres—<em>Bernard Died</em>, by Andrea Massaro and Tony Lee; and <em>Motorcycle Memories</em> by Max Bowens—are now cycling beyond Hopkins through the film festival circuit as the directors pursue graduate studies in film.</p> <p>Nudging undergraduate filmmakers to that next level is exactly the purpose of Studio North, says JHU Film and Media lecturer <a href="">Meredith Ward</a>, who acts as faculty adviser for the production company.</p> <p>"The more people who are turned out of Studio North, the better equipped the whole group is to enter the film industry and become major players," Ward says.</p> <p>Inspired by her grad-school experiences at Northwestern with the student-run <a href="">Studio 22</a> company, Ward saw potential for a similar set-up at Hopkins. With a $20,000 funding pot earmarked for extracurricular film activities, she brainstormed with students to steer the creation of Studio North in 2014.</p> <p>The idea is to provide a realistic taste of professional filmmaking, helping students prepare to succeed in Los Angeles, New York, or other competitive film communities. In the spring, students with script ideas compete for two $1,500 grants through Studio North—the current <a href="">application cycle is now open</a>—with the winners assembling a crew and pulling their projects together over the next year.</p> <p>It's not just directors who gain experience, though—students also fill most roles in the production process, from lighting and photography to set design and sound editing.</p> <p>"Pretty much everyone works for free," says Sam Brayman, Studio North's executive chair. The teams are also able to rent equipment, for free, through JHU's <a href="">Digital Media Center</a>.</p> <p>The process culminates with the spring premiere, giving the films a screening in front of hundreds of audience members. "We literally have the red carpet," Ward says.</p> <p>For Johnson, debuting <em>Scars</em> is "valuable," she says, "to be able to show people that I created this film and have this experience." After Hopkins she hopes to enter the film into festivals and explore a career in television.</p> <p><a href="">Massaro</a>, one of last year's grant winners, recently screened her short film <a href=""><em>Bernard Died</em></a> at the Garden State Film Festival; it heads next to the Columbia Film Festival in Maryland in June.</p> <p>"I'm really happy that <em>Bernard Died</em> is getting out there, being seen, and making a name for Johns Hopkins in film," says Massaro, who's now studying at UCLA.</p> <p>Ward notes that "if you look at the careers and lives of successful filmmakers and trace back where they started, their first big film comes right around this age. Our goal is to provide that break, which we hope is the first of many things."</p> <p><em><a href="">Studio North's grand premiere</a> takes place this Thursday, April 28, with doors opening 6:30 p.m. at the Charles Theatre at 1711 North Charles St. in Baltimore.</em></p> Tue, 26 Apr 2016 11:40:00 -0400 Four Johns Hopkins undergrads honored by Goldwater Scholarship program <p>Four Johns Hopkins undergraduate students have received honors from the <a href="">Barry Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence in Education Program</a> in recognition of their exceptional promise in research careers.</p> <p>Juniors Vikas Daggubati, Nicole Michelson, and Miguel Sobral each won a Goldwater Scholarship, and junior Felipe d'Andrea received an honorable mention.</p> <p>Congress established the scholarship in 1986 to honor Sen. Barry Goldwater, who served his country for 56 years as a soldier and statesman, including 30 years of service in the U.S. Senate.</p> <p>A Goldwater Scholarship distinction is considered a gateway award for its reputation for giving students a competitive edge when pursuing graduate fellowships in their fields. It is one of the first significant national scholarships focusing on STEM fields—science, technology, engineering and math. This year, 252 scholarships were awarded to students from an applicant pool of 1,150.</p> <p>"Our campus is brimming with strong Goldwater applicants," says Kelly Barry, director of the university's <a href="">National Fellowships Program</a>. "The award recognizes the potential for a research career, the same potential that faculty and labs all around the university help to nurture in our undergraduates. When our Goldwater nominees succeed, it's a nod to them and to the STEM community at Hopkins."</p> <p>More about the Johns Hopkins University honorees:</p> <ul> <li><p><strong>Vikas Daggubati</strong> is studying biophysics and has worked in Andrew Holland's lab for two years, developing multiple projects that utilize the CRISPR/Cas9 tool to investigate aspects of centriole biogenesis. Vikas took a "gap" semester during his junior year to devote himself full time to research at Hopkins. He plans to pursue an MD/PhD and develop a research program that improves current gene editing tools and delivery methods to make human genome editing safe and ethical.</p></li> <li><p><strong>Nicole Michelson</strong> is a neuroscience major. Intent on MD/PhD training in cancer biology, she plans to conduct research on the role of stem cells in tumor propagation and self-renewal. Since her first year at Johns Hopkins, Nicole has been researching glioblastoma multiforme in the Laterra Neuro-Oncology Lab at the Kennedy Krieger Institute. In addition to her significant contribution to work in the Laterra lab, Nicole participates in a range of community and campus-oriented activities, including leadership positions in Food as Medicine and the Milton S. Eisenhower Symposium.</p></li> <li><p><strong>Miguel Sobral</strong>, from Lisbon, Portugal, studies biomedical engineering. He was selected as a Design Team Leader for his senior year. Anchored in Justin Hanes' lab for the past two years, Miguel has also had summer research experiences at the MD Anderson Cancer Center and at Harvard. His current research focuses on nano-immunotherapeutics for glioblastoma therapy. Miguel plans to pursue a PhD in biomedical engineering and hopes to join the emerging field of immunoengineering to help optimize current immunotherapy techniques and develop novel ones.</p></li> <li><p><strong>Felipe d'Andrea</strong> is a chemistry major who received an honorable mention in the Goldwater competition. Felipe has accrued rich research experience in synthetic/bioorganic chemistry working for the past three years on in Craig Townsend's lab. His research circles the question of novel antibiotic discovery. He intends to pursue an MD/PhD in biochemistry and research in antibiotic and antiviral drug design.</p></li> </ul> <p>Universities nominate four undergraduates for the honor each year. The campus process for nominating Goldwater applicants begins during the fall semester. For information, go to <a href=""></a>.</p>